Sunday, April 1, 2012

Apium leptophyllum, Ajmoda, Vamu, Omam

Apium leptophyllum (Pers.) F. Muell. ex Benth.
Syn.: Cyclospermum leptophyllum
Family: Umbelliferae
Sanskrit : Dipyaka
Assamese : Bonjamani, Bonajain, Yamani, Ajowan
Bengali : Randhuni, Banyamani
English : Oregano
Gujrati : Bodi Ajamo, Ajamo
Hindi : Ajmuda, Ajmod, Ajwain
Kannada : Oma, Ajavana, Omakki
Kashmiri : Fakhazur, Banjuan
Malayalam : Ayamodakum, Omam
Marathi : Ajmoda, Oova
Oriya : Banajuani
Punjabi : Valjawain, Ajmod
Tamil : Omam
Telugu : vamu
Urdu : Ajmod

Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC) Sprague Syn. Carum roxburghianum Benth. Hook.f. is the common market substitute.
Though it is very common and widely used plant in India not much pharmacological work is published on this plant.  Most of the available published articles are not related to medicine. Literally not a single publication is available on pubmed search on the date of this posting.  View results here

1.    Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton and P. Wilson
Author(s): Pande C.; Tewari G.; Singh C.; et al.
Source: NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH  Volume: 25   Issue: 6   Pages: 592-595   Article Number: PII 934925525   DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2010.487190   Published: 2011
2.    Taxonomic revision of European Apium L. s.l.: Helosciadium WDJKoch restored
Author(s): Ronse A. C.; Popper Z. A.; Preston J. C.; et al.
Source: PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION  Volume: 287   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 1-17   DOI: 10.1007/s00606-010-0284-3   Published: JUN 2010
3.    Comparison of the seed germination of native and non-native winter annual Apiaceae in North America, with particular focus on Cyclospermum leptophyllum naturalized from South America
Author(s): Walck Jeffrey L.; Baskin Carol C.; Hidayati Siti N.; et al.
Source: PLANT SPECIES BIOLOGY  Volume: 23   Issue: 1   Pages: 33-42   DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-1984.2008.00205.x   Published: APR 2008
4.    SOME NEW RECORDS FOR IRAN AND FLORA IRANICA AREA COLLECTED FROM BOUJAGH NATIONAL PARK, N. IRAN
Author(s): Naqinezhad A.; Mehrvarz Sh. Saeidi
Source: Iranian Journal of Botany  Volume: 13   Issue: 2   Pages: 112-119   Published: 2007
5.    The research of alien plants risk assessment system in Xiamen municipality
Author(s): Ou Jian; Lu Chang-yi
Source: Xiamen Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)  Volume: 45   Issue: 6   Pages: 883-888   Published: NOV 2006
6.    Apio cimarron species, its anatomical characterization (Ammi majus, Apium sellowianum, Cyclospermum leptophyllum: Apiaceae).
7.    Foreign Caracterizacion Anatomica de las Especies de Apio Cimarron (Ammi majus, Apium sellowianum, Cyclospermum leptophyllum: Apiaceae)
Author(s): Arambarri Ana M.; Colares Marta N.; Perrotta Vanesa G.
Source: Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense  Volume: 24   Issue: 1   Pages: 31-38   Published: JAN-MAR05
8.    Microscopical and chemical examination of a poly herbal drug - 'Hutabhugadi Curna'.
Author(s): Saraswathy A.; Rukmani S.; Brindha P.; et al.
Source: Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences  Volume: 27   Issue: 4   Pages: 657-668   Published: 2005
9.    Preemergent control of annual weeds in oregano ( Origanum vulgare L.).
Author(s): Zumelzu G.; Darre C.; Novo R. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the Second World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare, WOCMAP-2. Agricultural production, post-harvest techniques and biotechnology, Mendoza, Argentina, 10-15 November, 1997.
Source: Acta Horticulturae  Issue: 502   Pages: 181-185   Published: 1999
10.    Medical ethnobotany of principal species used to treat lienteric diarrhea
Author(s): Berlin B.
Source: Medical ethnobiology of the highland Maya of Chiapas, Mexico: The gastrointestinal diseases  Pages: 255   Published: 1996
11.    Weed interference in tea tree plantations.
Author(s): Virtue J. G.; Sutton B. G.; Cousens R. D.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 10th Australian Weeds Conference and 14th Asian Pacific Weed Science Society Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 6-10 September, 1993.
Source: Proceedings I of the 10th Australian Weeds Conference and 14th Asian Pacific Weed Science Society Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 6-10 September, 1993  Pages: 261-264   Published: 1993
12.    Essential oil profiles of several temperate and tropical aromatic plants: their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
Author(s): Deans S. G.; Svoboda K. P.; Gundidza M.; et al.
Conference: International symposium on medicinal and aromatic plants, Budapest, Hungary, 4-6 Sep., 1990.
Source: Acta Horticulturae  Issue: 306   Pages: 229-232   Published: 1992
13.    TARDY TRANSFERS FROM APIUM TO CYCLOSPERMUM (UMBELLIFERAE)
Author(s): CONSTANCE L
Source: BRITTONIA  Volume: 42   Issue: 4   Pages: 276-278   DOI: 10.2307/2806816   Published: OCT-DEC 1990
14.    PHENOLICS OF SOME FRUIT SPICES OF THE APIACEAE
Author(s): UMADEVI I; DANIEL M
Source: NATIONAL ACADEMY SCIENCE LETTERS-INDIA  Volume: 13   Issue: 12   Pages: 439-441   Published: DEC 1990
15.    ANTIXENOTIC AND ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE IN APIUM SPECIES TO LIRIOMYZA-TRIFOLII (DIPTERA, AGROMYZIDAE)
Author(s): TRUMBLE JT; QUIROS CF
Source: JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY  Volume: 81   Issue: 2   Pages: 602-607   Published: APR 1988
16.    ADDITIONS TO THE VASCULAR FLORA OF OKLAHOMA USA IV
Author(s): TAYLOR R J; TAYLOR C E S
Source: SIDA Contributions to Botany  Volume: 12   Issue: 1   Pages: 233-237   Published: 1987
17.    CHROMOSOME NUMBERS OF ITALIAN FLORA 1082-1093
Author(s): D'OVIDIO R
Source: Informatore Botanico Italiano  Volume: 18   Issue: 1-3   Pages: 168-175   Published: 1986
18.    THE FLORA OF OSTERGOTLAND SWEDEN ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS 4
Author(s): LIND F
Source: Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift  Volume: 80   Issue: 1   Pages: 27-30   Published: 1986
19.    A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF EXOTIC FLORA IN THE PROVINCE OF VALENCIA SPAIN
Author(s): CARRETERO J L
Source: Collectanea Botanica (Barcelona)  Volume: 16   Issue: 1   Pages: 133-136   Published: 1985
20.    Morphological characterization of dispersal units of five weed species in some Brazilian crops.
21.    Foreign Caracterizacao morfologica das unidades de dispersao de cinco especies invasoras em algumas culturas Brasileiras.
Author(s): Groth D.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Sementes  Volume: 5   Issue: 2   Pages: 81-109   Published: 1983
22.    NOTES ON THE FLORA OF LATIUM CENTRAL ITALY
Author(s): ANZALONE B
Source: Informatore Botanico Italiano  Volume: 15   Issue: 1   Pages: 13-17   Published: 1983
23.    KASHMIR HIMALAYA UMBELLIFERAE 7. APIUM-LEPTOPHYLLUM NEW-RECORD FOR JAMMU AND KASHMIR STATE INDIA
Author(s): HAMAL I A
Source: Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany  Volume: 3   Issue: 2   Pages: 607   Published: 1982
24.    ANHYDRORUTARETIN, A NEW FURANOCOUMARIN AND OTHER MINOR CONSTITUENTS OF APIUM-LEPTOPHYLLUM SEEDS
Author(s): SHARMA BR; RATTAN RK; SHARMA P
Source: PHYTOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 19   Issue: 7   Pages: 1556-1557   DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9422(00)82128-7   Published: 1980
25.    STRUCTURE OF LEPTOPHYLLIDIN AND IDENTITY OF LEPTOPHYLLIN AND LEPTOPHYLLOSIDE WITH RUTARETIN AND ISORUTARIN
Author(s): SHARMA BR; SHARMA P
Source: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY SECTION B-ORGANIC CHEMISTRY INCLUDING MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY  Volume: 17   Issue: 6   Pages: 647-648   Published: 1979
26.    STRUCTURE OF LEPTOPHYLLIDIN, LEPTOPHYLLIN AND LEPTOPHYLLOSIDE, NEW DIHYDROFUROCOUMARINS FROM SEEDS OF APIUM-LEPTOPHYLLUM
Author(s): SHARMA P; SHARMA M; RANGASWAMI S
Source: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY SECTION B-ORGANIC CHEMISTRY INCLUDING MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY  Volume: 16   Issue: 7   Pages: 563-566   Published: 1978
27.    Weed control for commercial vegetable production.
Author(s): Scudder W. T.
Source: Annual Research Report, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Florida, 1975.  Pages: 312   Published: 1977
28.    COMMENTS AND OBSERVATIONS ON FRUITS OF TRACHYSPERMUM-ROXBURGHIANUM AND ITS ESSENTIAL OIL
Author(s): QADRY JS
Source: PLANTA MEDICA  Volume: 30   Issue: 4   Pages: 337-339   Published: 1976
29.    ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF ANGOLA PART 1
Author(s): NOGUEIRA I
Source: Garcia De Orta Serie de Botanica  Volume: 2   Issue: 1   Pages: 59-62   Published: 1974
30.    NEW PLANTS OF THE PIEDMONT ITALY FLORA
Author(s): ABBA G
Source: Informatore Botanico Italiano  Volume: 5   Issue: 3   Pages: 259-261   Published: 1973
31.    COUMARINS FROM TRACHYSPERMUM-ROXBURGHIANUM AND APIUM-LEPTOPHYLLUM
Author(s): ATAL C K; SHARMA B R; QADRY S M J S
Source: Indian Journal of Pharmacy  Volume: 35   Issue: 4   Pages: 127-128   Published: 1973
32.    POLLEN GRAINS OF UMBELLIFERAE FROM RIO-GRANDE-DO-SUL BRAZIL PART 4 GENERA APIUM AND HYDROCOTYLE
Author(s): FERREIRA A G
Source: Revista Brasileira de Biologia  Volume: 33   Issue: 3   Pages: 445-452   Published: 1973
33.    WEED PROBLEM CHANGES AFFECTING CENTRAL FLORIDA VEGETABLE PRODUCTION
Author(s): SCUDDER W T
Source: Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society  Volume: 83   Pages: 138-141   Published: 1970
34.    SOME CONSTITUENTS OF APIUM LEPTOPHYLLUM (DC) F MUELL IN RELATION TO TAINTING OF MILK
Author(s): PARK RJ; SUTHERLA.MD
Source: AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY  Volume: 22   Issue: 2   Pages: 495-&   Published: 1969
35.    WEED CONTROL IN ONIONS-M A NEW ALLY
Author(s): HAZARD W H
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 95   Issue: 3   Pages: 152-155   Published: 1969
36.    2,4-DB does not decrease the yield of inoculated alfalfa.
Author(s): DE OLIVERO E. L. G.; BASURCO J. C. P.; SCHIEL E.
Source: Rev ta Invest, agropec., B. Aires, Ser. 2, Biol. Prod, veg.  Volume: 7   Issue: 16   Pages: 255-64   Published: 1969
37.    D. The farm weed taint story-1.
Author(s): ARMITT J.
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 94   Issue: 1   Pages: 2-7   Published: 1968
38.    Chemical weed control in onions.
Author(s): HAZARD W. H.
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 93   Issue: 2   Pages: 86-93   Published: 1967
39.    Apium leptophyllum fUmbelliferae]: an introduced plant new for the flora of the USSR
40.    Foreign Apium leptophyllum (Pers.) F. Muell. -novoe dlya flory SSSR adventivnoe rastenie
Author(s): VINOGRADOVA V. M.
Source: BOT ZH  Volume: 49   Issue: (9)   Pages: 1345-1346   Published: 1964
41.    Four new or renamed South American Umbelliferae
Author(s): MATHIAS MILDRED E.; CONSTANCE LINCOLN
Source: BULL TORREY BOT CLUB  Volume: 89   Issue: (6)   Pages: 371-380   DOI: 10.2307/2483262   Published: 1962
42.    Poisonous plants.
Source: Ann. Rep. Dep. Agric. Stock, Qd 1960-61.  Pages: 21-2   Published: 1961
43.    Weed taints in dairy produce.
Author(s): MITCHELL W. D.
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 86   Issue: 3   Pages: 148   Published: 1960
44.    How to avoid milk taints.
Author(s): MAJOR W. C. T.
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 86   Issue: 6   Pages: 365-9   Published: 1960
45.    Poisonous plants.
Source: Annu. Rep. Dep. Agric. Stock. Qd.  Pages: 21-2; 29; 32; 39   Published: 1960-61
46.    New plants for the Portuguese flora
47.    Foreign Novas plantas para a flora Portuguesa
Author(s): VASCONCELLOS JOAO DE CARVALHO; FRANCO JOAO DO AMARAL
Source: BOL SOC BROTERIANA  Volume: 32   Pages: 237-251   Published: 1958
48.    New and not well known plants from Madeira Island [French and English summ.]
49.    Foreign Plantas novas e plantas pouco conhecidas da Ilha da Madeira [French and English summ.]
Author(s): MALATO -BELIZ
Source: MELHORAMENTO  Volume: 11   Pages: 33-51   Published: 1958
50.    Notes on two umbelliferous weeds in California
Author(s): RAVEN PETER H.
Source: LEAFLETS WESTERN BOT  Volume: 8   Issue: (7)   Pages: 177   Published: 1957
51.    Some rare plants of Tennessee
Author(s): SHAVER JESSE M.
Source: JOUR TENNESSEE ACAD SCI  Volume: 32   Issue: (1)   Pages: 46-54   Published: 1957
52.    Motley dwarf virus disease of carrot in California
Author(s): STUBBS L. L.
Source: PLANT DIS REPORTER  Volume: 40   Issue: (9)   Pages: 763-764   Published: 1956
53.    Retention of carrot motley dwarf virus in Cavariella aegopodii (Scop.) following a moult
Author(s): STUBBS L. L.
Source: JOUR AUSTRALIAN INST AGRIC SCI  Volume: 21   Issue: (4)   Pages: 267-268   Published: 1955
54.    Apium leptophyllum in California
Author(s): HOWELL JOHN THOMAS
Source: LEAFLETS WESTERN BOT  Volume: 6   Issue: (11)   Pages: 219-220   Published: 1952
55.    Hepaticae Borneenses (Oxford University Expedition to Sarawak. 1932 ). With introduction and ecological notes bv P. W. Richards
Author(s): HERZOG TH.
Source: TRANS BRIT BRYOL SOC  Volume: 1   Issue: (4)   Pages: 275-326   Published: 1950
56.    Weed taints in Australian dairy produce
Author(s): CONOCHIE J.
Source: AUSTRALIAN JOUR DAIRY TECHNOL  Volume: 5   Issue: (2)   Pages: 43-51   Published: 1950
57.    Beitrage zur Flora und Pflanzen-geogtaphie Australiens. I. Dicotyledoneae. Systema-tische Bearbeitung des eigenen sowie auch fremden, besonders des von Frau Amalia. Dietrich in Queensland (1863-1873), und von Dr. Clement in Nordwest-Aus-tralien gesammelten Materiales, mit teilweiser Beruck-sichtigung der gesamten Flora Australiens
Author(s): DOMIN K.
Source: BIBLIOTHECA BOT  Published: Date Unknown
58.    Beitrage zur Flora und Pflanzen-geogtaphie Australiens. I. Dicotyledoneae. Systema-tische Bearbeitung des eigenen sowie auch fremden, besonders des von Frau Amalia. Dietrich in Queensland (1863-1873), und von Dr. Clement in Nordwest-Aus-tralien gesammelten Materiales, mit teilweiser Beruck-sichtigung der gesamten Flora Australiens
Author(s): DOMIN K.
Source: BIBLIOTHECA BOT  Published: Date Unknown
59.    Milk tainting weeds.
Author(s): WHITE C.
Source: Queensland Agricultural Journal  Volume: 38   Pages: 528-9   Published: 1932
60.    Musci.
Author(s): BROTHERUS V. F.
Source: HANDEL-MAZZETTI. Symbolae sinicae, IV.  Pages: 148 p. 5 pl.   Published: 1929

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delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Premna corymbosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana