Saturday, March 18, 2017

Crotalaria prostrata, balli gejje gida, bandar lathi

Crotalaria prostrata Willd.
Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms: Crotalaria prostrata D.Don, Crotalaria prostrata Roxb. , Crotalaria prostrata var. prostrata
  • Chinese: 俯伏猪屎豆  fu fu zhu shi dou
  • Kannada: balli gejje gida
  • Hindi:  bandar lathi, choto jhanjhan, choto jhunghyn
  • Nepalese: sano boksi baja, sano chheke

Description: Annual, 15-50 cm tall, branches pubescent, hairs silky. Leaf simple, c. 1.8-3.8 cm long, c. 10-20 mm broad, oblong or oblong-obovate, obtuse, oblique or subcordate at the base, pubescent on both sides, hairs silky, yellowish; sub-sessile; exstipulate. Inflorescence a 2-4-flowered raceme; peduncle longer than the leaf. Bract and bracteoles minute. Pedicel short. Calyx c. 3-4.5 mm long, densely pubescent, teeth linear. Corolla yellow, not exserted. Fruit c. 1.2-1.6 cm long, inflated, glabrous, 12-15-seeded.
 
Uses: Paste of leaf antifungal, applied for cuts and wounds; fresh leaf juice applied on cuts to check bleeding. Roots for stomach disorders,  diarrhea  and  skin  diseases;  root  juice  given  to  treat  fever  and  the  warmed  juice  applied  to  treat  gout.  Postpartum remedy, plant crushed with bara jhun jhuni and given to women after delivery.  [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Published articles of Crotalaria prostrata

Sunday, March 12, 2017

Duranta erecta, Golden Dewdrop, Neelakantha, Vanillier de Cayenne, デュランタ, เทียนหยด, Thanh quan


Duranta erecta L. Family: Verbenaceae

Synonyms: Duranta angustifolia Salisb., Duranta dentata Pers., Duranta ellisiae Jacq., Duranta erecta var. alba (Mast.) Caro, Duranta erecta var. erecta, Duranta erecta var. grandiflora (Moldenke) Caro, Duranta inermis L., Duranta integrifolia Tod., Duranta latifolia Salisb., Duranta macrodonta Moldenke, Duranta microphylla Willd., Duranta microphylla Desf., Duranta plumieri Jacq., Duranta plumieri var. alba Mast., Duranta plumieri var. ellisia (Jacq.) Woodrow, Duranta plumieri var. ellisiae (Jacq.) F.M.Bailey, Duranta plumieri var. glabra Hieron. ex Niederl., Duranta plumieri var. normalis F.M.Bailey [Invalid], Duranta plumieri var. strigillosa Schauer, Duranta plumieri f. variegata F.M.Bailey, Duranta racemosa Mill., Duranta repens L., Duranta repens f. acuminata Kuntze, Duranta repens f. acuta (L.) Kuntze, Duranta repens var. alba (Mast.) L.H.Bailey, Duranta repens f. alba (Mast.) Matuda, Duranta repens var. canescens Moldenke, Duranta repens f. canescens (Moldenke) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. ellisia (F.M.Bailey) Domin, Duranta repens var. ellisiae (Jacq.) R.R.Fernandez, Duranta repens f. glabrifolia Kuntze, Duranta repens f. grandiflora (Moldenke) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. grandiflora Moldenke, Duranta repens f. integrifolia (Tod.) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. lopez-palacii Moldenke, Duranta repens f. microphylla (Willd.) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. microphylla (Willd.) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. multidentata Kuntze, Duranta repens var. mutisii Kuntze, Duranta repens f. obtusifolia Kuntze, Duranta repens var. paucidentata Kuntze, Duranta repens var. serrata Moldenke, Duranta repens f. serrata (Moldenke) Moldenke, Duranta repens f. variegata (F.M.Bailey) Domin, Duranta repens f. variegata (L.H.Bailey) Moldenke, Duranta repens var. variegata L.H.Bailey, Duranta repens f. vestita Kuntze, Duranta spinosa Mill., Duranta turbinata Tod., Duranta xalapensis Kunth, Ellisia acuta L.

  • English: Golden Dewdrop, Pigeonberry, Skyflower, Pigeon berry, Sky flower
  • Kannada: Neelakantha
  • Marathi: Piwali Mendi, Piwalimendi
  • Malayalam: മാണിക്ക്യച്ചെമ്പഴുക്ക
  • Nepalese: नीलकाँडा
  • French: Vanillier de Cayenne
  • Indonesian: Sinyo nakal
  • Japanese: デュランタ, Taiwan-rengyô
  • Thai: เทียนหยด
  • Tongan: Mavaetangi
  • Vietnamese: Thanh quan
  • Chinese: 金露花
  • Madagascar: diveanta
  • South  Africa:  geelbessie,  kraaldoring,  vergeet-my-nie-boom, wolwedoring
Fruit when eaten induces mental derangement in man. Fruit, juice antifungal, insecticide, for skin diseases. Leaves, mixed, with Styrax benzoin, infused in coconut milk taken orally, and applied externally to children with fevers, malaria, measles or coughs with vomiting. Leaves decoction an ingredient, in an oral remedy for menstrual disorders in young women., Fresh  leaves  paste  of  Duranta  repens  applied  on  wounds. dried  fruit  powder  of  Duranta  repens  mixed  with  Ferula asafoetida powder given orally against sore or acute ulcer. Leaf  and  fruits  larvicidal,  poisonous  to  mosquitoes;  fruit juice lethal to mosquito larvae. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Indications: Fever; Malaria; Varicosis. [Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America]

17 Published articles of Duranta erecta

Phlomis bracteosa, Phlomoides bracteosa


Phlomoides bracteosa (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm.
Family: Lamiaceae

Synonyms: Phlomis bracteosa Royle ex Benth., Phlomis bracteosa var. longifolia Hook.f., Phlomis cordata Royle ex Benth., Phlomis lamiifolia Royle ex Benth., Phlomis latifolia Royle ex Benth., Phlomis simplex Royle ex Benth., Phlomoides lamiifolia (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm.



Chemicals isolated from  Phlomoides bracteosa

Published articles of Phlomoides bracteosa
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