Friday, May 10, 2013

Cardiospermum halicacabum Karnasphota Jyotishmati Kaanphuti Modikkottan

Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Family: Sapindaceae
Synonyms: Cardiospermum acuminatum Miq., Cardiospermum corycodes Kunze, Cardiospermum corycodes Kuntze, Cardiospermum glabrum Schumach. & Thonn., Cardiospermum infiatum Salisb., Cardiospermum luridum Blume, Cardiospermum moniiiferum Sw. ex Steud., Cardiospermum pumiium Blume, Cardiospermum truncatum A Rich., Corindum halicacabum (L.) Medik., Physalis corymbosa Noronha, Physaiis halicacabum Noronha
  • Telugu: Ullings, Budpakakara, Buddalaaku, Patapataalum, Vekkudutiga
  • Sanskrit: Karnasphota, Kakadani, kaakatikta, kaakamardanika, Indravalli
  • Bengali: Jyotishmati
  • English: Ballon vine, Heart's Pea
  • Hindi: Kaanphuti, Lataaphataki, Kapalphoti 
  • Gujarati: Karolio
  • Kannada: Kanakayya, Agni-balli
  • Malayalam: Ulinna, Uzhinja, Valliuzhinja
  • Marathi: Fatphati, Kaanphuti, Khiljala
  • Tamil: Modikkottan, Mudukottan, Mudakkarutana
Various vernacular names: Agniballi, Amoteremi, Badha, Ballarina, Balloon Vine, Ban Chichinda, Bangcolon, Banu Uchchhe, Barcolon, Bâtard Persil, Bejuco de Orinar, Bejuco Globo, Blaasklimop, Black Liquorice, Black Winter Cherry, Blister Creeper, Bombija, Bombilla, Bombilla Menor, Bone Care, Bonnet Carré, Buddakakara, Cana, Cardiosperme, Cay Bong Bong, Colochero, Coracão da India, Corinde Glabre, Esungan, Farolito, Farolito de la Virgen, Garafunin Fadama, Garden Wine, Guisante Maravila, Gumba, Habbulkalkal, Halicacabon Estrange, Halicacabo Salvatico, Heart Pea, Heart Seed, Hierba de Chivato, Huayunac, Huevo de Gato, Indravallii, Jyotishmati, Kagdolio, Kanphuti, Karavi, Karnaspota, Karolio, Kesh Lahara, Kokalende, Kola Myetsi, Kottavan, Lataphatkari, Lataphatki, Lesser Balloonvine, Lofofo, Love-in-a-Puff, Malamai, Mani Mani, Masontsokina, Mor Ko Ton, Mubogo Bogo, Mudakattam, Muditos, Munditos, Okpoku Lairnosi, Painairavel, Palsy Curer, Paltugpaltucan, Peria Bulan, Persil Bâtard, Persil Diable, Pesi Bata, Phon Thuyen Kat, Pigeons Knee, Poc Poc Liane, Pois à Coeur, Pois de Merveille, Pois Merveille, Pwa de Mèrvèy, Pwa Mevey, Revienta Caballos, Roomsche Crieken van Overzee, Sprainbush Wine, Toffe Toffe, Totoku, Ulinna, Urundeburu, Uzipho, Uziphu, Welsch Schlutten, Wild Supplejack, Winter Cherry, Yerba Mora Desta Suerte Estangera, Zab Bich .

Ayurvedic uses: Sula, Sopha, Pandu, Vriddhi, Sandhi vata, Graha badha, Bhutabadha, Vishabadha
Antibacterial, hypotensive, antirheumatism

Americans use the plants in a variety of ways. The most prominent medicinal treatment is for kidney problems. In Mexico, Cuba, Hispaniola, and the Turks and Caicos Islands the plants are considered diuretic. In Mexico the roots are used, in Cuba the leaves, and in the Turks and Caicos the seeds. Each area has its own variant of medicinal preparations, including decoctions of roots and leaves. Others use the seeds, which are parched, ground like coffee, and boiled. The preparation in each area, however, is prescribed for swelling of the legs and feet associated with kidney trouble. This same decoction is used to treat rheumatism and arthritis in Argentina. The same or similar preparations are given in Mexico as sudorifics, emetics, purgatives, diaphoretics, and rubifacients in rheum. Cubans also use it as a sudorific (Roig 1945). In Hispaniola, the same basic decoction, either boiled or not, is also considered a refreshing drink. Similarly, in Dominica, the leaves are crushed in water by Caribs to make a refreshing and cooling drink. People in Hispaniola also use the leaves and stems in emollient poultices for abscesses and sores. In Trinidad, leaves are used as an infusion for “bich” (lower intestine disease) and indigestion. [Florida Ethnobotany]

Lodhas, Mundas, Oraons use root and leaves in the treatment of some diseases. The species is ti~ed in unani and allopathic systems of medicine. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach]

Used in rheumatism, lumbago, skeletal fractures, nervous diseases, amenorrhoea, haemorrhoids, erysipelas. The herb is used in hairoils for treating dandruff, alopecia and for darkening hair. The plant extract showed significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and sedative effect on CNS. The drug also showed (transient) vasodepressant activity.

Dried aerial parts, infusion: for nervous diseases, chronic bronchitis; tincture: for itching, digestive, psoriasis
Leaf: antirheumatic, for chronic bronchitis, stiffness of limbs and snakebite.
Unripe fresh leaf: analgesic Leaf + root, infusion: diuretic, diaphoretic, for amenorrhea
Plant. Saponin, quebrachitol, apigenin, proanthocyanidin and stigmosterol Dried seed. Apigenin: flavone; campesterol: steroid Decorticated seed. n -Eicosene [Medicinal flora of Argentina]

 In Nigeria the leaves are sometimes rubbed on the skin for the treatment of skin eruptions, itch, etc. or applied as a poultice to swellings. The juice of the stem is dropped in the eye to treat ophthalmia. The leaf and root are used as a remedy for nervous diseases in many countries. After eating the seeds in quantity children may develop epileptiform convulsions. Stigmasterol, probably in the form of a glycoside, and quebrachitol have been isolated from the air-dried plant in India and proanthocyanidin and apigenin have been isolated from an alcoholic extract of the. The water-soluble fraction of a dried alcoholic extract of the seeds produced an initial depression followed by marked stimulation in the isolated frog heart preparation. [Medicinal plants in tropical West Africa]

Whole plant: Infusion of seedling is used to clear the uterus after childbirth. Root: Infusion used as a stomachic and diuretic. Part unspecified: Emmenagogue.
CHEM: Seed oil reportedly has the properties of an insect repellent, antifeedant and anti-inflammatory [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)]
Diuretic, antitoxic; pneumonia, diabetes. Major Constituents: Eicosenoic acid, 1-cyano-2-hydroxy methylprop-2-ene-1-ol, 1-cyano-2-hydroxy methylprop-1-ene-3-ol20 [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]

Unani uses: Zofe Bah, Zofe Badan, Jaryan, Surate Inzal

64 Published articles of Cardiospermum halicacabum
1.    Phenolic profiling by UPLC-MS/MS and hepatoprotective activity of Cardiospermum halicacabum against CCl4 induced liver injury in Wistar rats
Jeyadevi, R.; Sivasudha, T.; Rameshkumar, A.; et al. - JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS  Volume: 5   Issue: 1   Pages: 289-298   DOI:   Published: JAN 2013
2.    Anti-arthritic activity of the Indian leafy vegetable Cardiospermum halicacabum in Wistar rats and UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS identification of the putative active phenolic components
Jeyadevi, Ramachandran; Sivasudha, Thilagar; Rameshkumar, Angappan; et al. - INFLAMMATION RESEARCH  Volume: 62   Issue: 1   Pages: 115-126   DOI:   Published: JAN 2013
3.    Protective effect of Cardiospermum halicacabum leaf extract on glycoprotein components on STZ-induced hyperglycemic rats
Veeramani, Chinnadurai; Al-Numair, Khalid S.; Alsaif, Mohammed A.; et al. - ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE  Volume: 5   Issue: 12   Pages: 939-944   DOI:   Published: DEC 2012
Shareef, Huma; Rizwani, Ghazala. H.; Mahmood, Shaukat; et al. - PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY  Volume: 44   Issue: 5   Pages: 1677-1680   Published: OCT 2012
5.    Repellent properties of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. (Family: Sapindaceae) plant leaf extracts against three important vector mosquitoes
Govindarajan, M.; Sivakumar, R. - Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine  Volume: 2   Issue: 8   Pages: 602-607   DOI:   Published: AUG 2012
6.    Adulticidal properties of Cardiospermum halicacabum plant extracts against three important vector mosquitoes
Govindarajan, M.; Sivakumar, R. - EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES  Volume: 16   Supplement: 3   Pages: 95-104   Published: JUL 2012
7.    Anticonvulsant activity of alcoholic root extract of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Dhayabaran, Daniel; Florance, Jeyaseeli; Krsihnadas, Nandakumar; et al. - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY  Volume: 22   Issue: 3   Pages: 623-629   DOI:   Published: MAY-JUN 2012
8.    Acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity in rats: Protective role of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Parameshappa, B.; Basha, Md Sultan Ali; Sen, Saikat; et al. - PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY  Volume: 50   Issue: 2   Pages: 247-253   DOI:   Published: FEB 2012
9.    A study on phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Kamalakannan, K.; Megala, L.; Niraimathi, S.; et al. - 2012 International Conference on Advances in Engineering, Science and Management (ICAESM)  Pages: 142-5   Published: 2012
10.    Protective Effect of Withania somnifera and Cardiospermum halicacabum Extracts Against Collagenolytic Degradation of Collagen
Ganesan, Krishnamoorthy; Sehgal, Praveen Kumar; Mandal, Asit Baran; et al. - APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 165   Issue: 3-4   Pages: 1075-1091   DOI:   Published: OCT 2011
11.    Mosquito larvicidal and ovicidal activity of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. (Family: Sapindaceae) Leaf extract against Culex quinquefasciatus (say.) and Aedes aegypti (Linn.) (Diptera: Culicidae)
Govindarajan, M. - EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES  Volume: 15   Issue: 7   Pages: 787-794   Published: JUL 2011
12.    In vitro Morphogenic Response of Plant Parts of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn.: A Plant with Therapeutic Potential
Purak, Ichha; Mehta, Anita - VEGETOS  Volume: 24   Issue: 1   Pages: 61-64   Published: JUN 2011
13.    Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Cardiospermum halicacabum and its reference compounds ex vivo and in vivo
Huang, Ming-Hsing; Huang, Shyh-Shyun; Wang, Bor-Sen; et al. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 133   Issue: 2   Pages: 743-750   DOI:   Published: JAN 27 2011
14.    Isolation of anxiolytic principle from ethanolic root extract of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Kumar, Rajesh; Murugananthan, G.; Nandakumar, K.; et al. - PHYTOMEDICINE  Volume: 18   Issue: 2-3   Pages: 219-223   DOI:   Published: JAN 15 2011
15.    In vitro evaluation of the efficacy of plant and callus extracts of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. on important phytopathogenic fungi
Girish, H. V.; Sudarshana, M. S.; Satish, S. - Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection  Volume: 44   Issue: 1   Pages: 46-56   DOI:   Published: 2011
16.    Cardiospermum halicacabum inhibits Cyclophosphamide Induced Immunosupression and Oxidative Stress in Mice and also Regulates iNOS and COX-2 Gene Expression in LPS Stimulated Macrophages
Pratheeshkumar, P.; Kuttan, Girija - ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION  Volume: 11   Issue: 5   Pages: 1245-1252   Published: 2010
Veeramani, Chinnaveeramani; Pushpavalli, Ganesan; Pugalendi, Kodukkur Viswanathan - Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology  Volume: 21   Issue: 2   Pages: 107-125   Published: 2010
18.    Cardiospermum halicacabum ethanol extract inhibits LPS induced COX-2, TNF-alpha and iNOS expression, which is mediated by NF-kappa B regulation, in RAW264.7 cells
Sheeba, M. S.; Asha, V. V. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 124   Issue: 1   Pages: 39-44   DOI:   Published: JUL 6 2009
19.    A new locality of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae) in Crete (Greece)
Igersheim, A. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien Serie B Botanik und Zoologie  Volume: 110   Pages: 263   Published: APR 2009
20.    In vitro rapid multiplication and propagation of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. through axillary bud culture
Jahan, Anushi A.; Anis, Mohammad - ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM  Volume: 31   Issue: 1   Pages: 133-138   DOI:   Published: JAN 2009
21.    Seed Treatment and Pot Culture of Balloon Vine (Cardiospermum halicacabum)
Lu, Ting-Sen; Huang, Jun-Kia - Journal of the Taiwan Society for Horticultural Science  Volume: 54   Issue: 2   Pages: 183-188   Published: JUN 2008
22.    Antihyperglycaemic effect of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. leaf extract on STZ-induced diabetic rats
Veeramani, Chinnadurai; Pushpavalli, Ganesan; Pugalendi, Kodukkur Viswanathan - JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMEDICINE  Volume: 6   Issue: 1   Pages: 19-26   Published: 2008
23.    Diuretic activity of whole plant extracts of Cardiospermum halicacabum (linn)
Prakash, Handra K.; Uppast, I. J.; Manjunath, C.; et al. - PHARMACOGNOSY MAGAZINE  Volume: 4   Issue: 13   Supplement: S   Pages: 80-82   Published: JAN-MAR 2008
24.    Production of Apigenin in Somatic Embryos of Cardiospermum Halicacabum Cultured in Bioreactor by the Induction of Elicitor (Methyl Jasmonate)
Harisaranraj, R.; Suresh, K.; Babu, Saravana S. - RESEARCH JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY  Pages: 377-379   Published: 2008
25.    Pharmacological investigation of Cardiospermum halicacabum (Linn) in different animal models of diarrhoea
Rao, N. Venkat; Prakash, K. Chandra; Kumar, S. M. Shanta - Indian Journal of Pharmacology  Volume: 38   Issue: 5   Pages: 346-349   Published: OCT 2006
26.    Effect of Cardiospermum halicacabum on ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats
Sheeba, MS; Asha, VV - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 106   Issue: 1   Pages: 105-110   DOI:   Published: JUN 15 2006
27.    Callus induction and plant regeneration in Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. an important medicinal plant
Thomas, TD; Maseena, EA - SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE  Volume: 108   Issue: 3   Pages: 332-336   DOI:   Published: MAY 8 2006
28.    Antioxidant activities of the methanol extract of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Kumaran, A; Karunakaran, RJ - PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGY  Volume: 44   Issue: 2   Pages: 146-151   DOI:   Published: MAR 2006
29.    In vitro antiparasitic activity of extracts of Cardiospermum halicacabum against third-stage larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis
Boonmars, T; Khunkitti, W; Sithithaworn, P; et al. - PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH  Volume: 97   Issue: 5   Pages: 417-419   DOI:   Published: NOV 2005
30.    Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compound, rutin in cardiospermum halicacabum leaves.
Babu, K C Venkatesh; Krishnakumari, S - Ancient science of life  Volume: 25   Issue: 2   Pages: 47-9   Published: 2005-Oct
31.    Biochemical studies of embryogenic and non-embryogenic callus of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Jeyaseelan, M.; Rao, M. V. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology  Volume: 43   Issue: 6   Pages: 555-560   Published: JUN 05
32.    The in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. and Momordica foetida Schumch. Et Thonn.
Waako, PJ; Gumede, B; Smith, P; et al. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 99   Issue: 1   Pages: 137-143   DOI:   Published: MAY 13 2005
33.    Morpho-histogenic studies in the pericarp of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae)
Rao, T. V. R.; Dave, Y. - Acta Botanica Hungarica  Volume: 47   Issue: 3-4   Pages: 419-424   DOI:   Published: 2005
34.    Tissue culture studies and in vitro clonal propagation of three (Cardiospermum halicacabum L., Spilanthes acmella L., and Boerhaavia diffusa L.) herbal ethnomedicinal plants of north east India and establishment of the plantlets in a natural environment.
Kalita, M. C.; Deka, Purabi; Baro, Anamika; et al. - IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY-ANIMAL  Volume: 40   Pages: 60A-60A   Published: SPR 2004
35.    The effects of Cassia auriculata and Cardiospermum halicacabum teas on the steady state blood level and toxicity of carbamazepine
Thabrew, I; Munasinghe, J; Chackrewarthi, S; et al. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 90   Issue: 1   Pages: 145-150   DOI:   Published: JAN 2004
36.    Population dynamics of Cardiospermum halicacabum and competition with soybeans
Voll, E; Brighenti, AM; Gazziero, DLP; et al. - PESQUISA AGROPECUARIA BRASILEIRA  Volume: 39   Issue: 1   Pages: 27-33   DOI:   Published: JAN 2004
37.    Micropropagation of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Babber, S; Mittal, K; Ahlawat, R; et al. - BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM  Volume: 44   Issue: 4   Pages: 603-606   DOI:   Published: 2001
38.    In vitro antifilarial activity of extracts of the medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum against Brugia pahangi
Khunkitti, W; Fujimaki, Y; Aoki, Y - JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY  Volume: 74   Issue: 3   Pages: 241-246   Published: SEP 2000
39.    Anticonvulsant action of petroleum ether fraction of Cardiospermum halicacabum against electroshock induced Convulsion in rats.
Vetrichelvan, T; Narasimhan, C L; Venkatramani, R - Ancient science of life  Volume: 19   Issue: 3-4   Pages: 174-5   Published: 2000-Jan
40.    Antipyretic activity of Cardiospermum halicacabum
Asha, V. V.; Pushpangadan, P. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology  Volume: 37   Issue: 4   Pages: 411-414   Published: April, 1999
41.    Phytochemical examination of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn
Srinivas, K.; Choudary, K. A.; Rao, S. S.; et al. - Indian Journal of Natural Products  Volume: 14   Issue: 1   Pages: 26-27   Published: June, 1998
42.    Sexual system and pollination ecology of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae)
Das, K. Rama; Reddi, C. Subba; Aluri, Raju J. S.; et al. - Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society  Volume: 94   Issue: 2   Pages: 333-341   Published: August, 1997
43.    Sexual system and pollination ecology of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae).
Rama Das, K.; Subba Reddi, C.; Aluri, Raju J.S.; et al. - Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society  Volume: 94   Issue: 2   Pages: 333-341   Published: August 1997
44.    Studies on the antisickling properties of extracts of Sideroxylon puberulum, Faujasiopsis flexuosa, Cardiospermum halicacabum, and Pelargonium graveolens
Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M. D. - Planta Medica  Volume: 58   Issue: 7 SUPPL. 1   Pages: A648-A649   Published: 1992
CABRERA, ER; DIAZ, J - SEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 19   Issue: 2   Pages: 203-206   Published: 1991
SADIQUE, J; CHANDRA, T; THENMOZHI, V; et al. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 19   Issue: 2   Pages: 201-212   DOI:   Published: MAR-APR 1987
47.    Some pharmacological studies on cardiospermum halicacabum linn.
Pillai, N R; Vijayamma, N - Ancient science of life  Volume: 5   Issue: 1   Pages: 32-6   Published: 1985-Jul
KUMARESAN A - Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  Volume: 43   Issue: 2   Pages: 68   Published: 1981
JOHNSTON, SK; MURRAY, DS; WILLIAMS, JC - WEED SCIENCE  Volume: 27   Issue: 1   Pages: 73-76   Published: 1979
MODI N T; DESHMANKAR B S - Indian Journal of Pharmacy  Volume: 34   Issue: 3   Pages: 76-77   Published: 1972
DAVE, YS; SHAH, JJ - PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES SECTION B  Volume: 74   Issue: 5   Pages: 217-&   Published: 1971
MIKOLAJC.KL; SMITH, CR; TJARKS, LW - LIPIDS  Volume: 5   Issue: 10   Pages: 812-&   DOI:   Published: 1970
MIKOLAJC.KL; SMITH, CR; TJARKS, IW - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY  Volume: 47   Issue: 7   Pages: A316-&   Published: 1970
MIKOLAJCZAK K L; SMITH C R JR; TJARKS L W - Lipids  Volume: 5   Issue: 10   Pages: 812-817   Published: 1970
HOPKINS, CY; EWING, DF; CHISHOLM, MJ - PHYTOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 7   Issue: 4   Pages: 619-&   DOI:   Published: 1968
56.    Xerophyllum asphodeloides, Mirabilis nyctaginea, and Cardiospermum halicacabum from Tennessee
THOMAS, R. DALE; CHESTER, EDWARD W. - CASTANEA  Volume: 32   Issue: (4)   Pages: 183-185   Published: 1967
57.    First identification of stigmastirol
DAS, A. K. - BULL BOT SURV INDIA  Volume: 8   Issue: (3/4)   Pages: 357   Published: 1966
58.    Morphology and embryology of Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn
NAIR, N. C; JOSEPH, T. - JOUR INDIAN BOT SOC  Volume: 39   Issue: (2)   Pages: 176-194   Published: 1960
59.    The seed of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. A criticism
KADRY, ABD EL RAHMAN - ACTA BOT NEERLANDICA  Volume: 1   Issue: (3)   Pages: 330-332   Published: 1960
CHISHOLM, MJ; HOPKINS, CY - CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE CHIMIE  Volume: 36   Issue: 11   Pages: 1537-1540   DOI:   Published: 1958
61.    Chemical investigation of the roots of the Indian medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum (Linn)
DESAI, K. B.; SETHNA, SURESH - JOUR M S UNIV BARODA  Volume: 111   Issue: (2)   Pages: 33-39   Published: 1954
62.    Chromosome behaviour in Cardiospermum Halicacabum L. Svensk Bot
KADRY, ABD EL RAHMAN - TIDSKR  Volume: 45   Issue: (2)   Pages: 414-416   Published: 1951
63.    Fruit development in Cardiospermum halicacabum L. with special reference to the lacunae spaces
KADRY, ABD EL RAHMAN - SVENSK BOT TIDSKR  Volume: 44   Issue: (2)   Pages: 441-445   Published: 1950
64.    Embryology of Cardiospermum halicacabum L
Kadry, Abd El Rahman - SVENSK BOT TIDSKR  Volume: 40   Issue: (2)   Pages: 111-126   Published: 1946

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coronaria Anemone rivularis Anemone tetrasepala Annona muricata Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium andraeanum Apium leptophyllum Apluda mutica Arabidopsis thaliana Arachis hypogaea Argemone mexicana Arisaema tortuosum Aristolochia littoralis Artabotrys hexapetalus Artemisia japonica Artemisia nilagirica Artocarpus heterophyllus Arundinella setosa Arundo donax Aspidopterys wallichii Aster albescens Astragalus leucocephalus Asystasia gangetica Avena sativa Averrhoa carambola Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieri Bambusa Bambos Bambusa multiplex Bambusa vulgaris Barleria cristata Barleria prionitis Basilicum polystachyon Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia racemosa Bauhinia scandens Bauhinia vahlii Bauhinia variegata Benincasa hispida Bidens pilosa Biophytum sensitivum Bixa orellana Blepharis integrifolia Blepharis maderaspatensis Blumea lacera Boerhavia diffusa Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia ovalifoliolata Boswellia serrata Brassica rapa Buchnera hispida Butea monosperma Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia pulcherrima Cajanus cajan Cajanus scarabaeoides Caladium bicolor Caleana major Calendula officinalis Calophyllum brasiliense Calophyllum inophyllum Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Camellia sinensis Campanula latifolia Cananga odorata Canscora diffusa Capparis sepiaria Capparis zeylanica Capsella bursa-pastoris Cardamine hirsuta Cardiocrinum giganteum Cardiospermum halicacabum Carduus edelbergii Carrichtera annua Carthamus oxyacantha Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia fistula Cassia occidentalis Catesbaea spinosa Catharanthus roseus Cayratia trifolia Cedrela toona Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Celastrus paniculatus Celosia argentea Centaurium erythraea Centella asiatica Cestrum diurnum Chaerophyllum reflexum Chamaesyce hypericifolia Chenopodium album Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodium murale Chrozophora rottleri Cicer arietinum Cichorium glandulosum Cichorium pumilum Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum tamala Cinnamomum verum Circaea alpina Cissampelos pareira Cissus quadrangularis Citrullus lanatus Cleistanthus patulus Clematis gouriana Clematis montana Cleome gynandra Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum laevifolium Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Clerodendrum wallichii Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora caudata Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Crotalaria prostrata Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cuminum cyminum Cupressus torulosa Curculigo orchioides Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Derris trifoliata Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dichrocephala integrifolia Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea pentaphylla Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros kaki Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichandrone spathacea Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Elytraria acaulis Embelia ribes Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Habenaria plantaginea Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Hippophae rhamnoides Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hymenodictyon orixense Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens bracteata Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koelreuteria paniculata Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Lycium ferocissimum Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Marchantia polymorpha Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Papaver somniferum Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia heynei Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia miltiorrhiza Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Silybum marianum Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stellera chamaejasme Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana
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