Showing posts with label Withania somnifera. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Withania somnifera. Show all posts

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Withania somnifera अश्वगंधा அமுக்கிரா అశ్వగంధ ಅಶ್ವಗಂಧಾ അമുക്കുരം અશ્વગંધા ਅਸ਼ਵਗੰਧਾ


Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

English: Winter Cherry
Arabic: سم الفراخ (سِم الفِراخ)، مرجان (مُرجان)
Chinese: 睡茄
Gujarati: અશ્વગંધા
Hindi: अश्वगंधा
Kannada: ಅಶ್ವಗಂಧಾ, Kanchuki
Telugu: అశ్వగంధ
Tamil: அமுக்கிரா amukkira
Malayalam: അമുക്കുരം Amukkuram
Punjabi: ਅਸ਼ਵਗੰਧਾ

Description: A suffruticose shrub, 60-90 cm tall. Branches ascending. Shoots stellate-tomentose. Leaves 4-13 x 2-9 cm, elliptic-ovate to broadly ovate, acute, cuneate or oblique, entire to repand. Petiole 10-20 mm long. Flowers sessile to subsessile, greenish-yellow, in axillary clusters of 2-5.Calyx 2-2.5 x 2.5-3 mm, up to 2.0 x 14 mm in fruit, stellately hairy, becoming glabrescent and membranous; teeth 1-1.5 mm long, up to 8 mm in fruit, acute. Corolla lobes 2-2.5 mm long, triangular, tomentose to the outside. Anthers sub included; filaments 1-2.5 mm long. Berry globose, 6-8 mm broad, red. Seeds sub pyriform to reniform, minutely reticulate-foveolate, yellowish-brown.

Used for phthisis, weakness, diseases of the nervous system, inflammation, and impotency (therapeutic uses based on a sixteenth century text). (Some wild variety was used.) Charaka (1000 bc) included Ashvagandha in the vajikarana (aphrodisiac and sex-stimulant) group. Ashtāngahridaya (seventh century) included it in the age-sustaining group. Shārangadhara Samhitā (thirteenth century) considered Ashvagandha to be spermatogenic and a libido stimulant; it was recommended topically for stimulating the growth of the penis, as well as for restoring the original shape to the relaxed vagina. By the sixteenth century, Ashvagandha entered into more than 30 compounds as a nourishing, rejuvenating, restorative and aphrodisiac drug for debility, anxiety neurosis, muscular atrophy, and nervine dysfunctions. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Historically used as a general tonic to enhance energy and health, ashwagandha is used in a variety of Ayurvedic formulae prescribed for arthritis and rheumatism, and to prevent disease in the el der ly as well as in pregnancy. [Clinical Botanical Medicine]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. Poisoning due to seeds. Plant decoction said to increase fertility in women, used for conception. diuretic. Bark for disease of the rectum. Roots abortifacient, sedative, narcotic, general tonic, hypotensive, stimulant, diuretic, used for conception in sterility, gangrenous rectitis, insomnia, cardiac diseases, malaria, venereal diseases, syphilis, ulcers, asthma, urinary troubles, renal calculi; root decoction given to cure spermatorrhea; boiled root infusion used for women’s stomachache; powdered roots in diabetes, gout, rheumatism; fresh root juice tonic, aphrodisiac. Leaves for wounds, sores, skin diseases; arthritis, swellings, wounds, boils, crushed leaves applied as a poultice to affected areas; paste of leaves and fresh roots applied on tumours, boils, swellings, rheumatism; against malaria, leaves and roots boiled. Fruit soaked in water and the decoction applied to eye diseases. Rhizome powder mixed with seed powder of Hygrophila schulli and Ionidium suffruticosum mixed with water and taken orally as aphrodisiac. Veterinary medicine, stem bark of Deccania pubescens ground with those of Carissa spinarum, Chloroxylon swietenia and tubers of Withania somnifera given in anthrax. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Root is one of the most highly regarded herbs in Ayurvedic medicine. W. somnifera, an Ayurvedic rasayana (memory facilitating drug), was shown to attenuate amnesic effects in animal models of Alzheimer’s disease by reversal of cholinergic dysfunction induced by ibotenic acid. [Evaluation of Herbal Medicinal Products]

In West African folk medicine, both roots and leaves are used internally, and the freshly pounded leaves (also used internally) are used against fever, chills, and rheumatism, among several other uses. In southern Africa, the Sotho use the plant as an anthelmintic and as a ritual plant against witchcraft. The Zulu administer an enema of the decorticated root for the treatment of hyperpyrexia in infants. The Xhosa and the Pedi use the plant to disinfect meat, particularly if suspected to be infected with anthrax. A decoction of the root and leaf is used by the Swati for the treatment of eruptive diseases such as smallpox. The plant is reported to be used in southern Africa in the treatment of asthma and bronchial diseases and syphilis and other venereal infections, as a remedy for “blach gall-sickness,” and as a general antiseptic for wound dressing. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition]

Use of ashwagandha root originates in Ayurvedic medicine and it is used as a tonic for debility and as an adaptogen and immune modulator. It has sedative and anti-inflammatory effects and is used for a wide range of conditions including hypercholesterolaemia. [Stockley's Herbal Medicines Interactions]

The root is regarded as tonic, alterative, and aphrodisiac, and is used in consumption, emaciation of children, debility from old age, rheumatism, &c. (Dutt). It has also narcotic and diuretic properties. The root sold in the bazars of South India resembles Gentian root in external appearance. The ground root and bruised leaves are employed as a local application to carbuncles, ulcers, and painful swellings (Pharm. Ind.). The root is also said to have deobstruent properties. The leaves are very bitter, and are given in infusion in fevers. The fruit is diuretic. [Indian medicinal plants - 1918]

Narcotic, analgesic, antibacterial, useful for impotency. Caution, it is a poisonous herb. Among the Jordanian tribes it is used for impotency. [Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East]

The root of this plant is a tonic, alterative, aphrodisiac and used in consumption, emaciation, debility due to old age, rheumatism, etc. It has also narcotic, diuretic and deobstruent properties. In Sind, it is used to cause abortion. The root ground into a paste is applied on ulcers, carbuncles and painful swellings with beneficial results. The Zulus use an infusion of the root as an enema for gangrenous rectitis and the whole plant for treating syphilis. The green berries are rubbed on ringworm with beneficial effect. A decoction of the leaf is used externally and internally in the treatment of haemorrhoids. A paste of the leaf is applied on syphilitic sores. In Tanganyika, the root of the plant is used as a sexual stimulant and also as an abortifacient, while in southern and eastern Africa it is given for diarrhoea and proctitis and the leaf for nausea and rheumatism. In Ceylon, the powdered root is taken as an aphrodisiac and for consumption. A special preparation is made along with other drugs for treating insanity, apoplexy and nervous diseases. The plant has milk-coagulating properties and can be used for cheese-making. It is also an insecticide. [Medicinal Plants (Indigenous and Exotic) Used in Ceylon]

In West African local medicine, both roots and leaves are used internally, and the freshly pounded leaves also externally, against fever, chills, rheumatism, colics, etc. The juice of the plant is said to be diuretic and emmenagogic. In local medicine in East Africa, the root is considered to have narcotic and antiepileptic actions. [Medicinal Plants in Tropical West Africa]

Reduces stress. Has anti-inflammatory effect. Boosts sexual energy in men (aphrodisiac) [Pharmacodynamic Basis of Herbal Medicine 2nd Ed]

Since ancient times ashwagandha has been considered a nervine tonic, alterative, aphrodisiac, deobstruent (having the property of removing obstruction in any system of the human body) and a sedative. It has been used in rheumatism, consumption and in debility. Ashwagandha can be used by persons of both sexes, of all ages and at all stages of their lives. In elders it provides energy, relieves inflammations, pains and aches of the back, hand and feet, and in the generative system, nervous debility and diseases [Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation]

Over 1700 Published articles of Withania somnifera

1-600 Publications   601-1200 Publications   1201-1738 Publications

Withania somnifera Published articles Part-3 अश्वगंधा அமுக்கிரா అశ్వగంధ ಅಶ್ವಗಂಧಾ അമുക്കുരം

Main content:
http://medplants.blogspot.com/2018/07/withania-somnifera.html

1201.    Teixeira, S.T., et al., Prophylactic administration of Withania somnifera extract increases host resistance in Listeria monocytogenes infected mice. International Immunopharmacology, 2006. 6(10): p. 1535-1542.
1202.    Supe, U., F. Dhote, and M.G. Roymon, In vitro plant regeneration of Withania somnifera. Plant Tissue Culture & Biotechnology, 2006. 16(2): p. 111-115.
1203.    Subbaraju, G.V., et al., Ashwagandhanolide, a bioactive dimeric thiowithanolide isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera. Journal of Natural Products, 2006. 69(12): p. 1790-1792.
1204.    Singh, A.K., et al., Regeneration of plants from alginate-encapsulated shoot tips of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal, a medicinally important plant species. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2006. 163(2): p. 220-223.
1205.    Shrivastava, S.K. and P.K. Dubey, In-vitro callus induction and biomass production of Withania somnifera. Plant Archives, 2006. 6(1): p. 321-323.
1206.    Sharma, M.M. and A. Batra, High frequency plantlet regeneration in Indian ginseng Withania somnifera L. (Dunal). Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2006. 12(4): p. 289-293.
1207.    Shanazbanu, et al., Isolation of withaferin-A from Withania somnifera dun leaves and its antibacterial activity. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 2006. 18(2): p. 1243-1247.
1208.    Shah, P.C., et al., Effect of Withania somnifera on forced swimming test induced immobility in mice and its interaction with various drugs. Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 2006. 50(4): p. 409-15.
1209.    Senthilnathan, P., et al., Chemotherapeutic efficacy of paclitaxel in combination with Withania somnifera on benzo(a)pyrene-induced experimental lung cancer. Cancer Science, 2006. 97(7): p. 658-664.
1210.    Senthilnathan, P., et al., Stabilization of membrane bound enzyme profiles and lipid peroxidation by Withania somnifera along with paclitaxel on benzo(a)pyrene induced experimental lung cancer. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2006. 292(1-2): p. 13-17.
1211.    Senthilnathan, P., et al., Enhancement of antitumor effect of paclitaxel in combination with immunomodulatory Withania somnifera on benzo (a)pyrene induced experimental lung cancer. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2006. 159(3): p. 180-185.
1212.    Samad, A., et al., First report of a 16SrVI group phytoplasma associated with witches'-broom disease on Withania somnifera. Plant Disease, 2006. 90(2): p. 248-248.
1213.    Salve, B.U., et al., Effect of methanolic extract of Azadirachta indica leaves and Withania somnifera roots on some animal models of asthma. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2006. 38(1): p. 85-85.
1214.    Rasool, M. and P. Varalakshmi, Immunomodulatory role of Withania somnifera root powder on experimental induced inflammation: An in vivo and in vitro study. Vascular Pharmacology, 2006. 44(6): p. 406-410.
1215.    Rasool, M. and P. Varalakshmi, Suppressive effect of Withania somnifera root powder on experimental gouty arthritis: An in vivo and in vitro study. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2006. 164(3): p. 174-180.
1216.    Pandey, S.T., S. Pankaj, and P. Pooja, Site specific nutrient management for Withania somnifera at subtropical belt of Uttaranchal. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2006. 2(2): p. 626-628.
1217.    Panchbhai, D.M., et al., Effect on nitrogen and phosphorus on root yield and quality of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal.). Advances in Plant Sciences, 2006. 19(1): p. 89-92.
1218.    Negi, M.S., et al., Comparative analysis of the efficiency of SAMPL and AFLP in assessing genetic relationships among Withania somnifera genotypes. Current Science, 2006. 91(4): p. 464-471.
1219.    Naidu, P.S., A. Singh, and S.K. Kulkarni, Effect of Withania somnifera root extract on reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia and cognitive dysfunction. Phytotherapy Research, 2006. 20(2): p. 140-146.
1220.    Nagareddy, P.R. and M. Lakshmana, Withania somnifera improves bone calcification in calcium-deficient ovariectomized rats. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2006. 58(4): p. 513-519.
1221.    Moumita, M., I. Mohsina, and A.K. Datta, Seasonal influence on male meiosis of Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum and Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2006. 28(2): p. 194-197.
1222.    Mohsina, I. and A.K. Datta, Mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of gamma-rays, hydroxylamine and EMS in Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. (Ashwagandha). Plant Archives, 2006. 6(2): p. 533-535.
1223.    Misra, D.S., et al., Protective response of methanolic extract of Ocimum sanctum, Withania somnifera and Zingiber officinalis on swimming-induced oxidative damage on cardiac, skeletal and brain tissues in male rat: a duration dependent study. IJP - International Journal of Pharmacology, 2006. 2(6): p. 647-655.
1224.    Mishra, S. and B. Ravi, Clinical trial of Ayurvedic herb Withania somnifera in muscle sarcopenia. Neuromuscular Disorders, 2006. 16: p. S176-S177.
1225.    Mathur, R., et al., Evaluation of the effect of Withania somnifera root extracts on cell cycle and angiogenesis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2006. 105(3): p. 336-341.
1226.    Maharshi, R.P., Fusarium solani and Rhizoctonia bataticola - cause of seedling mortality of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and their management. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2006. 28(4): p. 585-588.
1227.    Machiah, D.K. and T.V. Gowda, Purification of a post-synaptic neurotoxic phospholipase A(2) from Naja naja venom and its inhibition by a glycoprotein from Withania somnifera. Biochimie, 2006. 88(6): p. 701-710.
1228.    Machiah, D.K., K.S. Girish, and T.V. Gowda, A glycoprotein from a folk medicinal plant, Withania somnifera, inhibits hyaluronidase activity of snake venoms. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C-Toxicology & Pharmacology, 2006. 143(2): p. 158-161.
1229.    Lal, P., et al., New withanolides from fresh berries of Withania somnifera. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Section B-a Journal of Chemical Sciences, 2006. 61(9): p. 1143-1147.
1230.    Kumar, P. and R.A. Kushwaha, Medicinal evaluation of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Ashwagandha). Asian Journal of Chemistry, 2006. 18(2): p. 1401-1404.
1231.    Kulmi, G.S. and P.N. Tiwari, Integrated nutrient management in asgandh (Withania somnifera Dunal). Research on Crops, 2006. 7(3): p. 895-899.
1232.    Khanna, P.K., et al., Seed protein characterization for morphotype identification in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2006. 11(3): p. 321-324.
1233.    Khanna, P.K., et al., Biochemical composition of roots of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 2006. 5(6): p. 1061-1063.
1234.    Khanna, P.K., et al., Multipurpose efficacious medicinal plant Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Ashwagandha). Journal of Plant Biology, 2006. 33(3): p. 185-192.
1235.    Khanna, P.K., et al., Effect of biofertilizers on the morphology, root yield and biochemical parameters of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Journal of Plant Biology, 2006. 33(1/2): p. 163-167.
1236.    Khan, J.A., P. Srivastava, and S.K. Singh, Sensitive detection of a phytoplasma associated with little leaf symptoms in Withania somnifera. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 2006. 115(4): p. 401-408.
1237.    Khan, B., et al., Augmentation and proliferation of T lymphocytes and Th-1 cytokines by Withania somnifera in stressed mice. International Immunopharmacology, 2006. 6(9): p. 1394-1403.
1238.    Kaushal, S.K., Maryada, and R. Usha, Response of nitrogen fertilization and pruning on the regulation of photosynthate partitioning in ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L.) - a potential medicinal plant for agroforestry landuse systems. Short rotation forestry for industrial and rural development. Proceedings of the IUFRO-ISTS-UHF International Conference on World Perspective on Short Rotation Forestry for Industrial and Rural Development, Nauni, Solan, India, 7-13 September 2003., ed. K.S. Verma, D.K. Khurana, and L. Christersson. 2006. 361-363.
1239.    Kambizi, L., P.O. Adebola, and A.J. Afolayan, Effects of temperature, pre-chilling and light on seed germination of Withania somnifera; a high value medicinal plant. South African Journal of Botany, 2006. 72(1): p. 11-14.
1240.    Johri, S., et al., A novel peroxidase from Withania somnifera. Journal of Plant Sciences, 2006. 1(1): p. 72-79.
1241.    Jain, S., et al., Efficacy of standardised extracts of Withania somnifera, Allium sativum, Gymnema sylvestre, Ferula foetida, and Murraya koenigii in type 1 diabetes. Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine, 2006. 10: p. 97-103.
1242.    Iqbal, M. and A.K. Datta, A report on a paracentric inversion in Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. Indian Journal of Genetics & Plant Breeding, 2006. 66(1): p. 73-74.
1243.    Girish, K.S., et al., Antimicrobial properties of a non-toxic glycoprotein (WSG) from Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha). Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2006. 46(5): p. 365-374.
1244.    Ghiorghita, G. and E. Gille, Some aspects concerning the gamma ray induced effects in successive generations of Withania somnifera Dun. Proceedings from the Third Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, Belgrade, Serbia, 5-8 September 2004, ed. M.S. Ristic and D. Radanovic. 2006. 132-135.
1245.    Dikasso, D., et al., Anti-malarial activity of withania somnifera L. Dunal extracts in mice. Ethiopian medical journal, 2006. 44(3): p. 279-85.
1246.    Dhar, R.S., et al., Phytochemical and genetic analysis in selected chemotypes of Withania somnifera. Phytochemistry, 2006. 67(20): p. 2269-2276.
1247.    Dawit, D., et al., Anti-malarial activity of Withania somnifera L. Dunal extracts in mice. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 2006. 44(3): p. 279-285.
1248.    Ciddi, V., Withaferin A from cell cultures of Withania somnifera. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2006. 68(4): p. 490-492.
1249.    Catalina, D. and S. Carmen, Investigations on the cultivation technology of Withania somnifera Dun. (Ashwagandha). 4th Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of South-East European Countries. 9th National Symposium 'Medicinal Plants - Present and Perspectives'. 3rd National Conference of Phytotherapy, Proceedings. Iasi, Romania, 28-31 May 2006, ed. G. Gogu, S. Ursula, and T. Constantin. 2006. 93-96.
1250.    Bhatt, P., et al., Evaluation of extracts of Tinospora cordifolia stem, Terminalia arjuna bark, Withania somnifera root, and juice of Allium sativum cloves for amelioration of iron overload. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2006. 76(5): p. 366-369.
1251.    Bani, S., et al., Selective Th1 up-regulating activity of Withania somnifera aqueous extract in an experimental system using flow cytometry. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2006. 107(1): p. 107-115.
1252.    Bandhoria, P., et al., 6 alpha,7 alpha-epoxy-5 alpha,17 alpha,dihydroxy-1-oxo-22R-witha-2,24-dienolide in leaves of Withania somnifera: Isolation and its crystal structure. Journal of Chemical Crystallography, 2006. 36(2): p. 153-159.
1253.    Anand, K., et al., Ameliorating potential of Withania somnifera in chlorpyrifos intoxicated cockerels. Toxicology International, 2006. 13(1): p. 23-28.
1254.    Tripathi, A.K., A.K. Gupta, and S.P.S. Khanuja, Differential responses of lady beetle, Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata on various germplasm accessions of Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2005. 27(3): p. 462-468.
1255.    Tomi, H., M. Yoshida, and K. Kishida, Withania somnifera Dunal extracts for increasing male sperm count. 2005, Nippon Shinyaku Co., Ltd.
1256.    Tohda, C., K. Komatsu, and T. Kuboyama, Scientific basis for the anti-dementia drugs of constituents from Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Journal of Traditional Medicines, 2005. 22(Suppl.1): p. 176-182.
1257.    Sivanesan, I. and K. Murugesan, In vitro adventitious shoot formation from leaf explants of Withania somnifera dunal. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, 2005. 6(3-4): p. 163-166.
1258.    Singh, M., M. Naeem, and M.N. Khan, Physiomorphological response of Withania sominifera as affected by nitrogen fertilization. Advances in Plant Sciences, 2005. 18(2): p. 669-673.
1259.    Puttanna, K., et al., Organic and inorganic nutrition for Withania somnifera. Journal of Tropical Medicinal Plants, 2005. 6(2): p. 215-219.
1260.    Poonkothai, M., et al., Antibacterial activity of Gymnema sylvestre, Couroupita guianensis and Withania somnifera. Plant Archives, 2005. 5(1): p. 93-95.
1261.    Padmavathi, B., et al., Roots of Withania somnifera inhibit forestomach and skin carcinogenesis in mice. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2005. 2(1): p. 99-105.
1262.    Owais, M., et al., Antibacterial efficacy of Withania somnifera (ashwagandha) an indigenous medicinal plant against experimental murine salmonellosis. Phytomedicine, 2005. 12(3): p. 229-235.
1263.    Nath, A., P. Sinha, and P. Sinha, Avenues for potential therapeutic use of anticancer properties of Vinca rosea, Withania somnifera and Ocimum sanctum. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2005. 121(Suppl. S): p. 43-44.
1264.    Misra, L., et al., Unusually sulfated and oxygenated steroids from Withania somnifera. Phytochemistry, 2005. 66(23): p. 2702-2707.
1265.    Miaron, J.O.O., P.G. Wahome, and I.M. Mapenay, Anthelminthic activity of Withania somnifera. L. Dunal water extract in sheep. East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2005. 8(1): p. 6-9.
1266.    Meshram, P.B., New reports of defoliator Psilogramma menephron on Rauvolfia serpentina and white grub Holotrichia serrata on Withania somnifera. Indian Forester, 2005. 131(7): p. 969-970.
1267.    Kumar, V., et al., Genetically modified hairy roots of Withania somnifera Dunal: A potent source of rejuvenating principles. Rejuvenation Research, 2005. 8(1): p. 37-45.
1268.    Kulmi, G.S. and P.N. Tiwari, Integrated weed management in asgandh (Withania somnifera Dunal). Indian Journal of Weed Science, 2005. 37(1/2): p. 77-80.
1269.    Khanam, S. and K. Devi, Effect of Withania somnifera root extract on lead-induced DNA damage. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment, 2005. 3(1): p. 31-33.
1270.    Kaul, M.K., A. Kumar, and M. Sharma, Reproductive biology of Withania somnifera (L.) dunal. Current Science, 2005. 88(9): p. 1375-1377.
1271.    Johri, S., et al., Purification and characterization of peroxidases from Withania somnifera (AGB 002) and their ability to oxidize IAA. Plant Science, 2005. 169(6): p. 1014-1021.
1272.    Iqbal, M. and A.K. Datta, Effect of gamma - Rays and EMS on meiotic chromosome behaviour of Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. Journal of Phytological Research, 2005. 18(2): p. 183-185.
1273.    El-Ariqi, S.N.S., et al., Antibacterial activity of extracts from Withania somnifera and Aloe vera against Ralstonia solanacearum in potato. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 2005. 23(2): p. 95-99.
1274.    Datta, A.K., M. Mukherjee, and M. Iqbal, Persistent cytomixis in Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) and Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. (Solanaceae). Cytologia (Tokyo), 2005. 70(3): p. 309-313.
1275.    Bhatnagar, M., S.S. Sisodia, and R. Bhatnagar, Antiulcer and antioxidant activity of Asparagus racemosus WILLD and Withania somnifera DUNAL in rats, in Natural Products and Molecular Therapy, G.J. Kotwal and D.K. Lahiri, Editors. 2005. p. 261-278.
1276.    Baraiya, B.R., T. Gyanendra, and V.K. Sonakia, Alkaloid concentration in different parts of growing crop of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) at different growth intervals. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2005. 27(3): p. 439-442.
1277.    Azhar, M.U., et al., Role of Asgand (Withania somnifera) in cadmium chloride induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Hamdard Medicus, 2005. 48(3): p. 48-51.
1278.    Alka, S., Methods of sustainable harvesting and value addition for economic uplift and biodiversity conservation series 26 - harvesting of economically important medicinal plant species:, Aconitum heterophyllum, Andrographis paniculata, Spilanthes acmella, Taxus baccata, Withania somnifera. MFP News, 2005. 15(1): p. 12-14.
1279.    Ajay, et al., Effect of nitrogen and farm yard manure on physiological parameters in Ashwagandra (Withania somnifera) under vertisol soil type. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2005. 10(4): p. 389-393.
1280.    Ahmad, M., et al., Neuroprotective effects of Withania somnifera on 6-hydroxydopamine induced Parkinsonism in rats. Human & Experimental Toxicology, 2005. 24(3): p. 137-147.
1281.    Avenues for potential therapeutic use of anticancer properties of Vinca rosea, Withania somnifera and Ocimum sanctum. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2005. 121: p. 43-44.
1282.    Sreerekha, M.V., et al., Distribution of total withanolides in various plant parts of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) accessions as influenced by light and dark reaction cycle. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2004. 26(4): p. 681-683.
1283.    Sisodia, S.S. and M. Bhatnagar, Antiulcer activity of Withania somnifera in stress induced gastric ulcer model. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2004. 36(4): p. 271-272.
1284.    Siddique, N.A., et al., Plant regeneration of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Ashwagandha) from nodal segments derived callus an endangered medicinal plant in Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences, 2004. 4(2): p. 219-223.
1285.    Sangwan, R.S., et al., Phytochemical variability in commercial herbal products and preparations of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha). Current Science, 2004. 86(3): p. 461-465.
1286.    Rani, G., G.S. Virk, and A. Nagpal, Somatic embryogenesis in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Journal of Plant Biotechnology, 2004. 6(2): p. 113-118.
1287.    Patra, D.D., et al., Agrotechnologies of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2004. 26(2): p. 332-335.
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1294.    Mathur, S., et al., The treatment of skin carcinoma, induced by UVB radiation, using 1-oxo-5 beta,6 beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide, isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera, in a rat model. Phytomedicine, 2004. 11(5): p. 452-460.
1295.    Madhumita, M. and G. Partha, Effect of chemicals and soaking duration on seed germination of aswagandha (Withania somnifera). Journal of Interacademicia, 2004. 8(2): p. 302-304.
1296.    Leyon, P.V. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on B16F-10 melanoma induced metastasis in mice. Phytotherapy Research, 2004. 18(2): p. 118-122.
1297.    Kumar, A., M. Ali, and S.R. Mir, A new withanolide from tile roots of Withania somnifera. Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B-Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry, 2004. 43(9): p. 2001-2003.
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1299.    Jayaprakasam, B., G.A. Strasburg, and M.G. Nair, Potent lipid peroxidation inhibitors from Withania somnifera fruits. Tetrahedron, 2004. 60(13): p. 3109-3121.
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1301.    Gupta, M.L., et al., Root-rot and wilt: a new disease of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) caused by Fusarium solani. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2004. 26(2): p. 285-287.
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1307.    Arya, D.S., et al., Cardioprotective effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Withania somnifera on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 2004. 37(1): p. 279-279.
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1312.    Verma, S., Y.P. Sahni, and D.N. Srivastava, Effect of alcoholic extracts of Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera on carrageenin induced paw oedema. Journal of Veterinary Pharmcology & Toxicology, 2003. 3(1/2): p. 117-119.
1313.    Thiagarajan, G., T. Venu, and D. Balasubramanian, Approaches to relieve the burden of cataract blindness through natural antioxidants: use of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Current Science, 2003. 85(7): p. 1065-1071.
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1317.    Samarth, V.R., et al., Effect of aswagandha (Withania somnifera) on hemato-biochemical profile of broilers. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2003. 73(6): p. 648-649.
1318.    Rani, G., G.S. Virk, and A. Nagpal, Callus induction and plantlet regeneration in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 2003. 39(5): p. 468-474.
1319.    Ramteke, A.P., B.R. Kalore, and S.R. Patil, Evaluation of antifungal activity of Withania somnifera root extract against the fungal root infections in citrus. JNKVV Research Journal, 2003. 37(1): p. 109-110.
1320.    Pol, K.M., D.G. Mukhekar, and V.R. Awari, Periodical correlation studies for various morpho-physiological and yield-contributing characters with seed and root yield in Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal). Annals of Plant Physiology, 2003. 17(2): p. 107-109.
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1322.    Pandey, R. and A. Kalra, Root-knot disease of Ashwagandha Withania somnifera and its eco-friendly cost effective management. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 2003. 33(2): p. 240-245.
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1325.    Naidu, P.S., A. Singh, and S.K. Kulkarni, Effect of Withania somnifera root extract on haloperidol-induced orofacial dyskinesia: Possible mechanisms of action. Journal of Medicinal Food, 2003. 6(2): p. 107-114.
1326.    Muthumanickam, D., Murugesan, and Sumaiyah, Effect of different phosphorus sources and soil amendments on the yield and quality of aswagandh (Withania somnifera Dunal) under acid soils. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 2003. 11(2): p. 118-121.
1327.    Mohanty, I., et al., Withania somnifera modulates hemodynamics and augments endogenous antioxidants in the experimental model of isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2003. 35(2): p. 133-134.
1328.    Maitra, R., M.S. Kang, and S. Sharma, Identification of a natural product, withania somnifera L. dunal extract, as an antiangiogenic agent, a potential candidate for chemoprevention therapy. Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, 2003. 44: p. 604-604.
1329.    Kulkarni, S.K., P.S. Naidu, and A. Singh, Effect of Withania somnifera Root Extract on Haloperidol-Induced Orofacial Dyskinesia: Possible Mechanisms of Action. Journal of Medicinal Food, 2003. 6(2): p. 107-114.
1330.    Kothari, S.K., et al., Morphology, yield and quality of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L. Dunal) roots and its cultivation economics as influenced by tillage depth and plant population density. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 2003. 78(3): p. 422-425.
1331.    Kaur, P., et al., Effect of 1-oxo-5 beta, 6 beta-epoxy-witha-2-ene-27-ethoxy-olide isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera on stress indices in Wistar rats. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2003. 9(6): p. 897-907.
1332.    Jayaprakasam, B., et al., Growth inhibition of human tumor cell lines by withanolides from Withania somnifera leaves. Life Sciences, 2003. 74(1): p. 125-132.
1333.    Jayaprakasam, B. and M.G. Nair, Cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitory withanolides from Withania somnifera leaves. Tetrahedron, 2003. 59(6): p. 841-849.
1334.    Iuvone, T., et al., Induction of nitric oxide synthase expression by Withania somnifera in macrophages. Life Sciences, 2003. 72(14): p. 1617-1625.
1335.    Gupta, S.K., et al., Mechanism of cardioprotective effects of withania somnifera (Ws) against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 2003. 35(6): p. A28-A28.
1336.    Gupta, S.K., A. Dua, and B.P.S. Vohra, Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) attenuates antioxidant defense in aged spinal cord and inhibits copper induced lipid peroxidation and protein oxidative modifications. Drug metabolism and drug interactions, 2003. 19(3): p. 211-22.
1337.    Govindaraju, B., et al., High frequency plant regeneration in ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal).: An important medicinal plant. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, 2003. 4(1-2): p. 49-56.
1338.    Gita, R., G.S. Virk, and N. Avinash, Callus induction and plantlet regeneration in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant, 2003. 39(5): p. 468-474.
1339.    Gita, R., A. Saroj, and N. Avinash, Direct rhizogenesis from in vitro leaves of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 2003. 10(3): p. 47-54.
1340.    Ganzera, M., M.I. Choudhary, and I.A. Khan, Quantitative HPLC analysis of withanolides in Withania somnifera. Fitoterapia, 2003. 74(1-2): p. 68-76.
1341.    Chaudhary, G., et al., Evaluation of Withania somnifera in a middle cerebral artery occlusion model of stroke in rats. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 2003. 30(5-6): p. 399-404.
1342.    Bishnupria, D., R.M. Johri, and R.K.R. Sharma, Effect of air-pollution on phyto constituents of Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal. Flora and Fauna (Jhansi), 2003. 9(1): p. 35-38.
1343.    Bhattacharya, S.K. and A.V. Muruganandam, Adaptogenic activity of Withania somnifera: an experimental study using a rat model of chronic stress. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 2003. 75(3): p. 547-555.
1344.    Arya, D.S., et al., Molecular mechanism of cardioprotection produced by Withania somnifera and Ocimum sanctum. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2003. 35(2): p. 133-133.
1345.    Zhao, J., et al., Withanolide derivatives from the roots of Withania somnifera and their neurite outgrowth activities. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 2002. 50(6): p. 760-765.
1346.    Trag, A.R., et al., Foliar responses of Withania somnifera Dunal. to air pollution. Advances in Plant Sciences, 2002. 15(2): p. 607-613.
1347.    Singh, B., B.K. Chandan, and D.K. Gupta, Further studies on adaptogenic activity of withanolide-free hydrosolubel fraction from the roots of Withania somnifera DUN. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2002. 34(2): p. 152-152.
1348.    Shivakumar, B.G., et al., Cultivation practices of pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium), belladonna (Atropa spp.) and ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Crop improvement, production technology, trade and commerce, ed. J.N. Govil, et al. 2002. 181-196.
1349.    Samarth, V.R., et al., Effect on Ashwagandha root powder (Withania somnifera) on performance of broilers. Indian Veterinary Journal, 2002. 79(7): p. 733-734.
1350.    Sahni, Y.P., D.N. Srivastava, and S.N. Gaidhani, Anti-inflammatory activity of Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera on cotton pellet granuloma in Albino rats. Journal of Veterinary Pharmcology & Toxicology, 2002. 2(1/2): p. 47-52.
1351.    Ray, S. and S. Jha, Regeneration of Withania somnifera plants. Journal of Tropical Medicinal Plants, 2002. 3(1): p. 89-95.
1352.    Purnima, D. and S.K. Saxena, Effect of extract of Withania somnifera on fruit rot of tomato caused by Aspergillus niger in presence of Drosophila busckii. Indian Phytopathology, 2002. 55(1): p. 112-113.
1353.    Prakash, J., S.K. Gupta, and A.K. Dinda, Withania somnifera root extract prevents DMBA-induced squamous cell carcinoma of skin in Swiss albino mice. Nutrition and Cancer-an International Journal, 2002. 42(1): p. 91-97.
1354.    Kuboyama, T., et al., Axon- and dendrite-predominant outgrowth induced by constituents of Ashwagandha (roots of Withania somnifera Dunal). Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 2002. 88: p. 200P-200P.
1355.    Kaushal, S.K., S. Kumar, and R.G. Upadhyay, Response of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, development and seed yield of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) under mid-hill conditions of H. P. Research on Crops, 2002. 3(2): p. 376-379.
1356.    Kadalmani, B., et al., Withania somnifera as a gonado-protective agent in the context of carbendazim toxicity. Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction, 2002. 6(1-2): p. 102-103.
1357.    Ilayperuma, I., W.D. Ratnasooriya, and T.R. Weerasooriya, Effect of Withania somnifera root extract on the sexual behaviour of male rats. Asian Journal of Andrology, 2002. 4(4): p. 295-298.
1358.    Gaidhani, S.N., Y.P. Sahni, and D.N. Srivastava, Antipyretic activity of Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera on yeast induced pyrexia in Albino rats. Journal of Veterinary Pharmcology & Toxicology, 2002. 2(1/2): p. 110-112.
1359.    Earanna, N. and D.J. Bagyaraj, VA mycorrhizal fungi associated with Phyllanthus amarus and Withania somnifera. Bioinoculants for Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry, Proceedings, ed. S.M. Reddy, et al. 2002. 49-51.
1360.    Deepa, M. and T.V. Gowda, Purification and characterization of a glycoprotein inhibitor of toxic phospholipase from Withania somnifera. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2002. 408(1): p. 42-50.
1361.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on CTL activity. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research, 2002. 21(1): p. 115-118.
1362.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on cell mediated immune responses in mice. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research, 2002. 21(4): p. 585-590.
1363.    Bishnupriya, D., R.M. Johari, and R.K. Sharma, Impact of air pollution on leaf architecture of Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal. Flora and Fauna (Jhansi), 2002. 8(2): p. 85-88.
1364.    Bhattacharya, S.K., et al., Effect of Withania somnifera glycowithanolides on a rat model of tardive dyskinesia. Phytomedicine, 2002. 9(2): p. 167-170.
1365.    Avinash, B. and S.P. Bohra, Screening of antimicrobial activity of Withania somnifera against five human pathogenic bacteria. Current Agriculture, 2002. 26(1/2): p. 131-133.
1366.    Alwadie, H.M., Ultrastructure of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal pollen grains. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 2002. 20(2): p. 92-95.
1367.    Abou-Douh, A.M., New withanolides and other constituents from the fruit of Withania somnifera. Archiv Der Pharmazie, 2002. 335(6): p. 267-276.
1368.    Singh, D.D., C.S. Dey, and K.K. Bhutani, Downregulation of p34cdc2 expression with aqueous fraction from Withania somnifera for a possible molecular mechanism of anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects. Phytomedicine, 2001. 8(6): p. 492-494.
1369.    Singh, B., et al., Adaptogenic activity of a novel, withanolide-free aqueous fraction from the roots of Withania somnifera Dun. Phytotherapy Research, 2001. 15(4): p. 311-318.
1370.    Sharma, M., et al., Cardioprotective potential of Withania somnifera in Isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 2001. 33(6): p. A110-A110.
1371.    Sahni, Y.P. and D.N. Srivastava, Analgesic activity of Withania somnifera: A possible mode of action. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, 2001. 25(2): p. 153-155.
1372.    Ray, S. and S. Jha, Production of withaferin A in shoot cultures of Withania somnifera. Planta Medica, 2001. 67(5): p. 432-436.
1373.    Rai, M., et al., Positive growth responses of the medicinal plants Spilanthes calva and Withania somnifera to inoculation by Piriformospora indica in a field trial. Mycorrhiza, 2001. 11(3): p. 123-128.
1374.    Prakash, J., et al., Chemopreventive activity of Withania somnifera in experimentally induced fibrosarcoma tumours in Swiss albino mice. Phytotherapy Research, 2001. 15(3): p. 240-244.
1375.    Pawar, P.K., et al., Micropropagation and organogenic studies in Withania somnifera L. Dunal. Journal of Plant Biology, 2001. 28(2): p. 217-221.
1376.    Misra, H.O., et al., Registration of a new variety Poshita of Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2001. 23(2): p. 97-98.
1377.    Matsuda, H., et al., Structures of withanosides I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII, new withanolide glycosides, from the roots of Indian Withania somnifera Dunal. and inhibitory activity for tachyphylaxis to clonidine in isolated guinea-pig ileum. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 2001. 9(6): p. 1499-1507.
1378.    Maryada, S.K. Kaushal, and B.P. Kaistha, Response of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) to nitrogen fertilization under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research, 2001. 27(1/2): p. 77-80.
1379.    Kumar, A., B.L. Kaul, and H.K. Verma, Phenological observations on root yield and chemical composition in different morphotypes of Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2001. 23(2): p. 21-23.
1380.    Kaur, P., et al., A biologically active constituent of withania somnifera (ashwagandha) with antistress activity. Indian journal of clinical biochemistry : IJCB, 2001. 16(2): p. 195-8.
1381.    Kattimani, K.N., Y.N. Reddy, and B.R.R. Rao, Influence of pre-sowing seed treatments on seedling vigour, root length and dry root yield of ashwagandha Withania somnifera under semi-arid tropical climate of Hyderabad. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2001. 22/23(4A/1A): p. 221-223.
1382.    Jain, S., et al., Neuroprotective effects of Withania somnifera Dunn. in hippocampal sub-regions of female albino rat. Phytotherapy Research, 2001. 15(6): p. 544-548.
1383.    Jain, N.K. and P.K. Jain, A comparative study of some essential oils and fungicides as seed dressers against Alternaria tenuis in Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2001. 22/23(4A/1A): p. 192-193.
1384.    Gupta, Y.K., et al., Reversal of paclitaxel induced neutropenia by Withania somnifera in mice. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2001. 45(2): p. 253-257.
1385.    Gupta, S.K. and J. Prakash, Antiproliferative and chemopreventive potential of Indian medicinal plants, Withania somnifera and Ocimum sanctum. Pharmacology and Therapeutics in the New Millennium, ed. S.K. Gupta. 2001. 379-387.
1386.    Ghoshal, S., M.J. Mukhopadhyay, and A. Mukherjee, Clastogenic effects of dietary supplement--Spirulina alga, and some medicinal plant products from Boswellia serrata, Withania somnifera on mice. Indian journal of experimental biology, 2001. 39(10): p. 1068-70.
1387.    Ghosh, S. and K. Gupta, Responses of nodal explants of Withania somnifera grown in axenic culture and in half MS towards plant growth retardants. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2001. 22/23(4A/1A): p. 461-463.
1388.    Furmanowa, M., et al., In vitro propagation of Withania somnifera and isolation of withanolides with immunosuppressive activity. Planta Medica, 2001. 67(2): p. 146-149.
1389.    Furmanowa, M., et al., Increase of withaferin A and glutathione contents of Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. shoots cultivated in vitro on medium supplemented with Zn2+. Herba Polonica, 2001. 47(4): p. 275-279.
1390.    Dhuley, J.N., RETRACTED: Nootropic-like effect of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L.) in mice (Retracted Article. See vol 22, pg 1416, 2008). Phytotherapy Research, 2001. 15(6): p. 524-528.
1391.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on DMBA induced carcinogenesis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2001. 75(2-3): p. 165-168.
1392.    Bhattacharya, A., S. Ghosal, and S.K. Bhattacharya, Anti-oxidant effect of Withania somnifera glycowithanolides in chronic footshock stress-induced perturbations of oxidative free radical scavenging enzymes and lipid peroxidation in rat frontal cortex and striatum. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2001. 74(1): p. 1-6.
1393.    Barathkumar, T.R., K. Manivannan, and P. Chezhian, Studies on the effect of phosphobacteria and plant growth regulators on growth, yield and alkaloid content of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal.). Research on Crops, 2001. 2(3): p. 351-358.
1394.    Alwadi, H.M. and Z.A.M. Baka, Microorganisms asssociated with Withania somnifera leaves. Microbiological Research, 2001. 156(4): p. 303-309.
1395.    Abdel-Magied, E.M., H.A. Abdel-Rahman, and F.M. Harraz, The effect of aqueous extracts of Cynomorium coccineum and Withania somnifera on testicular development in immature Wistar rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2001. 75(1): p. 1-4.
1396.    Tohda, C., T. Kuboyama, and K. Komatsu, Dendrite extension by methanol extract of Ashwagandha (roots of Withania somnifera) in SK-N-SH cells. Neuroreport, 2000. 11(9): p. 1981-1985.
1397.    Singh, A., E. Saxena, and K.K. Bhutani, Adrenocorticosterone alterations in male, albino mice treated with Trichopus zeylanicus, Withania somnifera and Panax ginseng preparations. Phytotherapy Research, 2000. 14(2): p. 122-125.
1398.    Shukla, S.D., et al., Stress induced neuron degeneration and protective effects of Semecarpus anacardium Linn. and Withania somnifera Dunn. in hippocampus of albino rats: An ultrastructural study. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 2000. 38(10): p. 1007-1013.
1399.    Rasool, M., L.M. Latha, and P. Varalakshmi, Effect of Withania somnifera on lysosomal acid hydrolases in adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats. Pharmacy and Pharmacology Communications, 2000. 6(4): p. 187-190.
1400.    Mishra, S.J. and D.S. Singh, Effect of feeding root powder of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. (Aswagandha) on growth, feed consumption, efficiency of feed conversion and mortality rate in broiler chicks. Bioved, 2000. 11(1/2): p. 79-83.
1401.    Mishra, L.C., B.B. Singh, and S. Dagenais, Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Withania somnifera (ashwagandha): a review. Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic, 2000. 5(4): p. 334-46.
1402.    Maheshwari, S.K., R.K. Sharma, and S.K. Gangrade, Response of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) to organic manures and fertilizers in a shallow black soil under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 2000. 45(1): p. 214-216.
1403.    Kulkarni, A.A., S.R. Thengane, and K.V. Krishnamurthy, Direct shoot regeneration from node, internode, hypocotyl and embryo explants of Withania somnifera. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 2000. 62(3): p. 203-209.
1404.    Kattimani, K.N., Y.N. Reddy, and B.R.R. Rao, Influence of pre-sowing seed treatments on seedling vigour, root length and dry root yield of Ashwagandha Withania somnifera under semi-arid tropical climate of Hyderabad. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2000. 22-23(4A-1A): p. 221-223.
1405.    Jain, N.K. and P.K. Jain, A comparative study of some essential oils and fungicides as seed dressers against Alternaria tenuis in Withania somnifera. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2000. 22-23(4A-1A): p. 192-193.
1406.    Houghton, P.J., K. Shipman, and M.J. Howes, Inhibition of cholinesterase by extracts and fractions of Withania somnifera root. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2000. 52(Supplement): p. 273-273.
1407.    Ghosh, S. and K. Gupta, Responses of nodal explants of Withania somnifera grown in axenic culture and in half MS towards plant growth retardants. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 2000. 22-23(4A-1A): p. 461-463.
1408.    Ghosal, S., Withania somnifera composition. 2000, Natreon Inc.; Indian Herbs Research and Supply Company Ltd., Saharanpur, India.
1409.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on cyclophosphamide-induced urotoxicity. Cancer Letters, 2000. 148(1): p. 9-17.
1410.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on 20-methylcholanthrene induced fibrosarcoma. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research, 2000. 19(2): p. 165-167.
1411.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Immunomodulatory activity of Withania somnifera. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2000. 71(1-2): p. 193-200.
1412.    Chaurasia, S.S., S. Panda, and A. Kar, Withania somnifera root extract in the regulation of lead-induced oxidative damage in male mouse. Pharmacological Research, 2000. 41(6): p. 663-666.
1413.    Bhattacharya, S.K., et al., Anxiolytic-antidepressant activity of Withania somnifera glycowithanolides: an experimental study. Phytomedicine, 2000. 7(6): p. 463-469.
1414.    Bhattacharya, A., et al., Effect of Withania somnifera glycowithanolides on iron-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Phytotherapy Research, 2000. 14(7): p. 568-570.
1415.    Andrade, C., et al., A double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the anxiolytic efficacy ff an ethanolic extract of withania somnifera. Indian journal of psychiatry, 2000. 42(3): p. 295-301.
1416.    Andallu, B. and B. Radhika, Hypoglycemic, diuretic and hypocholesterolemic effect of Winter cherry (Withania somnifera, Dunal) root. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 2000. 38(6): p. 607-609.
1417.    Al-Qarawi, A.A., et al., The effect of extracts of Cynomorium coccineum and Withania somnifera on gonadotrophins and ovarian follicles of immature Wistar rats. Phytotherapy Research, 2000. 14(4): p. 288-290.
1418.    Akbarsha, M.A., et al., Curative property of Withania somnifera Dunal root in the context of carbendazim-induced histopathological changes in the liver and kidney of rat. Phytomedicine, 2000. 7(6): p. 499-507.
1419.    Teli, N.P., et al., Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) : Regeneration through meristem culture. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 1999. 8(2): p. 109-111.
1420.    Ray, S. and S. Jha, Withanolide synthesis in cultures of Withania somnifera transformed with Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Science, 1999. 146(1): p. 1-7.
1421.    Rani, G. and I.S. Grover, In vitro callus induction and regeneration studies in Withania somnifera. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 1999. 57(1): p. 23-27.
1422.    Panda, S. and A. Kar, Withania somnifera and Bauhinia purpurea in the regulation of circulating thyroid hormone concentrations in female mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1999. 67(2): p. 233-239.
1423.    Muthumanickam, D. and G. Balakrishnamurthy, Studies on nutritional requirement for aswagandh (Withania somnifera Dunal) in Shevroy hills of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 1999. 8(2): p. 179-183.
1424.    Muthumanickam, D. and G. Balakrishnamurthy, Optimum stage of harvest for extraction of total withanolides in aswagandh (Withania somnifera Dunal). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 1999. 8(1): p. 95-96.
1425.    Kuroyanagi, M., K. Shibata, and K. Umehara, Cell differentiation inducing steroids from Withania somnifera L-(Dun.). Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 1999. 47(11): p. 1646-1649.
1426.    Kulkarni, A.A., S.R. Thengane, and K.V. Krishnamurthy, De novo regeneration of various explants of Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. Plant tissue culture and biotechnology: emerging trends. Proceedings of a symposium held at Hyderabad, India, 29-31 January 1997., ed. P.B.K. Kishor. 1999. 180-186.
1427.    Kattimani, K.N., Y.N. Reddy, and B.R. Rao, Effect of pre-sowing seed treatment on germination, seedling emergence, seedling vigour and root yield of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Daunal.). Seed Science and Technology, 1999. 27(2): p. 483-488.
1428.    Deka, A.C., M.C. Kalita, and A. Baruah, In vitro micropropagation of a potent herbal medicinal plant Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha). Environment and Ecology, 1999. 17(3): p. 594-596.
1429.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Effect of Withania somnifera on cytokine production in normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 1999. 21(4): p. 695-703.
1430.    Archana, R. and A. Namasivayam, Antistressor effect of Withania somnifera. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1999. 64(1): p. 91-93.
1431.    Amara, S., S.P. Kumar, and R.R. Athota, Suppressive effect of Withania somnifera root extract on the induction of anti-ovalbumin IgE antibody response in mice. Pharmaceutical Biology, 1999. 37(4): p. 253-259.
1432.    Agarwal, R., et al., Studies on immunomodulatory activity of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) extracts in experimental immune inflammation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1999. 67(1): p. 27-35.
1433.    Abdel-Hamid, A.Z. and M.M.I. Mantawy, Effect of the plants Frenkania hirsuta and Withania somnifera on biological and physiological activities of Biomphalaria alexandrina snails. Egyptian Journal of Bilharziasis, 1999. 19(0): p. 99-113.
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1439.    Kulkarni, S.K., B. George, and R. Mathur, Protective effect of Withania somnifera root extract on electrographic activity in a lithium-pilocarpine model of status epilepticus. Phytotherapy Research, 1998. 12(6): p. 451-453.
1440.    Furmanowa, M., et al., Antibacterial activity of Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. organs cultivated in vitro. Herba Polonica, 1998. 44(4): p. 265-269.
1441.    Davis, L. and G. Kuttan, Suppressive effect of cyclophosphamide-induced toxicity by Withania somnifera a extract in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1998. 62(3): p. 209-214.
1442.    Aphale, A.A., et al., Subacute toxicity study of the combination of ginseng (Panax ginseng) and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in rats: A safety assessment. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 1998. 42(2): p. 299-302.
1443.    Schliebs, R., et al., Systemic administration of defined extracts from Withania somnifera (Indian Ginseng) and Shilajit differentially affects cholinergic but not glutamatergic and gabaergic markers in rat brain. Neurochemistry International, 1997. 30(2): p. 181-190.
1444.    Panda, S. and A. Kar, Effects of root extract of Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera, on function of thyroid in cockerel. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 1997. 67(7): p. 575-576.
1445.    Kulkarni, S.K. and I. Ninan, Inhibition of morphine tolerance and dependence by Withania somnifera in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1997. 57(3): p. 213-217.
1446.    El-Lakwah, F.A., Z.A. Halawa, and A.M. Abdel-Latif, Effect of the extracts of Withania somnifera leaves and fruits on some stored products insects. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor, 1997. 35(1): p. 537-552.
1447.    Bhattacharya, S.K., K.S. Satyan, and S. Ghosal, Antioxidant activity of glycowithanolides from Withania somnifera. Indian journal of experimental biology, 1997. 35(3): p. 236-9.
1448.    Anjaneyulyu, A.S.R. and D.S. Rao, A new withanolide from the leaves of Withania somnifera. Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B-Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry, 1997. 36(2): p. 161-165.
1449.    Anjaneyulu, A.S.R. and D.S. Rao, New withanolides from the roots of Withania somnifera. Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B-Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry, 1997. 36(5): p. 424-433.
1450.    Ali, M., M. Shuaib, and S.H. Ansari, Withanolides from the stem bark of Withania somnifera. Phytochemistry, 1997. 44(6): p. 1163-1168.
1451.    Vitali, G., L. Conte, and M. Nicoletti, Withanolide composition and in vitro culture of Italian Withania somnifera. Planta Medica, 1996. 62(3): p. 287-288.
1452.    Uma Devi, P., et al., Withaferin A: A new radiosensitizer from the Indian medicinal plant Withania somnifera. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 1996. 69(2): p. 193-197.
1453.    Tripathi, A.K., Y.N. Shukla, and S. Kumar, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal (Solanaceae)): A status report. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 1996. 18(1): p. 46-62.
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1456.    Kulkarni, S.K. and B. George, Anticonvulsant action of Withania somnifera (Aswaganda) root extract against pentylenetetrazol-induced kindling in mice. Phytotherapy Research, 1996. 10(5): p. 447-449.
1457.    Kulkarni, A.A., S.R. Thengane, and K.V. Krishnamurthy, Direct in vitro regeneration of leaf explants of Withania somnifera (L) Dunal. Plant Science, 1996. 119(1-2): p. 163-168.
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1460.    Devi, P.U., Withania somnifera Dunal (Ashwagandha): Potential plant source of a promising drug for cancer chemotherapy and radiosensitization. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 1996. 34(10): p. 927-932.
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1463.    Zaim, M. and A. Samad, ASSOCIATION OF PHYTOPLASMAS WITH A WITCHES-BROOM DISEASE OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA (L) DUNAL IN INDIA. Plant Science, 1995. 109(2): p. 225-229.
1464.    Srinivasulu, A. and R.R. Athota, Suppression of IgE antibody response against different allergens by administration of Withania somnifera root extract. The 9th International Congress of Immunology, 1995: p. 853-853.
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1466.    Sahni, Y.P. and D.N. Srivastava, Role of inflammatory mediators in anti-inflammatory activity of Withania somnifera on chronic inflammatory reaction. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, 1995. 19(2): p. 150-153.
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1471.    Sharada, A.C., F.E. Solomon, and P.U. Devi, ANTITUMOR AND RADIOMODIFYING EFFECTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA AND WITHAFERIN-A AGAINST MOUSE TRANSPLANTABLE TUMOR. Proceedings of the Xvi International Cancer Congress - Free Papers and Posters, Tomes 1-4, ed. R.S. Rao, et al. 1994. 17-20.
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1486.    Bessalle, R. and D. Lavie, WITHANOLIDE-C, A CHLORINATED WITHANOLIDE FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Phytochemistry, 1992. 31(10): p. 3648-3651.
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1494.    Mehta, A.K., et al., PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ROOT EXTRACT ON GABA-A RECEPTOR COMPLEX. Indian Journal of Medical Research Section B-Biomedical Research Other Than Infectious Diseases, 1991. 94: p. 312-315.
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1515.    Bessalle, R. and D. Lavie, SEMIQUANTITATIVE REVERSED-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF THE ECOTYPES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA CHEMOTYPE-III. Journal of Chromatography, 1987. 389(1): p. 195-210.
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1521.    Mahrshi, R.P., WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA A NEW HOST FOR MYROTHECIUM-RORIDUM. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 1986. 16(2): p. 199-199.
1522.    Tomar, Y.S., HORMONAL REGULATION OF APICAL DOMINANCE IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Acta Botanica Indica, 1985. 13(1): p. 18-25.
1523.    Nagaraj, S.D. and D.N.R. Reddy, PESTS INFESTING WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA AND BIOLOGY OF EPILACHNA-VIGINTIOCTOPUNCTATA. Indian Drugs, 1985. 22(11): p. 564-566.
1524.    Dave, Y.S., N.D. Patel, and A.R.S. Menon, THE PERICARPIC STRUCTURE OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA (L) DUNAL. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Plant Sciences, 1985. 94(4-6): p. 677-682.
1525.    Anbalagan, K. and J. Sadique, WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ASHWAGANDHA A REJUVENATING HERBAL DRUG WHICH CONTROLS ALPHA-2 MACROGLOBULIN SYNTHESIS DURING INFLAMMATION. International Journal of Crude Drug Research, 1985. 23(4): p. 177-183.
1526.    Nigam, K.B., G.S. Rawat, and B. Prasad, Effect of methods of sowing, plant density and fertility level on ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal). South Indian Horticulture, 1984. 32(6): p. 356-359.
1527.    Ascher, K.R.S., et al., DISTRIBUTION OF THE CHEMOTYPES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA IN SOME AREAS OF ISRAEL - FEEDING STUDIES WITH SPODOPTERA-LITTORALIS LARVAE AND CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF WITHANOLIDE CONTENT. Phytoparasitica, 1984. 12(3-4): p. 147-155.
1528.    Joshi, B.G. and B.N. Dahatonde, INVESTIGATION INTO THE MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. PKV Research Journal, 1983. 7(1): p. 53-53.
1529.    Dahatonde, B.N., B.G. Joshi, and D.G. Vitkare, THE RESPONSE OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION ON THE ROOT YIELD OF ASHWAGANDHA WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. PKV Research Journal, 1983. 7(1): p. 7-8.
1530.    Velde, V.V. and D. Lavie, A DELTA-16 WITHANOLIDE IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA AS A POSSIBLE PRECURSOR FOR ALPHA SIDE CHAINS. Phytochemistry (Oxford), 1982. 21(3): p. 731-734.
1531.    Vandevelde, V. and D. Lavie, A DELTA-16-WITHANOLIDE IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA AS A POSSIBLE PRECURSOR FOR ALPHA-SIDE-CHAINS. Phytochemistry, 1982. 21(3): p. 731-733.
1532.    Singh, N., et al., WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ASHWAGANDHA A REJUVENATING HERBAL DRUG WHICH ENHANCES SURVIVAL DURING STRESS AN ADAPTOGEN. International Journal of Crude Drug Research, 1982. 20(1): p. 29-35.
1533.    Velde, V.V. and D. Lavie, New withanolides of biogenetic interest from Withania somnifera. Phytochemistry, 1981. 20(6): p. 1359-1364.
1534.    Vandevelde, V. and D. Lavie, NEW WITHANOLIDES OF BIOGENETIC INTEREST FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Phytochemistry, 1981. 20(6): p. 1359-1364.
1535.    Vande Velde, V. and D. Lavie, NEW WITHANOLIDES OF BIOGENETIC INTEREST FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Phytochemistry (Oxford), 1981. 20(6): p. 1359-1364.
1536.    Trivedi, V.B., et al., Withania somnifera: a weed having bactericidal properties. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 1981. 13(1): p. 75-77.
1537.    Nittala, S.S., et al., CHLORINATED WITHANOLIDES FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA AND ACNISTUS-BREVIFLORUS. Phytochemistry, 1981. 20(11): p. 2547-2552.
1538.    Nittala, S.S. and D. Lavie, CHEMISTRY AND GENETICS OF WITHANOLIDES IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA HYBRIDS. Phytochemistry, 1981. 20(12): p. 2741-2748.
1539.    Kirson, I. and H.E. Gottlieb, 14-ALPHA-HYDROXY-STEROIDS FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA (L) DUN (SOLANACEAE). Journal of Chemical Research-S, 1980(10): p. 338-339.
1540.    Eastwood, F.W., et al., ANALYSIS OF HYBRIDS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA .2. NEW WITHANOLIDES FROM A CROSS OF A SOUTH-AFRICAN CHEMOTYPE BY CHEMOTYPE-II (ISRAEL) IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Phytochemistry, 1980. 19(7): p. 1503-1507.
1541.    Vishnoi, A., S.B. Babbar, and S.C. Gupta, INDUCTION OF ANDROGENESIS IN ANTHER CULTURES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenphysiologie, 1979. 94(2): p. 169-171.
1542.    Kirson, I., A. Abraham, and D. Lavie, CHEMICAL-ANALYSIS OF HYBRIDS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-L (DUN) .1. CHEMOTYPES-III (ISRAEL) BY INDIAN-I (DELHI). Israel Journal of Chemistry, 1977. 16(1): p. 20-24.
1543.    Gupta, O.P., B. Singh, and C.K. Atal, PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ASHWAGANDHA AS AN ADAPTOGEN. Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 1977. 39(6): p. 163-163.
1544.    Lockley, W.J.S., H.H. Rees, and T.W. Goodwin, BIOSYNTHESIS OF STEROIDAL WITHANOLIDES IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Phytochemistry, 1976. 15(6): p. 937-939.
1545.    Kundu, A.B., A. Mukherjee, and A.K. Dey, NEW WITHANOLIDE FROM SEEDS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA DUNAL. Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B-Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry, 1976. 14(6): p. 434-435.
1546.    Fontaine, R. and A. Erdos, CENTRAL EFFECT OF DIFFERENT WITHANIA-EXTRACTS AFTER ORAL APPLICATIONS TO ANIMALS. Planta Medica, 1976. 30(3): p. 242-250.
1547.    David, S.B. and C. De Sa, STUDIES ON THE EXCISED ROOTS OF SOLANACEAE PART 1 CONTINUOUS CULTURE OF DATURA-FEROX AND WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ROOTS. Journal of the University of Poona Science and Technology, 1976. 48: p. 229-236.
1548.    Jayasheela, N. and G. Oblisami, Plant-microbe inter-relationships in medicinal plants. 2. The rhizosphere microflora of Withania somnifera. South Indian Horticulture, 1975. 23(1/2): p. 7-12.
1549.    Abraham, A., et al., CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA .14. WITHANOLIDES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA CHEMOTYPES-I AND CHEMOTYPES-II. Phytochemistry, 1975. 14(1): p. 189-194.
1550.    Yu, P.L.C., M.M. El-Olemy, and S.J. Stohs, A PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA TISSUE CULTURES. Lloydia (Cincinnati), 1974. 37(4): p. 593-597.
1551.    Yu, P.L.C., M.M. Elolemy, and S.J. Stohs, PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA TISSUE-CULTURES. Lloydia-the Journal of Natural Products, 1974. 37(4): p. 593-597.
1552.    Yu Pl/El-Olemy Mm/Stohs, S.J., A phytochemical investigation of Withania somnifera tissue cultures. Lloydia, 1974. 37(4): p. 593-7.
1553.    Stoller, E.W., et al., FATTY-ACID COMPOSITION OF LIPIDS OF CORCHORUS, YUCCA, DIOSCOREA, WITHANIA, AND RIVEA TISSUE-CULTURES. Lloydia-the Journal of Natural Products, 1974. 37(2): p. 309-312.
1554.    Menssen, H.G., MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF INDIAN ROOTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Planta Medica, 1974. 26(3): p. 269-278.
1555.    Lockley, W.J.S., et al., 24-METHYLCHOLESTA-5,24(25)-DIEN-3BETA-OL - NEW STEROL FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Tetrahedron Letters, 1974(43): p. 3773-3776.
1556.    Lockley, W.J.S., et al., 24 METHYL CHOLESTA-5 24 25-DIEN-3-BETA-OL A NEW STEROL FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Tetrahedron Letters, 1974. 43: p. 3773-3776.
1557.    Chakrabo.Sk, K.D. Barun, and Bandyopa.T, VARIATIONS IN ANTITUMOR CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA DUNAL. Experientia, 1974. 30(8): p. 852-853.
1558.    Menssen, H.G. and G. Stapel, C28-STEROIDLACTON FROM ROOTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Planta Medica, 1973. 24(1): p. 8-12.
1559.    Glotter, E., et al., CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA DUN .13. WITHANOLIDES OF CHEMOTYPE-III. Tetrahedron, 1973. 29(10): p. 1353-1364.
1560.    Chakraborti, S.K. and B.K. De, ANTI TUMOR CONSTITUENTS FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Indian Science Congress Association Proceedings, 1973. 60: p. 126-126.
1561.    Shohat, B., S. Gitter, and D. Lavie, WITHAFERIN A A MITOTIC POISON ISOLATED FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. De Vries, A. And E. Kochva. 1972. 769-779.
1562.    Ariz, P., N. Iftikhar, and N.R. Khan, THE MEGA SPOROGENESIS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMBRYO SAC IN WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1972. 15(3): p. 196-198.
1563.    Kirson, L., et al., Constituents of Withania somnifera Eun. Part XII. The withanolides of an Indian cbemotype. Journal of the Chemical Society, C, 1971(11): p. 2032-2044.
1564.    Kirson, I., et al., CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA-SOMMIFERA DUN .12. WITHANOLIDES OF AN INDIAN CHEMOTYPE. Journal of the Chemical Society C-Organic, 1971(11): p. 2032-&.
1565.    Shohat, B., S. Gitter, and D. Lavie, WITHAFERIN-A, A MITOTIC POISON ISOLATED FROM WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA DUN. Toxicon, 1970. 8(2): p. 154-&.
1566.    Kirson, I., et al., THE STEROIDAL LACTONES OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-D CHEMOTYPE III. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 1970. 8(SUPPL): p. 47P-47P.
1567.    Kirson, I., et al., CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA-SOMINFERA DUN .11. STRUCTURE OF 3 NEW WITHANOLIDES. Tetrahedron, 1970. 26(9): p. 2209-&.
1568.    Khafagy, S.M. and N.N. Sabri, Pharmacog-nostical study of (Withania somnifera Duna). Part III. Morphology and histology of the root. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the United Arab Republic, 1970. 11(1): p. 91-99.
1569.    Khafagy, S.M. and N.N. Sabri, Pharma-cognostical study of (Withania somnifera Duna). Part II. Morphology and histology of the leaves. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the United Arab Republic, 1970. 11(1): p. 81-89.
1570.    Khafagy, S.M. and N.N. Sabri, Pharma-cognistical study of (Withania somnifera Duna). Part I. Morphology and histology of the flower and fruit. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the United Arab Republic, 1970. 11(1): p. 61-79.
1571.    Keogh, M.F. and D.G. Odonovan, BIOSYNTHESIS OF SOME ALKALOIDS OF PUNICA-GRANATUM AND WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA. Journal of the Chemical Society C-Organic, 1970(13): p. 1792-+.
1572.    Palyi, L., E. Tyihak, and V. Palyi, Cytological effects of compounds isolated from Withania somnifera Dun. Herba Hungarica, 1969. 8(1/2): p. 73-8.
1573.    Kirson, I., et al., 2 NEW CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (L) DUN, INDIAN TYPE. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 1969. 7: p. P15-&.
1574.    Kawatani, T. and T. Ono, On the trial cultivation of Withania somnifera DUNAL. 3. Fertilizer experiment of the three essential nutrients. Eisei Shikenjo hokoku. Bulletin of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, 1969. 87: p. 60-3.
1575.    Kawatani, T. and T. Ohno, ON THE TRIAL CULTIVATION OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-D PART 3 FERTILIZER EXPERIMENT OF THE 3 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS. Bulletin of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences (Tokyo), 1969. 87: p. 60-60.
1576.    Aulakh, K.S., S. Malhotra, and R.K. Grover, PHOMA-DESTRUCTIVA ITS VARIABILITY HOST RANGE AND CULTIVAR REACTION OF TOMATOES-D DATURA-ALBA-D WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-D CAPSICUM-FRUTESCENS-D SOLANUM-MELONGENA-D. Plant Disease Reporter, 1969. 53(3): p. 219-222.
1577.    Onaka, T., BIOGENETIC-TYPE 3-STEP SYNTHESIS OF WITHASOMNINE WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-D. Tetrahedron Letters, 1968. 54: p. 5711-5714.
1578.    O'Donovan, D.G. and M.F. Keogh, Biosynthesis of piperidine alkaloids fin hemlock, Punica granatum nana, Withania somnifera, Lobelia syphilitica; role of lysine in biosynthesis of hetero ring. Tetrahedron Lett, 1968. 3.: p. 265-267.
1579.    Odonovan, D.G. and M.F. Keogh, BIOSYNTHESIS OF PIPERIDINE ALKALOIDS. Tetrahedron Letters, 1968(3): p. 265-&.
1580.    Morimoto, A., et al., THE TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF WITHASOMNINE A UNIQUE PYRAZOLE ALKALOID WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA-D. Tetrahedron Letters, 1968. 54: p. 5707-5710.
1581.    Lavie, D., I. Kirson, and E. Glotter, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .X. STRUCTURE OF WITHANOLIDE D. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 1968. 6(5): p. 671-&.
1582.    Kawatani, T. and T. Ono, On the trial cultivation of Withania somnifera Dunal. II. Effect of sowing season on the growth and root yield. Eisei Shikenjo hokoku. Bulletin of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, 1968. 86: p. 107-9.
1583.    Elolemy, M.M. and A.E. Schwarting, ABSOLUTE CONFIGURATION OF ANAFERINE. Lloydia, 1968. 31(4): p. 432-+.
1584.    Bector, N.P., A.S. Puri, and D. Sharma, ROLE OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (ASHWAGANDHA) IN VARIOUS TYPES OF ARTHROPATHIES. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 1968. 56(10): p. 1581-&.
1585.    Abraham, A., et al., A CHEMOTAXONOMIC STUDY OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (L) DUN. Phytochemistry, 1968. 7(6): p. 957-&.
1586.    Abraham, A. and et al., A chemotaxonomic study of Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. Phytochemistry, 1968. 7: p. 957-62.
1587.    Phatak, H.C. and S.P. Raychaudhuri, Withania somnifera. An additional host of tobacco leaf curl virus new record. Sci Cult, 1967. 33((5)): p. 234-235.
1588.    Schroter, H.B., et al., WITHASOMNINE . A PYRAZOLE ALKALOID FROM WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN. Tetrahedron, 1966. 22(8): p. 2895-+.
1589.    Lavte, D., S. Greenfield, and E. Glotter, Constituents of Withania somnifera Dun. Part VI. The stereochemistry of withaferin A. Journal of the Chemical Society, London C., 1966(19): p. 1753-6.
1590.    Lavie, D., Y. Kashman, and E. Glotter, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .V. STUDIES ON SOME MODEL STEROIDAL EPOXIDES. Tetrahedron, 1966. 22(3): p. 1103-&.
1591.    Lavie, D., S. Greenfield, and E. Glotter, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .6. STEREOCHEMISTRY OF WITHAFERIN A. Journal of the Chemical Society C-Organic, 1966(19): p. 1753-+.
1592.    Lavie, D. and et al., Constituents of Withania somnifera Dun. Part VII. Rearrangements in withaferin A. Journal of the Chemical Society, London C., 1966(19): p. 1757-64.
1593.    Glotter, E., R. Waitman, and D. Lavie, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .8. A NEW STEROIDAL LACTONE 27-DEOXY-14-HYDROXY-WITHAFERIN A. Journal of the Chemical Society C-Organic, 1966(19): p. 1765-&.
1594.    El-Olemy, M.M. and A.E. Schwarting, Simulated biosynthesis of some pyrrolidine and piperidine alkaloids of Withania somnifera from ornithine equivalent, N-methyl-2-hydroxypyrrolidinei. Abhandl Deut Akad Wiss Berlin, 1966. 1966((3)): p. 137-139.
1595.    Ram, H.Y.M. and I. Kamini, Studies on the germination of Withania somnifera seeds. Phytomorphology, 1965. 15: p. 31-6.
1596.    Leary, J.D., The isolation and characterization of the alkaloids of Withania somnifera Dunal. Diss Abstr, 1965. 25((8)): p. 4388-4388.
1597.    Lavie, D., E. Glotter, and Y. Shvo, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .3. SIDE CHAIN OF WITHAFERIN A. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1965. 30(6): p. 1774-&.
1598.    Lavie, D., E. Glotter, and Y. Shvo, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUN .4. STRUCTURE OF WITHAFERIN A. Journal of the Chemical Society, 1965(DEC): p. 7517-&.
1599.    Kawatani, T. and T. Ono, Trial cultivation of Withania somnifera Dunal. Eisei Shikenjo hokoku. Bulletin of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, 1965. 83: p. 136-41.
1600.    Garg, L.C. and G.C. Parasar, EFFECT OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ON REPRODUCTION IN MICE. Planta Medica, 1965. 13(1): p. 46-&.
1601.    Ram, H.Y.M. and I. Kamini, Embryology and fruit development in Withania somnifera Dunal. Phytomorphology, 1964. 14: p. 574-87.
1602.    Mohan Das, J. and P.A. Kurup, Mechanism of antibacterial action of antibiotic isolated from leaves of Withania somnifera: I. Reaction between the antibiotic and glutathione. Indian J Biochem, 1964. 1((3)): p. 157-158.
1603.    Lavte, D., E. Glotter, and Y. Shvo, Constituents of Withania somnifera Dunn. III. Partial structure. Israel J Chem, 1964. 2((5a)): p. 247-247.
1604.    Lavie, D., E. Glotter, and Y. Shvo, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA DUNN .2. PARTIAL STRUCTURE. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 1964. 2(5A): p. 247-&.
1605.    Khanna, K.L., Investigation of the alkaloids of Withania somnifera Dunal. Dissert Absts, 1964. 24((11)): p. 4401-4402.
1606.    Das, J.M. and P.A. Kurup, MECHANISM OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTION OF ANTIBIOTIC ISOLATED FROM LEAVES OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA .1. REACTION BETWEEN ANTIBIOTIC + GLUTATHIONE. Indian Journal of Biochemistry, 1964. 1(3): p. 157-&.
1607.    Schwarting, A.E., et al., ALKALOIDS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Lloydia, 1963. 26(4): p. 258-&.
1608.    Schwarting, A.E. and et al., The alkaloids of Withania somnifera. Lloydia, 1963. 26: p. 258-73.
1609.    Schwarting, A.E., et al., The alkaloids of Withania somnifera. Llyodia [Cincinnati], 1963. 26((3)): p. 206-206.
1610.    Leary, J.D., et al., OCCURRENCE OF CUSCOHYGRINE AND 3ALPHA-TIGLOYLOXYTROPANE IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Lloydia, 1963. 26(1): p. 44-&.
1611.    Leary, J.D. and et al., Occurrence of cyscohygrine and 3alpha-tigloyloxy-tropane in Withania somnifera. Lloydia, 1963. 26: p. 44-8.
1612.    Das, J.M. and P.A. Kurup, INHIBITION OF GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE OF BACILLUS SUBTILLIS BY ANTIBIOTIC FROM LEAVES OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Naturwissenschaften, 1963. 50(18): p. 603-&.
1613.    Yarden, A. and D. Lavie, CONSTITUENTS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA .1. FUNCTIONAL GROUPS OF WITHAFERIN. Journal of the Chemical Society, 1962(AUG): p. 2925-&.
1614.    Yarden, A. and D. Lavie, WITHAFERIN - A NEW CONSTITUENT OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel, 1962. A 11(1): p. 35-&.
1615.    Yarden, A. and D. Lavie, Constituents of Withania somnifera. Part I. The functional groups of withaferin. Journal of the Chemical Society, A., 1962. 11A: p. 2925-7.
1616.    Schwarting, A.E., Isolation and characterization of Withania somnifera alkaloids. Isolation and characterization of Withania somnifera alkaloids. 1962. 10p.-10p.
1617.    Narasimhan, N.S., CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA DUNAL. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 1962. B 21(10): p. 506-&.
1618.    Kohlmunzer, S. and J. Krupinska, Isolation of an antibiotic substance from the leaves of Withania somnifera Dunal Russian and English summ. Dissert Pharmaceut, 1962. 14((4)): p. 501-506.
1619.    Khanna, K.L., A.E. Schwarting, and J.M. Bobbitt, OCCURRENCE OF ISOPELLETIERINE IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1962. 51(12): p. 1194-&.
1620.    Khafagy, S., A.M. El-Moghazy, and F. Sandberg, Phytochemical studies of the flora of Egypt. V. A comparative study of Withania somnifera Dunal and Withania ashwagandha Kaul. Svensk farmaceutisk tidskrift, 1962. 66: p. 481-90.
1621.    Ben-Efraim, S. and A. Yarden, Comments on the activity of some constituents of Withania somnifera Dun: i. The antibacterial activity of five nitrogen-free substances isolated from the leaves. Antibiotics and Chemother, 1962. 12((9)): p. 576-582.
1622.    Atal, C.K. and A.E. Schwarting, INTRASPECIFIC VARIABILITY IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA .1. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY. Lloydia, 1962. 25(2): p. 78-&.
1623.    Rother, A., et al., CONTRIBUTION TO PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHIC SEPARATION OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ALKALOIDS. Journal of Chromatography, 1961. 5(2): p. 178-&.
1624.    Khanna, K.L., et al., OCCURRENCE OF TROPINE AND PSEUDOTROPINE IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Lloydia, 1961. 24(4): p. 179-&.
1625.    Khanna, K.L. and et al., Occurrence of tropine and pseudotropine in Withania somnifera. Lloydia, 1961. 24: p. 179-81.
1626.    Dhalla, N.S., M.S. Sastry, and C.L. Malhotra, CHEMICAL STUDIES OF LEAVES OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1961. 50(10): p. 876-&.
1627.    Kohlmuenzer, S. and J. Krupinska, Chemotherapeutic properties of substances isolated from leaves of Withania somnifera Dunal. Acta physiologica Polonica, 1960. 11: p. 778-80.
1628.    Covello, M. and G. Ciampa, PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY OF WITHANIA-SOMNIFERA ALKALOIDS. Journal of Chromatography, 1960. 3(6): p. 591-592.
1629.    Atal, C.K. and A.E. Schwarting, Investigation of amino-acids in the berries of Withania somnifera Dunal. Current Sci, 1960. 29((1)): p. 22-22.
1630.    Kurup, P.A., The antibacterial principle of Withania somnifera. I. Isolation and antibacterial activity. Antibiot and Chemother, 1958. 8((10)): p. 511-515.
1631.    Atal, C.K., Aphar-macognostic study of Withania somnifera Dunal. Dissertation Absts, 1958. 19((5)): p. 1059-1059.
1632.    Kurup, P.A., Antibiotic principle of the leaves of Withania somnifera. Current Science, 1956. 25: p. 57-8.
1633.    Johnston, W.C., The occurrence of a new weed in South Australia (Withania somnifera, Dunel). Journal of the Department of Agriculture of South Australia, 1949. 52: p. 542-3.
1634.    Power, F.B. and A.I. Salway, The constituents of withania somnifera. Journal of the Chemical Society, 1911. 99: p. 490-507.
1635.    Verghese, M., Withania Coagulans and Somnifera. The Indian medical gazette, 1885. 20(12): p. 403-403.
1636.    Vaidya, V.G., Poly-herbal formulation used to treat cancer and as antiaging formulation, antioxidant and rejuvenator, comprises Vitis vinifera, Emblica officinalis, Tinospora cordifolia, Curcuma longa, Piper nigrum and Withania somnifera. Vaidya V G.
1637.    Tomi, H., M. Yoshida, and K. Kishida, Composition for promoting recovery from hypofertility comprises Withania somnifera. Nippon Shinyaku Co Ltd.
1638.    Sreerama, M.D.V., Antistress herbal formulation comprises Withania somnifera, Myristica fragrans, Piper longum, Zingiber officinalis, Piper nigrum, Alpina carmomum, Piper chaba, Embelia ribes, Aplotaxis auriculata, Myristica caryophyllus and Bamboomanna. Venkateswara Ayurveda Nilayam Private Ltd.
1639.    Sreeraj, G. and C.A. Arundathy, Herbal brain tonic formulation used e.g. for reducing anxiety and increasing mind concentration, comprises extracts of Withania somnifera, Bacopa monnieri and Clitoria ternatea. Plant Lipids Private Ltd.
1640.    Solanki, R. and S. Ranjitsinh, Composition for treatment of hematological malignancies comprises mixture of herbs such as Tinospora cordifolia, Aloe vera, Curcuma longa, Withania somnifera, Achyranthus asperea, Ocimum sanctum and Picorrhiza kurroa. Sahajanand Biotech Private Ltd; Sahajanad Biotech Private Ltd.
1641.    Sivanandhan, G., et al., Producing steroidal lactones e.g. withanolide A, withanone and withaferin A, by adding seaweed extract and culturing hairy roots of Withania somnifera. Univ Ind & Academic Coop in Chungnam Nat.
1642.    Singh, R., C.K. Katiyar, and N. Sharma, Poly herbal formulation comprising Withania somnifera, Boerhaavia diffusa and Cominum cyminum. Ranbaxy Lab Ltd.
1643.    Shet, G.V., A process for preparing Vajramul which dissolves kidney stones and any obstruction in the blood flow, comprises combining three herbs such as Rubia cordifolia, Tribulus terrestris and Withania somnifera. Mysore Sandal Prod.
1644.    Sharma, O.P., Ingestible herbal composition used for treating e.g. muscular pain, comprises mixed dried powder of Withania somnifera roots, Asparagus racemosus roots, Mesua ferrea roots and Aloe vera leaf extract, and taste-masking agent. Sharma O P.
1645.    Sharma, O.P., Ingestible herbal used for treating rheumatoid arthritis and related symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation composition comprises Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, Withania somnifera and Hydnocarpus laurifolia. Sharma O P.
1646.    Saksena, S., et al., Tea composition, comprises tea, Withania somnifera benefits with common colds and cough. Hindustan Lever Ltd; Hindustan Unilever Ltd.
1647.    Rajender, S.S. and S. Umesh, Obtaining solanesol containing solution useful in food, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and cosmetics, using Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) or its preparation that is contacted with organic solvent. Rajender S S.
1648.    Rabhi, C., J. Ouazzani, and G. Arcile, Composition used to treat or limit development of neuromuscular diseases e.g. progressive bulbar palsy and botulism, comprises Withania somnifera extract i.e. fermented by incubating the extract with a filamentous fungus in an environment. Ethnodyne; Cnrs Cent Nat Rech Sci.
1649.    Rabhi, C., et al., Composition used for preventing or treating amyloid-related diseases, Alzheimer's disease, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, inclusion body myositis, macular degeneration, and Down's syndrome in mammal, comprises Withania somnifera extract. Ethnodyne; Cnrs Cent Nat Rech Sci.
1650.    Rabhi, C., et al., Composition used to treat e.g. alpha-synucleinopathy, Parkinson disease, dementia Lewy bodies, Lewy bodies dysphagia and neuroaxonal dystrophies, comprises Withania somnifera extract fermented by its incubation with filamentous fungus. Ethnodyne; Cnrs Cent Nat Rech Sci.
1651.    Rabhi, C., et al., Composition used for treating or limiting development e.g. of multiple sclerosis and adrenoleukodystrophy, comprises Withania somnifera extract fermented by its incubation with filamentous fungus in suitable environment. Ethnodyne; Cnrs Cent Nat Rech Sci.
1652.    Pushpangadan, P., et al., Herbal composition useful as nutrient agent, comprises plant juice or extracts from medicinal plants/non medicinal plants from Mangifera indica, Evolvulus alsinoides, Withania somnifera, Asparagus recemosus or Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Council Sci&Ind Res India; Pushpangadan P; Rawat a K S; Rao C V; Srivastava S K; Govindarajan R.
1653.    Pushpangadan, P., et al., Herbal composition useful for treating dementia and Alzheimer's disease, comprises extracts of obtained from Tinospora cordifolia, Centella asiatica, Withania somnifera, Mucuna pruriens and Curcuma longa optionally with additive. Council Sci&Ind Res India; Pushpangadan P; Rao C V; Kishore K; Kartik R; Gupta Y K; Govindarajan R; All India Inst Medical Sci.
1654.    Prasad, K.V.S. and J.L. Soman, Composition used e.g. to improve sexual health, comprises extracts of e.g. Withania somnifera, Tribulus terrestris, Mucuna pruriens, Moringa oleifera, Myristica fragrans, Ipomoea digitata, Peuraria tuberose and Chlorophytum borivillianum. Sanzyme Ltd; Uni-Sankyo Ltd.
1655.    Poreddy, S.R. and V.S. Gottumukkala, Improved method for extracting pure withaferin from Withania somnifera. Gottumukkala V S; Poreddy S R.
1656.    Peter, P.I., Dietary supplement for human beings comprises noni fruit pulp, Garcinia combogia fruit powder, Withania somnifera powder, sorbitol, carboxy methyl cellulose, potassium sorbate and citric acid. Webfund Found Pty Ltd.
1657.    Paufique, J., Active agent for cosmetic skin treatment, having e.g. protecting, repair promoting, moisturizing, antiaging and anti-wrinkle effects, comprises extract of Withania somnifera. Silab Soc Ind Limousine Appl Biologique.
1658.    Patwardhan, B. and A.H. Kapadi, Composition useful for increasing white blood cells in e.g. cancer cells comprises medicinal fractions derived from Withania Somnifera plant. Ayurcore Inc; Bio-Ved Pharm Inc.
1659.    Palpu, P., et al., Herbal soft drink useful for protecting and improving health comprises a concentrated herbal extract of Sida species, Boerhaavia diffusa, Vitis vinifera, Tinospora cordifolia and Withania somnifera. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1660.    Palpu, P., et al., Herbal soft drink useful for protecting of liver disorders, comprises extracts of Phyllanthus, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Boerhaavia diffusa, Vitis vinifera, Tinospora cordifolia, Withania somnifera, Elettaria cardamomum and Cinnamomum species. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1661.    Palpu, P., et al., Herbal composition useful as nutrient supplement for improving health, contains juice/extract of plants such as Mangifera indica, Evolulus alsinoides, Withania somnifera, Asparagus racemosus or Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1662.    Palpu, P., et al., Herbal formulation for treating e.g. Alzheimer's disease, comprises extracts obtained from Tinospora cordifolia, Centella asiatica, Withania somnifera, Mucuna pruriens and Curcuma longa. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1663.    Nandi, S.P., et al., Antimicrobial activity of aqueous extract of Withania somnifera to inhibit growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Univ Amity.
1664.    Nair, M.G. and B. Jayaprakasam, Extract from leaves of Withania somnifera for preventing and treating inflammation, comprises withanolide compounds e.g. physagulin D (1-6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, viscosalactone B and withaferin A. Univ Michigan State.
1665.    Nageswarudu, A.C., Ayurvedic composition used to treat e.g. cancer, sciatica, rheumatoid arthritis, epilepsy and paralysis, comprises herbal concoction comprising e.g. Withania somnifera, Curcuma caesia, Curcuma longa and Zingiber officinale. Nageswarudu a C.
1666.    Myhill, P.R. and W.J. Driscoll, Composition useful for reducing the undesirable side-effects of free radicals in a subject comprises Bacopa monniera extract, Silybum marianum extract, Withania somnifera powder, Camellia sinensis extract and Curcuma longa extract. Lifeline Nutraceuticals Corp.
1667.    Myhill, P.R. and W.J. Driscoll, Composition, useful for preventing or treating e.g. aging, and inhibiting lipid peroxidation, comprises Bacopa monnieri extract, Silybum marianum extract, Withania somnifera extract, Camellia sinensis extract, and/or Curcuma longa extract. Lifeline Nutraceuticals Corp.
1668.    Monika, J. and G. Munish, Composition in form of gel, used as antiinflammatory agent, comprises extract of Withania somnifera leaf, proniosomal gel, alcohol, total surfactants (i.e. mixture of e.g. cholesterol and soya lecithin) and aqueous phase comprising glycerol. Munish G; Monika J.
1669.    Moffett, S.A., Herbal composition for treating symptom of stress and infection comprises herbal components having extract preparations of standardized Andrographis paniculata, Ocimum sanctum, Withania somnifera, Trikatu extract and holy basil leaf powder. Moffett S A.
1670.    Mitra, S.K., et al., Composition, useful in food, personal care products and daily health supplements, comprises blend of super critical fluid extract, water extract and powder of Withania somnifera, Zingiber officinale or Commiphora mukul. Himalaya Global Holdings Ltd.
1671.    Mitra, S.K., et al., Herbal solid formulation, comprises blend of supercritical fluid (carbon dioxide) extract, water extract and powder of herb of Withania somnifera, Zingiber officinale or Commiphora mukul. Himalaya Global Holdings Ltd.
1672.    Misra, P. and R. Tuli, Process for genetic transformation of Withania somnifera. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1673.    Min, K.I. and N.G. Kang, Cosmetic composition useful as topically (ointment, patch, gel, cream and spray) for preventing and treating inflammation by inhibiting cyclooxygenase activity, comprises Withania somnifera extract. Lg Household & Healthcare Ltd.
1674.    Meenakshisundaram, P., Composition, useful for treating e.g. HIV/AIDS, comprises powders of Aegle Marmelos (Bael), Wedelia Calendulacea (Bhangra), Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) and Emblica officinalis (Amla). Meenakshisundaram P.
1675.    McNeary, P.S., Composition, useful for increasing cytokine e.g. interleukin-6 and gamma interferon production within animal and reducing cortisol or corticosterone within animal and in beverage, comprises combination of Withania somnifera and beta-glucan. Nutragenesis Llc.
1676.    McNeary, P.S., Therapeutic composition for improving immune activity comprises synergistic combination of Withania somnifera and beta-glucan for increasing cytokine production within an animal and reducing cortisol or corticosterone within the animal. Nutragenesis Llc.
1677.    McNeary, P., Composition, useful for reducing premature skin aging and preventing photoaging of skin, comprises a combination of an extract of Phyllanthus emblica and Withania somnifera. Nutragenesis Llc; Natreon Inc.
1678.    McNeary, P., Preventing photoaging, comprises administering composition for internal consumption comprising combination of extracts of Phyllanthus emblica and Withania somnifera to human. Nutragenesis Llc.
1679.    Mazed, M.A. and S. Mazed, Dietary supplement, used to lower risks of e.g. Alzheimer's disease and diabetes, comprises components of Bacopa monnieri, Camellia sinensis, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Curcuma longa, Mucuna pruriens, Evolvulus alsinoides and Withania somnifera. Mazed M a; Mazed S.
1680.    Marini, J.L., Cosmetic composition useful for treating e.g., dermatitis, eczema, dry skin, acne, sunburn, inflammation comprises extract of Bacopa monnieri, Camellia sinensis, Curcuma longa, Silybum marianum or Withania somnifera and a vehicle. Marini J L; Marini Skin Res Inc Jan.
1681.    Mansharamani, J.K. and P. Srivastava, Herbal nutraceutical formulation useful for treating chronic fatigue syndrome, improving digestion and eliminating toxins, comprises Tinospora cordifolia, Sida cordifolia, Withania somnifera and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Nutraceuticals Res & Testing Cent Private Ltd.
1682.    Managoli, N.B., Pharmaceutical or medicinal composition useful for treating e.g. benign breast disease, premenstrual syndrome, comprises mixture Glycine max, Asparagus racemosa, Boerhavia diffusa, Withania somnifera, Saraca indica, and Coleus forskohlii. Sahajanand Biotech Pvt Ltd.
1683.    Managoli, N.B., Pharmaceutical or medicinal composition useful for treating e.g. prostate cancer, osteoporosis comprises mixture of Glycine max, Coleus forskohlii, Camellia sinensis, Allium sativum, Withania somnifera, Boerhavia diffusa and Curcuma longa. Sahajanand Biotech Pvt Ltd.
1684.    Madanala, R., et al., Novel copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (sod) enzyme and process for production of same from polynucleotide isolated from Withania somnifera plant. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1685.    Lulla, A. and G. Malhotra, Pharmaceutical composition, e.g. used for boosting immune function comprises combination of Withania somnifera extract with anti-retroviral agent and optional pharmaceutical excipients. Cipla Ltd; Curtis P A.
1686.    Lal, M. and S. Lata, Composition useful for treating arthritis and paralysis, comprises extract of plant comprising Celastrus paniculatus, Anacyclus pyrethrum, Nux vomica, Withania somnifera and/or Plumbago zeylanica. Lata S; Lal M; Ayushi; Priyanshi; Nath a; Nath P.
1687.    Kurup, R. and P.A. Kurup, Diet composition used to modulate endosymbiotic archaeal growth and endogenous digoxin synthesis, comprises Curcuma longa, Moringa pterygosperma, Emblica officinalis, Zingiber officinale, Allium sativum, and Withania somnifera. Ravikumar K; Parameswara a K.
1688.    Kurup, R. and P.A. Kurup, Formulation used to modulate endosymbiotic archaeal growth and endogenous digoxin synthesis to treat e.g. AIDS, comprises Curcuma longa, Moringa pterygosperma, Emblica officinalis, Zingiber officinale, Allium sativum, and Withania somnifera. Ravikumar K; Parameswara a K.
1689.    Kharkwal, H., D. Prakash, and C. Gupta, Herbal energy drink useful as antioxidant, bioenhancer, immunomodulator and hepatoprotector comprises mixture of herbs, e.g. Zingiber officinale, Terminalia bellerica, Camellia sinensis, Bacopa monnieri, and Withania somnifera. Univ Amity.
1690.    Khan, B.M., et al., Genetic transformation in Withania somnifera plants useful for increasing secondary metabolite content e.g. withanone involves co-cultivating explants with transformant cells, and sub-culturing shoots of transformed explants. Council Sci & Ind Res India.
1691.    Katiyar, C.K., et al., Oral composition used e.g. to treat skeletal and musculoskeletal disorders and enhance vitamin D absorption, comprises Emblica officinalis, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Cissus quadrangularis, Withania somnifera and calcined oyster shell. Emami Ltd.
1692.    Kashinath, J.Y., Synergistic compsns. for treatment of rheumatoid- or osteo-arthritis-comprise Withania Somnifera, Curcuma longa, Jasad Bhasma, and other plant extracts. Kashinath J Y.
1693.    Joshi, D.D., Method for standardized extract of Withania somnifera and its pharmaceutical uses. Univ Amity.
1694.    Joshi, A.R., Topical herbal composition for relieving pain, comprises herbal components e.g. Terminalia chebula, Dashmool, Caesalpinia digyna, Piper cubeba, Citrullus colocynthis, Withania somnifera, Vitex-Migundi trifolia and Vigna mungo. Joshi a R.
1695.    Jain, D., N. Jain, and S.K. Jain, Vesicular system used for delivery of herbal drug, which is a complex of phosphatidylcholine with withanolide A of herbal plant Withania somnifera(L) to improve bioavailability to cause rapid onset of action to induce e.g. hypnosis. Jain S K; Jain D; Jain N.
1696.    Jadhav, S.S., et al., Preparing Withania somnifera fraction, involves refluxing Withania somnifera root, concentrating obtained slurry and liquid-liquid separation of obtained extract, and concentrating and drying obtained fraction to obtain product. Serum Inst India Ltd.
1697.    Hill, J., Topical product e.g. for treating eczema and psoriasis, comprises herbal extracts including Melia azadirachta leaf extract, Withania somnifera root extract, and Aloe barbadensis leaf juice. Prime Interaction Holdings Ltd; Hill J.
1698.    Gupta, S.K., Ophthalmic herbal composition for lowering intraocular pressure in glaucoma comprises Withania somnifera and Areca catechu extracts, viscoelastic agent, solubility enhancer, antioxidant, preservative, osmolality agent, and buffering agent. Delhi Inst Pharm Sci&Res; Delhi Pharm&Res Inst.
1699.    Gupta, S.K., Synergistic herbal ophthalmic composition comprising Withania somnifera for lowering intraocular pressure in glaucoma. Delhi Inst Pharm Sci&Res.
1700.    Gupta, A., et al., Withania somnifera extract, e.g. powder, for pharmaceutical composition for treatment of neurodegenerative disorders, i.e. Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and senile dementia, comprises withanolides and withanoside. Nat Brain Res Cent; Indian Inst Sci; Univ Delhi; Ravindranath V; Gupta a; Sehgal N; Jain S C; Thakur S; Khanna P; Univ Delhi Dept Chem; Indian Inst Sci Molecular Biophysics Uni.
1701.    Girivas, V.S., Guinness hair oil used e.g. for treating alopecia or baldness and preventing premature graying of hair, comprises coconut oil, sesame oil, sandalwood paste, Eclipta alba, Withania somnifera, neem oil, and Cinnamomum camphora. Girivas V S.
1702.    Ghosal, S., Preparing Withania Somnifera composition for, e.g. treating anxiety, comprises extracting root and leaf of the plant with aqueous-alcoholic solvent in the presence of exogenous saccharide, vacuum-drying and pulverizing. Natreon Inc; Indian Herbs Res & Supply Co Ltd; Indian Herbs Res&Supply Co Ltd.
1703.    Ghosal, S., Stable, herbaceous powder form of Withania somnifera extract composition, useful to e.g. enhance immuno-modulating effects, comprises at least withanolide glycosides and sitoindosides, oligosaccharides and free withaferrin A (aglycone). Natreon Inc; Indian Herbs Res & Supply Co Ltd.
1704.    Ghosal, S., Polyherbal composition, useful e.g. to treat viral infections comprises an plant extracts of Withania somnifera and Mangifera indica, and an extract of purified Shilajit obtained from rock exudates. Ghosal S; Natreon Inc.
1705.    Ghosal, S., Treatment/management of stress disorders e.g. anxiety induced stress or depression induced stress, in animals, or preferably humans, by administering to mammal, amount of composition comprising Withania somnifera plant extract. Natreon Inc; Ghosal S.
1706.    Ghosal, S., Withania somnifera extract composition produces a cognition effect and improves learning facility. Natreon Inc; Indian Herbs Res & Supply Co Ltd.
1707.    Ghodke, A.Y., et al., Formulation to treat leukorrhea, comprises combination of Asteracantha longifolia, Ionidium enneaspermum, Sida cordifolia, Papaver somniferum, Punica granatum peel, Tribulus terrestris, Withania somnifera, red alum and optionally carrier. Panchal C V; Poul B N; Pathan K B; Ghodke a Y.
1708.    Gautam, M., et al., Kit for preparing immunological adjuvants comprises an aqueous extract of medicinal plants such as ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus). Serum Inst India Ltd.
1709.    Gaidhani, S., et al., Herbal formulation, useful as an adjuvant therapy for treating cancer e.g. breast and ovarian cancers, comprises Emblica officinalis fruit pulp, Tinospora cordifolia stem, Withania somnifera root and Boerhaavia diffusa whole plant. Cent Council Res in Ayurveda & Siddha.
1710.    Fields, R.H. and R. Fields, Composition used for treating e.g. arthritis, respiratory infection in animals comprises as active ingredient of materials derived from the plants such as Vitex negundo, Zinzibar officinale, Terminaliai chebula and Withania somnifera. Fields Nutrition Ron.
1711.    Driscoll, W.J. and P.R. Myhill, Composition useful for treating e.g. memory loss, Parkinson's disease, aging, cancer comprises Bacopa monniera extract, Silybum marianum extract, Withania somnifera powder, Camellia sinensis extract, Curcuma longa extract. Lifeline Nutraceuticals Corp.
1712.    Driscoll, W.J., J.M. McCord, and P.R. Myhill, Composition for treating e.g. oxidative stress comprises two botanical extracts containing active ingredient, where extract is e.g. Bacopa monniera extract, Silybum marianum extract, Withania somnifera extract with their active ingredient. Lifeline Nutraceuticals; Lifeline Nutraceuticals Corp.
1713.    Dhan, P. and G. Charu, Synergistic herbal composition used e.g. as adjuvant therapy for ameliorating general health of pancreas in diabetic patients, includes extracts of Withania somnifera, Gymnema sylvestre, Centella asiatica, Acacia nilotica and Piper longum. Univ Amity.
1714.    Dave, J., Herbal formulation used e.g. to treat diabetes mellitus and stroke, includes Momordica charantia, Gymnema sylvestre, Withania somnifera, Eugenia jambolana, Trigonella foenum graeceum, shilajit, Pterocarpus marsupium, triphala and cinnamon. Umalaxmi Organics Pvt Ltd.
1715.    Dassharma, K.S., et al., A method for bio-synthesis of mono-dispersed spherical silver nanoparticles (agnps) by using aqueous bi o-reactants from withania somnifera. Patil R C.
1716.    Choksi, J.P., et al., Process for extraction of Withania somnifera roots. Gufic Biosciences Ltd.
1717.    Chitre, D., et al., Method of extraction from Withania somnifera and one or more fractions containing pharmacologically active ingredients. Bio-Ved Pharm Pvt Ltd; Chitre D; Dey D; Chaskar S.
1718.    Chauhan, A., et al., Nutraceutical formulation for vitality and virility comprises e.g. Cicer arientium milk, soybean milk, white goat milk and Withania somnifera root extract. Univ Amity.
1719.    Bong, W.K., K.L. Ho, and D.Y. Kim, Cosmetic composition e.g. massage cream, essence, eye cream, cleansing cream, cleansing foam, pack, spray, powder, nourishing lotion and nourishing cream for skin whitening, comprises Withania somnifera extract as active ingredient. Univ Seowon Ind Acad Collaboration Inst; Lee H K.
1720.    Biyani, M.K., M.M. Banavalikar, and C.S. Chotalia, Composition for memory, concentration and stress in oral dosage, contains synergistic herbal ingredients, Centella asiatica, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Withania somnifera and adjuvants. Ajanta Pharma.
1721.    Bichile, L.S., et al., Synergistic herbal composition useful for treating rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders comprises base formulation and plant parts or extracts of Withania somnifera, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica or Boswellia serrata. Council Sci&Ind Res India; Patwardhan B; Chopra a; Narsimulu G; Handa R; Bichile L S; Qazi G N; Mujumdar a M; Sumantran V N; Pushpangadam P; Mehrotra S; Rawat a K S; Khatoon S; Rastogi S; Raghavan G; Raut a; Council Sci & Ind Res India.
1722.    Bibb, R.D., Use of flour from seeds of plant ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) as a base to extract bioactive compounds, which are incorporated into creams, lotions, tablets and/or capsules for either application to human skin or for human consumption. Bibb R D.
1723.    Bhushan, S., et al., Synergistic non-toxic herbal formulation extracted from Withania somnifera useful as anti-cancer agent and for Th1-dominant immune up-regulating activities. Council Sci&Ind Res India.
1724.    Bhavsar, B.N. and M.B. Bhavsar, Synergistic composition useful for treating disease e.g. tension and anxiety in human, comprises combination of herbal powder consisting Tinospora cordifolia and Withania somnifera, and nutraceutical ingredients consisting vitamin B6. Bhavsar B N; Bhavsar M B.
1725.    Bhat, S., H. Krithika, and S. Rao, New isolated and identified organism i.e. Cladosporium oxysporum useful for maintaining Withania somnifera explant in healthy state, and stability of synthetic seeds of Withania somnifera, and storing germplasm. Sahana R; Savithri B; Krithika H.
1726.    Bhaskar, M. and M. Chintamaneni, Synergistic composition used e.g. to alleviate oxidative stress induced neurodegenerative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction in e.g. dementia, comprises e.g. extracts of Eclipta alba, Morinda pubescens and Withania somnifera. Chintamaneni M; Bhaskar M.
1727.    Ayusawa, D., et al., Drinking water, preferably container-packed drinking water, comprises plant extract from herbs of first group including Emblica officinalis, Piper longum, Asparagus racemosus, and Withania somnifera. Ichiban Lifetech Solutions Kk; Nippon Nankyo Kk; Ichiban Life Corp.
1728.    Arunkumar, R. and A.K. Raja, Formulation for treating HIV infection obtained by soaking dry filtrate of Gycyrrihza glabra, Allium sativum, Azadirachta indica in acid extract of Piper betel, Pichcorhiza kurroa, Annona squamosa, Withania somnifera, Tinospora cordifolia. Arunkumar R; Raja a K.
1729.    Arora, S. and R. Khanna, Functional carbonated ready-to-drink formulation e.g. for relieving stomach ache, comprises Withania somnifera, Bacopa monnieri, asphaltum, Chlorophytum borivilianum, Panax, Tribulus terrestris, and Asparagus racemosus. Khanna R.
1730.    Arora, A., Composition useful for e.g. treating joint pain, bone or joint inflammation, and chronic inflammatory and/or rheumatic disorders, comprises extract of Withania somnifera, extract of Commiphora wightii, asphaltum and excipients. Alliaance Biotech.
1731.    Arcile, G., et al., Obtaining plant extract, useful in composition used as food supplement for treating e.g. diabetic retinopathy, involves realization of Withania somnifera extract, and fermentation of extract by incubating with filamentous fungus in medium. Cnrs Cent Nat Rech Sci; Ethnodyne.
1732.    Antony, B., Preparation of extract of Withania somnifera involves treating cleaned fresh roots of Withania somnifera with ammonia, extracting with methylene dichloride, washing residue with water, drying, and powdering dried residue. Antony B.
1733.    Anilakumar, K.R. and V. Saritha, Lehya composition useful for treating gastric and colon ulcers in humans, comprises partially purified Aloe vera fraction, Withania somnifera roots, Centella asiatica leaves, jaggery and sugar, and ghee. India Defence Res & Dev Org.
1734.    Allen, T., et al., Formulation useful as dietary supplement to treat or reduce the severity of arsenic toxicity, comprises Withania somnifera root extract and calcium salt (calcium aspartate). Univ Amity.
1735.    Agnihotri, A.K. and S.K. Sharma, Nutraceutical supplement useful for e.g. providing aphrodisiac effect comprises e.g. Chlorophytum arundinaceum, Withania somnifera, Mucuna pruriens, Pueraria tuberosa, Bombax ceiba, Phoenix dactylifera, and Cicer arietinum. Mahatma Gandhi Inst Rural Industrilisati.
1736.    Abhimanyoo, R.B., Herbal composition used e.g. for helping support cardiac, brain and digestive health, includes Ocimum sanctum, Camellia sinensis, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Terminalia arjuna, Withania somnifera, Zingiber officinale, and Syzygium aromaticum. Vedic Upchar Pharmacy.
1737.    Abdulsubahan, A.R., Dietary supplementary immune system stimulator formulation used to stimulate immune system and to reduce infection, comprises herbal parts of e.g. root tubers of Withania somnifera and Piper nigrum, potassium chloride salt, sugar and honey. Abdulsubahan a R.
1738.    Therapeutic agent as foodstuffs and fodder for treating and preventing arthritis and rheumatism, contains cartilage extract and plant extract of Withania somnifera Dunal. Nippon Kayaku Kk; Nippon Kayaku Food Techno Kk.

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Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus ficulneus Abies pindrow Abies spectabilis Abies webbiana Abroma augusta Abrus precatorius Abutilon hirtum Abutilon indicum Acacia catechu Acacia farnesiana Acacia horrida Acacia nilotica Acalypha wilkesiana Acer acuminatum Acer cappadocicum Achillea millefolium Achyranthes aspera Aconitum heterophyllum Adhatoda vasica Aegle marmelos Aerva javanica Aeschynomene americana Aesculus indica Ageratum conyzoides Alangium salviifolium Albizia saman Alcea rosea Aleurites moluccana Aleurites triloba Allium cepa Alocasia fornicata Alocasia indica Alocasia macrorrhizos Aloe vera Alpinia calcarata Alpinia galanga Alpinia officinarum Alstonia scholaris Alternative and Complementary Medicine Journals Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus graecizans Amaranthus viridis Ammannia baccifera Ammi majus Amomum subulatum Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Anacyclus pyrethrum Anagallis arvensis Andrographis echioides Andrographis ovata Andrographis paniculata Anemone rivularis Anemone tetrasepala Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium andraeanum Apium leptophyllum Apluda mutica Arabidopsis thaliana Arachis hypogaea Argemone mexicana Arisaema tortuosum Aristolochia littoralis Artemisia japonica Artocarpus heterophyllus Arundinella setosa Arundo donax Aspidopterys wallichii Aster albescens Astragalus leucocephalus Asystasia gangetica Avena sativa Averrhoa carambola Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieri Bambusa Bambos Bambusa multiplex Bambusa vulgaris Barleria cristata Barleria prionitis Basilicum polystachyon Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia racemosa Bauhinia scandens Bauhinia vahlii Bauhinia variegata Benincasa hispida Biophytum sensitivum Bixa orellana Blepharis integrifolia Blepharis maderaspatensis Blumea lacera Boerhavia diffusa Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia ovalifoliolata Boswellia serrata Buchnera hispida Butea monosperma Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia pulcherrima Cajanus scarabaeoides Caladium bicolor Caleana major Calendula officinalis Calophyllum inophyllum Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Camellia sinensis Campanula latifolia Cananga odorata Canscora diffusa Capparis sepiaria Capparis zeylanica Capsella bursa-pastoris Cardamine hirsuta Cardiocrinum giganteum Cardiospermum halicacabum Carduus edelbergii Carrichtera annua Carthamus oxyacantha Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia fistula Cassia occidentalis Catesbaea spinosa Catharanthus roseus Cayratia trifolia Cedrela toona Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Celastrus paniculatus Celosia argentea Centaurium erythraea Centella asiatica Cestrum diurnum Chaerophyllum reflexum Chamaesyce hypericifolia Chenopodium album Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodium murale Chrozophora rottleri Cicer arietinum Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum tamala Cinnamomum verum Cissampelos pareira Cissus quadrangularis Citrullus lanatus Cleistanthus patulus Clematis gouriana Clematis montana Cleome gynandra Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum laevifolium Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Clerodendrum wallichii Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora caudata Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Crotalaria prostrata Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cupressus torulosa Curculigo orchioides Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros kaki Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Embelia ribes Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Hippophae rhamnoides Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hymenodictyon orixense Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens bracteata Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana