Sunday, November 11, 2018

Pimpinella anisum சோம்பு సొంపు เทียนสัตตบุษย์ Cây hồi सौंफ Γλυκάνισος Anis vert حبة الحلوة

Pimpinella anisum L.
Family: Apiaceae

English: anise
Arabic: حبة الحلوة, يانسون
Armenian: Անիսոն
Bengali: Sulpha
Bulgarian: Anason
Catalan: Matafaluga
Chinese: 茴芹
Czech: Anýz vonný
Estonian: Harilik aniis
French: Anis vert
Italian: anice vero
Kannada: ಸೋಂಪು
Marathi: बडीशेप
Russian: анис обыкновенный
Slovak: Bedrovník anízový
Slovenian: Janež
Tamil: பெருஞ்சீரகம்,  சோம்பு
Telugu: సొంపు
Thai: เทียนสัตตบุษย์
Vietnamese:Cây hồi

Used for colic, flatulence, catarrh of the respiratory tract, retention of urine, and infantile ailments. Anise seed infusions are known as carminatives and expectorants. They are used to decrease bloating and settle the digestive tract. In higher doses, they are used as anti-spasmodic for cough, asthma, and bronchitis. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Seeds  infusion  carminative,  tonic,  anthelmintic,  antispasmodic and expectorant, digestive, stomachic; roots used as a
cathartic, stomachic. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

The seeds, Which are the economically important part of the plant, have an agreeable odor and pleasant, spicy taste. The aroma and flavor of the seeds have been described as powerfully sweet, aromatic, licorice­like, warm, fruity, camphoraceous, and cooling with little perceptible after­taste (Farrell 1985). The taste is reminiscent of licorice, and indeed anise seed is often used to impart a licorice taste (true commercial licorice comes from the root of another Mediterranean herb, Glycyrrhiza glabra, also treated in this book). The flavor of the leaves resembles that of the seeds. Both seeds and leaves are used to brew a sweet licorice­tasting tea. The seeds are an ingredient of such baked goods as bread, rolls, cookies, and cake; and of soups, stews, curries, cheese, apple sauce and baked apples, and confections. Many meats are seasoned with anise seeds or extract, including bologna, frankfurters, knockwurst, dry sausage, mortadella, pepperoni, spiced luncheon loaf, and sausages. The seeds can be added to such cooked vegetables as beet, cabbage, and carrot. Like most herbs and spices, it should be remembered that a very little goes a long way. [Culinary Herbs]

Colic Common cold, Empacho, Flatulence and intestinal gas, Flu Gastrointestinal disorders, Headache Indigestion, Pasmo.[Dominican Medicinal Plants: A Guide for Health Care Providers]

Anise seeds are known for their ability to reduce gas and bloating, and to settle digestion. They are commonly given to infants and children to relieve colic, and to people of all ages to ease nausea and indigestion. [Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine]

Cases of gas in the stomach or bowels, known as flatulence. It is also used as a stimulant for vital organs of the body such as the heart, liver, lungs, brain, etc. As a hot tea, anise will check pains in the bowels due to over-distention of the bowels caused by gas formation. [Encyclopedia of medicinal herbs]

The seeds (“fruits”) are used in traditional Arab medicine for a wide range of diseases, particularly for their ability to bring about a reduction in gas and bloating and to settle the problems related to digestion. Seed-based remedies are commonly used with infants and children to induce relief from cases of colic; these remedies are also given to people of all ages to help in relieving the symptoms associated with indigestion and nausea arising as a result of different reasons. An additional therapeutic effect of the seeds is their antispasmodic properties, which are effective in reducing the symptoms of menstrual pain, the discomfort during asthma attacks, as well as in the treatment of whooping cough and other spasmodic coughs. [Greco-Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine Traditional System, Ethics, Safety, Efficacy, and Regulatory Issues]

Aniseed is stated to possess expectorant, antispasmodic, carminative and parasiticide properties. Traditionally, it has been used for bronchial catarrh, pertussis, spasmodic cough, flatulent colic; topically for pediculosis and scabies; its most specific use is for bronchitis, tracheitis with persistent cough, and as an aromatic adjuvant to prevent colic following the use of cathartics. [Herbal Medicines 3rd Ed]

361 Published articles of  Pimpinella anisum

Cajanus cajan, Pigeon Pea, ervilha de Angola, arhar, Kyyhkynherne Tur, kandi, tuvaram, Adhaki

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms: Cajan indorum Medik., Cajan inodorum Medik., Cajanus bicolor DC., Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Cajanus cajan var. bicolor (DC.) Purseglove, Cajanus cajan f. bicolor Baker, Cajanus cajan var. flavus (DC.) Purseglove, Cajanus flavus DC., Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus indicus var. bicolor (DC.) Kuntze, Cajanus indicus var. flavus (DC.) Kuntze, Cajanus indicus var. maculatus Kuntze, Cajanus inodorum Medik., Cajanus inodorus Medik. [Spelling variant], Cajanus luteus Bello, Cajanus obcordifolia Singh, Cajanus obcordifolius V.Singh, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) Schinz & Guillaumin, Cajanus striatus Bojer, Cytisus cajan L., Cytisus guineensis Schum. & Thonn., Cytisus guineensis Schumach. & Thonn., Cytisus pseudocajan Jacq., Phaseolus balicus L.

English: Pigeon Pea
Afrikaans: Kongo-boontjie
Assamese: অৰহৰ arahar
Bambara: jo yeri
Bengali: অড়হর arahar
Chinese: 三叶豆 :
Finnish: Kyyhkynherne
French: Pois d'Angole
German: Straucherbse
Gujarati: તુવેર tuver
Hindi: तूर , अरहर
Japanese: ki-mame
Malayalam: തുവര tuvara
Portuguese: ervilha de Angola
Sanskrit: adhaki
Spanish: frijol del monte
Tamil: துவரை
Telugu: కంది

Used for diseases due to vitiated blood (properties of seeds have been quoted from texts from , 1000 bc to sixteenth century)., Anti-plasmodial activities have been confirmed in , betulinic acid., Pinostrobin is anti-inflammatory; genistein and , genistin possess anti-oxidant activities and , cajanol possesses anti-cancer activity (activity , towards MCF-7 human breast cancer cells). The pharmacological profile of pinostrobin , resembles that of anti-depressant drugs that , block sodium channels., In ethnomedicine, the roots and mature leaves are , prescribed for sinus fistulae, [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. Leaves decoction for measles, cough, diarrhea, abdominal troubles, catarrh and hepatitis; sap of leaves, drops in eyes, for epilepsy; powdered leaves applied to sores; leaf juice given for flu, jaundice and as a poison antidote; leaf infusion baths for stroke and bewitchment; green leaves hypocholesterolemic, hypoglyce- mic and antimicrobial; poultice of the young leaves used for burning skin and gums inflammation; young leaves chewed for curing reddish sores on tongue, spongy gums, aphthae; leaves decoction drunk by pregnant women for easy delivery. Flowers paste or leaf paste applied on sores of mouth and tongue. Boil the roots, drink the decoction to cure food poi- soning from eating bad fish; roots for mental illness. Seeds used in snakebite; seed coat powder applied as a paste on skin eruptions, when mixed with root powder of Cordia dichotoma in severe toothache; boiled seed juice taken in jaundice; juice from the seeds put into the ear for earache; seeds and leaves made into a warm paste applied over the mammae to check secretion of milk. Ceremonial, important food during ceremonies. Veterinary medicine, cooked leaves fed to cattle with diarrhea. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

The beans (pigeon peas) of this plant are used for nutrition and nourishment and prepared as a part of Dominican culinary traditions. For arthritis and joint pain, the leaf is applied locally to the affected area to relieve pain and inflammation. To induce abortion, the root of this plant is boiled to make a strong decoction and taken internally as a tea. In the Caribbean, this plant is used to treat toothache and conjunctivitis. [Dominican Medicinal Plants: A Guide for Health Care Providers]

It is used in ayurveda as volerant; a medicine that heals wounds and sores; as an astringent; a medicine that stops bleeding by constricting the tissues, and as a medicine that cures diseases of lungs and chest. It also works as anthelminthic to destroy internal parasitic worms. Pigeonpea leaves have been used to treat malaria. [Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants Vol-2]

Green leaves are considered hypocholesterolaemic. Pulse shows cholesterol and phospholipid lowering effect (reported to cause flatulence). A paste of leaves with salt and water, is taken on an empty stomach for jaundice. Leaves are used in diseases of the mouth, and topically for treating measles and other eruptions. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

The seeds are a favourite food in Jamaica while the leaves are sometimes used to make tea for colds. Both the leaves and roots are said to contain tannins. In Africa the leaves have been used to prepare a gargle and mouthwash: for diarrhoea and for smallpox. [ Medicinal Plants of Jamaica]

Stem, Leaf and Fruit: Shoots and green pods used for a good pectoral infusion. Leaf: Infusion is consumed for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis. In Surinam, leaves are mixed in an infusion with Dactyloctenium aegyptium to accelerate childbirth. Juice used for haemorrhages; leaves decocted for washing ulcers. Boiled leaves applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization. Leaves or pods boiled with salt and "steel drops" (ferric chloride solution) for treatment of leucorrhoea. Infusion for fever-bath, headaches; macerated for an antiperspirant or deodorant. Leaves used in a complex liquid with Plectranthus, cloves and "steel drops" for venereal disease. Leaf and Flower: Boiled for a diuretic and diabetes remedy. Flower: Infusion is pectoral. Seed: Infusion for a diuretic. Flour made from seeds is resolutive. [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) ]

345 Published (Medicine related only) articles of Cajanus cajan

Koelreuteria paniculata, Golden Rain-tree, Կելրեյթերիա հուրանավոր, Китайски мехурник, 栾树, Svitel latnatý, Kinesertræ, Rakkopuu, Rispiger Blasenbaum, Bugás csörgőfa, mukogenji, 모감주나무, കനകമഴമരം, باران طلایی, Roztrzeplin wiechowaty, Coreutéria, Кёльрейтерия метельчатая, Jabonero de la China, Kinesträd

Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm.
Family: Sapindaceae

Synonyms: Koelreuteria apiculata Rehder & E.H. Wilson, Koelreuteria bipinnata var. apiculata (Rehder & E.H. Wilson) F.C. How & C.N. Ho, Koelreuteria chinensis (Murray) Hoffmanns., Koelreuteria paniculata var. apiculata (Rehder & E.H. Wilson) Rehder, Koelreuteria paniculata var. lixianensis H.L Tsiang, Paullinia aurea Radlk., Sapindus chinensis Murray, Sapindus paniculata (Laxm.) Dum.Cours.
  • English: Golden Rain-tree
  • Armenian: Կելրեյթերիա հուրանավոր
  • Bulgarian: Китайски мехурник
  • Chinese: 栾树
  • Czech: Svitel latnatý
  • Danish: Kinesertræ
  • Finnish: Rakkopuu
  • German: Rispiger Blasenbaum
  • Hungarian: Bugás csörgőfa
  • Japanese: mukogenji
  • Korean: 모감주나무
  • Malayalam: കനകമഴമരം
  • Persian: باران طلایی
  • Polish: Roztrzeplin wiechowaty
  • Portuguese: Coreutéria
  • Russian: Кёльрейтерия метельчатая
  • Spanish: Jabonero de la China
  • Swedish: Kinesträd
Description: Trees or shrubs, deciduous. Bark grayish brown to black, stout, fissured when dry; lenticels gray to dark brown, small; branches tuberculate, appressed pubescent or glabrous with axes and petioles. Leaves fascicled on young branches, spreading, pinnate, imperfectly bipinnate, or sometimes bipinnate, to 50 cm; leaflets (7-)11-18 (terminal one sometimes connate with uppermost pair below middle), sessile or very shortly petiolate, opposite or alternate, ovate or broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, (3-)5-10 × 3-6 cm, papery, abaxially barbate on vein axils, sometimes tomentose, or densely pale yellow pubescent, adaxially scattered appressed pubescent on midvein, base obtuse to subtruncate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, margin irregularly obtusely serrate, teeth mucronate at tips, sometimes teeth near base sparse and fissured, or pinnately lobed. Thyrses 25-40 cm, densely pilosulose, branches spreading and long, cymes on last branches 3-6-flowered, densely arranged and capitate; bracts narrowly lanceolate, scabrous-hairy. Flowers pale yellow, slightly fragrant. Pedicels 2.5-5 mm. Sepals ovate, margin glandular ciliate, erose. Petals 4, reflexed when flowering, linear-oblong, 5-9 mm, claw 1-2.5 mm, villous; scale yellow at first, orange when flowering, irregularly fissured, tuberculate, appressed hairy. Stamens 8, 7-9 mm in male flowers, 4-5 mm in female ones; filaments densely spreading white villous at lower half. Disk oblique, with obtuse lobes. Ovary trigonous, glabrous except on ridges; rudimentary ovary densely hispidulous. Capsules conical, 4-6 cm, 3-ridged, apex acuminate; carpels ovoid, abaxially reticulate veined, adaxially smooth and slightly shiny. Seeds subglobose, 6-8 mm in diam.

117 Published articles of Koelreuteria paniculata

Saturday, November 3, 2018

Dalbergia sissoo, Indian rosewood, Shinshapa, Irugudu, Totakatti, Beete, સીસમ, Viitti, ਟਾਹਲੀ, סיסם הוד, Sitral, جگ, ਟਾਹਲੀ

Dalbergia sissoo DC
Family: Fabaceae
  • Common name: Indian rosewood
  • Hindi: Shisham शीशम
  • Manipuri: Sissu
  • Bengali: Sitral
  • Persian: جگ
  • Gujrati: સીસમ
  • Kannada: ಬೀಟೆ Beete
  • Malayalam: വീട്ടി Viitti, കരിവീട്ടി Karivittti
  • Marati: शिसवी
  • Punjabi: ਟਾਹਲੀ
  • Sanskrit: शिंशपा Shimshapa
  • Tamil: சிசே மரம், தோதகத்தி Totakatti, நூக்கம் Nukkam
  • Telugu: ఇరుగుడు,  Irugudu
  • Urdu: شیشم
  • Hebrew: סיסם הודי
Used in Ayurveda and Sidha. Powdered wood, leaves and seed oil to treat skin diseases, leprosy, boils; heartwood of Dalbergia sissoo stem is boiled in Guizotia abyssinica oil and this oil applied to cure eczema. Bark juice given to treat inflammation, cholera and burning urination; stem barks of Ficus virens, Ficus benghalensis, Dalbergia sissoo, Mangifera indica and Tamarindus indica boiled and the extract given to cure leucorrhea. Leaves insecticide, antimalarial, used as a stimulant and to treat gonorrhea and wounds; fresh leaf decoction for gonorrhea, vomiting, impotency, spermatorrhea; juice of leaf with jaggery taken in case of dysuria; leaves juice mixed with sugar and curd given to cure blood dysentery. Stem pulp mixed with sugar and given to cure dysentery and headache. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Charaka used the expressed juice of the leaves or tender bark, in prescriptions, internally, for senility and debility. Sushruta prescribed the drug in obesity, seminal weakness, urethral discharges, urinary calculi; in scabies and chronic skin diseases, internally as well as externally. According to Sushruta, the decoction of the drug was a specific remedy for leucorrhoea and other vaginal discharges. Concentrated extract of the heartwood in milk was prescribed in fevers (Sushruta Samhitaa, Ashtaanga Hridaya); extract of leaves in jaundice; bark extract as an anti­ inflammatory agent in piles, sciatica, and as a blood purifier (Sushruta Samhitaa, Bangasena, Bhaavaprakaasha). The oil was used externally in skin diseases and inflected ulcers (Dhanvantari Nighantu). In Unani medicine, the drug is used for treating wounds, cutaneous affections and burning syndrome. The liquid, collected by burning the wood, is applied over ringworm. The drug is also used as an anthelmintic and emmenagogue. [Indian Herbal Remedies ]
Two varieties of Simsapa are mentioned in Ayurveda (Dhanvantari Nighantu, prior to the thirteenth century). The second variety is
equated with D. latifolia Roxb. In Kerala, heart wood of Xylia xylocarpa Roxb. Taub. is used as Śimśapā.

Stem bark: obstinate skin diseases including leprosy, leucoderma, worms, urinary  diseases, non-healing ulcers, peripheral neuritis, pruritus, hiccough, swelling, erysipelas, and sinusitis. Heart wood: additionally for urinary gravel, diabetes, piles, abdominal lumps, lithiasis,  diarrhea, blood diseases, cachexia, anemia, emesis, lipuria, and all types of fevers. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics]

Fevers, pyuria, skin diseases and worm infestation. [Compendia of World’s Medicinal Flora]

Uses:  leaves  - bitter stimulant,  decoction of  leaves-useful  in gonorrhoea.  Roots-astringent.  Wood-alterative,  useful  in  leprosy,  boils,  eruptions  and  allay  vomiting. [Medicinal Plants of Iraq]

Leaves are used against hotness of body. [Medicinal Plants of Sindh : Indigenous Knowledge and Scientific Facts]

Marchantia polymorpha, Liverwort, ゼニゴケ, Brunnenlebermoos, Hépatique des fontaines, Լերդամամուռ սովորական

Marchantia polymorpha L.
Family: Marchantiaceae

  • Common name: Liverwort
  • Arabic: كبدية مائية
  • Czech: Porostnice mnohotvárná
  • German: Brunnenlebermoos
  • French: Hépatique des fontaines
  • Armenian: Լերդամամուռ սովորական
  • Japanese: ゼニゴケ
  • Polish: Porostnica wielokształtna
  • Russian: Маршанция изменчивая
  • Romanian: Fierea pământului
  • Finnish: Keuhkosammal
  • Islandic: Stjörnumosi
  • Vietnamese: Địa tiền
  • Swedish: Lungmossa
  • Chinese: 全缘地钱

Description: Common liverwort has a flat, branching form. The thallus is generally 0.8 to 4 inches (2-10 cm) long and 0.3 to 0.8 inch (7-20 mm) broad. Thalli are dichotomously branched and exhibit apical growth. Numerous rhizoids attach the gametophyte (thallus) to the soil. Smooth rhizoids penetrate the soil, while tuberculate rhizoids run horizontally along the surface of the plant. Common liverwort is dioecious.

Marchantia polymorpha was used in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, liver-related ailments and also boil. [Therapeutic Use of Medicinal Plants and Their Extracts _ Pharmacognosy]

Marchantia polymorpha, has, as the name indicates, enjoyed an age-old reputation, propagated in herbals, as a remedy for liver complaints.  plants were valued instead as a cure for colds and consumption, for ‘a binding at the heart’ and as a diuretic for dropsy.  Plant served at one time as a remedy for asthma. [Medicinal Plants in Folk Tradition - An Ethnobotany of Britain & Ireland]

399 Published articles of Marchantia polymorpha

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Artabotrys hexapetalus, champa, Ylang-Ylang grimpant, tsuru iraniran, lanalana, kada ngan, മനോരഞ്ജിനി, kalomuro, மனோரஞ்சிதம், artabrotis trepador, Артаботрис artabotris

Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari
Family: Annonaceae

Synonyms: Annona hexapetala L.f., Annona uncinata Lam., Artabotrys hamatus (Dunal) Blume, Artabotrys intermedius Hassk., Artabotrys odoratissimus R.Br., Artabotrys odoratissimus Wight & Arn., Artabotrys uncata (Lour.) Baill., Artabotrys uncatus (Lour.) Baill., Artabotrys uncinatus (Lam.) Merr., Unona esculenta Dunal, Unona hamata Blume, Unona uncata (Lour.) Dunal, Unona uncinata (Lam.) Dunal, Uvaria esculenta Roxb. ex Rottler, Uvaria hamata Roxb., Uvaria odoratissima Roxb., Uvaria sinensis Blanco, Uvaria uncata Lour.

Bengali: kathali champa, কাঁঠালী চাঁপা kaanthaali chaanpaa
Burmese: kada ngan, padat ngan, tadaing hmwe
Chinese: 莺爪
French: Ylang-Ylang grimpant
Hawaiian: lanalana
Hindi: हरी चम्पा hari champa, मदनमस्त madanmast, madmanti, मनोरंगिनी manorangini
Japanese: iraniran noki, tsuru iraniran
Kannada: apurva champaka, kandaala sampige, kandalisampage
Malayalam: മനോരഞ്ജിനി, madanakameswari, manoranjitam
Manipuri: চীনী চম্প্ৰা chini champa
Marathi: hirva champa, hirva chapa
Oriya: kalomuro
Portuguese: artabrotis trepador
Russian: Артаботрис artabotris, Иланг-иланг ilang-ilang
Sanskrit: hara champa, harachampaka, madanah
Tamil: மனோரஞ்சிதம், manoranjitham, matanakamappu
Telugu: sampenga, సంపంగి
Thai: การเวก karawek (Central Thailand), กระดังงาจีน kradang nga chin, สะบันงาจีน saban nga chin
Vietnamese: Móng rồng (thực vật)

Used in Ayurveda and Siddha. Flowers tonic, stimulant; fruits for scrofula, fruit and bark to treat fever, diarrhea, dysentery, helminthiasis, flatulence, colic, constipation, bruises, cuts, sprains, skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, inflammation, leprosy, cough, asthma, bronchitis. Leaves extract antibacterial, antifertility, antifungal, decoction of the leaves against cholera. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
Cardiac stimulant, uterine stimulant, muscle relaxant. The extract of the pericarp showed a positive ionotropic and chronotropic effect on all types of experimental animals. The cardiac stimulant and uterine stimulant activity is attributed to the glycosides, whereas the relaxant action on plain muscles and hypotensive effect, which could be partly cholinergic and partly resulting from vasodilatory action, are probably due to the presence of the volatile oil. The leaves are found to contain an antifertility principle. The root contains an antimalarial agent. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

18 Published articles of Artabotrys hexapetalus

Thursday, October 18, 2018

Dioscorea pentaphylla, Fiveleaf Yam, কাঁটা আলু Kanta Alu, નાનો જંગલી કંદ, कांटा आलू, アケビドコロ, ಕಾಡು ಗುಂಬಳ. നല്ലനൂറ, grabosa ovada, Kantakaluka, நூறை, అడవి గెనుసు తీగ, มันคันขาว

Dioscorea pentaphylla L.
Family: Dioscoreaceae

Synonyms: Botryosicyos pentaphyllus (L.) Hochst., Dioscorea changjiangensis F.W.Xing & Z.X.Li, Dioscorea codonopsidifolia Kamik., Dioscorea digitata Mill., Dioscorea globifera R.Knuth, Dioscorea jacquemontii Hook.f., Dioscorea kleiniana Kunth, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. cardonii Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. communis Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. hortorum Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. jacquemontii (Hook.f.) Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. kussok Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. linnaei Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. malaica Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. papuana Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. rheedei Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. simplicifolia Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. suli Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea pentaphylla var. unifoliata R.Knuth, Dioscorea spinosa Burm., Dioscorea triphylla L., Hamatris triphylla (L.) Salisb., Ubium quadrifarium J.F.Gmel., Ubium scandens J.St.-Hil.
  • Common name: Fiveleaf Yam
  • Assamese: আদা আলু ada alu, পাচ পতীয়া আলু punch patia alu
  • Bengali: কাঁটা আলু Kanta Alu
  • Chinese: 五叶薯蓣
  • Gujarati: નાનો જંગલી કંદ nano jungli kand, વજનું કંદ vajnu kand, વેણી વેલ veni vel
  • Hindi: कांटा आलू Kanta Alu, फल आलू phal alu
  • Japanese: アケビドコロ
  • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಗುಂಬಳ Kaadu Gumbala
  • Khasi: phan kyrsiew
  • Konkani: तीळ करंदी til karandi
  • Malayalam: Vellachikizhangu, കാട്ടുകിഴങ്ങ് kattukizhangu, മരക്കിഴങ്ങ് marakkizhangu, നല്ലനൂറ nallanoora, നൂറകിഴങ്ങ് noorakizhangu
  • Manipuri: হা ha
  • Marathi: शॆंडवेल Shendvel, Marathi: गाबोळी gaaboli, मुंडावळया mundavalya
  • Malai: Ubi pasir
  • Nepali: मिठे तरुल mithe tarul
  • Oriya: କଣ୍ଟାଆଳୁ kontaalu
  • Portuguese: grabosa ovada
  • Sanskrit: कण्टकालुकः Kantakaluka
  • Tamil: நூறை Nuurai , காட்டுவள்ளி Kaattuvalli, வள்ளி (கொடி)
  • Telugu: అడవి గెనుసు తీగ Adavi Genasu Tiga, అడవి గుమ్మడి తీగ adavi gummadi tiga, చెంచు గడ్డ chenchu gadda, దుక్క పెండలము dukka pendalamu, కారుచెంబ kaaruchemba, మొయ్యాక్కు పెండలము moyyakku pendalamu, ముళ్ల పెండలము mullu pendalamu, నూలు దుంప nulu dumpa, పంది గడ్డ pandi gadda, పంది ముక్కు దుంప pandi mukku dumpa 
  • Thai: มันคันขาว
  • Tulu: ಕಾಟ್ಟು ಕುಂಬುಡ kattu kumbuda
Description: Tuberous climbers; stem terete, twining to left, usually armed with prickles. Leaves 3-5-foliolate, with bulbils in the axils; leaflets 3.5-8 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic-ovate, base acute or attenuate, apex acute, glabrous or pubescent below; upper leaves much smaller; petiole to 8 cm long. Male flowers on slender spikes on axillary or terminal panicles, tomentose. Perianth lobes 6, greyish; outer c. 1.5 mm long, ovate, tomentose, inner c. 1 mm long, lanceolate, glabrous. Stamens 3, staminodes 3. Female spike solitary, tomentose. Perianth lobes 6, biseriate, c. 1 mm long, ovate. Ovary c. 3 mm long, oblong, ribbed; stigma capitate. Capsule c. 2 cm long, oblong, 3-winged, glabrescent.

Used in Ayurveda and Sidha. Poisonous tubers, acrid raw tubers are not edible; tubers, if eaten, produce sterility in males. Tubers for healing swellings, boils, rheumatism and as a tonic; root powder taken by women to enhance milk during lactation. Leaves decoction drunk as contraceptive. Veterinary medicine, root extract given for cough; root bark along with stem bark of Albizia lebbeck crushed and applied locally for rheumatism, the decoction given orally. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

In India, tubers cut into pieces, steeped in water, and boiled or baked prior to eating, In Hawaii, tuber steamed and eaten warm. In Oceania, tubers boiled baked or used in lap-lap . In Peninsular Thailand, tubers main source of carbohydrate for the Sakai.[Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants v.10]

Bark of root along with stem bark of Siris [Albizia  lebbeck  (L.)  Willd.] are  soaked  in  butter  milk  overnight.  Then  the  mixture  is  crushed and applied locally.  Decoction is  also  given orally once  daily  for  a week  in  the  treatment  of  rheumatism. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach]

9 Published articles of Dioscorea pentaphylla

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Derris trifoliata, nalla tiga, പൊന്നുംവള്ളി, Uppu thilan kodi, panlata, karanj vel, common derris, kelia, angaar valli

Derris trifoliata Lour.Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms: Dalbergia  heterophylla  Willd., , Deguelia  trifoliata  (Lour.)  Taub., Deguelia  uliginosa (Willd.) Baill., Deguelia uliginosa (Willd.) Baill. var. loureiri Benth., Derris affinis  Benth., Derris floribunda  Prain, Derris  forsteniana  Miq., Derris  heterophylla  (Willd.)  K. Heyne, Derris heteropylla (Willd.) Backer, Derris heterophylla (Willd.) Backer ex K. Heyne, Derris uliginosa (Willd.) Benth., Galedupa  uliginosa  (Willd.)  Roxb., Pongamia madagascariensis Boj. ex Oliv., Pongamia madagascariensis  Baker,  Pongamia  uliginosa  (Willd.)  DC.,  Pterocarpus frutescens  Blanco,  Pterocarpus  uliginosus  Roxb.,  Robinia uliginosa Willd.

  • English: common derris
  • Bengali: পান লতা panlata
  • Hindi: पान लता panlata
  • Malayalam: പൊന്നുംവള്ളി Ponumvalli, Kammattivalli
  • Marathi: करंज वेल karanj vel
  • Oriya: kelia
  • Sanskrit: अङ्गार वल्ली angaar valli
  • Tamil: Uppu thilan kodi
  • Telugu: అంగారవల్లి angarvalli, నల్ల తీగ nalla tiga
  • Chinese: 鱼藤, 三叶鱼藤
  • Indonesia: areuy ki tonggeret, gadel, tuwa areuy
  • Madagascar: fanamo, fanamovahy, vahimpanamo, vahin-amo, vahisamonta, varongohofotsy, veronkohifotsy
  • Malaysia: akar ketuil, tuba bekut, sĕtui
  • Pacific: bagin
  • Papua New Guinea: dewa niwona, gamo, marmar
  • Philippines: asiasimanan, butong, silasila
  • Thai: ถอบแถบทะเล
  • Thailand: khwaep thale, phak thaep, thopthaep thale
  • Vietnamese: Cóc kèn, long  k[es]n,  c[os]c  k[es]n  n[uw][ows]c,  d[aa]y c[os]c

Uses: Sap root and bark poisonous, cytotoxic, insecticidal. Toxins, tubers acrid. Whole plant stimulant, antiseptic. Leaves juice taken for chronic dysentery. Bark stimulant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, counterirritant, used against rheumatism, chronic paralysis and dysmenorrhea. Roots decoction used externally against fever and internally against sores; root bark stimulant, counterirritant, antispasmodic, used against rheumatism and dysmenorrhea. Roots or stems laxative, carminative, anti-arthritis. Roots, bark and stems as fish poison and insecticide.  [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

The leaves of Derris trifoliata were used used to ‘cool wounds'. Rotenoid compounds from Derris trifoliata have shown interesting cancer chemopreventive (anti-tumour promotion) activity. In addition, anticancer activity was shown in studies of human colon cancer (adenocarcinoma) cells. Seed extract contained serine proteinase inhibitor with antiparasitic activity against the malaria protozoa. Stem extracts contain rotenoids with antioxidant and nitric oxide inhibitory activity. Extracts have shown good antibacterial activity. Root extracts had mosquito larvicidal activity (active components: rotenone and deguelin). [Medicinal Plants in Australia Volume 3: Plants, Potions and Poisons]

Anticancer, skin tumor.[Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]

32 Published articles of Derris trifoliata

Friday, October 12, 2018

Cichorium pumilum, Cichorium glandulosum, Kääpiöendiivi, Endive sauvage

Cichorium pumilum Jacq.
Family: Compositae

Synonyms: Cichorium ambiguum Schult., Cichorium dichotomum Link, Cichorium divaricatum Schousb., Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P.D.Sell, Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) Ball, Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout., Cichorium glandulosum Boiss. & A.Huet, Cichorium intybus var. callosum (Pomel) Batt., Cichorium intybus subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) Bonnier & Layens, Cichorium intybus subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Ball, Cichorium minimum Port., Cichorium nanum Port. ex Nyman, Cichorium noeanum Boiss., Cichorium polystachyum Pomel, Cichorium pumilum var. polystachyum (Pomel) Batt., Cichorium pumilum f. pumilum, Cichorium pumilum var. pumilum.

  • Chinese: 腺毛菊苣
  • Finnish: Kääpiöendiivi
  • French: Endive sauvage

Laeves used in Rheumatism, bacterial and fungal infections. Foliage decoction Bacterial infection and rheumatism. Cichorium pumilum is a well-known food and traditional remedy. The plant as a whole contains several guaianolide sesquiterpene lactones. Similar compounds in other plants such as feverfew are known to have anti-inflammatory activity. Cichorium pumilum is known in European herbal medicine as helpful in cleaning the body and supporting the liver. It also stimulates the eliminative processes vis-a-vis both the intestine and the kidneys.  Arabic traditional healers regard Cichorium pumilum as part of a combined treatment of metabolic problems, as well as a medicine to cleanse the body and treat colds and flu. [Greco-Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine Traditional System, Ethics, Safety, Efficacy, and Regulatory Issues]

25 Published articles of Cichorium glandulosum / Cichorium pumilum

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Tinospora cordifolia, Guduchi, Amrit, Tippatige, Seenthil, Giloy, Gulvel, Chitamrith, Amritaballi, บอระเพ็ด, Bratawali, Hoguni-lot

Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers
Family: Menispermaceae

  • English: Heart Leaved Moonseed
  • Assamese: Hoguni-lot
  • Bengali: গুলঞ্চ Gulancha
  • Gujarati: ગળો Galo
  • Hindi: गिलोय Giloy
  • Indonesia, Javanese: Bratawali
  • Kannada: ಅಮೃತಬಳ್ಳಿ Amritaballi
  • Malayalam: ചിറ്റമൃത് Chitamrith
  • Marati: गुळवेल Gulvel
  • Nepali: गुर्जो
  • Oriya: Gulochi
  • Punjabi: ਗਲੋਅ
  • Sanskrit: अमृत Amrut, गुडूची Guduchi
  • Tamil: சீந்தில் Seenthil
  • Telugu: తిప్పతీగ Tippatige
  • Thai: บอระเพ็ด
  • Urdu: گلنچه Guluncha
  • West Punjabi: گلو

Parts used: Stem and Leaves: The plant is used in general debilities, dyspepsia, fever & urinary disease. The leaves are good as fodder for cattle and rich in proteins and fairly in calcium and phosphorous. A decoction of the leaves is used for the treatment of gout. The young leaves bruised in milk, are used as a liniment in erysipelas. The leaves are beaten with honey and applied to ulcers Dried & powdered fruit mixed with ghee or honey is used as a tonic and also in the treatment of Jaundice and rheumatism. The root is a powerful emetic and used for visceral obstructions. Its watery extract is used in leprosy. [Advances in Medicinal Plants, 2009 by Sandhya Agrawal, Oxford  Book Company, Jaipur, India ]

The estimated annual demand of some of the important herbal crude drugs used in preparation of Indian system of medicines is  - Guduchi  (Tinospora cordifolia)  (10,000  T) [Advances in Medicinal Plants, 2009 by Sandhya Agrawal, Oxford  Book Company, Jaipur, India ]

Balya, Depana, Rasayana, Sangrahi, Thidosha samaka, Raktasodhaka, Jvaraghna, Kushta, Pandu, Prameha, Vatarakta, Kamala [API, Vol-2]

Increase appetite, quenches thirst, rejuvenate, increast strength, promotes life,

Nerve tonic, Reduces fevers, Reduces burning sensations, Destroys toxins, Alleviates skin disorders, Reliever of gout/arthritis, Cleans the blood, Purifier of sperm, increases sexual potency, Increases life span, reduces all three doshas. Cholagogue, detoxicant, alterative, immune tonic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic, nervine. Liver damage, viral hepatitis or poisoning from alcohol, chemicals or recreational and medicinal drugs. Useful in repairing fibrosis and regenerating liver tissue. [Ayurvedic Medicine - The Principles of Traditional Practice, 2006, by Sebastian Pole, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone]

Used for obstinate skin diseases, gout, fever, jaundice, anemia, and urinary disorders/polyuria (therapeutic uses based on texts from 1000 bc to sixteenth century). Gudūchi was included in more than 90 compound formulations of Bhavaprakasha (sixteenth century). Gu dūchyadi Churna (Bhaishajya Ratnāvali) used for anemia, fever and liver and spleen disorders. Gudūchi Satva (Yogaratnākara, sixteenth century) used for wasting diseases, phthisis, and chronic fever. Also used for chronic diarrhea and dysentery. Gu duchyaadi Taila (Bhāvaprakāsha, sixteenth century) contains Gudūchi as the main plant drug, with 33 supporting herbs. Used as a massage oil for gout, muscular pain, facial paralysis, and skin diseases. [Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics, 2016, by C.P. Khare, CRC Press]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. Plant decoction tonic, stomachic, antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, antioxidant, anti-allergic, anti-stress, immunomodulatory, antimalarial, antispasmodic; plant used to improve the immune system and the body’s resistance to infections, in general debility, dyspepsia, fever and urinary diseases. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, 2012, by Umberto Quattrocchi, CRC Press]

Leaf paste is applied topically to treat wounds [Evaluation of Herbal Medicinal Products, 2009, by Pulok K Mukherjee, Peter J Houghton,  Pharmaceutical Press]

Fevers, parasitic infections, urethritis. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, 2nd Ed. 2014, CRC Press]

Oral ulcers of diabetic patients. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach, 2008 by D.A. Patil, Aavishkar Publishers, Distributors , Jaipur 302 003  (Raj.)  India]

Ethnomedicinal uses: To treat piles, the swollen portion of the rectum is first washed with a leaf extract of Neem (Azadirachta indica) and then smeared with a bark paste of Tinospora cordifolia. Stem pieces are eaten raw to treat rheumatism and diabetes. A decoction of the whole plant is taken orally three times a day for 3 days to treat hepatic diseases, pneumonia, diarrhoea and periodic fever. A decoc- tion is also taken to prevent dehydration and to increase appetite. A decoction of fresh leaves is taken orally and considered very effective in treating leucorrhoea. A powder of the whole plant of Enicostemma axillare (50 g) and stem powder of Tinospora cordifolia (50 g) are mixed with jaggery (100 g), and a bolus of 1 g each is made. One bolus is taken three times a day for 3 days to treat malarial fever. [Herbal Drugs: Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine, 2009, by K.G. Ramawat, Springer]

A cooled decoction of Guduuchi mixed with honey, or a paste of Guduuchi leaves mixed with buttermilk, was administered for jaundice. (Charaka Samhitaa, Ashtaanga Hridaya, Bangasena, Bhaavaprakaasha.) The root of Guduuchi, pounded with ricewater, was prescribed for splenomegaly. Juice of Guduuchi and Shataavari (Asparagus racemosus), in equal quantity, was given for treating fever (Sushruta); a decoction of Guduuchi, Nimba (Azadirachta indica) and Aamalaki (Emblica officinalis), mixed with honey, for irregular fever (Sushruta); a simple decoction of Guduuchi or its juice added with Pippali (Piper longum) powder for chronic fever (Vrindamaadhava, Bhaavaprakaasha). Juice of Guduuchi was prescribed for polyuria, associated with diabetes (Ashtaanga Hridaya, Shaarangadhara Samhitaa). A decoction of Guduuchi, Nimba (Azadirachta indica) and Patola (Trichosanthes dioica) leaves, mixed with honey, was prescribed in acid gastritis. A decoction prepared with 30 g Guduuchi, Shunthi (dry Zingiber officinale) and Dhaanyaka (Coriandrum sativum) was administered for alleviating gout, rheumatic affections and obstinate skin diseases (Vrindamaadhava, Bhaavaprakaasha). Regular use of juice, paste, powder or decoction of Guduuchi was recommended for gout. Amritaa Ghrita (Shaarangadhara), Guduuchi Ghrita (Vrindamaadhava), Amrityaadya Taila and Madhuparnyaadi Taila (Charaka) were specific compound preparations for gout. Guduuchyaadi Ghrita of Charaka was specific for cough. Juice of Guduuchi (including that of root and flowers), mixed with the juice of Manduukaparni (Centella asiatica), powder of Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and paste of Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), was prescribed with milk as a rejuvenating tonic. (Charaka Samhitaa.) Guduuchi was included in more than ninety compound formulations of Bhaavaprakaasha. Among over-the-counter drugs, Guduuchi Sattva (Bhaavaprakaasha) is prescribed for chronic fevers, diabetes and wasting diseases; Amritaarishta (Bhaishajya Ratnaavali) for intermittent fever. Guduuchi is incorporated in a number of overthe-counter compound preparations for its antiperiodic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties— Saarivaadyaasava (Bhaishajya Ratnaavali), Sudarshana Churna (Shaarangadhara Samhitaa), Sanjivani Vati (ibid) Manjishthaadi Kwaatha Churna (ibid), Raasanaadi Kwaath Churna (Sahasrayoga), Guggulu Ghrita (Ashtaanga Hridaya), Chitraka-Haritaki (Chakradatta), to name but a few. In Unani medicine, Sat-e-Gilo is incorporated in Habb-e-Tabaasheer, prescribed during fevers. It is also an ingredient in Qurs-e-Ziabetus Khaas, prescribed for diabetes mellitus. Seenthil Sarkarai (Guuduchi Sattva) is the principal ingredient of Siddha compound Sandana Podi, prescribed for diabetes mellitus. [Indian Herbal Remedies, 2004, by C.P. Khare, Springer-Verlag]

Tinospora is a common climbing shrub which is used in medicine, usually in the fresh state, though it is commercially available in the dried state. It is probably the most useful preparation acting as a tonic and aphrodisiac. As a tonic it is best given in infusion with or without milk. It is a popular remedy for snake-bite and leprosy. It is generally prescribed in general debility, diabetes, fever, jaundice, skin diseases, rheumatism, urinary diseases, dyspepsia, gout, gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea. It is a constituent of several preparations like guduchayado churna, gududyadi kwath, guduchilouha, amritarista, sanjivanivati, guduchi taila, amiritastak kwath, etc. The juice mixed with the pulp of long pepper and honey is a house hold remedy for gonorrhoea. Several oils for external applications are prepared with amrita and applied to skin diseases, rheumatic affections and other nervous complaints. A small quantity of bruised stem soaked for three hours in half a litre of water and strained combined with ammonium acetate is administered in intermittent and milder forms of fevers. It is rendered more agreeable with cinnamon, cloves and other aromatics. [Medicinal Plants, 1998, P.P. Joy et al, Kerala Agricultural University]

Leaves are use against large size boils. Method of use:  Heat the leaves gently for 1-2 minutes only tide them over boil and tide that over boil two tmes a day. [Medicinal Plants of Sindh : Indigenous Knowledge and Scientific Facts, by Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary and Saifullah Bullo, Department of Planning and Development, Government of Sindh]

In sexually transmitted diseases, and in diabetes, etc., the herb’s juice or powder is prescribed. The decoction of the herb with long pepper and honey is prescribed for lack of appetite due to malfunctioning of liver, and in high fevers. In cirrhosis, jaundice, indigestion, vomiting, mild stomach-ache, about 10 ml juice of the herb is given with honey. In both chronic and obstinate types, it is given along with Commiphora, Azadirachta, Emblica, turmeric and Acacia nilotica. For menstruation problems in South India, stem pieces are boiled in 2 cups of water and drunk during irregular and excessive menstruation. [Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation, 2003, by H.S. Puri, Taylor & Francis]

Unani uses: Daf-e-Humma, Muqawwi-e-Meda, Qabiz, Qatil-e-Deedan-e-Ama, Mohallil-e-Waram, Muddir-e-Baul, Musaffi-e-Dam. [THE UNANI PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA PART - I, VOLUME - I]

Siddha uses: Sori, Kaaychal, Kuruthi azhal, Kuttam, Mekam, Peenisam. [THE SIDDHA PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA PART – I, VOLUME – I]
754 Published articles of Tinospora cordifolia

Sunday, October 7, 2018

Habenaria plantaginea, Plantain habenaria, kadali habe-amri

Habenaria plantaginea Lindl.
Family: Orchidaceae

English: Plantain habenaria
Marathi: कदली हबेअमरी kadali habe-amri
Bangladesh: Kusuma gadda

Description: Herbs; stem 6-20 cm high. Leaves 3 or 4, 5.5-8.5 x 2-3 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, acute, adpressed to the ground. Flowers white, in about 26 cm long, lax raceme; dorsal sepal 5 x 4 mm, broadly ovate, obtuse, 3-veined, hooded; lateral sepals 6 x 3.5 mm, obliquely elliptic, obtuse, 5-veined; petals 4 x 2 mm, obliquely elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 1-veined; lip 3-lobed; lateral lobes 6 x 7 mm, ovate, subacute, crenate; midlobe 6 x 2 mm, spathulate, subacute; spur 33 mm long, cylindric, acute. 
Tubers of H. plantaginea are used to treat wasting diseases, fever, disorders of blood, haemorrhage and fainting. In the Eastern Ghats of Andra Pradesh, tubers of H. plantaginea, together with black pepper and garlic, are pounded into a paste and converted into tablets. One or two tablets are given to relieve chest pain and stomach ache. In Bangladesh, tubers are also used to treat chest pain and stomach ache. Medicinal Orchids of Asia]

Bidens pilosa, Spanish needle, Phutium, batimadramadra, コセンダングサ, Kandanakuthi, pisau-pisau, Kuri, Mabangalala, bident hérissé, mũcege, Inyabalasanya, rumput juala, acetillo, ta-sae-ut, kofetoga, nguad, dadayem, ភិដែន

Bidens pilosa L.
Family: Asteraceae

  • Common name: Spanish needle
  • Gujarati: ફુસિયું Fusiyun
  • Garhwal: Kuri
  • Afrikaans language: knapsekêrel
  • Chinese: gui zhen cao, kuei chen ts’ao
  • English: beggar's tick, beggar-ticks, hairy beggar-ticks, black-jack, broom stick, broom stuff, cobbler's pegs, devil's needles, hairy bidens, Spanish needle, farmers friend, Devils Pitchfork
  • Fijian: batimadramadra, matakaro, matua kamate, mbatikalawau, mbatimandramandra
  • French: bident hérissé, bident poilu, herbe d'aiguille, herbe villebague, piquants noirs
  • Gĩkũyũ: mũcege[
  • Hawaiian: kī, nehe, kī nehe, kī pipili
  • Japanese: コセンダングサ (ko-sendangusa) and ひっつき虫 (hittsuki-mushi
  • Kifumbira: Inyabalasanya
  • Mangareva: tarou, taru
  • Malayalam: Kandanakuthi,കണ്ടനക്കുത്തി
  • Malay: rumput juala, kanching baju
  • Māori: koheriki, kohiriki, kamika tuarongo, piripiri, nīroa, piripiri nīroa, piripiri kerekere
  • Mufindi: Mabangalala
  • Myanmar: ta-sae-ut
  • Niuean: kofetoga, kofetonga
  • Philippines: pisau-pisau
  • Bontoc language: nguad, puriket
  • Ivatan language: dadayem
  • Portuguese: amor-de-burro
  • Pukapukan: pilipili
  • Spanish: acetillo, amor seco, arponcito, asta de cabra, cacho de cabra, masquia, mazote, papunga chipaca, pega-pega, perca, sirvulaca; (Canary Islands) Amorsecano
  • Tahitian: piripiri
  • Tongan: fisi‘uli
  • Ukrainian: chereda
  • Vietnamese: xuyến chi, cue ao, quay cham thao
  • Wallisian: tae puaka
  • Cambodia: ភិដែន

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. Plant juice antibacterial, antiulcer, alterative, antimalarial, antidiabetic, hypoglycemic, antiyeast, antihypertensive, antifungal, antimycobacterial, styptic, antiinflammatory, antirheumatic, insecticide. Flower heads used for toothache. Leaves or roots for stomach complaints; leaves juice applied to swollen glands; leaf paste applied for joint pain and rheumatism; warm paste of the leaves used to treat boils, ulcers, sores, wounds, toothache, fungal infections; leaves ground with those of Tithonia diversifolia and the paste applied all over the body against fever; leaves infusion for stomach problems, intestinal worms and food poisoning; leaves infusion drunk to relieve excessive gas in the stomach. Roots used to treat constipation and malaria; extract of fresh root taken orally to remove the effect of poison in snakebite. Used to increase the production of blood. Broth of cooked leaves administered to treat goiter. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Spanish needles (Florida), romerillo (little rosemary, Cuba); smoked as a tobacco substitute, as a vulnerary, to treat dysentery, and other problems. [Florida Ethnobotany]

Used in fungal infections, insecticide, body pains, dysentery, conjunctivitis, anemia, snakebite, inflammation, high blood pressure, filariasis, intercostal neuralgia, psoriasis, wounds, oxytocic. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition]

Action  Plant—cytotoxic. Leaf—applied to ulcers and swollen glands. The plant contains a number of polyacetylenes which are toxic to bacte-
ria, fungi and human fibroblast cells. Phenylheptatriyne is the major constituent of the leaves and stems. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

Hepatoprotective  against  various  toxins and  have  demonstrated  potential  as  broad-spectrum antihepatotoxic  agents. [Medical Hrebalism - The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine]

In China, a decoction of the leaves mixed with rice wine is used to invigorate health after choking, assuage lung discomfort and to check bleeding. In Vietnam, a poultice is used to counteract putrefaction of the eyes. In Malaysia, the leaves are chewed or applied to the gums to assuage toothache. A decoction of the plant is bechic. In Solomon Islands, the roots are used to assuage stomachache. [Medicinal Plants: Drugs For The Future? ]

Used in pulmonary disorders, leprosy. TCM: leaf decoction anti-inflammatory and styptic, used for lung trouble; anti-inflammatory; antirheumatic; juice for treating wounds and ulcers. [Medicinal Plants in Australia, Volume 4 : An Antipodean Apothecary]
Sometimes used in Jamaica, when young, as a green vegetable or potherb. It is boiled like calalu, occasionally with lard, and is said to be good for the bowels. Tea is prepared from it and used in the treatment of worms and as a general beverage. The juice of the fresh plant is also used, as in parts of Africa, as a styptic for cuts. It is also used in Africa as a potherb; infusions of the leaf and root for colic; the powdered leaf in water as an enema for abdominal complaints; and the juice as drops for earache and ophthalmia. Steggerda also mentions its use in Jamaica for colds. [Medicinal Plants of Jamaica]

Whole plant: Infusion used to treat diabetes, thrush, the esophagus and stomachache. Leaf: Sap for treating sores, and as an eyewash for itching and tired eyes. [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) ]

Dizziness, migraines, headaches, rheumatism. [Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants]

375 Published articles of Bidens pilosa


Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus ficulneus Abies pindrow Abies spectabilis Abies webbiana Abroma augusta Abrus precatorius Abutilon hirtum Abutilon indicum Acacia catechu Acacia farnesiana Acacia horrida Acacia nilotica Acalypha wilkesiana Acer acuminatum Acer cappadocicum Achillea millefolium Achyranthes aspera Acmella oleracea Aconitum heterophyllum Adhatoda vasica Aegle marmelos Aerva javanica Aeschynomene americana Aesculus indica Ageratum conyzoides Alangium salviifolium Albizia saman Alcea rosea Aleurites moluccana Aleurites triloba Allium cepa Alocasia fornicata Alocasia indica Alocasia macrorrhizos Aloe vera Alpinia calcarata Alpinia galanga Alpinia officinarum Alstonia scholaris Alternative and Complementary Medicine Journals Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus graecizans Amaranthus viridis Ammannia baccifera Ammi majus Amomum subulatum Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Anacyclus pyrethrum Anagallis arvensis Andrographis echioides Andrographis ovata Andrographis paniculata Anemone coronaria Anemone rivularis Anemone tetrasepala Annona muricata Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium andraeanum Apium leptophyllum Apluda mutica Arabidopsis thaliana Arachis hypogaea Argemone mexicana Arisaema tortuosum Aristolochia littoralis Artabotrys hexapetalus Artemisia japonica Artemisia nilagirica Artocarpus heterophyllus Arundinella setosa Arundo donax Aspidopterys wallichii Aster albescens Astragalus leucocephalus Asystasia gangetica Avena sativa Averrhoa carambola Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieri Bambusa Bambos Bambusa multiplex Bambusa vulgaris Barleria cristata Barleria prionitis Basilicum polystachyon Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia racemosa Bauhinia scandens Bauhinia vahlii Bauhinia variegata Benincasa hispida Bidens pilosa Biophytum sensitivum Bixa orellana Blepharis integrifolia Blepharis maderaspatensis Blumea lacera Boerhavia diffusa Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia ovalifoliolata Boswellia serrata Brassica rapa Buchnera hispida Butea monosperma Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia pulcherrima Cajanus cajan Cajanus scarabaeoides Caladium bicolor Caleana major Calendula officinalis Calophyllum brasiliense Calophyllum inophyllum Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Camellia sinensis Campanula latifolia Cananga odorata Canscora diffusa Capparis sepiaria Capparis zeylanica Capsella bursa-pastoris Cardamine hirsuta Cardiocrinum giganteum Cardiospermum halicacabum Carduus edelbergii Carrichtera annua Carthamus oxyacantha Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia fistula Cassia occidentalis Catesbaea spinosa Catharanthus roseus Cayratia trifolia Cedrela toona Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Celastrus paniculatus Celosia argentea Centaurium erythraea Centella asiatica Cestrum diurnum Chaerophyllum reflexum Chamaesyce hypericifolia Chenopodium album Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodium murale Chrozophora rottleri Cicer arietinum Cichorium glandulosum Cichorium pumilum Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum tamala Cinnamomum verum Circaea alpina Cissampelos pareira Cissus quadrangularis Citrullus lanatus Cleistanthus patulus Clematis gouriana Clematis montana Cleome gynandra Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum laevifolium Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Clerodendrum wallichii Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora caudata Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Crotalaria prostrata Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cuminum cyminum Cupressus torulosa Curculigo orchioides Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Derris trifoliata Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dichrocephala integrifolia Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea pentaphylla Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros kaki Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichandrone spathacea Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Elytraria acaulis Embelia ribes Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Habenaria plantaginea Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Hippophae rhamnoides Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hymenodictyon orixense Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens bracteata Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koelreuteria paniculata Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Lycium ferocissimum Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Marchantia polymorpha Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Papaver somniferum Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia heynei Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia miltiorrhiza Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Silybum marianum Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stellera chamaejasme Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana
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