Tuesday, August 28, 2012

Curcuma amada Mango ginger amragandha maamidi allam


Curcuma amada ROXB.
Family: Zingiberaceae
Sanskrit: amragandha, amragandhiharidra, amragandiharidra, amragrndhiharidra, amraharidra, amrardrakam, daru, darvimeda, karpura, karpuraharidra, padmapatra, surabhidaru, suranayika, vanaharidra
Bengali: amada
Telugu: maamidi allam, మామిడి అల్లం
Tamil: Mankayinci மாங்காய் இஞ்சி
Malayalam: മാങ്ങയിഞ്ചി Mangayinji
Marathi: आंबेहळद ambe halad
French: Temu mangga
German: Mangoingwer
Portuguese: açafrão
Gujarati: Aambaa haldhar
Hindi: Aamaa-haldi, Amiyaa haldi
Kannada: Ambarasini, Huli Arsin
Punjabi: Ambiya haladi
Unani: Aambaa Haldi, Daarchob
Common name: Mango ginger, Wild Turmeric

Ayurvedic uses: Part used rhizome. Kandu, Vrana, Kasa, Svasa, Hikka, Jvara, Abhighataja Sotha, Karnasula, Sannipata.
Appetiser, carminative, digestive,demulcent.

Stomachic, appetizer, expectorant, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory. Specific in rheumatism and inflammation of liver; rheumatism; in contusions and sprains.

Mango ginger (Curcuma amada) is a rhizomatous aromatic herb rhizomes that are used as flavouring for pickles and other dishes and also valued for their medicinal properties. The fresh as well as dried rhizomes are used for flavouring curries. The fresh cut rhizomes have the flavour and the colour of mango, hence the name mango ginger.

Unani uses: Zarba wa Sakta, Amraz-e-Jildiya

43 Published article list on Curcuma amada
1.    Microwave drying of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb): prediction of drying kinetics by mathematical modelling and artificial neural network
Murthy, Thrupathihalli Pandurangapp Krishna; Manohar, Balaraman - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 47   Issue: 6   Pages: 1229-1236   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2012.02963.x   Published: JUN 2012
2.    Conservation and storage of Curcuma amada Roxb. synseeds on Luffa sponge matrix and RAPD analysis of the converted plantlets
Banerjee, Suchitra; Singh, Sailendra; Pandey, Harshita; et al. - INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS  Volume: 36   Issue: 1   Pages: 383-388   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.10.031   Published: MAR 2012
3.    Determination of anti-tubercular agent in mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) by reverse phase HPLC-PDA-MS
Singh, Sailendra; Singh, Rashmi; Banerjee, Suchitra; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 131   Issue: 1   Pages: 375-379   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.08.054   Published: MAR 1 2012
4.    Cloning and characterization of PR5 gene from Curcuma amada and Zingiber officinale in response to Ralstonia solanacearum infection
Prasath, D.; El-Sharkawy, I.; Sherif, S.; et al. - PLANT CELL REPORTS  Volume: 30   Issue: 10   Pages: 1799-1809   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-011-1087-x   Published: OCT 2011
5.    Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) - A promising spice for phytochemicals and biological activities
Policegoudra, R. S.; Aradhya, S. M.; Singh, L. - JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES  Volume: 36   Issue: 4   Pages: 739-748   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12038-011-9106-1   Published: SEP 2011
6.    Cloning and Characterization of PR5 Gene from Curcuma amada and Zingiber officinale in Response to Ralstonia solanacearum Infection
Prasath, D.; El-Sharkawy, I.; Sherif, S.; et al. - IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY-ANIMAL  Volume: 47   Supplement: 1   Pages: S53-S53   Published: JUN 2011
7.    Cytotoxicity, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activity of Curcuma amada Roxb. Extracts
Policegoudra, Rudragoud S.; Chandrashekhar, Raghu H.; Aradhya, Somaradhya M.; et al. - FOOD TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 49   Issue: 2   Pages: 162-168   Published: APR-JUN 2011
8.    Characterization of the genetic structure of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) from Myanmar in farm and genebank collection by the neutral and functional genomic markers
Jatoi, Shakeel Ahmad; Kikuchi, Akira; Ahmad, Dawood; et al. - ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 13   Issue: 6     Article Number: 10   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2225/vol13-issue6-fulltext-10   Published: NOV 15 2010
9.    A bioactive labdane diterpenoid from Curcuma amada and its semisynthetic analogues as antitubercular agents
Singh, Sailendra; Kumar, Jonnala Kotesh; Saikia, Dharmendra; et al. - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY  Volume: 45   Issue: 9   Pages: 4379-4382   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2010.06.006   Published: SEP 2010
10.    A comparative study of phenol content and antioxidant activity between non-conventional Curcuma caesia Roxb. and Curcuma amada Roxb.
Krishnaraj, M.; Manibhushanrao, K.; Mathivanan, N. - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT PRODUCTION  Volume: 4   Issue: 3   Pages: 169-173   Published: JUL 2010
11.    Antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxicity and platelet aggregation inhibitory activity of a novel molecule isolated and characterized from mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome
Policegoudra, R. S.; Rehna, K.; Rao, L. Jaganmohan; et al. - JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES  Volume: 35   Issue: 2   Pages: 231-240   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12038-010-0027-1   Published: JUN 2010
12.    Antibacterial activity of extract Curcuma amada against Staphylococcus aureus
Attarpour, Yazdi M. M. - PLANTA MEDICA  Volume: 75   Issue: 9   Pages: 1070-1070   Published: JUL 2009
13.    A NOTE ON THE FINGER BEARING SPECIES OF THE GENUS CURCUMA L. OF WESTERN GHATS AND THE REPORT OF A NEW TAXON CURCUMA AMADA ROXB. VAR. GLABRA FROM KERALA, INDIA
Velayudhan, K. C.; Unnikrishnan, M.; Asha, K. I.; et al. - Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany  Volume: 33   Issue: 1   Pages: 162-171   Published: 2009
14.    A comparative study of antimicrobial activity of Curcuma amada and Alpinia galanga of Zingiberaceae family
Rao, M. Rama; Reddy, I. Bhaskar; Gopal, S. V. Raja; et al. - ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY  Volume: 20   Issue: 7   Pages: 5293-5300   Published: SEP-OCT 2008
15.    Cholesterol lowering activity of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) in induced hypercholesterolemic rats
Srinivasan, M. R.; Chandrasekhara, N.; Srinivasan, K. - EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 227   Issue: 4   Pages: 1159-1163   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-008-0831-0   Published: AUG 2008
16.    Structure and biochemical properties of starch from an unconventional source - Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome
Policegoudra, R. S.; Aradhya, S. M. - FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS  Volume: 22   Issue: 4   Pages: 513-519   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2007.01.008   Published: JUN 2008
17.    Biochemical changes and antioxidant activity of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizomes during postharvest storage at different temperatures
Policegouldra, R. S.; Aradhya, S. M. - POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 46   Issue: 2   Pages: 189-194   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.04.012   Published: NOV 2007
18.    Accumulation of bioactive compounds during growth and development of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizomes
Policegoudra, Rudragouda S.; Kumar, Muthappa H. Swaroop; Aradhya, Mallikarjuna S. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 55   Issue: 20   Pages: 8105-8111   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0715469   Published: OCT 3 2007
19.    Inhibition of gastric H+,K+-ATPase and Helicobacter pylori growth by phenolic antioxidants of Curcuma amada
Siddaraju, M. N.; Dharmesh, Shylaja M. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 55   Issue: 18   Pages: 7377-7386   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf070719r   Published: SEP 5 2007
20.    Identification of difurocumenonol, a new antimicrobial compound from mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome
Policegoudra, R. S.; Divakar, S.; Aradhya, S. M. - JOURNAL OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY  Volume: 102   Issue: 6   Pages: 1594-1602   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03186.x   Published: JUN 2007
21.    Isolation and characterization of antioxidant and antibacterial compound from mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome
Policegoudra, R. S.; Abiraj, K.; Gowda, D. Channe; et al. - JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY B-ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE BIOMEDICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES  Volume: 852   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 40-48   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2006.12.036   Published: JUN 1 2007
22.    Phytochemical, pharmacological and ethnobotanical studies in mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.; Zingiberaceae)
Jatoi, Shakeel Ahmad; Kikuchi, Akira; Gilani, Syed Abdullah; et al. - PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH  Volume: 21   Issue: 6   Pages: 507-516   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2137   Published: JUN 2007
23.    Pharmacognostic evaluation of Curcuma amada Roxb.
Srivastava, Sharad; Srivastava, M.; Rawat, A. K. S.; et al. - Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences  Volume: 76   Issue: Part 2   Pages: 153-160   Published: APR-JUN 2006
24.    Volatile oil constituents of the fresh rhizomes of Curcuma amada Roxb.
Mustafa, A; Ali, M; Khan, NZ - JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH  Volume: 17   Issue: 5   Pages: 490-491   Published: SEP-OCT 2005
25.    CNS depressant and analgesic activity of a fraction isolated from an ethanol extract of Curcuma amada rhizomes
Mujumdar, AM; Naik, DG; Misar, AV; et al. - PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY  Volume: 42   Issue: 7   Pages: 542-545   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13880200490893429   Published: OCT 2004
26.    Efficient regeneration of Curcuma amada Roxb. plantlets from rhizome and leaf sheath explants
Prakash, S; Elangomathavan, R; Seshadri, S; et al. - PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE  Volume: 78   Issue: 2   Pages: 159-165   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:TICU.0000022553.83259.29   Published: AUG 2004
27.    CNS Depressant and Analgesic Activity of a Fraction Isolated from an Ethanol Extract of Curcuma amada Rhizomes
Mujumdar, A. M.; Naik, D. G.; Misar, A. V.; et al. - ARCHIVES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 42   Issue: 7   Pages: 542-546   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13880200490893429   Published: 2004
28.    Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies on curcuma amada (linn.) rhizome (zingiberaceae).
Chitra, M; Thoppil, J E - Ancient science of life  Volume: 22   Issue: 2   Pages: 25-33   Published: 2002-Oct
29.    High frequency in vitro production of microrhizomes of Curcuma amada
Nayak, Sanghamitra - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology  Volume: 40   Issue: 2   Pages: 230-232   Published: February, 2002
30.    Effect of nitrogen and potassium on growth parameters and rhizomatic characters of mango-ginger (Curcuma amada)
Behura, S - INDIAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY  Volume: 46   Issue: 4   Pages: 747-751   Published: DEC 2001
31.    Certain diterpenes and extracts or concentrates of curcuma amada containing them for use as medicaments
Patent Number: US 6235287
Patent Assignee: IDA Development A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark
Inventor(s): Weidner, Morten Sloth; Petersen, Morten Just; Jacobsen, Nina. - Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents  Volume: 1246   Issue: 4   Published: May 22, 2001
32.    Certain diterpenes and extracts or concentrates of curcuma amada containing them for use as medicaments
Patent Number: US 6235287
Patent Assignee: IDA Development A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark
Inventor(s): Weidner, Morten Sloth; Petersen, Morten Just; Jacobsen, Nina. - Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents  Volume: 1246   Issue: 4   Published: May 22, 2001
33.    Constituents of the rhizome essential oil of Curcuma amada Roxb. from India
Srivastava, SK; Srivastava, SK; Shah, NC - JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH  Volume: 13   Issue: 1   Pages: 63-64   Published: JAN-FEB 2001
34.    Antiinflammatory activity of Curcuma amada Roxb. in albino rats
Mujumdar, A. M.; Naik, D. G.; Dandge, C. N.; et al. - Indian Journal of Pharmacology  Volume: 32   Issue: 6   Pages: 375-377   Published: December, 2000
35.    EFFECT OF MANGO GINGER [CURCUMA-AMADA ROXB] ON TRITON WR-1339 INDUCED-HYPERLIPIDEMIA AND PLASMA LIPASES ACTIVITY IN THE RAT
SRINIVASAN, MR; CHANDRASEKHARA, N - NUTRITION RESEARCH  Volume: 13   Issue: 10   Pages: 1183-1190   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0271-5317(05)80742-0   Published: OCT 1993
36.    EFFECT OF MANGO GINGER (CURCUMA-AMADA ROXB) ON LIPID STATUS IN NORMAL AND HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIC RATS
SRINIVASAN, MR; CHANDRASEKHARA, N - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE  Volume: 29   Issue: 2   Pages: 130-132   Published: MAR-APR 1992
37.    VOLATILE AROMA COMPONENTS OF CURCUMA-AMADA ROXB
RAO, AS; RAJANIKANTH, B; SESHADRI, R - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 37   Issue: 3   Pages: 740-743   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a036   Published: MAY-JUN 1989
38.    CHARACTERIZATION OF MANGO-LIKE AROMA IN CURCUMA-AMADA ROXB
GHOLAP, AS; BANDYOPADHYAY, C - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 32   Issue: 1   Pages: 57-59   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00121a015   Published: 1984
39.    ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY IN RHIZOMES OF CURCUMA-AMADA ROXB
GHOSH, SB; GUPTA, S; CHANDRA, AK - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY  Volume: 18   Issue: 2   Pages: 174-176   Published: 1980
40.    EFFECT OF GAMMA-IRRADIATION ON MORPHOLOGY OF LEAF AND SHOOT APEX OF GINGER, TURMERIC AND MANGO-GINGER
RAJU, EC; PATEL, JD; SHAH, JJ - PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES-PLANT SCIENCES  Volume: 89   Issue: 3   Pages: 173-178   Published: 1980
41.    ANTI FUNGAL ACTIVITY OF CERTAIN RHIZOMES CURCUMA-LONGA CURCUMA-AMADA ETC
VENKITRAMAN S - Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology  Volume: 22   Issue: 2   Pages: 237   Published: 1978
42.    CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL FROM THE SEEDS OF APIUM-GRAVEOLENS-D
AHUJA M M; NIGAM S S - Indian Science Congress Association Proceedings  Volume: 57   Issue: 4   Pages: 129   Published: 1970
43.    CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF CURCUMA AMADA ROXB
JAIN, MK; MISHRA, RK - INDIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY  Volume: 2   Issue: 1   Pages: 39-&   Published: 1964

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delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Premna corymbosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana