Sunday, June 25, 2017

Oroxylum indicum, shyonaka, tattuna, sona, เพกา, තොටිල, Bonglai, ороксилум индийский

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz
Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms: Arthrophyllum ceylanicum Miq., Arthrophyllum reticulatum Blume ex Miq., Bignonia indica L., Bignonia lugubris Salisb., Bignonia pentandra Lour., Bignonia quadripinnata Blanco, Bignonia tripinnata Noronha, Bignonia tuberculata Roxb. ex DC., Calosanthes indica (L.) Blume, Hippoxylon indica (L.) Raf., Oroxylum flavum Rehder, Spathodea indica (L.) Pers.

Common name: Broken Bones Tree, Indian Trumpet Flower, Tree of Damocles
  • Assamese: তোগুনা Toguna
  • Bengali: সোনা sona
  • Hindi: भूत वृक्ष bhut-vriksha, दीर्घवृन्त dirghavrinta, कुटन्नट kutannat, मण्डूक manduk (the flower), पत्रोर्ण patrorna, पूतिवृक्ष putivriksha, शल्लक shallaka, शूरण shuran, सोन or शोण son, वटुक vatuk
  • Kannada: ತಟ್ಟುನ tattuna
  • Konkani: davamadak
  • Malayalam: പലകപയ്യാനി palaqapayyani, വാശ്പ്പാതിരി vashrppathiri, വെള്ളപ്പാതിരി vellappathiri
  • Manipuri: শম্বা Shamba
  • Marathi: टायिटू tayitu, टेटु tetu
  • Oriya: टटेलों tatelo
  • Sanskrit: अरलु aralu, श्योनक shyonaka
  • Tamil: சொரிகொன்றை cori-konnai, பாலையுடைச்சி palai-y-utaicci, பூதபுஷ்பம் puta-puspam (the flower)
  • Telugu: మండూకపరణి manduka-parani, పంపెన pampena, శూకనాసము suka-nasamu, తుందిలము tundilamu, గుంపెన gumpena.
  • Azerbaijani: Hind oroksilumu
  • Chinese: 土黄柏
  • Malay: Bonglai
  • Russian: ороксилум индийский
  • Sinhala: තොටිල
  • Thai: เพกา
  • Vietnamese: Núc nác
Description: Trees up to 10 m or more. Leaves very large, 3-pinnate, 60-180 cm long, imparipinnate, rachis stout ribbed; leaflets opposite, elliptic-ovate, 7-14 x 5-8 cm, entire, subacuminate, base oblique or rounded, nerves inconspicuous above, prominent and minutely pubescent on lower surface. Flowers not seen. Capsule elongated, 30-100 cm, compressed, brown, valves woody. Seeds discoid, with wing 35-40 x 58-60 mm; wing transparent, yellowish-white.

Used in diarrhea due to nervous breakdown, cough, tastelessness, diseases of the urinary bladder, rheumatism, diseases of the abdomen, loss of movement of the leg, neurological disorders, diseases of the ear, and inflammation (therapeutic uses based on texts from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries). Bark: bitter tonic, diuretic, powder or infusion diaphoretic. Root bark: astringent, used in diarrhea and dysentery. Stem bark: anti-inflammatory, used in rheumatism. Root: decoction prescribed in dropsy. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Anti-inflammatory, Antipyretic, Antirheumatic, Antitussive, Astringent, Expectorant, Female Tonic, Stomachic, Vulnerary. Oroxylum bark tea is used traditionally as a uterine tonic after childbirth. It is also used in treatment of diarrhea, arthritis, and measles. Oroxylum seeds and bark are prescribed in cases of sore throat and cough, especially when accompanied by chills, fever, or other cold symptoms. The root, stem and bark is an antidiarrheal and a tonic for the four elements. This herb is extremely popular among the Hill-Tribes, who use it for treatment of indigestion, stomachache, inflammation, kidney and bladder disease, spleen disease, malaria, and cancer. [A Thai Herbal: Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony]

Used in Ayurveda. Lipoxygenase inhibitors. Bark vermicide, tonic, antiinflammatory, antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, astringent, antidysenteric, diuretic, antiseptic, antimicrobial; crushed bark boiled and the extract taken to cure jaundice; bark paste heated and applied in muscular pain, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

In China, the seeds of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. are used to assuage liver and stomach discomfort, and to heal ulcers and boils. In Burma, Vietnam and the Philippines, the bark is used to treat dysentery and rheumatism. In Malaysia, a decoction of the leaves is drunk to assuage stomach discomfort, treat rheumatism and to heal wounds. In Thailand, the fruits are consumed as vegetables, whereas the stem bark is used to treat arthritis. [Medicinal Plants: Drugs For The Future? ]

The root-bark and stem-bark possess antiallergic properties and are used in treating allergic diseases, urticaria, jaundice, asthma, sore throat, laryngitis, hoarseness, gastraigia, diarrhoea, dysentery, infantile erythema and measles. The normal dose is 8 to 16g of bark in the form of a decoction, extract or powder. The seeds are active on chronic cough and gastraigia: 5 to 10g daily in the form of a decoction or powder. An alcoholic maceration of fresh bark is applied externally for lacquer allergic dermatitis. [Medicinal Plants in Viet Nam]

367 Published articles of  Oroxylum indicum

Stevia rebaudiana, Estèvia, 스테비아, ステビア, หญ้าหวาน, شیرین‌برگ, Madhu patra

Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni
Family:  Asteraceae
Synonyms: Eupatorium rebaudianum Bertoni, Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Hemsl.

English: Stevia, Sweet Leaf, Sweet Honey Leaf
Guarani: caa êhê
Catalan: Estèvia
Czech: Stévie sladká
Danish: Sukkerplante
Persian: شیرین‌برگ
Korean: 스테비아
Hungarian: Jázminpakóca
Malayalam: പഞ്ചാരക്കൊല്ലി, മധുരമുള്ള ഇലകൾ.
Dutch: Honingkruid
Japanese: ステビア
Russian: Стевия медовая
Slovak: Stévia cukrová
Tamil: சீனித்துளசி cheeni thulasi, சர்க்கரைத் துளசி  sarkarai thulasi
Thai: หญ้าหวาน
Vietnamese: Cỏ ngọt
Chinese: 甜叶菊
Sanskrit: Madhu patra

Dried leaf  as a sugar substitute for diabetics, hypoglycemics, and weight-conscious individuals. By weight, it is up to 300 times sweeter than sugar but has virtually no calories. Diabetics and hypoglycemics should always use stevia as a sweetener in herbal teas rather than honey or sugar, as it does not cause spikes in blood sugar. [A Thai Herbal: Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony]

Antimicrobial, Hypoglycemic (lowers blood sugar, levels), Lowers blood pressure. The herb’s sweet taste and hypoglycemic action make  it a valuable remedy in early onset diabetes. It can also help to prevent  tooth decay, aid weight loss, and  improve immune resistance in yeast infections. [Herbal Remedies]

500 published articles of Stevia rebaudiana

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Physalis grisea, Meksikontomatillo, Grey Ground Cherry, Strawberry Tomato, физалис земляниный

Physalis grisea (Waterf.) M. Martínez
Family: Solanaceae

Synonym: Physalis pubescens var. grisea Waterf.

Grey Ground Cherry, Strawberry Tomato, Dwarf cape gooseberry, Downy ground cherry
Finnish: Meksikontomatillo
Russian: физалис земляниный

2 Published articles of  Physalis grisea

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gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica 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mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of 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kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana