Showing posts with label Bacopa monnieri. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bacopa monnieri. Show all posts

Sunday, August 18, 2013

Bacopa monnieri Saraswathy Vallarai Brahmi Manduka parni



Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
Common name: Brahmi, Water Hyssop, Indian pennywort
Arabic: باكوبا منيرة
Assamese: Brahmi
Bengali: Brahmi-sak
Chinese: 假馬齒莧
Deutsch: Kleines Fettblatt
Finnish: Pikkubakopa
Gujarati: Jalanevari
Hebrew: פשטה שרועה
Hindi: ब्राह्मी Brahmi
Jawa: オトメアゼナ
Kannada: Brahmi, Jalabrahmi
Manipuri: Brahmi-sak
Malayalam: ബ്രഹ്മി brahmi
Marathi: Brahmi
Nepali: मेधा गिरी Medha giree
Sanskrit: ब्राह्मी brahmi, gundala, indravalli, jalasaya, Manduka Parni
Tamil: நீர்ப்ரஹ்மி Nirbrahmi
Telugu: సరస్వతి saraswathy
Uses can be found here
 
272 Published articles ofBacopa monnieri

Sunday, February 3, 2013

Bacopa monnieri Manduka Parni Brahmi Saraswathy Nirbrahmi Kleines_Fettblatt Indian pennywort


Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
Family: Plantaginaceae

Synonyms: Anisocalyx limnanthiflorus (L.) Hance Bacopa micromonnieria (Griseb.) B.L.Rob. Bacopa micromonnieria (Griseb.) Borhidi Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Bacopa monnieri (L.) Edwall Bacopa monnieri war. cuneifolia Michx. Bacopa monnieri var. micromonnieria (Griseb.) Pennell Bacopa monnieria Hayata & Matsum. [Illegitimate] Bacopa monnieria var. cuneifolia (Michx.) Fernald Bramia indica Lam. Bramia micromonnieria (Griseb.) Pennell Bramia monnieri (L.) Drake Bramia monnieri (L.) Pennell Calytriplex obovata Ruiz & Pav. Capraria monnieria Roxb. Gratiola monnieri (L.) L. Gratiola portulacacea Weinm. Gratiola tetrandra Stokes Habershamia cuneifolia (Michx.) Raf. Herpestis cuneifolia Michx. Herpestis monnieri (L.) Rothm. Herpestis monnieri (L.) Kunth Herpestis procumbens Spreng. Limosella calycina Forsk. Lysimachia monnieri L. Moniera africana Pers. Moniera brownei Pers. Moniera pedunculosa Pers. Monniera cuneifolia Michx. Monnieria africana Pers. Monnieria brownei Pers. Monnieria pedunculosa Pers. Septas repens Lour.

Synonyms: Bacopa monnieria (L.) Wettst.; Bramia indica Lamarck; B. monniera (L.) Pennell; Calyptriplex obovata R. & P.; Gratiola monniera L.; Habershamia cuneifolia (Michx.) Raf.; Herpestis cuneifolia Michx.; H. monniera (L.) Kunth; H. procumbens Sprengel; Limosella calycina Forsskal; Lysimachia monniera L. (basionym); Moniera africana Pers.; M. brownei Michx.; M. cuneifolia Michx.; M. pedunculosa Michx.; Septas repens Loureiro; fide (BAZ; USN).
Common Names:  Adhabirni (Ben., KAB, NAD), Adha-Birni (India, USN), Bacopa (Eng., Por., Scn., AH2, GMJ, USN), Bam (Guj., SKJ), Bama (Bom., DEP, KAB), Bamba (Mah., NAD), Barambi (Hindi, KAB), Barna (Ker., SKJ), Beami (Mal., DEP), Bĕremi (Malaya, IHB), Bharati (Sanskrit, KAB), Brahmi (Ayu., Hindi, Sanskrit, AH2, KAB), Brahmi-Sac (Ben., WO2), Brambhi (Hindi, EFS), Brāhmī (India, Nepal, Tam., AH2, KAB, OFF), Bremi (Malaya, KAB), Brihmisak (Ben., KAB, NAD), Brmhacharini (Sanskrit, KAB), Brmhakanyaka (Ben., KAB), Dhop Kammi (Ben., NAD), Divya (Sanskrit, KAB), Divyateja (Sanskrit, KAB), Ghola (Mah., SKJ), Graciola (Cuba, AVP), Herb of Grace (Eng., Ocn., AH2, AUS), Hierba de Culebra (Pr., AVP), Indian Pennywort (Eng., Ocn., AH2), Jalabrahmi (Sanskrit, NAD), Jalanimba (Ben., WO2), Jalanin (Urdu, KAB), Jalnavera (Mah., WO2), Jalneem (Hindi, KAB, SKJ), Kapotavanka (Sanskrit, KAB), Kapotavega (Sanskrit, KAB), Krishnaparna (Oriya, KAB), Lunuvila (Sin., KAB), Mahaushadhi (Sanskrit, KAB), Mandukamata (Sanskrit, KAB), Mandukaparni (India, AH2), Mandúki (Sanskrit, DEP, KAB, NAD), Matsyakshi (Sanskrit, KAB), Medhya (Sanskrit, KAB), Moneywort (Eng., USN), Neerbrahmi (Mal., Mar., Tam., WO3), Nibrami (Tam., KAB), Nirabrahmi (Sanskrit, Urdu, KAB, WO2), Nirpirimi (Tam., KAB), Nirubrahmi (Hindi, Kan., KAB, WO3), Pa Chi T’ien (China, EFS, KAB), Pak Mi (Thai, IHB), Parameshthini (Sanskrit, KAB), Petite Véronique (Wi., AUS, GMJ), Pu Tiao Ts’ao  (China, EFS), Rau Dâng (FAC), Safed Chamni (Hindi, India, KAB, USN), Safed Kammi (Hindi, NAD), Sambranichettu (Tel., KAB, WO2), Saraswati (Sanskrit, KAB), Saumyalata (Sanskrit, KAB), Sharada (Sanskrit, KAB), Soma (Sanskrit, KAB), Surasa (Sanskrit, KAB), Surashreshtha (Sanskrit, KAB), Sureshta (Sanskrit, KAB), Survachala (Sanskrit, KAB), Svetakamini (Sanskrit, NAD), Svetchamni (Hindi, KAB), Swayambhuvi (Sanskrit, KAB), Thyme-Leaved Gratiola (Eng., EFS, NAD), Ti Quinine (Creole, GMJ), Vaidhatri (Sanskrit, KAB), Vallari (Sanskrit, KAB), Vara (Sanskrit, KAB), Vayastha (Sanskrit, KAB), Verdolaga de Costa (Cuba, AUS), Véronique (Fwi., AUS), Vira (Sanskrit, KAB), Water Hyssop (Eng., Ocn., AH2, FAC), Ya’ax-Kach (Maya, AUS), Yerba de Culebra (Pr., AUS). [Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America]

Common name: Brahmi, Water Hyssop, Indian pennywort
Arabic: باكوبا منيرة
Assamese: Brahmi
Bengali: Brahmi-sak
Chinese: 假馬齒莧
Deutsch: Kleines Fettblatt
Finnish: Pikkubakopa
Gujarati: Jalanevari
Hebrew: פשטה שרועה
Hindi: ब्राह्मी Brahmi
Jawa: オトメアゼナ
Kannada: Brahmi, Jalabrahmi
Manipuri: Brahmi-sak
Malayalam: ബ്രഹ്മി brahmi
Marathi: Brahmi
Nepali: मेधा गिरी Medha giree
Sanskrit: ब्राह्मी brahmi, gundala, indravalli, jalasaya, Manduka Parni
Tamil: நீர்ப்pராமி Nirbrahmi
Telugu: సరస్వతి saraswathy

Uses: Used as nervine tonic/memory enhancer [Advances in Medicinal Plants]
Chemistry: Plant contains bacosides A & B, bacogenins, stigmasterol, stigmaotanol B-sitosterol. Leaves give herpestine/ Monnierin is also isolated from the plant. [Advances in Medicinal Plants]
Ayurvedic uses: Kushta, Jvara, Sopha, Pandu, Prameha, Manasavikara [API, PArt-1]
Brahmi or Thyme leaved gratiola is an important drug in Ayurveda for the improvement of intelligence and memory and revitalisation of sense organs. It clears voice and improves digestion. It is suggested against dermatosis, anaemia, diabetes, cough, dropsy, fever, arthritis, anorexia, dyspepsia, emaciation, and insanity. It dispels poisonous affections, splenic disorders and impurity of blood. It is useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and vata, biliousness, neuralgia, ascites, flatulence, leprosy, leucoderma, syphilis, sterility and general debility. The whole plant is used in a variety of preparations like Brahmighrtam, Sarasvataristam., Brahmitailam, Misrakasneham, etc. In unani Majun Brahmi is considered as a brain tonic [MEDICINAL PLANTS by P. P. Joy, J. Thomas, Samuel Mathew, Baby P. Skaria]

Bacopa monnieri L. (Scrophulariaceae) has a long history of use in India as an anti-ageing and memory-enhancing ethnobotanical therapy. It has been mentioned in religious, social and medical treatises of India since the time of Atharvan Ved (800 BC); the first clear reference to its CNS effect is to be found in Charak Samhita, written in the first century AD. It is mentioned in the authentic Ayurvedic treatise, Susrutu Samhita, which describes brahmi as efficacious in the loss of intellect and memory. The alcoholic extract of brahmi showed a beneficial effect on the acquisition, consolidation and retention of three newly acquired behavioural responses in albino rats (Singh et al., 1982). Alcoholic extract of brahmi (40 mg/kg) and its two important chemical constituents, bacosides A and B (10 mg/kg), were investigated for shock-motivated brightness discrimination reaction, active conditioned avoidance and conditioned taste aversion response. Preadministration for 3 days with bacosides A and B significantly improved the acquisition, consolidation and retention in all three behavioural paradigms. Beside this effect bacosides attenuated the retrograde amnesia produced by immobilisation-induced stress, and scopolamine[Evaluation of Herbal Medicinal Products Perspectives on quality, safety and efficacy]

Activities  — Adaptogen,  Analgesic,  Anticancer,  Anticonvulsant,  Antiinflammatory,  Antioxidant,  Antitumor,  Anxiolytic,  Aperient,  Aphrodisiac,  Cardiotonic,  Cerebrotonic,  Convulsant,  Diuretic,  Emetic,  Expectorant,  Hypertensive,  Hypotensive,  Laxative,  Memorigenic,  Negative Chronotropic,  Nervine,  Neurotonic,  Sedative,  Spasmogenic,  Tonic,  Tranquilizer,  Vasoconstrictor.

Indications  — Aging,  Anemia,  Anxiety,  Aphonia,  Ascites,  Asthenia,  Asthma,  Bronchosis,  Cancer,  Cardiopathy,  Catarrh,  Constipation,  Convulsion,  Cough,  Diarrhea,  Dyspepsia,  Dysuria,  Epilepsy,  Fever,  High Blood Pressure,  Hoarseness,  Hysteria,  Impotence,  Inflammation,  Insanity,  Insomnia,  Leprosy,  Lethargy,  Leukoderma,  Low Blood Pressure,  Nervousness,  Neurasthenia,  Pain,  Rheumatism,  Scabies,  Splenomegaly,  Stress,  Stroke,  Syphilis,  Tumor,  Water Retention.
[Handbook of Medicinal Herbs by James A. Duke]

Nayadis, Bhils, ethnic communities of Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Maharashtra use the herb as tonic and different parts in many diseases but not in family welfare. According to Atharva Veda the herb improves the quality of semen; in Ayurvedic system it is used for invigorating sex and in many disabilities and diseases; in unani and allopathic systems the herb is considered useful in low adynamic conditions and many other diseases. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach by Dr. D.A.Patil]

The drug contains alkaloid (brahmine) and triterpenoid saponins (bacosides A and B). The plant is used as a nervine tonic, and diuretic and is commonly used to treat asthma, epilepsy, insanity, and hoarseness. It is a major constituent of medhya rasayana formulations, which facilitates learning and improves memory. Initial studies using 50% ethanolic extract of the whole plant without roots demonstrated its effects on short and long term memory retention. Bhattacharya and his coworkers studied the effects of B. monnieri extract on AD using a rat model. Oral administration of a 5 to 10 mg extract per kilogram of body weight markedly reduced the memory deficits as well as acetylcholine concentrations, choline acetylase activity, and muscuranic receptor binding in the hippocampus
and frontal cortex [Herbal Drugs: Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine, by K.G. Ramawat]

Adaptogenic, astringent, diuretic, sedative, potent nervine tonic, anti-anxiety agent (improves mental functions, used in insanity, epilepsy), antispasmodic (used in bronchitis, asthma and diarrhoea). Key application: In psychic disorders and as a brain tonic. [Indian Medicinal Plants
An Illustrated Dictionary]

Whole plant: Mixed with a little salt into a bitter infusion used for a febrifuge and antimalarial.
CHEM: Contains the alkaloid brahmine, which raises blood pressure when administered in therapeutic dosage, and is hypotensive when given in very strong dosage. A tranquilizing saponin resembling reserpine is also present. Alcoholic extract of plant is a muscle relaxant and cardiovascular relaxant [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)]

Unani uses: Muqawwi-e-Dimagh Wa Hafiza, Musakkin, Musaffi-e-Dam, Mudir-e-Baul,Waja-ul-Asab, Musakkin, Hirkat-ul-b.

245 Published articles on Bacopa monnieri
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edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana