Saturday, November 3, 2018

Dalbergia sissoo, Indian rosewood, Shinshapa, Irugudu, Totakatti, Beete, સીસમ, Viitti, ਟਾਹਲੀ, סיסם הוד, Sitral, جگ, ਟਾਹਲੀ

Dalbergia sissoo DC
Family: Fabaceae
  • Common name: Indian rosewood
  • Hindi: Shisham शीशम
  • Manipuri: Sissu
  • Bengali: Sitral
  • Persian: جگ
  • Gujrati: સીસમ
  • Kannada: ಬೀಟೆ Beete
  • Malayalam: വീട്ടി Viitti, കരിവീട്ടി Karivittti
  • Marati: शिसवी
  • Punjabi: ਟਾਹਲੀ
  • Sanskrit: शिंशपा Shimshapa
  • Tamil: சிசே மரம், தோதகத்தி Totakatti, நூக்கம் Nukkam
  • Telugu: ఇరుగుడు,  Irugudu
  • Urdu: شیشم
  • Hebrew: סיסם הודי
Used in Ayurveda and Sidha. Powdered wood, leaves and seed oil to treat skin diseases, leprosy, boils; heartwood of Dalbergia sissoo stem is boiled in Guizotia abyssinica oil and this oil applied to cure eczema. Bark juice given to treat inflammation, cholera and burning urination; stem barks of Ficus virens, Ficus benghalensis, Dalbergia sissoo, Mangifera indica and Tamarindus indica boiled and the extract given to cure leucorrhea. Leaves insecticide, antimalarial, used as a stimulant and to treat gonorrhea and wounds; fresh leaf decoction for gonorrhea, vomiting, impotency, spermatorrhea; juice of leaf with jaggery taken in case of dysuria; leaves juice mixed with sugar and curd given to cure blood dysentery. Stem pulp mixed with sugar and given to cure dysentery and headache. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Charaka used the expressed juice of the leaves or tender bark, in prescriptions, internally, for senility and debility. Sushruta prescribed the drug in obesity, seminal weakness, urethral discharges, urinary calculi; in scabies and chronic skin diseases, internally as well as externally. According to Sushruta, the decoction of the drug was a specific remedy for leucorrhoea and other vaginal discharges. Concentrated extract of the heartwood in milk was prescribed in fevers (Sushruta Samhitaa, Ashtaanga Hridaya); extract of leaves in jaundice; bark extract as an anti­ inflammatory agent in piles, sciatica, and as a blood purifier (Sushruta Samhitaa, Bangasena, Bhaavaprakaasha). The oil was used externally in skin diseases and inflected ulcers (Dhanvantari Nighantu). In Unani medicine, the drug is used for treating wounds, cutaneous affections and burning syndrome. The liquid, collected by burning the wood, is applied over ringworm. The drug is also used as an anthelmintic and emmenagogue. [Indian Herbal Remedies ]
Two varieties of Simsapa are mentioned in Ayurveda (Dhanvantari Nighantu, prior to the thirteenth century). The second variety is
equated with D. latifolia Roxb. In Kerala, heart wood of Xylia xylocarpa Roxb. Taub. is used as Śimśapā.

Stem bark: obstinate skin diseases including leprosy, leucoderma, worms, urinary  diseases, non-healing ulcers, peripheral neuritis, pruritus, hiccough, swelling, erysipelas, and sinusitis. Heart wood: additionally for urinary gravel, diabetes, piles, abdominal lumps, lithiasis,  diarrhea, blood diseases, cachexia, anemia, emesis, lipuria, and all types of fevers. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Fevers, pyuria, skin diseases and worm infestation. [Compendia of World’s Medicinal Flora]

Uses:  leaves  - bitter stimulant,  decoction of  leaves-useful  in gonorrhoea.  Roots-astringent.  Wood-alterative,  useful  in  leprosy,  boils,  eruptions  and  allay  vomiting. [Medicinal Plants of Iraq]

Leaves are used against hotness of body. [Medicinal Plants of Sindh : Indigenous Knowledge and Scientific Facts]
1.    Verma, H.P. and S.K. Singh, An insight into the possible mechanisms of antispermatogenic action of Dalbergia sissoo in male mice. Andrologia, 2018. 50(3).
2.    Kaur, I., et al., Lead Tolerance and its Accumulation by a Tree Legume: Dalbergia sissoo DC. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2018. 101(4): p. 506-513.
3.    Dubey, A., S. Gupta, and T. Singh, Location and transmission studies of phyllactinia dalbergiae piroz. In dalbergia sissoo roxb. Vegetos, 2018. 31(Special Issue): p. 19-23.
4.    Awais, M., et al., Mesophilic anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with Malus domestica and Dalbergia sissoo during biomethane potential assays. BioResources, 2018. 13(2): p. 3144-3156.
5.    Alam, B., et al., Different genotypes of Dalbergia sissoo trees modified microclimate dynamics differently on understory crop cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as assessed through ecophysiological and spectral traits in agroforestry system. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2018. 249: p. 138-148.
6.    Singh, S., J. Tokas, and P. Devi, Effects of different solvents on antioxidant activity of dalbergia sissoo Roxb. stem extract. Annals of Biology, 2017. 33(2): p. 227-230.
7.    Mannan, M.A., A. Khatun, and M.F.H. Khan, Antinociceptive effect of methanol extract of Dalbergia sissoo leaves in mice. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2017. 17(1).
8.    Liao, H.J., et al., Superior Plant and Clone Selection and Evaluation of Introduced Dalbergia sissoo Provenances. Forest Research, 2017. 30(6): p. 916-920.
9.    Kumar, V., et al., Incidence pattern of wood borer (Sinoxylon anale lesne) on dalbergia sissoo roxb. Range Management and Agroforestry, 2017. 38(2): p. 285-288.
10.    Khedgikar, V., et al., Ethanolic extract of Dalbergia sissoo promotes rapid regeneration of cortical bone in drill-hole defect model of rat. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 2017. 86: p. 16-22.
11.    Karvande, A., et al., Heartwood extract from Dalbergia sissoo promotes fracture healing and its application in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic rats. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2017. 69(10): p. 1381-1397.
12.    Jha, S.K. and R.N. Sehgal, Genetic divergence for growth, leaf nutrient and biochemical traits in open pollinated families of dalbergia sissoo. Indian Journal of Ecology, 2017. 44(2): p. 340-343.
13.    Hamdani, S.A.F., et al., Application of Dalbergia sissoo biochar enhanced wheat growth, yield and nutrient recovery under reduced fertilizer doses in calcareous soil. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2017. 54(1): p. 107-115.
14.    Baig, S., et al., Above Ground Biomass Estimation of Dalbergia sissoo Forest Plantation from Dual-Polarized ALOS-2 PALSAR Data. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 2017. 43(3): p. 297-308.
15.    Azad, M.S. and M.M.H. Sumon, Species specific nodulation responses and biomass accumulation to seedling age of Dalbergia sissoo at nursery stage. Rhizosphere, 2017. 3: p. 132-137.
16.    Arora, P. and S. Chaudhry, Vegetation and soil carbon pools of mixed plantation of Acacia nilotica and dalbergia sissoo under social forestry scheme in Kurukshetra, India. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 2017. 8(12).
17.    Yasmeen, S. and P. Gupta, In vitro demonstration of Dalbergia sissoo (Indian rosewood) methanolic extracts as potential agents for sunscreening and dna nick prevention. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2016. 8(6): p. 175-181.
18.    Singh, N.K., et al., Acaricidal activity of leaf extracts of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. (Fabaceae) against synthetic pyrethroid resistant Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Research in Veterinary Science, 2016. 106: p. 1-6.
19.    Salve, A., P. Rai, and R. Kumar, Effect of different tillage practices on production of mustard in 10-year old Dalbergia sissoo based agroforestry system. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 2016. 22: p. S123-S127.
20.    Munir, H., et al., Structural, thermal and rheological characterization of modified Dalbergia sissoo gum-A medicinal gum. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2016. 84: p. 236-245.
21.    Munir, H., et al., Application of Acacia modesta and Dalbergia sissoo gums as green matrix for silver nanoparticle binding. Green Processing and Synthesis, 2016. 5(1): p. 101-106.
22.    Mukhopadhyay, S. and R.E. Masto, Carbon storage in coal mine spoil by Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Geoderma, 2016. 284: p. 204-213.
23.    Kushwaha, P., et al., A neoflavonoid dalsissooal isolated from heartwood of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. has bone forming effects in mice model for osteoporosis. European Journal of Pharmacology, 2016. 788: p. 65-74.
24.    Kumar, A., et al., D 2 analysis for estimating genetic divergence in different clones of Dalbergia sissoo. Journal of Forestry Research, 2016. 27(5): p. 1085-1097.
25.    Jaisankar, I., et al., Diameter-utilizable wood curve modelling for integrated nutrient management based Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Clones. Vegetos, 2016. 29(Special Issue): p. 102-113.
26.    Hmad, I., et al., Dieback disease predictive model for sexually and asexually propagated Dalbergia sissoo (Shisham). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2016. 48(4): p. 1645-1650.
27.    Haq, S., et al., Evaluation of mosquito larvicidal efficacy of different parts of Dalbergia sissoo plant. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 2016. 7(5): p. 458-462.
28.    Gul, H., U. Saleem, and B. Ahmad, Does dalbergia sissoo leaves possess anti-ulcer activity: An experimental study in alcohol and aspirin induced ulcerative rat models. Pharmacologyonline, 2016. 2016(2): p. 100-104.
29.    Das, R. and S.K. Maiti, Estimation of carbon sequestration in reclaimed coalmine degraded land dominated by Albizia lebbeck, Dalbergia sissoo and Bambusa arundinacea plantation: a case study from Jharia Coalfields, India. International Journal of Coal Science and Technology, 2016. 3(2): p. 246-266.
30.    Choudhary, D., et al., Fast and long acting neoflavonoids dalbergin isolated from Dalbergia sissoo heartwood is osteoprotective in ovariectomized model of osteoporosis: Osteoprotective effect of Dalbergin. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 2016. 83: p. 942-957.
31.    Sharma, K.B., V. Johar, and Rachana, Germination behaviour of different seed sources of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Annals of Agri Bio Research, 2015. 20(2): p. 216-218.
32.    Sachan, N., P. Chandra, and D. Pal, Lysosomal membrane and protein stabilization by Dalbergia sissoo (Family: Fabaceae): In vitro anti-inflammatory activity. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2015. 7(5): p. 105-107.
33.    Pande, P. and L. Rawat, Effect of growth on wood traits in seed-raised plantations of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of Forestry Research, 2015. 26(1): p. 241-245.
34.    Mukhtar, I., R. Bajwa, and G. Nasim, Major constraints on shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) plantations and pathological debate on dieback disease in Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Forestry Research, 2015. 26(2): p. 267-271.
35.    Kasa, J.K., et al., Assessment of Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo) Standardized Leaf Extract on Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Injury in Rats. Cardiovascular Toxicology, 2015. 15(3): p. 250-260.
36.    Gautam, J., et al., Neoflavonoid dalbergiphenol from heartwood of Dalbergia sissoo acts as bone savior in an estrogen withdrawal model for osteoporosis. Menopause, 2015. 22(11): p. 1246-1255.
37.    Chandra, P., N. Sachan, and D. Pal, Protective effect of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC. (family: Fabaceae) leaves against experimentally induced diarrhoea and peristalsis in mice. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 2015. 31(12): p. 1229-1235.
38.    Arif, M., et al., Morphological and comparative genomic analyses of pathogenic and non-pathogenic Fusarium solani isolated from Dalbergia sissoo. Molecular Biology Reports, 2015. 42(6): p. 1107-1122.
39.    Vibha, J.B., et al., Rapid multiplication of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.: A timber yielding tree legume through axillary shoot proliferation and ex vitro rooting. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2014. 20(1): p. 81-87.
40.    Verma, H.P. and S.K. Singh, Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. on spermatogenesis and fertility in male mice. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 2014. 19(6): p. 475-486.
41.    Umap, S., C.R. Jangde, and A. Jahan, Antipyretic activity of alcoholic extract of Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb. in wistar albino rats. Indian Veterinary Journal, 2014. 91(10): p. 92-94.
42.    Sahu, J., et al., Micropropagation of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Through tissue culture technique. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2014. 17(4): p. 597-600.
43.    Rasool, F., et al., Economic analysis of different shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) rotations at Chichawatni irrigated plantation, Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 2014. 29(9): p. 1099-1106.
44.    Rana, V., et al., Multifunctional properties of polysaccharides from Dalbergia sissoo, Tectona grandis and Mimosa diplotricha. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2014. 102(1): p. 341-350.
45.    Mühlbach, H.P., et al., Grouping of Pseudomonas spp. isolated from dieback-affected sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) using phylogenetic analyses. Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology, 2014. 24(2): p. 141-153.
46.    Kumar, P., et al., Neoflavonoids as potential osteogenic agents from Dalbergia sissoo heartwood. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2014. 24(12): p. 2664-2668.
47.    Kumar, A., D. Dash, and M.K. Jhariya, Influence of Rhizobium inoculation on N, P and K content in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 2014. 20(3): p. 1059-1065.
48.    Javaid, A., et al., ISSR analysis of genetic diversity in Dalbergia sissoo in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2014. 46(5): p. 1573-1576.
49.    Jahan, A., C.R. Jangde, and S.A. Umap, Analgesic activity of alcoholic extract of dalbergia sissoo roxb. in wistar albino rats. Indian Veterinary Journal, 2014. 91(6): p. 27-28.
50.    Gulzar, S., et al., Allometric relationships for predicting the biomass in dalbergia sissoo ROXB. plantation in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2014. 51(3): p. 523-527.
51.    Ahmad, R., V. Ahirwar, and K. Singh, Biochemical alterations due to combined methanolic extract of Dalbergia sissoo and Azadirachta indica on liver and kidney of Sprague dawley rats. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 2014. 5(3): p. B826-B832.
52.    Valdez, N., et al., Role of bacteria in dieback disease of dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 2013. 42(1): p. 1-16.
53.    Saini, S. and S. Sharma, Antidiabetic activity of different extracts of Dalbergia sissoo DC. stem bark on streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic rats. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2013. 5(4): p. 228-235.
54.    Rajput, B.S., R. Niwaj, and A. Ali, Role of below Ground Management on Production Potential of Mustard in Nine Years Old Dalbergia sissoo Based Agri-silviculture System. Annals of Biology, 2013. 29(1): p. 70-74.
55.    Pradhan, C., et al., Erratum to RETRACTED ARTICLE: Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation and efficient regeneration of a timber yielding plant Dalbergia sissoo Roxb (J. Plant Studies, (2013), 2, 1, 10.1007/s12298-013-0163-9). Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2013. 19(4): p. 613.
56.    Pradhan, C., A.B. Das, and P.K. Chand, RETRACTED ARTICLE: Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation and efficient regeneration of a timber yielding plant Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2013. 19(4): p. 611.
57.    Pande, P.K., Influence of growth, wood anatomical properties and specific gravity on heartwood, sapwood and tension-wood in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science, 2013. 10(1): p. 16-21.
58.    Newaj, R., et al., Long term effect of root management practices on rooting pattern in Dalbergia sissoo and grain yield of mustard under agrisilviculture system. Range Management and Agroforestry, 2013. 34(1): p. 47-50.
59.    Kumar, V., V. Rana, and P.L. Soni, Molecular weight determination and correlation analysis of Dalbergia sissoo polysaccharide with constituent oligosaccharides. Phytochemical Analysis, 2013. 24(1): p. 75-80.
60.    Khan, M.I. and M.R. Khan, Gastroprotective Potential of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Stem Bark against Diclofenac-Induced Gastric Damage in Rats. Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, 2013. 4(5): p. 271-277.
61.    Kapoor, C.S., B.R. Bamniya, and K. Kapoor, Efficient control of air pollution through plants, a cost-effective alternative: Studies on Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2013. 185(9): p. 7565-7580.
62.    Hossain, S.M.Y. and A.R. Martin, Merchantable timber production in Dalbergia sissoo plantations across bangladesh: Regional patterns, management practices and edaphic factors. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2013. 25(3): p. 299-309.
63.    Dash, S., A.K. Mohapatra, and N. Gupta, Growth response of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. to mineral solubilizing bacteria and fungi in nursery conditions. Tropical Ecology, 2013. 54(1): p. 109-115.
64.    Beniwal, V., et al., Production of tannase through solid state fermentation using Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia Sissoo)sawdust - A timber industry waste. Annals of Microbiology, 2013. 63(2): p. 583-590.
65.    Arif, M., et al., Molecular phylogeny and pathotyping of Fusarium solani: A causal agent of Dalbergia sissoo decline. Forest Pathology, 2013. 43(6): p. 478-487.
66.    Ahmad, B.I., R.A. Khan, and M.T. Siddiqui, Incidence of dieback disease following fungal inoculations of sexually and asexually propagated shisham (Dalbergia sissoo). Forest Pathology, 2013. 43(1): p. 77-82.
67.    Singh, O. and A.H. Sofi, Variability in seed traits and genetic divergence in a clonal seed orchard of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of Forestry Research, 2012. 23(1): p. 109-114.
68.    Singh, C., et al., Biocompatible synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using leaf extract of Dalbergia sissoo. Advanced Materials Letters, 2012. 3(4): p. 279-285.
69.    Singh, B., R. Yadav, and B.P. Bhatt, Vegetative propagation of Dalbergia sissoo: Effect of growth regulators, length, position of shoot and type of cuttings on rooting potential in stem cuttings. Forestry Studies in China, 2012. 14(3): p. 187-192.
70.    Sharma, P., N. Singh, and O.P. Verma, First report of Curvularia leaf spot, caused by Curvularia affinis on Dalbergia sissoo. Forest Pathology, 2012. 42(3): p. 265-266.
71.    Rehman, H.M., et al., In vitro regeneration of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. And the potential for genetic transformation. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 2012. 40(2): p. 140-147.
72.    Rana, V., V. Kumar, and P.L. Soni, Structural characterization of an acidic polysaccharide from Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. leaves. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2012. 90(1): p. 243-250.
73.    Mubarik, S., et al., Phenol adsorption by charred sawdust of sheesham (Indian rosewood; Dalbergia sissoo) from single, binary and ternary contaminated solutions. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2012. 43(6): p. 926-933.
74.    Liu, X.Z., et al., Study on Dalbergia sissoo forestation zoning based on GIS data in Yunnan Province. Forest Research, 2012. 25(2): p. 169-173.
75.    Kumar, A., et al., Genetic divergence for growth and wood parameters in different clones of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of Forestry Research, 2012. 23(2): p. 285-288.
76.    Kumar, A., et al., Genotype × environmental interactions for analyzing adaptability and stability in different clones of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of Forestry Research, 2012. 23(1): p. 65-74.
77.    Khedgikar, V., et al., A standardized phytopreparation from an Indian medicinal plant (Dalbergia sissoo) has antiresorptive and bone-forming effects on a postmenopausal osteoporosis model of rat. Menopause, 2012. 19(12): p. 1336-1346.
78.    Josephin Nerling Rashida, G., et al., A study on ethanolic extract of Dalbergia sissoo roxb. Leaves for pancreatic lipase inhibition. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 2012. 5(4): p. 497-500.
79.    Josephin Nerling Rashida, G., et al., Pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of the leaves of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 2012. 5(SUPPL. 3): p. 115-119.
80.    Dixit, P., et al., Constituents of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. leaves with osteogenic activity. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2012. 22(2): p. 890-897.
81.    Bohre, P., O.P. Chaubey, and P.K. Singhal, Biomass accumulation and carbon sequestration in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, 2012. 4(3): p. 29-44.
82.    Wang, B.Y., et al., Genetic diversity and differentiation in Dalbergia sissoo (Fabaceae) as revealed by RAPD. Genetics and molecular research : GMR, 2011. 10(1): p. 114-120.
83.    Vogel, S., et al., Detection of virus particles and double-stranded rna in dieback affected Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb. from Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 2011. 40(1): p. 57-65.
84.    Vasudeva, N. and M. Vats, Anti-spermatogenic Activity of Ethanol Extract of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Stem Bark. JAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, 2011. 4(2): p. 116-122.
85.    Tantau, H., et al., Infectivity assays and sequence analyses for unassigned Pseudomonas species as putative cause of dieback disease of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. in Bangladesh. Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology, 2011. 21(2): p. 101-113.
86.    Singh, O. and A.H. Sofi, Clone variation of seed traits, germination and seedling growth in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. clonal seed orchard. Annals of Forest Research, 2011. 54(2): p. 139-149.
87.    Singh, B., R. Yadav, and B.P. Bhatt, Effects of mother tree ages, different rooting mediums, light conditions and auxin treatments on rooting behaviour of Dalbergia sissoo branch cuttings. Journal of Forestry Research, 2011. 22(1): p. 53-57.
88.    Singh, B. and G. Singh, Phosphorus enhanced establishment, growth, nutrient uptake, and productivity of Dalbergia sissoo seedlings maintained at varying soil water stress levels in an Indian Arid Zone. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 2011. 30(6): p. 480-495.
89.    Sharma, A. and M. Bakshi, Growth and heritability estimates among clones of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. in a clonal seed orchard. Forestry Studies in China, 2011. 13(3): p. 211-217.
90.    Roy, N., et al., A detailed study on the antioxidant activity of the stem bark of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb., an Indian medicinal plant. Food Chemistry, 2011. 126(3): p. 1115-1121.
91.    Lei, S., S. Qingfeng, and D. Jiang, Primary study on the anatomical construction and physical-mechanical- properties of introduced dalbergia sissoo. 2011. 179-180: p. 1446-1452.
92.    Kumar, A., S. Dobhal, and S. Sharma, Assessment of genetic diversity in different clones of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. by RAPD markers. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011. 10(35): p. 6686-6694.
93.    Khan, B.M., M.K. Hossain, and M.A.U. Mridha, Nursery practice on seed germination and seedling growth of Dalbergia sissoo using beneficial microbial inoculants. Journal of Forestry Research, 2011. 22(2): p. 189-192.
94.    Hossain, M., et al., Nutrient dynamics associated with leaf litter decomposition of three agroforestry tree species (Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sissoo, and Melia azedarach) of Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research, 2011. 22(4): p. 577-582.
95.    Hood, M.M., S.V. Tembhurne, and D.M. Sakarkar, Anthelmintic activity of different extracts of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. on Indian adult earthworms. Der Pharma Chemica, 2011. 3(2): p. 142-146.
96.    Harsh, N.S.K., S. Chandra, and K. Uniyal, Screening resistance of Dalbergia sissoo clones against Ganoderma lucidum root rot disease in field conditions. Forest Pathology, 2011. 41(3): p. 221-226.
97.    Ginwal, H.S., S.S. Maurya, and P. Chauhan, Genetic diversity and relationship between cultivated clones of Dalbergia sissoo of wide geographical origin using RAPD markers. Journal of Forestry Research, 2011. 22(4): p. 507-517.
98.    Basak, A.C. and S.R. Basak, Biological control of Fusarium solani sp. dalbergiae, the wilt pathogen of dalbergia sissoo, by Trichoderma viride and T. harzianum. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2011. 23(4): p. 460-466.
99.    Bakshi, M. and A. Sharma, Assessment of genetic diversity in Dalbergia sissoo clones through RAPD profiling. Journal of Forestry Research, 2011. 22(3): p. 393-397.
100.    Asif, M. and A. Kumar, Phytochemical investigation and evaluation of antinociceptive activity of ethanolic extract of Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb.) bark. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine, 2011. 2(1): p. 76-79.
101.    Singh, A.K. and S. Chand, Plant regeneration from alginate-encapsulated somatic embryos of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Indian Journal of Biotechnology, 2010. 9(3): p. 319-324.
102.    Shi, L., Y.Y. Liang, and J. Deng, A study on climatic adaptability of Dalbergia sissoo. Forest Research, 2010. 23(2): p. 191-194.
103.    Poussio, G.B., et al., First record of Ceratocystis fimbriata associated with shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) decline in Pakistan. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 2010. 5(1): p. 63-65.
104.    Kumar, S.M. and U. Kumud, Anti-inflammatory activity of root of Dalbergia sissoo (Rox.b) in carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. Pharmacognosy Journal, 2010. 2(11): p. 427-430.
105.    Khan, M.N.I. and O. Faruque, Allometric relationships for predicting the stem volume in a Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. plantation in Bangladesh. IForest, 2010. 3(NOVEMBER): p. 153-158.
106.    Hugar, M.H., K.M. Hosamani, and M.D. Liyakath Ahmed, Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of ethanol extract of Dalbergia sissoo seeds: An approach for the in-vivo analgesic and antipyretic activities. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 2010. 1(4).
107.    Ginwal, H.S. and S.S. Maurya, Evaluation and optimization of DNA extraction method for Dalbergia sissoo leaf. Indian Journal of Biotechnology, 2010. 9(1): p. 69-73.
108.    Ashraf, M., et al., A molecular study of genetic diversity in Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) plantation of NWFP, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2010. 42(1): p. 79-88.
109.    Akhtar, H., et al., Effects of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. leaf extract on some associated crop species of agroforestry. Allelopathy Journal, 2010. 25(1): p. 221-226.
110.    Singh, K.P., P. Kumari, and B. Seema, A survey of the Indian rose wood tree, Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. under threat of fungal pathogens. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences, 2009. 79(PART 2): p. 165-174.
111.    Singh, G. and B. Singh, Effect of varying soil water stress regimes on nutrient uptake and biomass production in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings in Indian desert. Journal of Forestry Research, 2009. 20(4): p. 307-313.
112.    Shi, L., Q.F. Sun, and J. Deng, Radical variation and prediction model of wood anatomical and crystallinity of young Dalbergia sissoo plantation. Forest Research, 2009. 22(4): p. 553-558.
113.    Rana, V., V. Kumar, and P.L. Soni, Structure of the oligosaccharides isolated from Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. leaf polysaccharide. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2009. 78(3): p. 520-525.
114.    Pirzada, H., et al., Multivariate analysis of selected roadside plants (Dalbergia sissoo and Cannabis sativa) for lead pollution monitoring. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2009. 41(4): p. 1729-1736.
115.    Mirdhe, R.M. and H.C. Lakshman, Synergistic effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium inoculation on Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. in unsterile soil. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 2009. 8(4): p. 781-784.
116.    Husen, A., Growth, chlorophyll fluorescence and biochemical markers in clonal ramets of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) at nursery stage. New Forests, 2009. 38(2): p. 117-129.
117.    Bisht, R., et al., Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Rhizobium leguminosarum on the growth and nutrient status of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Tropical Ecology, 2009. 50(2): p. 231-242.
118.    Arif, M., et al., A comparative analysis of ISSR and rapd markers for study of genetic diversity in Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo). Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2009. 27(4): p. 488-495.
119.    Adenusi, A.A. and A.B. Odaibo, Effects of varying concentrations of the crude aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Dalbergia sissoo plant parts on Biomphalaria pfeifferi egg masses. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 2009. 6(2): p. 139-149.
120.    Yadav, H., et al., Antimicrobial property of a herbal preparation containing Dalbergia sissoo and Datura Stramonium with cow urine against pathogenic bacteria. International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, 2008. 21(4): p. 1013-1020.
121.    Tiwari, M., Nitrate reductase activity in Dalbergia sissoo and Eucalyptus hybrid seedlings under the influence of arbuscular mycorrhiza, phosphorus and nickel. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 2008. 14(2-3): p. 453-456.
122.    Tewari, V.P. and K.V. Gadow, Modelling potential density limiting survival, stand density and basal area growth for pure even-aged dalbergia sissoo stands in a hot arid region of India. Forests Trees and Livelihoods, 2008. 18(2): p. 133-150.
123.    Shukla, A.N., Resistance of Dalbergia sissoo to Fusarium solani f.sp. dalbergiae. Forest Pathology, 2008. 38(6): p. 410-418.
124.    Shrestha, S.P., et al., Nitric oxide production inhibitory activity of flavonoids contained in trunk exudates of Dalbergia sissoo. Journal of Natural Products, 2008. 71(1): p. 98-101.
125.    Shi, L., Q.F. Sun, and J. Deng, Study on anatomical structure variation and chemical properties of introduced Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Forest Research, 2008. 21(2): p. 212-216.
126.    Shi, L., Q.F. Sun, and J. Deng, Primary study on the wood anatomical and physical-mechanical properties of introduced Dalbergia sissoo. Forest Research, 2008. 21(3): p. 335-339.
127.    Shah, F.R., et al., The influence of cadmium and chromium on the biomass production of shisham (Dalbergia Sissoo roxb.) seedlings. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2008. 40(4 SPEC. ISS.): p. 1341-1348.
128.    Saraswathi, S.G. and K. Paliwal, Diurnal and seasonal trends in photosynthetic performance of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. and Hardwickia binata Roxb. from a semi-arid ecosystem. Photosynthetica, 2008. 46(2): p. 248-254.
129.    Rizvi, R.H., V.K. Gupta, and Ajit, Comparison of various linear and non-linear functions for estimating biomass and volume of Dalbergia sissoo grown under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2008. 78(2): p. 138-141.
130.    Reddy, R.V.N., et al., O-Prenylated flavonoids from Dalbergia sissoo. Phytochemistry Letters, 2008. 1(1): p. 23-26.
131.    Rajput, N.A., et al., Pathogenicity and host range of Fusarium solani (Mart.) SACC. Causing dieback of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo roxb.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2008. 40(6): p. 2631-2639.
132.    Husen, A., Clonal propagation of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. and associated metabolic changes during adventitious root primordium development. New Forests, 2008. 36(1): p. 13-27.
133.    Hoque, A.T.M.R., Rootability of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. cuttings from different clones at two different levels and their primary field growth performance. Dendrobiology, 2008. 59: p. 09-12.
134.    Adenusi, A.A. and A.B. Odaibo, Laboratory assessment of molluscicidal activity of crude aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Dalbergia sissoo plant parts against Biomphalaria pfeifferi. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 2008. 6(4): p. 219-227.
135.    Shakya, D.D. and P.B. Lakhey, Confirmation of Fusarium solani as the causal agent of die-back of Dalbergia sissoo in Nepal. Plant Pathology, 2007. 56(6): p. 1041.
136.    Rawat, R.S. and S. Nautiyal, Genotype-site interactions in growth, physiological and biochemical parameters in clones of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Silvae Genetica, 2007. 56(5): p. 201-206.
137.    Niranjan, R., V. Mohan, and V.M. Rao, Effect of indole acetic acid on the synergistic interactions of Bradyrhizobium and Glomus fasciculatum on growth, nodulation, and nitrogen fixation of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Arid Land Research and Management, 2007. 21(4): p. 329-342.
138.    Huda, S.M.S., et al., Effects of phosphorus and potassium addition on growth and nodulation of Dalbergia sissoo in the nursery. Journal of Forestry Research, 2007. 18(4): p. 279-282.
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141.    Tabassum, S. and M. Ashraf, Qualitative analysis of seed storage protein of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo). Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, 2006. 28(3): p. 266-270.
142.    Singh, B. and G. Singh, Effects of controlled irrigation on water potential, nitrogen uptake and biomass production in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2006. 55(1-2): p. 209-219.
143.    Sidhu, D.S., G.P.S. Dhillon, and A. Singh, Genetic variation among progenies of plus trees of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. at nursery stage. Annals of Biology, 2006. 22(2): p. 165-167.
144.    Harsh, N.S.K., K. Uniyal, and D.S. Bhandari, Protocol for screening rust disease resistance in Dalbergia sissoo. Forest Pathology, 2006. 36(3): p. 176-182.
145.    Habib ur, R., et al., Sorption studies of nickel ions onto sawdust of Dalbergia sissoo. Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society, 2006. 53(5): p. 1045-1052.
146.    Gill, A.S., et al., Impact of sisam (Dalbergia sissoo) boundary plantation on associated fodder crops in rainfed semi-arid region. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2006. 76(2): p. 85-91.
147.    Brijesh, S., et al., Studies on Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb.) leaves: Possible mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhoea. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2006. 38(2): p. 120-124.
148.    Webb, E.L. and S.M.Y. Hossain, Dalbergia sissoo mortality in Bangladesh plantations: Correlations with environmental and management parameters. Forest Ecology and Management, 2005. 206(1-3): p. 61-69.
149.    Tewari, V.P. and V.S.K. Kumar, Growth and yield functions for Dalbergia sissoo plantations in the hot desert of India grown under irrigated conditions. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2005. 17(1): p. 87-103.
150.    Tantau, H., et al., 16S rDNA sequence analysis of bacterial isolates from die-back affected sissoo trees (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) in Bangladesh. Journal of Phytopathology, 2005. 153(9): p. 517-521.
151.    Singh, N. and T.C. Pokhriyal, Nitrate reductase activity and nitrogen content in relation to seed source variation in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2005. 17(1): p. 127-140.
152.    Singh, G. and M. Bhati, Growth of Dalbergia sissoo in desert regions of western India using municipal effluent and the subsequent changes in soil and plant chemistry. Bioresource Technology, 2005. 96(9): p. 1019-1028.
153.    Sena, D.S., N.N. Pandey, and D. Swarup, Therapeutic validation of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) leaves and bel (Aegle marmelos) fruit for calf diarrhoea. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2005. 75(11): p. 1244-1249.
154.    Pande, P.K. and M. Singh, Inter-clonal, intra-clonal, and single tree variations of wood anatomical properties and specific gravity of clonal ramets of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Wood Science and Technology, 2005. 39(5): p. 351-366.
155.    Dhakal, L.P., P.K. Jha, and E.D. Kjaer, Mortality in Dalbergia sissoo (roxb.) following heavy infection by Aristobia horridula (hope) bettles: Will genetic variation in susceptibility play a role in combating declining health? Forest Ecology and Management, 2005. 218(1-3): p. 270-276.
156.    Chand, S. and A.K. Singh, Plant regeneration from semi-mature zygotic embryos of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Indian Journal of Biotechnology, 2005. 4(1): p. 78-81.
157.    Singh, B. and G. Singh, Influence of soil water regime on nutrient mobility and uptake by Dalbergia sissoo seedlings. Tropical Ecology, 2004. 45(2): p. 337-340.
158.    Sahgal, M., et al., Selection of growth promotory rhizobia for Dalbergia sissoo from diverse soil ecosystems of India. Symbiosis, 2004. 36(1): p. 83-96.
159.    Rao, K.S., K.S. Rajput, and T. Srinivas, Seasonal cambial anatomy and development of Xylem in Dalbergia sissoo growing under the influence of combined air pollutants. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 2004. 18(1): p. 73-88.
160.    Pandey, M., et al., Molecular markers provide evidence for long-distance planting material transfer during plantation establishment of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. in Nepal. Annals of Forest Science, 2004. 61(6): p. 603-606.
161.    Kalia, S., R.K. Kalia, and S.K. Sharma, Evaluation of clonal variability in shoot coppicing ability and in vitro responses of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Silvae Genetica, 2004. 53(5-6): p. 212-220.
162.    Husen, A., Clonal propagation of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. by softwood nodal cuttings: Effects of genotypes, application of IBA and position of cuttings on shoots. Silvae Genetica, 2004. 53(2): p. 50-55.
163.    Dahiya, S.S., J.C. Sharma, and J.C. Kaushik, Dieback of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) and kikar (Acacia nilotica L.) trees in Haryana (India). Annals of Agri Bio Research, 2004. 9(2): p. 175-182.
164.    Chand, S. and A.K. Singh, Plant regeneration from encapsulated nodal segments of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb., a timber-yielding leguminous tree species. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2004. 161(2): p. 237-243.
165.    Ashraf, M., et al., Growth and leaf gas exchange characteristics in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. and D. latifolia Roxb. under water deficit. Photosynthetica, 2004. 42(1): p. 157-160.
166.    Singh, G. and M. Bhati, Mineral accumulation, growth, and physiological functions in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings irrigated with different effluents. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 2003. 38(11): p. 2679-2695.
167.    Singh, B. and G. Singh, Biomass partitioning and gas exchange in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings under water stress. Photosynthetica, 2003. 41(3): p. 407-414.
168.    Singh, A.K. and S. Chand, Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from cotyledon explants of a timber-yielding leguminous tree, Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2003. 160(4): p. 415-421.
169.    Sah, S.P., C.K. Sharma, and F. Sehested, Possible role of the soil in the sissoo forest (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) decline in the Nepal terai. Plant, Soil and Environment, 2003. 49(8): p. 378-385.
170.    Sah, S.P. and A. Schulte, The decline of sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo) in Nepal: A review of possible causal factors. Journal of Forest Policy, 2003. 10(1): p. 51-66.
171.    Nautiyal, S., et al., Clonal variation in growth, flowering and seed production of Dalbergia sissoo in a clonal seed orchard. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2003. 15(1): p. 97-108.
172.    Mishra, A., S.D. Sharma, and M.K. Gupta, Soil rehabilitation through afforestation: Evaluation of the performance of Prosopis juliflora, Dalbergia sissoo and Eucalyptus tereticornis plantations in a sodic environment. Arid Land Research and Management, 2003. 17(3): p. 257-269.
173.    Joshi, I., et al., Studies on Effect of Nutrient Media for Clonal Propagation of Superior Phenotypes of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. through Tissue Culture. Silvae Genetica, 2003. 52(3-4): p. 143-147.
174.    Singh, N. and T.C. Pokhriyal, Nitrogen fixation and nodulation behaviour in relation to seed source variations in Dalbergia sissoo seedlings. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2002. 14(2): p. 198-206.
175.    Singh, A.K., et al., Adventitious shoot organogenesis and plant regeneration from cotyledons of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb., a timber yielding tree legume. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 2002. 68(2): p. 203-209.
176.    Sah, S.P., P.K. Jha, and N. Lamersdorf, Nutrient status of natural and healthy sissoo forest and declining plantation sissoo forest (Dalbergia sissoo, Roxb.) in Nepal. Journal of Forest Science, 2002. 48(10): p. 459-466.
177.    Qadri, R. and A. Mahmood, Occurrence of persistent infection threads in the root nodules of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2002. 34(4): p. 397-403.
178.    Mishra, A., S.D. Sharma, and G.H. Khan, Rehabilitation of degraded sodic lands during a decade of Dalbergia sissoo plantation in Sultanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Land Degradation and Development, 2002. 13(5): p. 375-386.
179.    Tewari, V.P. and V.S. Kishan Kumar, Construction and validation of tree volume functions for Dalbergia sissoo grown under irrigated conditions in the hot desert of India. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2001. 13(3): p. 503-511.
180.    Srivastava, S.K., et al., Evaluation of seed source variation on different seed parameters of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Indian Forester, 2001. 127(3): p. 358-362.
181.    Singh, N. and T.C. Pokhriyal, Variations in pod and seed traits in six different Dalbergia sissoo seed sources. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2001. 13(1): p. 162-170.
182.    Sagta, H.C. and S. Nautiyal, Growth performance and genetic divergence of various provenances of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. at nursery stage. Silvae Genetica, 2001. 50(3-4): p. 93-99.
183.    Sagta, H.C. and S. Nautiyal, Variation in germination of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. seeds under different media and osmoconditions. Indian Forester, 2001. 127(12): p. 1371-1376.
184.    Ramakrishna, N.V.S., et al., Screening of natural products for new leads as inhibitors of β-amyloid production: Latifolin from Dalbergia sissoo. Indian Journal of Chemistry - Section B Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, 2001. 40(6): p. 539-540.
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187.    Kiran, R. and A.K. Agnihotri, Effect of partial shading on yield and yield attributes of wheat (triticum aestivum L.) intercropped with Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. under shallow water table conditions. Indian Forester, 2001. 127(7): p. 799-803.
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199.    Meshram, P.B., Antifeedant and insecticidal activity of some medicinal plant extracts against Dalbergia sissoo defoliator Plecoptera reflexa gue. (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Indian Forester, 2000. 126(9): p. 961-965.
200.    Kalia, S., R.K. Malviya, and V.P. Pandey, Achaea janata Linn. (Noctuidae : Lepidoptera) pest of Dalbergia sissoo - A new report. Indian Forester, 2000. 126(8): p. 905.
201.    Jalota, R.K. and K.K. Sangha, Comparative ecological-economic analysis of growth performance of exotic Eucalyptus tereticornis and indigenous Dalbergia sissoo in mono-culture plantations. Ecological Economics, 2000. 33(3): p. 487-495.
202.    Hajare, S.W., et al., Analgesic and antipyretic activities of Dalbergia sissoo leaves. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2000. 32(6): p. 357-360.
203.    Gera, M., N. Gera, and B.N. Gupta, Preliminary observations on genetic variability and character association in Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Indian Forester, 2000. 126(6): p. 608-615.
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205.    Arya, R.L., et al., Productivity of forage-based farming systems with farm-boundary plantations of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 2000. 45(1): p. 76-81.
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207.    Tengberg, M. and D.T. Potts, gišMes.má-gan-na (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) at Tell Abraq. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 1999. 10(2): p. 129-133.
208.    Singh, H.P., R.K. Kohli, and D.R. Batish, Impact of Populus deltoides and Dalbergia sissoo shelterbelts on wheat - A comparative study. Forests Trees and Livelihoods, 1999. 10(1): p. 51-60.
209.    Sharma, L.K. and O.N. Pandey, Effect of plant growth regulators on rooting behaviour of cuttings of Dalbergia latifolia roxb. and Dalbergia sissoo roxb. Indian Forester, 1999. 125(4): p. 421-426.
210.    Sarg, T., et al., Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of Dalbergia sissoo growing in Egypt. Pharmaceutical Biology, 1999. 37(1): p. 54-62.
211.    Puri, S. and S.L. Swamy, Geographical variation in rooting ability of stem cuttings of Azadirachta indica and Dalbergia sissoo. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 1999. 46(1): p. 29-36.
212.    Pandey, P.C., S.P. Chaukiyal, and T.C. Pokhriyal, Nitrogenase activity vis-a-vis field testing of Dalbergia sissoo Rhizobium isolates collected from different sources. Indian Forester, 1999. 125(2): p. 219-224.
213.    Nandal, D.P., P. Rana, and A. Kumar, Growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under different tree spacings of Dalbergia sissoo based agrisilviculture. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 1999. 44(2): p. 256-260.
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