Showing posts with label Coccinia grandis. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Coccinia grandis. Show all posts

Monday, February 4, 2013

Coccinia grandis Ivy Gourd Donda kaya Kovai kai Telakucha Bimbika kunduri

Coccinia grandis (L.) J.Voigt
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms: Bryonia acerifolia D.Dietr., Bryonia alceifolia Willd., Bryonia barbata Buch.-Ham. ex Cogn., Bryonia grandis L., Cephalandra grandis Kurz, Cephalandra moghadd (Asch.) Broun & Massey, Cephalandra schimperi Naudin, Coccinia cordifolia Cogn., Coccinia grandis war. wightiana (M.Roem.) Greb., Coccinia helenae Buscal. & Muschl., Coccinia loureiriana M.Roem., Coccinia moghadd (J.F.Gmel.) Asch., Coccinia moimoi M.Roem., Coccinia palmatisecta Kotschy, Coccinia schimperi Naudin, Coccinia wightiana M.Roem., Cucumis pave! Kostel., Cucurbita dioica Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Momordica bicolor Blume.

Common name: Ivy Gourd
Hindi: कुन्द्रू Kunduru, कुंदुरी kunduri
Marathi: तॊंडली Tondli, तोंडले Tondle
Tamil: கோவை Kovai
Malayalam: കോവൽ Kova
Telugu: దొండ కాయ Donda kaya
Kannada:  ತೊಂಡೆಕಾಯಿ Tondikay, Kaagethonde, Konde ball, Theekkuduru, Thonde balli, Thundike
Bengali: Telakucha
Oriya: Ban-kundri
Sanskrit: Bimbika
Deutsch: Tindola
Thai: ตำลึง
Tongan: Vaine fakafulutāmakiaʻi
Malay: Pepasan
Japanese: Yasai karasu uri
French: Gourde écarlate de l'Inde
Danish: Skariagenagurk
Spanish:  Pepino cimarrón
Vietnamese: Bát
Chinese: Hong gua
Other vernacular names: (AMHARIC) werk-bemeda; (Assamese) kunduli; (Bamanankan) bagéna ka dégé; (Bengali) telakuch, telacucha, tela kucha; (Burmese) kin-mone-thi; (Chinese, Mandarin) hong gua; (Chinese, WÚ) hong qua; (Danish) skariagenagurk; (English) ivy gourd, tindora, kovai fruit, small gourd, scarlet gourd; (Gikuyu) kînya; (Greek) koukourvita; (Gujarati) gilodia, tindora, ghobe, gluru, ghobe, ghuru; (Hausa) gùrjín-dájìi, gwanduwa; (Hindi) tindora, kanduri, tinda, tendus, kundroo, kunduzi, kunduri, kundru, kanduri-ki-bel, bhimb, gulakaankh, kunali, kundaru, kunderi, kundori, thirkola; (Hmong Daw) taub txaij; (Indonesian) labu air; (Izon) e̩mbadákà; (Japanese) yasai karasuuri; (Javanese) papasan, kemarongan, bolu teke; (Kannada) thonde kayi, thonde kaayi, tondekai, kaage thonde, konde balli, sihi thonde, thonde balli; (Khmer, Central) slök baahs; (Konkani) pendli, tendulem, thendle; (Lahu) hpa˄ hkeh˄; (Lao) tam ling, tam nin; (Lomwe, Malawi) cikho; (Luyia) tsindashe1; (Maithili) kunḍal; (Malay) pepasan, papasan; (Malayalam) kowva, kovalam, gwel, kova, kwel, thondi; (Maltese) qara tork; (Marathi) tondli, bimbi, thondali, tendli, kondvalli, thendli, zidadi; (Nepali) ban kiri; (Oriya) kaichi, kakudi; (Panjabi, Eastern) kanouri, tinda, tendu, tendus; (Polish) tykwa bluszczowa; (Sanskrit) bimba, bimbee, bimbika, bimbaka, chharindini, danthachhadaa, danthachhadopama, govhi, jhundikeshi, kaamboja, karmakari, katubimbi, katuka, katutundika, oshthi, oshtopamaphala, piluparni, rakthaphala, ruchiraphala, thikthabimbi, thikthakhya, thikthathundi, thundi, thundika, thundikeri, thundiparyyayaga; (Serer-Sine) safu gaynak; (Songhay) lombaria; (Spanish) pepino cimarrón; (Tamil) kovai, kovaikai, kavaikai, kovaikaai, thondai; (Telugu) dondakaya, kaakidonda, donda kaya, bimbika, donda, dondatheege, kaaidonda; (THAI) tamlueng, phaktamlung, phakkhaep; (Tulu) manoli; (Turkish) aǧma kabaǧi; (Urdu) tinda, kanduzi; (Vietnamese) hoa b[as]t, rau b[as]t; (Vlaams) klimopkalebas; (Wolof) yombu mbet, yomb u mbot [Cultivated vegetables of the world: a multilingual onomasticon]

Some more vernacular names: Bangladesh: Kawajhinga, Telakucha;, Chinese: Hong Gua;, Danish : Skariagenagurk;, Ethiopia : Gale ( Afaan Oromo );, French : Gourde Écarlate De L´Inde Tindola,, Courge Écarlate;, German : Scharlachranke, Tindola;, India : Kunduli ( Assamese ), Kundri, Telakucha,, Telakuch ( Bengali ), Bimb, Gol, Golan, Golenda,, Kaduri, Kandaroi, Kanduri, Kanturi, Kunduru,, Shiv Lingi ( Hindu ), Kaage Thonde, Kaagethonde,, Konde Balli, Sihithonde, Theekkuduru, Thonde, Balli, Thundike, Tondikay ( Kannada) , Covel,, Kova, Koval ( Malayalam ), Bimbi, Kondvalli,, Thendli, Thondali, Tondili, Tondli, Zidadi, ( Marathi ), Ban-kundri, Kundru ( Oriya) ,, Bhrngaraja, Bimbi, Bimbika, Chilihindah,, Patalagarudah, Vira ( Sanskrit ), Acoki, Annalvalli,, Aracan, Aracanviroti, Araiyanviroti, Attarittan,, Avaiyanal, Avanti, Avaramuli, Ayanamatti,, Ayavalli, Cempi, Cenkovai, Ciranapimpi, Ciravi,, Civakamuli, Civanarpakal, Civanarpavai,, Civanarpavaikkoti, Cutakatti, Ilinkapputol,, Kakkam, Katumatuppi, Katutumpi, Korutan,, Kotturukanni, Kovai, Kovaikkay, Kovvankay,, Koyilakam, Kulirntukolli, Kunkumakkovai,, Kutamakaram, Kuvattinurukanni, Makaciravi,, Mannumulunki, Marikovai, Matampuratti,, Matupakku, Matupari, Nallakovai, Naripputu,, Narkovai, Periyakovai, Perunkovai,, Perunkovaikkoti, Perunkovikakkoti, Perunkovikam,, Pimpakam, Pimpam, Pimpi, Pimpikai, Potanacani,, Rattakkovai, Rattakkovaikkoti, Talavaykkovai,, Tirattikkovai, Tuntakeri, Tuntakori, Tunti, Tuntikeri,, Vattakkarimuli, Vattakkovai, Velikkovvai,, Vimpakakkoti, Vimpakam, Vimpi, Vimpikai,, Velikkovvaikkoti, Vellaippuvi ( Tamil) , Bimbika,, Donda, Donda Kaya, Dondatheege, Kaaidonda,, Kaakidonda, Kaki Donda ( Telugu );, Indonesia : Bolu Teke, Kapasan, Kemarongan,, Papasan, Sarap Alas, Tekli ( Java ), Aropi Papasan, ( Sundanese ), Papasan, Paspasan, Sarap Alas, ( Madurese );, Japanese : Yasai Karasu Uri;, Kenya : Nyamutu Kuru ( Luo );, Khmer : Slok Baahs;, Laos : Tam Ling, Tam Min;, Malaysia : Pepasan;, Marshall Islands : Kiuri Awia;, Nepalese : Akhu Pami, Golkakri, Gol Kankri,, Kundaruu, Kundaru, Van Kirii;, Niger : Magaro;, Pakistan : Kanduri, Kundur;, Pohnpei : Aipikohr;, Somalia : Guud-Fayleey;, Spanish : Pepino Cimarrón;, Swahili : Ruho;, Thai : Tam Lueng, Phak Tam Lueng;, Vietnamese : Bát, Hoa Bát, Rau Bát, Chum Bát., [Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants]

Ayurvedic Uses: Hypoglycaemic, antiprotozoal.

Numerous scientifi c studies have validated the plant’s hypoglycaemic, antidiabetic, antidyslipidemic, antimicrobial and hepatoprotective activities as well as anti-hyperuricaemia and antitussive attributes and supported its traditional medicinal uses for diabetes, lowering blood cholesterol, gout and other complaints [Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants]

Activities  — Alexeteric,  Amebicide,  Antiemetic,  Antipyretic,  Antiseptic,  Antispasmodic,  Aphrodisiac,  Astringent,  Bitter,  Depurative,  Diaphoretic,  Emetic,  Expectorant,  Hypoglycemic,  Laxative,  Parasiticide,  Protisticide .

Indications  — Adenopathy,  Ameba,  Anemia,  Asthma,  Biliousness,  Bronchosis,  Catarrh,  Constipation,  Convulsion,  Cramp,  Dermatosis,  Diabetes,  Dusgeusia,  Dysuria,  Earache,  Enterosis,  Fever,  Fungus,  Gas,  Glossosis,  Glycosuria,  Gonorrhea,  Gravel,  Halitosis,  Inflammation,  Itch,  Jaundice,  Leprosy,  Menorrhagia,  Mycosis,  Ophthalmia,  Parasite,  Parturition,  Psoriasis,  Ringworm,  Sinusosis,  Smallpox,  Snakebite,  Sore,  Sore Throat,  Stomatosis,  Syndrome-X,  Syphilis,  Tuberculosis,  Vomiting [Handbook of Medicinal Herbs by James A. Duke]

The roots are useful in vomiting; leaves fruits useful in skin diseases, fever, asthma, cough and jaundice [Herbal Cures Traditional Approach]
33 Published articles of Coccinia grandis
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