Showing posts with label Tinospora cordifolia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Tinospora cordifolia. Show all posts

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Tinospora cordifolia, Guduchi, Amrit, Tippatige, Seenthil, Giloy, Gulvel, Chitamrith, Amritaballi, บอระเพ็ด, Bratawali, Hoguni-lot


Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers
Family: Menispermaceae
  • English: Heart Leaved Moonseed
  • Assamese: Hoguni-lot
  • Bengali: গুলঞ্চ Gulancha
  • Gujarati: ગળો Galo
  • Hindi: गिलोय Giloy
  • Indonesia, Javanese: Bratawali
  • Kannada: ಅಮೃತಬಳ್ಳಿ Amritaballi
  • Malayalam: ചിറ്റമൃത് Chitamrith
  • Marati: गुळवेल Gulvel
  • Nepali: गुर्जो
  • Oriya: Gulochi
  • Punjabi: ਗਲੋਅ
  • Sanskrit: अमृत Amrut, गुडूची Guduchi
  • Tamil: சீந்தில் Seenthil
  • Telugu: తిప్పతీగ Tippatige
  • Thai: บอระเพ็ด
  • Urdu: گلنچه Guluncha
  • West Punjabi: گلو

Parts used: Stem and Leaves: The plant is used in general debilities, dyspepsia, fever & urinary disease. The leaves are good as fodder for cattle and rich in proteins and fairly in calcium and phosphorous. A decoction of the leaves is used for the treatment of gout. The young leaves bruised in milk, are used as a liniment in erysipelas. The leaves are beaten with honey and applied to ulcers Dried & powdered fruit mixed with ghee or honey is used as a tonic and also in the treatment of Jaundice and rheumatism. The root is a powerful emetic and used for visceral obstructions. Its watery extract is used in leprosy. [Advances in Medicinal Plants, 2009 by Sandhya Agrawal, Oxford  Book Company, Jaipur, India ]

The estimated annual demand of some of the important herbal crude drugs used in preparation of Indian system of medicines is  - Guduchi  (Tinospora cordifolia)  (10,000  T) [Advances in Medicinal Plants, 2009 by Sandhya Agrawal, Oxford  Book Company, Jaipur, India ]

Balya, Depana, Rasayana, Sangrahi, Thidosha samaka, Raktasodhaka, Jvaraghna, Kushta, Pandu, Prameha, Vatarakta, Kamala [API, Vol-2]

Increase appetite, quenches thirst, rejuvenate, increast strength, promotes life,

Nerve tonic, Reduces fevers, Reduces burning sensations, Destroys toxins, Alleviates skin disorders, Reliever of gout/arthritis, Cleans the blood, Purifier of sperm, increases sexual potency, Increases life span, reduces all three doshas. Cholagogue, detoxicant, alterative, immune tonic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic, nervine. Liver damage, viral hepatitis or poisoning from alcohol, chemicals or recreational and medicinal drugs. Useful in repairing fibrosis and regenerating liver tissue. [Ayurvedic Medicine - The Principles of Traditional Practice, 2006, by Sebastian Pole, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone]

Used for obstinate skin diseases, gout, fever, jaundice, anemia, and urinary disorders/polyuria (therapeutic uses based on texts from 1000 bc to sixteenth century). Gudūchi was included in more than 90 compound formulations of Bhavaprakasha (sixteenth century). Gudūchyadi Churna (Bhaishajya Ratnāvali) used for anemia, fever and liver and spleen disorders. Gudūchi Satva (Yogaratnākara, sixteenth century) used for wasting diseases, phthisis, and chronic fever. Also used for chronic diarrhea and dysentery. Guduchyaadi Taila (Bhāvaprakāsha, sixteenth century) contains Gudūchi as the main plant drug, with 33 supporting herbs. Used as a massage oil for gout, muscular pain, facial paralysis, and skin diseases. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics, 2016, by C.P. Khare, CRC Press]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. Plant decoction tonic, stomachic, antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, antioxidant, anti-allergic, anti-stress, immunomodulatory, antimalarial, antispasmodic; plant used to improve the immune system and the body’s resistance to infections, in general debility, dyspepsia, fever and urinary diseases. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, 2012, by Umberto Quattrocchi, CRC Press]

Leaf paste is applied topically to treat wounds [Evaluation of Herbal Medicinal Products, 2009, by Pulok K Mukherjee, Peter J Houghton,  Pharmaceutical Press]

Fevers, parasitic infections, urethritis. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, 2nd Ed. 2014, CRC Press]

Oral ulcers of diabetic patients. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach, 2008 by D.A. Patil, Aavishkar Publishers, Distributors , Jaipur 302 003  (Raj.)  India]

Ethnomedicinal uses: To treat piles, the swollen portion of the rectum is first washed with a leaf extract of Neem (Azadirachta indica) and then smeared with a bark paste of Tinospora cordifolia. Stem pieces are eaten raw to treat rheumatism and diabetes. A decoction of the whole plant is taken orally three times a day for 3 days to treat hepatic diseases, pneumonia, diarrhoea and periodic fever. A decoc- tion is also taken to prevent dehydration and to increase appetite. A decoction of fresh leaves is taken orally and considered very effective in treating leucorrhoea. A powder of the whole plant of Enicostemma axillare (50 g) and stem powder of Tinospora cordifolia (50 g) are mixed with jaggery (100 g), and a bolus of 1 g each is made. One bolus is taken three times a day for 3 days to treat malarial fever. [Herbal Drugs: Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine, 2009, by K.G. Ramawat, Springer]

A cooled decoction of Guduuchi mixed with honey, or a paste of Guduuchi leaves mixed with buttermilk, was administered for jaundice. (Charaka Samhitaa, Ashtaanga Hridaya, Bangasena, Bhaavaprakaasha.) The root of Guduuchi, pounded with ricewater, was prescribed for splenomegaly. Juice of Guduuchi and Shataavari (Asparagus racemosus), in equal quantity, was given for treating fever (Sushruta); a decoction of Guduuchi, Nimba (Azadirachta indica) and Aamalaki (Emblica officinalis), mixed with honey, for irregular fever (Sushruta); a simple decoction of Guduuchi or its juice added with Pippali (Piper longum) powder for chronic fever (Vrindamaadhava, Bhaavaprakaasha). Juice of Guduuchi was prescribed for polyuria, associated with diabetes (Ashtaanga Hridaya, Shaarangadhara Samhitaa). A decoction of Guduuchi, Nimba (Azadirachta indica) and Patola (Trichosanthes dioica) leaves, mixed with honey, was prescribed in acid gastritis. A decoction prepared with 30 g Guduuchi, Shunthi (dry Zingiber officinale) and Dhaanyaka (Coriandrum sativum) was administered for alleviating gout, rheumatic affections and obstinate skin diseases (Vrindamaadhava, Bhaavaprakaasha). Regular use of juice, paste, powder or decoction of Guduuchi was recommended for gout. Amritaa Ghrita (Shaarangadhara), Guduuchi Ghrita (Vrindamaadhava), Amrityaadya Taila and Madhuparnyaadi Taila (Charaka) were specific compound preparations for gout. Guduuchyaadi Ghrita of Charaka was specific for cough. Juice of Guduuchi (including that of root and flowers), mixed with the juice of Manduukaparni (Centella asiatica), powder of Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and paste of Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), was prescribed with milk as a rejuvenating tonic. (Charaka Samhitaa.) Guduuchi was included in more than ninety compound formulations of Bhaavaprakaasha. Among over-the-counter drugs, Guduuchi Sattva (Bhaavaprakaasha) is prescribed for chronic fevers, diabetes and wasting diseases; Amritaarishta (Bhaishajya Ratnaavali) for intermittent fever. Guduuchi is incorporated in a number of overthe-counter compound preparations for its antiperiodic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties— Saarivaadyaasava (Bhaishajya Ratnaavali), Sudarshana Churna (Shaarangadhara Samhitaa), Sanjivani Vati (ibid) Manjishthaadi Kwaatha Churna (ibid), Raasanaadi Kwaath Churna (Sahasrayoga), Guggulu Ghrita (Ashtaanga Hridaya), Chitraka-Haritaki (Chakradatta), to name but a few. In Unani medicine, Sat-e-Gilo is incorporated in Habb-e-Tabaasheer, prescribed during fevers. It is also an ingredient in Qurs-e-Ziabetus Khaas, prescribed for diabetes mellitus. Seenthil Sarkarai (Guuduchi Sattva) is the principal ingredient of Siddha compound Sandana Podi, prescribed for diabetes mellitus. [Indian Herbal Remedies, 2004, by C.P. Khare, Springer-Verlag]

Tinospora is a common climbing shrub which is used in medicine, usually in the fresh state, though it is commercially available in the dried state. It is probably the most useful preparation acting as a tonic and aphrodisiac. As a tonic it is best given in infusion with or without milk. It is a popular remedy for snake-bite and leprosy. It is generally prescribed in general debility, diabetes, fever, jaundice, skin diseases, rheumatism, urinary diseases, dyspepsia, gout, gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea. It is a constituent of several preparations like guduchayado churna, gududyadi kwath, guduchilouha, amritarista, sanjivanivati, guduchi taila, amiritastak kwath, etc. The juice mixed with the pulp of long pepper and honey is a house hold remedy for gonorrhoea. Several oils for external applications are prepared with amrita and applied to skin diseases, rheumatic affections and other nervous complaints. A small quantity of bruised stem soaked for three hours in half a litre of water and strained combined with ammonium acetate is administered in intermittent and milder forms of fevers. It is rendered more agreeable with cinnamon, cloves and other aromatics. [Medicinal Plants, 1998, P.P. Joy et al, Kerala Agricultural University]

Leaves are use against large size boils. Method of use:  Heat the leaves gently for 1-2 minutes only tide them over boil and tide that over boil two tmes a day. [Medicinal Plants of Sindh : Indigenous Knowledge and Scientific Facts, by Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary and Saifullah Bullo, Department of Planning and Development, Government of Sindh]

In sexually transmitted diseases, and in diabetes, etc., the herb’s juice or powder is prescribed. The decoction of the herb with long pepper and honey is prescribed for lack of appetite due to malfunctioning of liver, and in high fevers. In cirrhosis, jaundice, indigestion, vomiting, mild stomach-ache, about 10 ml juice of the herb is given with honey. In both chronic and obstinate types, it is given along with Commiphora, Azadirachta, Emblica, turmeric and Acacia nilotica. For menstruation problems in South India, stem pieces are boiled in 2 cups of water and drunk during irregular and excessive menstruation. [Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation, 2003, by H.S. Puri, Taylor & Francis]

Unani uses: Daf-e-Humma, Muqawwi-e-Meda, Qabiz, Qatil-e-Deedan-e-Ama, Mohallil-e-Waram, Muddir-e-Baul, Musaffi-e-Dam. [THE UNANI PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA PART - I, VOLUME - I]

Siddha uses: Sori, Kaaychal, Kuruthi azhal, Kuttam, Mekam, Peenisam. [THE SIDDHA PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA PART – I, VOLUME – I]
 
754 Published articles of Tinospora cordifolia

Thursday, May 17, 2012

Tinospora cordifolia, Guduchi, Giloy, Gulvel, Seendal

 Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers
SYNONYM(S) :  Cocculus cordifolius (Willd.) DC., Menispermum cordifolium Willd.,  Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f. & Thomson
Family: Menispermaceae

Arabic : Gilo
Assamese : Siddhilata, Amarlata
Assamese: Hoguni-lot
Bengali : Gulancha, Nimgilo
Chinese :   心叶青牛胆    Xin ye qing niu dan,  心葉青牛膽   (Taiwan).
English :  Gulancha tinospora, Heart-leaved tinospora, Indian tinospora, Moonseed.
French :  Guduchi, Tinofolin.
German :  Guduchi-Kräutertee.
Gujrati : Galac, Garo
Hindi : Giloe, Gurcha, गिलोय Giloy
Kannada : Amrutaballi, Madhuparni
Kashmiri : Amrita, Gilo
Konkani: Amritvel
Malayalam : Chittamrutu
Marathi : Gulvel
Nepalese : Gurjo
Oriya : Guluchi
Persian : Gulbel
Punjabi : Gilo
Sanskrit : Amrutavalli, Amruta, अमृता, Madhuparni, Guduchi, Chinnobhava,
Tamil : Seendal,சீண்டல், Seendil kodi, அமிர்தவல்லி, அமுதவல்லி, சீந்தில் கொடி, குண்டலி
Telugu : Thippateega, తిప్ప తీగ
Thai : ชิงช้าชาลี   Ching cha chali.
Urdu : Gilo

Ayurvedic uses: Jvara, Kustha, Pandu, Prameha, Vata rakta, Kamala
Siddha uses: சொறி, சுரம், காய்ச்சல், கயநோய், குருதி அழல், குட்டம், மோகம், பீனிசம்
Unani uses: Daf-e-Humma, Muqawwi-e-Meda, Qabiz, Qatil-e-Deedan-e-Ama, Mohallil-e-Waram, Muddir-e-Baul, Musaffi-e-Dam
Published scholarly articles including free full text articles
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Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia heynei Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia miltiorrhiza Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Silybum marianum Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stellera chamaejasme Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana