Thursday, August 23, 2012

Fagonia cretica Tulganari Dhamaasaa Chittigava


Fagonia cretica L.
Synonyms: Fagonia deflexa Moench, Fagonia elongata Salisb., Fagonia erecta Mill., Fagonia forskalii Pfund, Fagonia hispanica L., Fagonia virens Coss. ex T.Anderson, Fagonia viscosa Hochst. ex Boiss.

Correct name for Indian sp. is Fagonia schweifurthii Hadidi. F. bruguieri DC. is not a synonym of F. cretica, (Indian Medicinal Plants an Illustrated Dictionary)
according to CDRI.)
Sanskrit: Dhanvayasah, Duhsparsha, Duralambha, Virupa, Duralabha, Ushtrabhaksha
Bengali: Duralabha
English: Khorasan thorn
Gujrati: Dhamaaso
Hindi: Damahan, Dhamaasa, Hinguaa, Dhanhare
Malayalam: Kodittuva
Marathi: Dhamaasaa
Punjabi: Dama, Dhamah, Dhamaha
Tamil: Tulganari
Telugu: Chittigava, Gilaregati
Unani: Dhamaasaa

Ayurvedic uses: Daha, Grahani, Gulma, Jvara, Kasa, Kushta, Prameha, Raktapitta, Vatarakta, Visarpa, Atisara, Visama jvara, Trishna, Moha, Murccha, Madaroga,Rakatavikara, Bharama, Chardi, Mutraghata.
Astringent, antiseptic, blood-purifier and febrifuge. Applied to abscesses, scrofulous glands and wounds; also given as a prophylactic against smallpox. Bark—used for dermatosis Extract of aerial parts—antiviral, antiamphetaminic, spasmogenic. Plant ash—given to children suffering from anaemia. 

Fagonia cretica herbal tea arrested the growth of cancer cells within five hours of application and caused them to die within 24 hours.   Source: Times of India Dt.23 Aug. 2012

35 Published articles of Fagonia cretica
1.    An Aqueous Extract of Fagonia cretica Induces DNA Damage, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells via FOXO3a and p53 Expression
Lam, Matt; Carmichael, Amtul R.; Griffiths, Helen R. - PLOS ONE  Volume: 7   Issue: 6     Article Number: e40152   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040152   Published: JUN 27 2012
2.    An Aqueous Extract of Fagonia cretica Induces DNA Damage, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells via FOXO3a and p53 Expression.
Lam, Matt; Carmichael, Amtul R; Griffiths, Helen R - PloS one  Volume: 7   Issue: 6   Pages: e40152   Published: 2012 (Epub 2012 Jun 27)
3.    Antihaemorrhagic potentials of Fagonia cretica against Naja naja karachiensis (black Pakistan cobra) venom
Razi, Muhammad Tahir; Bin Asad, Muhammad Hassham Hassan; Khan, Taous; et al. - NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH  Volume: 25   Issue: 20   Pages: 1902-1907   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2010.490785   Published: 2011
4.    Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of Fagonia cretica plant extracts against selected microbes.
Sajid, B.; Alia, E.; Rizwana, K.; et al. - Journal of Pharmacy Research  Volume: 4   Issue: 4   Pages: 962-963   Published: 2011
5.    Antimicrobial Constituents from Fagonia cretica
Anjum, Muhammad Imran; Ahmed, Ejaz; Jabbar, Abdul; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF PAKISTAN  Volume: 29   Issue: 6   Pages: 634-639   Published: DEC 2007
6.    Cytotoxic and antitumor potential of Fagonia cretica L.
Ahsan Hussain; Muhammad Zia; Bushra Mirza - Turkish Journal of Biology  Volume: 31   Issue: 1   Pages: 19-24   Published: 2007
7.    Cytotoxic and antitumor potential of Fagonia cretica L.
Hussain, Ahsan; Zia, Muhammad; Mirza, Bushra - Turkish Journal of Biology  Volume: 31   Issue: 1   Pages: 19-24   Published: 2007
8.    Antimicrobial efficacy of methanolic extracts of Fagonia cretica
Thetwar, LK; Thakur, AS; Shrivastava, S; et al. - ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY  Volume: 18   Issue: 1   Pages: 743-744   Published: JAN-MAR 2006
9.    Effect of Rubia cordifolia, Fagonia cretica linn, and Tinospora cordifolia on free radical generation and lipid peroxidation during oxygen-glucose deprivation in rat hippocampal slices
Rawal, A; Muddeshwar, M; Biswas, S - BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS  Volume: 324   Issue: 2   Pages: 588-596   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.09.094   Published: NOV 12 2004
10.    Rubia cordifolia, Fagonia cretica linn and Tinospora cordifolia exert neuroprotection by modulating the antioxidant system in rat hippocampal slices subjected to oxygen glucose deprivation.
Rawal, Avinash K; Muddeshwar, Manohar G; Biswas, Saibal K - BMC complementary and alternative medicine  Volume: 4   Pages: 11   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-4-11   Published: 2004 Aug 13
11.    Effects of Fagonia cretica L. constituents on various haematological parameters in rabbits.
Asif Saeed, M; Wahid Sabir, A - Journal of ethnopharmacology  Volume: 85   Issue: 2-3   Pages: 195-200   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00365-3   Published: 2003-Apr
12.    Effects of Fagonia cretica L. constituents on various haematological parameters in rabbits
Saeed, MA; Sabir, AW - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 85   Issue: 2-3   Pages: 195-200   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00365-3   Published: APR 2003
13.    Autecological studies on Fagonia cretica, L. affecting its active constituent.
Emam, S. S.; Tolba, I. A. M. - Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor  Volume: 40   Issue: 2   Pages: 1183-1202   Published: 2002
14.    Production of endogenous ascorbic acid from tissue cultures of Fagonia cretica Linn.
Kapoor, B. B. S. - Journal of Phytological Research  Volume: 15   Issue: 1   Pages: 111-112   Published: 2002
15.    Further saponins from Fagonia cretica
Abdel-Khalik, SM; Miyase, T; Melek, FR; et al. - PHARMAZIE  Volume: 56   Issue: 3   Pages: 247-250   Published: MAR 2001
16.    Triterpenoid saponins from Fagonia cretica.
Abdel Khalik, S M; Miyase, T; El-Ashaal, H A; et al. - Phytochemistry  Volume: 54   Issue: 8   Pages: 853-9   Published: 2000-Aug
17.    Triterpenoid saponins from Fagonia cretica
Khalik, SMA; Miyase, T; El-Ashaal, HA; et al. - PHYTOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 54   Issue: 8   Pages: 853-859   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00168-0   Published: AUG 2000
18.    Trace elements in indigenous medicinal plants (Rhazya stricta, Vinca rosea and Fagonia cretica)
Fatima, Kaneez; Shirin, Khaula; Ali Kalhoro, Mahboob; et al. - Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research  Volume: 42   Issue: 4   Pages: 182-183   Published: Aug., 1999
19.    Trace elements in indigenous medicinal plants ( Rhazya stricta, Vinca rosea and Fagonia cretica).
Kaneez Fatima; Khaula Shirin; Kalhoro, M. A.; et al. - Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research  Volume: 42   Issue: 4   Pages: 182-183   Published: 1999
20.    Effects of Fagonia cretica L. constituents on various endocrinological parameters in rabbits
Saeed, M. Asif; Khan, Zaheer-ul-Din; Sabir, A. W. - Turkish Journal of Biology  Volume: 23   Issue: 2   Pages: 187-197   Published: 1999
21.    Biological properties of saponin mixtures of Fagonia cretica and Fagonia mollis
El-Shabrawy, O. A.; El-Gindi, K. O.; Melek, F. R.; et al. - Fitoterapia  Volume: 68   Issue: 3   Pages: 219-222   Published: 1997
22.    Investigation on fagonia cretica -its effect on hormonal profile and immunomodulation in rats.
Abirami, V; Khosa, R L; Dhar, S K; et al. - Ancient science of life  Volume: 15   Issue: 4   Pages: 259-63   Published: 1996-Apr
23.    New saponins from Fagonia cretica
Melek, F. R.; Abdel-Khalik, S. M.; Miyase, Toshio; et al. - Fitoterapia  Volume: 65   Issue: 4   Pages: 363-366   Published: 1994
24.    Toxicological study of the new molluscicidal plants: Fagonia cretica and Agave filifera
Ebeid, Fatma A.; Badawy, Afkar A.; Mostafa, Ahmed M.; et al. - Egyptian Journal of Bilharziasis  Volume: 13   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 171-179   Published: 1991 (1992)
25.    REMOVAL OF SEED DORMANCY BY GA-3 IN FAGONIA-CRETICA L. A TYPICAL INDIAN DESERT SPECIES
MOHAMMED S; SEN D N - Indian Botanical Reporter  Volume: 7   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 95-96   Published: 1988
26.    EFFECT OF FAGONIA-CRETICA ON SERUM PROLACTIN THYROTROPIN TSH THYROXINE T-4 AND CORTISOL LEVELS IN RABBITS
RASHEED A; JANBAZ K H; KHAN S M; et al. - Pakistan Veterinary Journal  Volume: 8   Issue: 3   Pages: 114-118   Published: 1988
27.    Molluscicidal activity of Fagonia cretica and Atriplex leucoclada.
Shoeb, H A; el-Emam, M A; Saad, A M; et al. - Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology  Volume: 17   Issue: 2   Pages: 539-46   Published: 1987-Dec
28.    WATER-SOLUBLE PROTEIN FROM FAGONIA-CRETICA LINN
SHAUKAT, GA; MALIK, MA; AHMAD, MS - PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY  Volume: 13   Issue: 1   Pages: 99-101   Published: 1981
29.    THE ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ACTIVE PRINCIPLES FROM FAGONIA-CRETICA IDENTIFICATION OF FATTY-ACIDS BY THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY
ARAYNE M S; SAIFY Z S; NAIM Z - Journal of Science (Karachi)  Volume: 4   Issue: (SUPPL)   Pages: 105-108   Published: 1976
30.    CHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF FAGONIA-CRETICA
IYER A; JOSHI B C - Herba Polonica  Volume: 21   Issue: 4   Pages: 420-423   Published: 1975
31.    ISOLATION OF OLEANOLIC-ACID FROM FAGONIA-CRETICA-D
RIMPLER H; RIZK A M - Phytochemistry (Oxford)  Volume: 8   Issue: 11   Pages: 2269   DOI: http;//dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)88196-0   Published: 1969
32.    INTRAINDIVIDUAL NUMERICAL CHROMOSOME INSTABILITY IN FAGONIA CRETICA L
BAQUAR, SR - GENETICA IBERICA  Volume: 19   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 99-&   Published: 1967
33.    TRI TERPENOIDS II ANOTHER SAPOGENIN FROM FAGONIA-CRETICA-D ZYGOPHYLLACEAE-D
ALI M A; HAMEED Z - Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research  Volume: 10   Issue: 2   Pages: 140-141   Published: 1967
34.    CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF PLANT FAGONIA CRETICA LINN .2.
TANDON, SP; TIWARI, KP - PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES INDIA SECTION A-PHYSICAL SCIENCES  Volume: 37   Pages: 173-&   Part: Part 2   Published: 1967
35.    Description de deux Zoocecidies nouvelles sur Fagonia cretica L.
Houard, C. - Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de France  Pages: pp. 44-46   Published: 1901

No comments:

If you find objectionable content on this blog please Email me anandkumarreddy at gmail dot com I will remove it. The contents of this blog are meant for students and researchers of Indian system of Medicine for educational purpose and not for commercial use.

This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services, to personalise ads and to analyse traffic. Information about your use of this site is shared with Google. By using this site, you agree to its use of cookies.

Labels

Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus ficulneus Abies pindrow Abies spectabilis Abies webbiana Abroma augusta Abrus precatorius Abutilon hirtum Abutilon indicum Acacia catechu Acacia farnesiana Acacia horrida Acacia nilotica Acalypha wilkesiana Acer acuminatum Acer cappadocicum Achillea millefolium Achyranthes aspera Aconitum heterophyllum Adhatoda vasica Aegle marmelos Aerva javanica Aeschynomene americana Aesculus indica Ageratum conyzoides Alangium salviifolium Albizia saman Alcea rosea Aleurites moluccana Aleurites triloba Allium cepa Alocasia fornicata Alocasia indica Alocasia macrorrhizos Aloe vera Alpinia calcarata Alpinia galanga Alpinia officinarum Alstonia scholaris Alternative and Complementary Medicine Journals Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus graecizans Amaranthus viridis Ammannia baccifera Ammi majus Amomum subulatum Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Anacyclus pyrethrum Anagallis arvensis Andrographis echioides Andrographis paniculata Anemone rivularis Anemone tetrasepala Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium andraeanum Apium leptophyllum Apluda mutica Arabidopsis thaliana Arachis hypogaea Argemone mexicana Arisaema tortuosum Aristolochia littoralis Artocarpus heterophyllus Arundinella setosa Arundo donax Aster albescens Astragalus leucocephalus Asystasia gangetica Avena sativa Averrhoa carambola Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieri Bambusa Bambos Bambusa multiplex Bambusa vulgaris Barleria cristata Barleria prionitis Basilicum polystachyon Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia racemosa Bauhinia scandens Bauhinia vahlii Bauhinia variegata Benincasa hispida Biophytum sensitivum Bixa orellana Blepharis integrifolia Blepharis maderaspatensis Blumea lacera Boerhavia diffusa Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia ovalifoliolata Boswellia serrata Buchnera hispida Butea monosperma Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia pulcherrima Cajanus scarabaeoides Caladium bicolor Caleana major Calendula officinalis Calophyllum inophyllum Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Camellia sinensis Campanula latifolia Cananga odorata Canscora diffusa Capparis sepiaria Capparis zeylanica Cardamine hirsuta Cardiocrinum giganteum Cardiospermum halicacabum Carduus edelbergii Carrichtera annua Carthamus oxyacantha Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia fistula Cassia occidentalis Catesbaea spinosa Catharanthus roseus Cayratia trifolia Cedrela toona Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Celastrus paniculatus Celosia argentea Centella asiatica Cestrum diurnum Chaerophyllum reflexum Chamaesyce hypericifolia Chenopodium album Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodium murale Chrozophora rottleri Cicer arietinum Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum tamala Cinnamomum verum Cissampelos pareira Citrullus lanatus Clematis gouriana Clematis montana Cleome gynandra Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cupressus torulosa Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium triflorum Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Premna corymbosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana