Thursday, August 11, 2016

Trifolium repens, Creeping white clover, witte klaver, Trèfle rampant, Đậu chẽ ba hoa trắng, シロツメクサ, 토끼풀


Trifolium repens L.Family: Leguminosae

English: Creeping white clover
Arabic: قرط (قُرط)، قدب (قَدْب)، قرض (قَرَض)
Bulgarian: Пълзяща детелина
Chinese: 白车轴草
Dutch: witte klaver
Finnish: valkoapila
French: Trèfle rampant
Georgian: სამყურა მხოხავი
German: Weiss-Klee
Italian: trifoglio bianco
Japanese: シロツメクサ
Korean: 토끼풀
Romanian: Trifoi Alb
Russian: klever belyj, Клевер ползучий
Swedish: hvitklöfver
Vietnamese: Đậu chẽ ba hoa trắng
Welsh: meillion gwyn

Description: his perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. These elongated stems sprawl along the ground and have the capacity to root at the nodes. They are hairless and light green. The alternate compound leaves are trifoliate and hairless. They occur at intervals along the elongated stems and have long hairless petioles. The leaflets are obovate or ovate. Their margins are finely serrate. Across the upper surface of each leaflet are white markings in the form of a chevron (an upside down "V"), although for this species these markings are often degenerate, irregular, or absent. Each leaflet is about ¾" long and about half as wide. At the base of each petiole there are a pair of small lanceolate stipules that are light green and membranous; sometimes they wrap around the elongated stems. Each stipule is less than ½" in length.  Flowerheads about ¾" across are produced on long naked stalks (peduncles) that are unbranched and hairless. These flowering stalks are usually a little taller than the compound leaves. Each flowerhead has 20-50 flowers and is more or less globular in shape. Each flower is narrowly tubular, consisting of a green calyx with 5 narrow teeth and 5 petals that are white or pinkish white. When fully open, there is a small standard and 2 side petals that enclose the keel. The teeth of the calyx are equal to, or less than, the length of the calyx tube. Each flower has a very short pedicel. The blooming period occurs intermittently for several months, from late spring through the fall. The flowers gradually turn brown and are replaced by seedpods. Each little seedpod contains only a few seeds, which are flat, round or slightly heart-shaped, and variously colored. The root system consists of a shallow branching taproot and the rootlets formed by the elongated stems. This plant reproduces by seed or vegetatively, and often forms colonies. 

Toxins. White clover can cause bloat in livestock. It has caused laminitis in horses and cattle; after they are ingested, some varieties can liberate HCN, causing cyanogenic poisoning in animals. Cyanogenic glycosides. Plant infusion antirheumatic, astringent, depurative, tonic, eyewash, for fevers, eyes troubles, asthma, colds, cough; whole plant decoction given for fever; plant juice for fever. Veterinary medicine, forage plant to increase lactation. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Red clover is stated to act as a dermatological agent, and to possess mildly antispasmodic and expectorant properties. Tannins are known to possess astringent properties. Traditionally red clover has been used for chronic skin disease, whooping cough, and specifically for eczema and psoriasis. [Herbal Medicines 3rd Ed] 
 
61 Published articles of  Trifolium repens

Habenaria grandifloriformis, Single Leaved Habenaria, chhotaghodatap, Ashadh habe-amri, Chichurkanda



Habenaria grandifloriformis Blatt. & McCann
Family: Orchidaceae
Synobym: Habenaria grandiflora Lindl. ex Dalzell & Gibson

Common name: Single Leaved Habenaria, Large flowered Habenaria
Marathi: आषाढ हबेअमरी Ashadh habe-amri, चिचुरकांदा Chichurkanda, चिकरकांदा Chikarkanda
Hindi: chhotaghodatap

Description: Terrestrial herbs, to 12 cm long; tuber solitary, 1.8 x 1 cm, ovoid. Leaves 2-3 x 1.5-3 cm, usually single, radical, lying flat on the ground, coriaceous, sessile, ovate or sub-orbicular, apex obtuse or acute, cordate at base. Flowers white, 1-4, in terminal racemes; scape with 1 or 2 sheaths at base; pedicels including ovary to 3 cm long; bracts 1-1.5 cm long, ovate, acuminate. Sepals free, unequal, ovate; dorsal short, 3-nerved; laterals longer, 5-7-nerved. Petals white, 2-partite; upper segment ovate, equal to sepals; lower narrowly linear. Lip 3-lobed; lateral segments narrower. Spur 2.5 cm long, longer than ovary. Column short, greenish-white. Anther 1, 2-celled; pollinia 2; caudicle long; gland orbicular; staminodes white, glandular. Ovary curved, ribbed; stigmatic processes 2 mm long, parallel, clavate; rostellum greenish, in between anther cells.
 
Used  in  Ayurveda.  Tuber  powder  with  milk  in  general debility.

2 Published articles of  Habenaria grandifloriformis

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Hylocereus undatus, dragon fruit, Night Blooming Cereus, Tarhametsäkaktus, Brahma Kamal, Гилоцереус волнистый, Pitahaya orejona, pitaya




Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose
Family: Cactaceae

Synonyms: Cereus guatemalensis (Eichler) A.Berger, Cereus tricostatus Rol.-Goss., Cereus trigonus var. guatemalensis Eichlam, Cereus undatus Pfeiff., Cereus undulatus D.Dietr., Hylocereus guatemalensis (Eichlam) Britton & Rose, Hylocereus tricostatus (Gosselin) Britton & Rose

  • Common name: Night Blooming Cereus, Queen of the Night, Lady of the night, Dragon fruit, Red Pitaya
  • Chinese: 火龙果; 量天尺, pinyin: huǒlóngguǒ
  • Estonian: maasik-metskaktus
  • Finnish: Tarhametsäkaktus
  • French: pitaya, fruit du dragon, cierge-lézard, poire de chardon
  • French: poire de chardon
  • German: Drachenfrucht, Distelbirne
  • German: Echte Stachelbirne
  • Greek: Φρούτο του δράκου (fruto tu draku)
  • Hawaiian: panini-o-ka-puna-hou
  • Italian: Pitahaya, Frutto del Drago
  • Japanese: pitaya (ピタヤ?), dragon fruit (ドラゴンフルーツ),
  • Malay: buah naga. pronounce:boo-ah naa-gaa
  • Manipuri: Leikang Thambal
  • Marathi: Brahma Kamal ब्रह्म कमल
  • Portuguese: pitaia, cato-barse, cardo-ananaz, rainha da noite
  • Russian: Гилоцереус волнистый
  • Spanish: Pitahaya orejona  (Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela); flor de caliz, pitajava (Puerto Rico); junco, junco tapatio, pitahaya orejona, reina de la noche, tasajo (Mexico)
  • Swedish: Röd pitahaya
  • Swedish: skogskaktus, röd pitahaya
  • Thai: แก้วมังกร (kaeo mangkon)
  • Vietnamese: thanh long

Bronchitis, tuberculous lymphadenitis, pulmonary tuberculosis [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]

14 published article of Hylocereus undatus

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