Cicer arietinum L.
Common name: Chickpea, Bengal gram, Gram
Bengali: বুত Boot
French: Pois Chiche
Hindi: चना Chana
Kannada: ಕಡಲೆ Kadale
Manipuri: চনা Chana
Marathi: हरभरा Harbhara
Sanskrit: Jivana, चणकः Chanakah
Tamil: கடலை Katalai
Telugu: శనగలు Sanagalu
Description: Annual, Herbs, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Plants gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Stipules toothed or laciniate, Leaves compound, Leaflets dentate or denticulate, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets alternate or subopposite, Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Flowers solitary in axils, or appearing solitary, Flowers in axillary clusters or few-floweredracemes, 2-6 flowers, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals white, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Bann er petal narrow or oblanceolate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1 free, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit inflated or turgid, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Fruit 1-seeded, Fruit 2-seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
Antiseptic, kidney diseases [Ethnomedicinal Plants Revitalization of Traditional Knowledge of Herbs]
Leaves are useful in dyspepsia and bronchitis. The seeds are useful in hyperdipsia, leprosy, bronchitis and skin diseases. [HERBAL CURES: TRADITIONAL APPROACH]
Antibilious, hypocholesteremic, antihyperlipidemic, antistress. Acid exudate from the plant—used in indigestion, diarrhoea, dysentery. Seed coat extract—diuretic, antifungal (externally). Dry leaf—refrigerant. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]