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Showing posts with label Bambusa multiplex. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bambusa multiplex. Show all posts

Friday, July 22, 2016

Bambusa multiplex, Golden Goddess Bamboo, hedge bamboo, ubidai, Petit bambou

Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult.f.
Family: Poaceae

Synonyms:  Arundarbor aurea Kuntze, Arundarbor multiplex (Lour.) Kuntze, Arundarbor nana (Roxb.) Kuntze, Arundinaria glaucescens (Willd.) P.Beauv., Arundo multiplex Lour., Bambusa albifolia T.H.Wen & J.J.Hua, Bambusa alphonse-karrii Mitford ex Satow, Bambusa argentea Nehrl., Bambusa argentea var. vittata Nehrl., Bambusa aurea Siebold, nom. illeg., Bambusa caesia Siebold & Zucc. ex Munro, pro syn., Bambusa dolichomerithalla Hayata, Bambusa floribunda f. viridistriata (Makino ex I.Tsuboi) Nakai, Bambusa glaucescens (Willd.) Merr., Bambusa glaucescens f. albostriata Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. albovariegata (Makino) Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. alphonso-karrii (Mitford ex Satow) Hatus., Bambusa glaucescens f. elegans (Koidz.) Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. fu-komachi Muroi & Sugim., no type cited., Bambusa glaucescens f. gimmei Muroi & Kasahara, Bambusa glaucescens f. kimmei-suhou Muroi & Kasahara, no type cited., Bambusa glaucescens f. midori Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. midori-beni Muroi & H.Hamada, no type cited., Bambusa glaucescens f. shirosuji Muroi & H.Okamura, Bambusa glaucescens f. solida (Muroi & Maruy.) Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. tukushi-komachi Muroi & Yu.Tanaka, no type cited., Bambusa glaucescens f. variegata (E.G.Camus) Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens f. viridistriata (Makino ex I.Tsuboi) Muroi & Sugim., Bambusa glaucescens var. floribunda (Buse) Hatus., Bambusa glaucescens var. lutea (T.H.Wen) T.H.Wen, Bambusa glaucescens var. pubivagina (W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng) N.H.Xia, Bambusa glaucescens var. riviereorum (Maire) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung, Bambusa glaucescens var. shimadae (Hayata) L.C.Chia & P.P.H.But, Bambusa liukiuensis Hayata, Bambusa multiplex f. albovariegata (Makino) Muroi, Bambusa multiplex f. alphonse-karrii (Mitford ex Satow) Nakai, Bambusa multiplex f. variegata (E.G.Camus) Hatus., Bambusa multiplex f. viridistriata (Makino ex I.Tsuboi) Muroi, Bambusa multiplex var. elegans (Koidz.) Muroi, Bambusa multiplex var. gracillima (E.G.Camus) Sad.Suzuki, Bambusa multiplex var. incana B.M.Yang, Bambusa multiplex var. lutea T.H.Wen, Bambusa multiplex var. nana (Roxb.) Keng f., Bambusa multiplex var. normalis Sasaki, nom. inval., Bambusa multiplex var. pubivagina W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng, Bambusa multiplex var. riviereorum Maire, Bambusa multiplex var. shimadae (Hayata) Sasaki, Bambusa multiplex var. solida B.M.Yang, nom. illeg., Bambusa multiplex var. strigosa (T.H.Wen) Keng f. ex Q.F.Zheng & Y.M.Lin, Bambusa nana Roxb., Bambusa nana f. albovariegata Makino, Bambusa nana f. alphonse-karrii (Mitford ex Satow) Kawam., Bambusa nana f. viridistriata Makino ex I.Tsuboi, Bambusa nana f. vittateargentea Makino ex I.Tsuboi, Bambusa nana var. gracillima E.G.Camus, Bambusa nana var. normalis Makino & Shiras., nom. inval., Bambusa nana var. typica Makino ex I.Tsuboi, nom. inval., Bambusa nana var. variegata E.G.Camus, Bambusa pubivaginata W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu, Bambusa shimadae Hayata, Bambusa sterilis Kurz ex Miq., pro syn., Bambusa strigosa T.H.Wen, Bambusa textilis var. persistens B.M.Yang, Ischurochloa floribunda Buse, Leleba amakusensis Nakai, Leleba dolichomerithalla (Hayata) Nakai, Leleba elegans Koidz., Leleba floribunda (Buse) Nakai, Leleba floribunda f. viridistriata (Makino ex I.Tsuboi) Nakai, Leleba liukiuensis (Hayata) Nakai, Leleba multiplex (Lour.) Nakai, Leleba multiplex f. variegata (E.G.Camus) Nakai, Leleba shimadae (Hayata) Nakai, Ludolfia glaucescens Willd., Triglossum arundinaceum Gamble, pro syn., 
  • Common name: Golden Goddess Bamboo, hedge bamboo
  • Chinese: 孝顺竹
  • French: Petit bambou
  • Japanese: ubidai
  • Malay: buluh pargar
  • Thai: phai-liang
  • Vietnamese: cay hop 
Description: Culms suberect or apically slightly drooping, 1–7 m, (0.3–) 1.5–2.5 cm in diam.; internodes 30–50 cm, thinly white powdery, distally stiffly deciduously brown or dull brown hairy, especially densely so below nodes; wall usually rather thin, solid in var. riviereorum; nodes slightly prominent, glabrous; branching from 2nd or 3rd node up. Branches several to many, clustered, subequal or central slightly dominant. Culm sheaths deciduous, trapezoid, initially thinly white powdery, glabrous, asymmetrically arched, apex slanted along outer side; auricles very small to inconspicuous, oral setae few; ligule 1–1.5 mm, irregularly dentate; blade deciduous, erect, narrowly triangular, base nearly as wide as sheath apex, abaxially with scattered, stiff, dull brown hairs, adaxially scabrous, apex acuminate. Leaves 5–26 per ultimate branch; leaf blade abaxially pale glaucous, adaxially bright green, linear, 1.6–16 × 0.3–1.6 cm, abaxially densely pubescent, adaxially glabrous. Pseudospikelets solitary or several clustered at nodes of flowering branches, linear to linear-lanceolate, 3–6 cm; prophylls ca. 3.5 mm, 2-keeled, keels ciliolate; gemmiferous bracts usually 1 or 2, ovate to narrowly ovate, 4–7.5 mm, glabrous, 9–13-veined, apex obtuse or acute; florets (3–)5–13, middle ones fertile; rachilla segments flat, 4–4.5 mm, glabrous. Glumes absent; lemma asymmetrical, oblong-lanceolate, ca. 1.8 cm, glabrous, 19–21-veined, apex acute; palea linear, 1.4–1.6 cm, keels ciliolate, 6-veined between and 4-veined on one side and 3-veined on other side of keels, apex subtruncate, ciliolate, with a fine hairy tip on each side; lodicules 3, anterior 2 subovate, 2.5–3 mm, posterior narrowly lanceolate, 3–5 mm, margins glabrous. Filaments 0.8–1 cm; anthers purple, ca. 6 mm, apex penicillate. Ovary ovoid, ca. 1 mm, base with stalk ca. 1 mm, apex thickened and hispidulous; stigmas 3 or variable in number, ca. 5 mm, directly exserted from ovary apex. Mature caryopsis unknown.
A tea prepared from a handful of the shoots used as an abortifacient; tea made from the shoots pounded with 100 white peppercorns and drunk on 3 successive mornings causes a very upset stomach at least or miscarriage at worst, so ingestion in any form is highly discouraged. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

In Malaysia, the stems of Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. are used to threaten abortion. The pharmacological potential of this bamboo remains unexplored. [Medicinal Plants: Drugs For The Future?]

23 Published papers of Bambusa multiplex

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Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana