Monday, May 4, 2015

Datura stramonium, thorn apple, Ummetta, Στραμώνιο

Datura stramonium L.
Family: Solanaceae

Synonyms: Datura bernhardii Lundstr., Datura bertolonii Parl. ex Guss., Datura cabanesii P.Fourn., Datura capensis Bernh., Datura ferocissima Cabanès & P.Fourn., Datura ferox Nees, Datura hybrida Ten., Datura inermis Juss. ex Jacq., Datura laevis L.f., Datura loricata Sieber ex Bernh., Datura lurida Salisb., Datura microcarpa Godr., Datura muricata Godr., Datura parviflora Salisb., Datura praecox Godr., Datura pseudostramonium Sieber ex Bernh., Datura stramonium var. canescens Roxb., Datura stramonium var. chalybaea W.D.J.Koch, Datura stramonium f. godronii (Danert) Geerinck & Walravens, Datura stramonium var. gordonii Danert, Datura stramonium f. inermis (Juss. ex Jacq.) Hupke, Datura stramonium var. inermis (Juss. ex Jacq.) Fernald, Datura stramonium var. stramonium, Datura stramonium var. tatula (L.) Decne., Datura stramonium f. tatula (L.) B.Boivin, Datura stramonium var. tatula (L.) Torr., Datura tatula L., Datura wallichii Dunal, Stramonium foetidum Scop., Stramonium laeve Moench, Stramonium spinosum Lam., Stramonium tatula Moench, Stramonium vulgare Moench, Stramonium vulgatum Gaertn.

Common name: Jimson weed, thorn apple, Jamestown-weed, Devil's apple
Arabic: سم الفار(سِم الفار)، نفير (نِفير) , داتوره، تاتوره
Bulgarian: Татул
Chinese: 醉心花
Finnish: Okahulluruoho
French: Stramoine, Herbe à la taupe, Stramoine commune
German: Stechapfel
Greek: Στραμώνιο
Italian: Stramonio comune
Kannada: ಉಮ್ಮತ್ತಿ
Latin: Folia Stramonii
Malayalam: Ummam, ഉമ്മം
Polish: Bieluń dziędzierzawa
Romanian: ciumafaie
Russian: durman obyknovennyj, дурман обыкновенный
Spanish: estramonio
Swedish: spikklubba
Tamil: ஊமத்தம் Umattam
Telugu: Ummetta ఉమ్మెత్త
Thai: ลำโพงม่วง
Vietnamese: Cà độc dược lùn

Datura stramonium differs in having smaller flowers and tooth-edged leaves, and Datura wrightii in having wider, 5-toothed (instead of 10-toothed) flowers. Datura inoxia differs from D. stramonium, D. metel & D.fastuosa in having about 7 to 10 secondary veins on either side of the midrib of the leaf which anastomose by arches at about 1 to 3 mm. from the margin. No anastomosis of the secondary veins are seen in the other 4 major species of Datura.

Description: Plant 60-120 cm or more tall, branched, pubescent; the branches often purplish. Leaves 8-17 x 4-13 cm, ovate or broadly so, sinuately dentate, minutely puberulose, cuneate. Petiole 2-5 cm long. Calyx 3.5-5.5 cm long, tubular, 5-dentate, puberulous, persistent. Lobes 6-9 mm long, strongly reflexed in fruit, apiculate. Corolla 7-10 cm long, white or purplish suffused; limb up to 8 cm broad. shallowy 5-lobed, with the lobes, ± triangular-acuminate. Anthers ± 5 mm long, with the lobes narrow oblong, usually white. Capsule erect, 3-4 cm long, ovoid, spiny and densely pubescent, splitting by 4 valves; spines up to 5 mm long. Seeds 3 mm long, reniform, reticulate-foveolate, black.  


Folk  practitioners  used  the  plant  for  worms. Folk practitioners use the leaves of the plant as a treatment not only for asthma, but also for convulsive cough, pertussis, and other respiratory
problems. The flowers are fragrant but poisonous. It has been smoked as a traditional treatment for asthma in Southern Appalachia.  Datura stramonium is now considered a dangerous poisonous plant and should not be taken internally. The PDR for Herbal Medicines does not recommend use
of the plant, due to its toxicity. [African American Slave Medicine : Herbal and Non-herbal Treatments]

Both herb and seed of this plant are used in asthma, especially in the spas medically recurring forms of this disease, in difficulty of respiration, and in chest and lung complaints generally; owing, however, to its possessing strong narcotic property, amounting, indeed, to that of a poison, it is unsafe for employment internally, but all the benefit produced by its employment in the infusion may be derived from it by inhaling the, smoke from the burnt herb; this is done by means of the ordinary tobacco pipe, and is a perfectly safe method of employment; in this way it is used in all chest affections, chronic coughs, excessive expectoration, and to promote expectoration when difficulty is experienced by the hardness of the sputa, in expelling it, and in difficulty of breathing, in all these symptoms very great relief is afforded by its exhibition. Inhalation being in a very numerous class of cases the only means by which the more distressing symptoms of many pulmonary complaints can be met with anything like effectiveness, we have offered, by the means suggested here, one of the most useful agents in procuring the results desired, relief being frequently obtained by means of this process, when by no other has it been possible to secure it. It has been similarly employed in dyspepsia, but, as would appear, with no permanently good result, its action being almost exclusively upon the lungs and respiratory apparatus. An ointment prepared from stramonium has received considerable attention for piles, fistula, abscesses, and suppurating old sores, in which it is employed with great benefit; success has also been said to have followed its employment for pains in the joints and in rheumatic affections, to which cases it is applied with friction For sores requiring a cleansing, and at the same time emollient, application, it is of extreme value. As an external application, stramonium appears to be less used at the present time than formerly. [Botanic Pharmacopoeia]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. High toxicity, whole  plant toxic, leaves and seeds are the usual sources of poisoning in humans and other animals; all animals, including pets  and poultry, may be affected; even the nectar of this plant  contains alkaloids that contaminate honey. Hallucinogenic,  narcotic,  anesthetic,  intoxicating,  used  for  sedating  and  relieving  muscular  spasm.  Flower  juice  used  in  headache.  Leaves for asthma, cough, antimicrobial, leaf for skin dis- eases, boils, wounds and sores; leaves heated and tied on the  breasts  by  women  for  drying  out  the  milk;  crushed  leaves  kept in bed to kill bed-bugs; dry leaves smoked for asthma  and sinus infections; chewed to relieve toothache and sore  gum; leaves juice applied on forehead in headache. Crushed  seeds in mustard oil applied for rheumatism; seeds are fried and the smoke inhaled through the mouth to relieve toothache. Fruits sedative; fruits juice applied to scalp for dandruff and falling hairs [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Bolivians use the floral infusion for childbirth fever, delirium tremens, and hysteria.  Bulgarians  suggest  Asmatin,  Asmatol,  and  Datura  cigarettes  for  bronchial  asthma. Costa Ricans gargle leaf infusion for sore throat; crushed leaves applied on cancers and sores . Cubans inhale smoke for asthma . Cubans use crushed leaf poultice or decoction on hemorrhoids . Haitians ingest leaf diffusion for itch and pruritus . Haitians use the leaves or seeds for asthma, dementia, dermatosis, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, rheumatism, and sciatica . Indians apply warmed leaves to the breast to reduce lactation and to firm the breast.  Mexicans use seed tincture for headache, neuralgia, and rheumatism . Nepalese use flower juice as eardrops for earache . Nepalese use pounded leaves with marijuana and Peruvians and Venezuelans poultice leaves on tumors,  express juice for earache.  Bolivians use the floral infusion for childbirth fever, delirium tremens, and hysteria.  Bulgarians  suggest  Asmatin,  Asmatol,  and  Datura  cigarettes  for  bronchial  asthma.  Costa Ricans gargle leaf infusion for sore throat; crushed leaves applied on cancers and  sores . Cubans inhale smoke for asthma . Cubans use crushed leaf poultice or decoction on hemorrhoids . Haitians ingest leaf diffusion for itch and pruritus . Haitians use the leaves or seeds for asthma, dementia, dermatosis, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, rheumatism, and sciatica . Indians apply warmed leaves to the breast to reduce lactation and to firm the breast.  Mexicans use seed tincture for headache, neuralgia, and rheumatism . Nepalese use flower juice as eardrops for earache . Nepalese use pounded leaves with marijuana and Peruvians and Venezuelans poultice leaves on tumors , express juice for earache.  [ Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America ]

Spasmolytic, antiasthmatic, anticholinergic, cerebral depressant, nerve-sedative. Controls spasms of bronchioles in asthma. Anticholinergic. Effects of overdose are similar to those of atropine. Temporary relief from Parkinsonian tremor recorded. (Contraindicated with depressant drugs.) Applied locally, stramonium palliates the pain of muscular rheumatism, neuralgia, also pain due to haemorrhoids, fistula, abscesses and similar inflammations. Prevents motion sickness. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

In Burma, the seeds are used to induce narcosis. In China, the flowers are used to assuage pains, treat asthma, bechic, skin troubles, swollen feet, prolapse of the rectum and nervous disorders. The leaves are smoked to treat asthma and to assuage pains. In the Philippines, the plant is used for criminal purposes. [Medicinal Plants: Drugs For The Future? ]

This species has been widely used since ancient times. Avicenna said that this plant makes you drunk, is too dangerous for the brain, and is the enemy of the heart. Beruni wrote that half a gram of the seeds can make you drunk and 4.2 g can kill you. A decoction of the seeds is used as a gargle for people with tooth- and headaches, as a painkiller and sedative, and to treat fevers, neuralgia, rheumatism, and radiculitis. Oil from the seeds is used to treat hemorrhoids and the leaves are laid over the eyes to treat eye aches. [The Medicinal Plants of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan]

This well-known drug plant is used to some extent in Jamaica for asthma and sinus infections. It palliates the distressing paroxysms of pure spasmodic asthma when smoked.  The leaves are rubbed up and applied externally to swellings, burns and ulcers. Similar uses are made of the plant in South Africa. The leaves are also used for headaches, haemorrhoids and running sores. Browne reports that in his day the plant was seldom used internally as its use was accompanied by 'dreadful perturbations of the mind', though it was tben used for scalds and sores. The leaves have a total alkaloid content of 0.2 to 0.6 per cent, the content increasing with the age and size of the leaves. The principle alkaloid is hyoscyamine with smaller quantities of atropine and hyoscine. [ Medicinal Plants of Jamaica]

 Leaf: Applied with coconut oil on bruises; leaf used for a pain-killer (anodyne) in Surinam. Fruit: Crushed green fruit used to treat pustules of anthracoid erysipelas in French Guiana. Flower: Juice used to treat earache in Surinam. [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) ]

253 Published articles of Datura stramonium
1.    Preliminary phytochemical screening and in vitro antimicrobial activity of Datura stramonium leaves extracts collected from eastern Ethiopia Solomon, G., International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2015. 4(1): p. 55-59.
2.    Phytochemical screening and studies on the effects of oral administration of palm wine extract of Datura stramonium on the activity of tissue enzymes and histopathology of Albino rats Sanni, M., et al., World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2014. 3(6): p. 137-172.
3.    Studies on the phytochemical screening and deleterious effects of aqueous extract of Datura stramonium on albino rats Sanni, M., et al., World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2014. 3(6): p. 1110-1136.
4.    Datura stramonium intoxication in two children Rakotomavo, F., et al., Pediatrics International, 2014. 56(3): p. e14-e16.
5.    Study of antioxidant activity of Datura stramonium Linn Pallavi, S., et al., Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 2014. 8(3): p. 112-118.
6.    In vitro anti-leishmanial activity of methanolic extracts of Calendula officinalis flowers, D.s.s., and Salvia officinalis leaves Nikmehr, Banafsheh, et al., Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 2014. 12(6): p. 423-427.
7.    Datura stramonium L. - narcotic, a.o.p.J., M., International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2014. 4(2): p. 177-185.
8.    Inhibitory effects of GlcNAc polymers on the histamine release from mast cells by Datura stramonium agglutinin Suzuki-Nishimura, T., T. Hosokawa, and Y. Kato, Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, 2013. 121: p. 196P-196P.
9.    Effects of methyl jasmonate on accumulation and release of main tropane alkaloids in liquid cultures of Datura stramonium hairy root Sun, J.-W., et al., Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 2013. 38(11): p. 1712-8.
10.    DATURA STRAMONIUM: toxicology of an emergent drug Soler Carracedo, A., et al., Farmaceuticos Comunitarios, 2013. 5(2): p. 74-78.
11.    Risk assessment of buckwheat flour contaminated by thorn-apple (Datura stramonium L.) alkaloids: a case study from Slovenia Perharic, L., et al., Food Additives and Contaminants Part a-Chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment, 2013. 30(2): p. 321-330.
12.    In vitro alpha-glucosidase inhibition and antioxidative potential of an endophyte species (Streptomyces sp. loyola UGC) isolated from Datura stramonium L Nimal Christhudas, I.V.S., P. Praveen Kumar, and P. Agastian, Current microbiology, 2013. 67(1): p. 69-76.
13.    Inhibitory efficacy of chlorpyriphos and Datura stramonium on acetylcholinesterase activity, k.a.h.o.b.o.C.c.N., A., et al., Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 2013. 27(2): p. 47-56.
14.    A review on the pharmacological and toxicological aspects of Datura stramonium L Gaire, B.P. and L. Subedi, Journal of integrative medicine, 2013. 11(2): p. 73-9.
15.    Two new withanolides from the halophyte Datura stramonium L Fang, S.-T., et al., Natural Product Research, 2013. 27(21): p. 1965-1970.
16.    In Vitro alpha-Glucosidase Inhibition and Antioxidative Potential of an Endophyte Species (Streptomyces sp Loyola UGC) Isolated from Datura stramonium L Christhudas, I.V.S.N., P.P. Kumar, and P. Agastian, Current Microbiology, 2013. 67(1): p. 69-76.
17.    Induced production of mycotoxins in an endophytic fungus from the medicinal plant Datura stramonium L Sun, J., et al., Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2012. 22(20): p. 6397-6400.
18.    Pharmacological properties of Datura stramonium L. as a potential medicinal tree: An overview Soni, P., et al., Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2012. 2(12): p. 1002-1008.
19.    Pharmacological justification for the ethnomedical use of Datura stramonium stem-bark extract in treatment of diseases caused by some pathogenic bacteria Shagal, M.H., U.U. Modibbo, and A.B. Liman, International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2012. 2(1): p. 16-19.
20.    Phytoconstituents and therapeutic potentials of Datura stramonium Linn Sanjita, D., K. Puneet, and S.P. Basu, Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 2012. 2(3): p. 4-7.
21.    Measurement of atropine and scopolamine in hair by LC-MS/MS after Datura stramonium chronic exposure Ricard, F., et al., Forensic Science International, 2012. 223(1-3): p. 256-260.
22.    A novel hydroxyproline rich glycopeptide from pericarp of Datura stramonium: Proficiently eradicate the biofilm of antifungals resistant Candida albicans Mandal, S.M., Biopolymers, 2012. 98(4): p. 332-337.
23.    Wood preservative potential of extracts of the leaves of Morinda lucida (Benth.) and Datura stramonium (L.) Eunice, A.O., A.C. Olukayode, and L. Labunmi, Planta Medica, 2012. 78(11): p. 1115-1115.
24.    Determination of Scopolamine in Datura stramonium by HPLC Xue, P., et al., Chinese Journal of Modern Applied Pharmacy, 2011. 28(2): p. 164-167.
25.    The long-term toxicity of Datura stramonium L seeds of Xinjiang and its preparation Habbixipa pills on rats Rabigul·Islam, et al., Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin, 2011. 27(10): p. 1479-1480.
26.    Distribution of antinutrients and antioxidant properties in the plant of thornapple ( Datura stramonium L) Solanaceae Oseni, O.A., F. Igbe, and S.A. Olagboye, Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 2011. 2(6): p. 136-140.
27.    The long-term toxicity of Datura stramonium L seeds of Xinjiang and its preparation Habbixipa pills on rats Islam, R., et al., Zhongguo Yaolixue Tongbao, 2011. 27(10): p. 1479-1480.
28.    Nine new tropane alkaloids from Datura stramonium L. identified by GC/MS El Bazaoui, A., M.A. Bellimam, and A. Soulaymani, Fitoterapia, 2011. 82(2): p. 193-197.
29.    Toxicity studies of alkaloids of seeds of Datura stramonium and synthesis alkaloids in male rats Bouzidi, A., N. Mahdeb, and N. Kara, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 2011. 5(15): p. 3421-3431.
30.    Oviposition deterrent activity from the ethanolic extract of Pongamia pinnata, C.f., and Datura stramonium leaves against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefaciatus Swathi, S., G. Murugananthan, and S.K. Ghosh, Pharmacognosy Magazine, 2010. 6(24): p. 320-322.
31.    Datura Stramonium Intake: A Report on Three Cases Stella, L., et al., Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2010. 42(4): p. 507-512.
32.    Inhibitory effect of kappa/beta-carrageenan from red alga Tichocarpus crinitus on the development of a potato virus X infection in leaves of Datura stramonium L Nagorskaia, V.P., et al., Izvestiia Akademii nauk. Seriia biologicheskaia / Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk, 2010(6): p. 756-61.
33.    Enantiomeric Differentiation of Atropine/Hyoscyamine by C-13 NMR Spectroscopy and its Application to Datura stramonium Extract Lanfranchi, D.A., F. Tomi, and J. Casanova, Phytochemical Analysis, 2010. 21(6): p. 597-601.
34.    The inhibitory effects of plant methanolic extract of Datura stramonium L. and leaf explant callus against bacteria and fungi Iranbakhsh, A., M. Ebadi, and M. Bayat, Global Veterinaria, 2010. 4(2): p. 149-155.
35.    Comparative studies on anti-inflammatory activity of Coriandrum sativum, D.s.a.A.i.G., Sonika, M. Raghuvanshi, and D. Jain, Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Sciences, 2010. 1(1): p. 151-154.
36.    Assessment of serum creatine kinase among adolescent patients following jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) and moonflower (Datura inoxia) ingestions: a review of 11 cases Blackford, M.G., J.J. Fitzgibbon, and M.D. Reed, Clinical Toxicology, 2010. 48(5): p. 431-434.
37.    Enantiomeric differentiation of atropine/hyoscyamine by (13) C NMR spectroscopy and its application to Datura stramonium extract Antoine Lanfranchi, D., F. Tomi, and J. Casanova, Phytochemical analysis : PCA, 2010. 21(6): p. 597-601.
38.    Toxic encephalopathy after taking dried seeds of Datura stramonium in two elderly subjects Suk, S.-H. and Y.-T. Kwak, Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 2009. 9(3): p. 326-328.
39.    Nutrient medium optimization for hyoscyamine production in diploid and tetraploid Datura stramonium L. hairy root cultures Pavlov, A.I., et al., World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 2009. 25(12): p. 2239-2245.
40.    Hyoscyamine Biosynthesis in Datura stramonium Hairy Root In Vitro Systems with Different Ploidy Levels Pavlov, A., et al., Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2009. 157(2): p. 210-225.
41.    Acute Datura stramonium poisoning Lyros, E., et al., European Journal of Neurology, 2009. 16: p. 322-322.
42.    Effect of fucoidan on the ultrastructure of mesophyll cells of Datura stramonium L. and accumulation of potato virus X in them Lapshina, L.A., et al., Tsitologiia, 2009. 51(6): p. 484-9.
43.    Toxicity of Datura Stramonium Freye, E. Pharmacology and Abuse of Cocaine, Amphetamines, Ecstasy and Related Designer Drugs: A Comprehensive Review on Their Mode of Action, Treatment of Abuse and Intoxication. 2009. 217-218.
44.    Fatty Acid Components in the Oil from Seeds of Datura stramonium L Zhang, H.-l., et al., Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao, 2008. 28(12): p. 2538-2542.
45.    ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTY OF A HERBAL PREPARATION CONTAINING DALBERGIA SISSOO AND DATURA STRAMONIUM WITH COW URINE AGAINST PATHOGENIC BACTERIA Yadav, H., et al., International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, 2008. 21(4): p. 1013-1020.
46.    Effect of Potato virus X on total phenol and alkaloid contents in Datura stramonium leaves Lembo Duarte, L.M., et al., Summa Phytopathologica, 2008. 34(1): p. 65-67.
47.    Jimson Weed poisoning: an antidote is available in France Lagarce, L., A. Monteiro-Rodrigues, and P. Harry, Presse Medicale, 2008. 37(3): p. 435-436.
48.    Intentional datura stramonium intoxication and circumstances of use in two adolescents de Germond-Burquier, V., F. Narring, and B. Broers, Presse Medicale, 2008. 37(6): p. 982-985.
49.    Teenagers with Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) poisoning Spina, S.P. and A. Taddei, Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2007. 9(6): p. 467-469.
50.    Acute Datura stramonium poisoning in an emergency department Marc, B., et al., Presse Medicale, 2007. 36(10): p. 1399-1403.
51.    Toxicity studies of ethanol extract of the leaves of Datura stramonium in rats Gidado, A., et al., African Journal of Biotechnology, 2007. 6(8): p. 1012-1015.
52.    Toxicity studies on Datura metel L. with reference to official stramonium Alebiowu, G., et al., Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy, 2007. 7(1): p. 1-12.
53.    Datura stramonium in asthma treatment and possible effects on prenatal development Pretorius, E. and J. Marx, Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2006. 21(3): p. 331-337.
54.    The production of gastrodin through biotransformation of p-hydroxybenzaldehyde by cell suspension culture of Datura stramonium Gong, J.-S., et al., Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica, 2006. 41(10): p. 963-6.
55.    Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, -.F., Mathias B., Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health-Part a-Current Issues, 2006. 69(19): p. 1757-1762.
56.    Colorimetric activity measurement of a recombinant putrescine N-methyltransferase from Datura stramonium Biastoff, S., et al., Planta Medica, 2006. 72(12): p. 1136-1141.
57.    Alkaloid patterns in some varieties of Datura stramonium Berkov, S., R. Zayed, and T. Doncheva, Fitoterapia, 2006. 77(3): p. 179-182.
58.    Antimicrobial activity of Datura innoxia and Datura stramonium Eftekhar, F., M. Yousefzadi, and V. Tafakori, Fitoterapia, 2005. 76(1): p. 118-120.
59.    Herbal treatment following post-seizure induction in rat by lithium pilocarpine: Scutellaria lateriflora (Skullcap), G.s.G.a.D.s.J.w.m.p.d.o.s.s. and M.A. Persinger, Phytotherapy Research, 2004. 18(9): p. 700-705.
60.    Evaluation of analgesic effect of Datura stramonium seed extract in hot plate and formalin tested on male rats Najafabadi, M.K. and S.M. Atyabi, Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, 2004. 20(3): p. 309-390.
61.    Altered nitrogen metabolism associated with de-differentiated suspension cultures derived from root cultures of Datura stramonium studied by heteronuclear multiple bond coherence (HMBC) NMR spectroscopy Fliniaux, O., et al., Journal of Experimental Botany, 2004. 55(399): p. 1053-1060.
62.    Alkaloids from Datura stramonium L Doncheva, T., S. Philipov, and N. Kostova, Dokladi na B"lgarskata Akademiya na Naukite, 2004. 57(5): p. 41-44.
63.    Effect of physostigmine and gastric lavage in a datura stramonium-induced anticholinergic poisoning epidemic Salen, P., et al., American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2003. 21(4): p. 316-317.
64.    Neurological findings in a case of coma secondary to Datura stramonium poisoning Parissis, D., et al., European Journal of Neurology, 2003. 10(6): p. 745-746.
65.    Alkaloid spectrum in diploid and tetraploid hairy root cultures of Datura stramonium Berkov, S., et al., Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung C-a Journal of Biosciences, 2003. 58(1-2): p. 42-46.
66.    Voluntary poisoning by ingestion of Datura stramonium. Another cause of hospitalization in youth seeking strong sensations Arouko, H., et al., Annales De Medecine Interne, 2003. 154: p. S46-S50.
67.    Datura stramonium poisoning--a new problem in children and young people's toxicomania in Poland Torbus, O., et al., Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960), 2002. 55 Suppl 1(Pt 2): p. 950-7.
68.    Prostaglandin D-2 generation by rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with Datura stramonium agglutinin and its inhibition by haptenic sugar and wheat germ agglutinin Suzuki-Nishimura, T. and M.K. Uchida, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 2002. 90(1): p. 77-80.
69.    Inhibition of proliferation and induction of differentiation of glioma cells with Datura stramonium agglutinin Sasaki, T., et al., British Journal of Cancer, 2002. 87(8): p. 918-923.
70.    GC-MS investigation of tropane alkaloids in Datura stramonium Philipov, S. and S. Berkov, Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung C-a Journal of Biosciences, 2002. 57(5-6): p. 559-561.
71.    Self-poisoning with Datura stramonium - 3 case report Birmes, P., et al., Presse Medicale, 2002. 31(2): p. 69-72.
72.    Alkaloid production in diploid and autotetraploid plants of Datura stramonium Berkov, S. and S. Philipov, Pharmaceutical Biology, 2002. 40(8): p. 617-621.
73.    or L-fucose-specific plant lectins Suzuki-Nishimura, T., D.-g.-s.s.u.l.s.-s.i.h.r.i.b.D.s.a.D.b.s.-s.e.o.s.u.l.a.t.o.D.-g.-., H. Nakagawa, and M.K. Uchida, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 2001. 85(4): p. 443-452.
74.    Antibacterial activities of Datura stramonium, Z.d.a.S.l.a.s.b.o.m.i.O., C. L., et al., International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2001. 17(Supplement 1): p. S125-S125.
75.    Distribution of hyoscyamine and scopolamine in Datura stramonium Miraldi, E., et al., Fitoterapia, 2001. 72(6): p. 644-648.
76.    Toxic delirium due to Datura Stramonium Kurzbaum, A., et al., Israel Medical Association Journal, 2001. 3(7): p. 538-539.
77.    Reproductive abilities in induced autotetraploids of Datura stramonium L. and Hyoscyamus niger L. (Solanaceae) Berkov, S., Phytologia Balcanica, 2001. 7(1): p. 147-151.
78.    Size and alkaloid content of seeds in induced autotetraploids of Datura innoxia, D.s.a.H.n.B., S., Pharmaceutical Biology, 2001. 39(5): p. 329-331.
79.    A case of datura stramonium poisoning--general problems of differential diagnosis Osvath, P., et al., Orvosi hetilap, 2000. 141(3): p. 133-6.
80.    More on the legacy of Atropos, w.s.r.t.D.s.L., D. C., Anesthesiology, 1999. 90(6): p. 1794-1795.
81.    Pathological alterations in the ovaries of Culex pipiens induced by fixed oil extracts from Thevetia peruvine, D.s.a.A.s.H., Karam T., Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 1999. 29(3): p. 997-1005.
82.    The biosynthetic relationship between littorine and hyoscyamine in transformed roots of Dafura stramonium Zabetakis, I., et al., Plant Cell Reports, 1998. 18(3-4): p. 341-345.
83.    Chloramphenicol-induced in vitro bioproduction of hyoscyamine from Datura stramonium Linn. and Datura innoxia Mill Tailang, M.K., R.K. Ray, and M.D. Kharya, Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1997. 59(1): p. 26-29.
84.    Physostigmine: Antidotal effect in anticholinergic intoxications caused by Datura stramonium abuse Amlo, H., et al., Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening, 1997. 117(18): p. 2610-2612.
85.    Influence of the ion-composition of the medium on alkaloid production by "hairy roots' of Datura stramonium Sikuli, N.N. and K. Demeyer, Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 1996. 47(3): p. 261-267.
86.    Benzalkonium chloride inhibited the histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells induced by bradykinin and GlcNAc oligomer-specific lectin Datura stramonium agglutinin, b.h.d.n.N., A., M.K. Uchida, and T. SuzukiNishimura, General Pharmacology, 1996. 27(1): p. 123-128.
87.    In vivo NMR analysis of tropane alkaloid metabolism in transformed root and de-differentiated cultures of Datura stramonium Ford, Y.Y., R.G. Ratcliffe, and R.J. Robins, Phytochemistry, 1996. 43(1): p. 115-120.
88.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM POISONING - IDENTIFICATION OF TROPANE ALKALOIDS IN URINE BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY Nogue, S., et al., Journal of International Medical Research, 1995. 23(2): p. 132-137.
89.    Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) poisoning and abuse: An analysis of 1, c.K., E. P., T.D. Jacobsen, and J.M. Aronis, Journal of Toxicology Clinical Toxicology, 1995. 33(5): p. 500-500.
90.    GROWTH AND THE UPTAKE OF SUCROSE AND MINERAL IONS BY TRANSFORMED ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM, D.-C.X.A., DATURA-WRIGHTII, HYOSCYAMUS-MUTICUS AND ATROPA-BELLADONNA Hilton, M. G. and P.D.G. Wilson, Planta Medica, 1995. 61(4): p. 345-350.
91.    An initial signal of activation of rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated by Datura stramonium agglutinin via N-acetyl glucosamine-containing glycoproteins; a confocal fluorescence microscope analysis Suzuki-Nishimura, T., et al., Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 1994. 64(SUPPL. 1): p. 309P-309P.
92.    AN INITIAL SIGNAL OF ACTIVATION OF RAT PERITONEAL MAST-CELLS STIMULATED BY DATURA-STRAMONIUM AGGLUTININ - A CONFOCAL FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-ION AND CYTOSKELETAL ASSEMBLY Suzukinishimura, T., et al., Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 1994. 66(2): p. 205-211.
93.    POISONING CAUSED BY SEEDS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM IN HORSES - CASE-REPORT Salyi, G. and T. Abonyi, Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, 1994. 49(11): p. 658-662.
94.    Effects of heparin and benzalkonium chloride (BAC) on the histamine release induced by Datura stramonium agglutinin (DSA) from rat mast cells Niitsuma, A., M.K. Uchida, and T. Suzuki-Nishimura, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 1994. 64(SUPPL. 1): p. 314P-314P.
95.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM AGGLUTININ RELEASED HISTAMINE FROM RAT PERITONEAL MAST-CELLS THAT WAS INHIBITED BY PERTUSSIS TOXIN, H.S.A.N.-A.-S.L.-I.O.G.W.N.-A.R., et al., Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 1994. 66(2): p. 195-204.
96.    Effect of some amino acids on the growth and alkaloid production of Datura stramonium L. cultured in vitro Hussein, M.S., et al., Egyptian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1994. 35(1-6): p. 561-573.
97.    STUDY OF HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE AMOUNTS IN A SPONTANEOUS-POPULATION OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L IN ALGERIA Houmani, Z., et al., Acta Botanica Gallica, 1994. 141(1): p. 61-66.
98.    ESTABLISHMENT OF HAIRY ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM - CHARACTERIZATION AND STABILITY OF TROPANE ALKALOID PRODUCTION DURING LONG PERIODS OF SUBCULTURING Maldonadomendoza, I.E., T. Ayoratalavera, and V.M. Loyolavargas, Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 1993. 33(3): p. 321-329.
99.    FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH AND HYOSCYAMINE PRODUCTION DURING BATCH CULTURE OF TRANSFORMED ROOTS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Hilton, M.G. and M.J.C. Rhodes, Planta Medica, 1993. 59(4): p. 340-344.
100.    TROPANE ALKALOID PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM SUSPENSION-CULTURES - ELICITOR AND PRECURSOR EFFECTS Ballica, R., D.D.Y. Ryu, and C.I. Kado, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 1993. 41(11): p. 1075-1081.
101.    BIOLOGICAL-ACTIVITIES OF FUMONISINS, M.F.F.-M., IN JIMSONWEED (DATURA-STRAMONIUM L) AND MAMMALIAN-CELL CULTURES Abbas, H. K., et al., Toxicon, 1993. 31(3): p. 345-353.
102.    Seed biology of medicinal plants: XII. The degradations of alkaloids in the germination process of the seeds of Datura stramonium L Yoneda, K., S. Suzuki, and H. Kusu, Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 1992. 46(4): p. 352-357.
103.    QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSIS OF SERPENTINE AND AJMALICINE IN PLANT-TISSUES OF CATHARANTHUS-ROSEUS AND HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE IN ROOT TISSUES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM BY THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY-DENSITOMETRY Monfortegonzalez, M., et al., Phytochemical Analysis, 1992. 3(3): p. 117-121.
104.    TROPANE ALKALOID PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM ROOT CULTURES Maldonado-Mendoza, I.E., T.D.R. Ayora-Talavera, and V.M. Loyola-Vargas, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology Plant, 1992. 28P(2): p. 67-72.
105.    EFFECT OF THE NITROGEN FORM USED IN THE GROWTH-MEDIUM (NO-3, N.O.A.P.I.D.-S.L.D., K. and R. Dejaegere, Plant and Soil, 1992. 147(1): p. 79-86.
106.    EFFECT OF THE NITROGEN SOURCE IN TROPANE ALKALOID PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM HAIRY ROOT CULTURES Saenz-Carbonell, L.A., I.E. Maldonado-Mendoza, and V.M. Loyola-Vargas, Plant Physiology (Rockville), 1991. 96(1 SUPPL): p. 96-96.
107.    STUDIES ON THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF TROPANE ALKALOIDS BY DATURA-STRAMONIUM L TRANSFORMED ROOT CULTURES .3. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORPHOLOGICAL INTEGRITY AND ALKALOID BIOSYNTHESIS Robins, R.J., E.G. Bent, and M.J.C. Rhodes, Planta, 1991. 185(3): p. 385-390.
108.    THE FORMATION OF 3-ALPHA-ACETOXYTROPANES AND 3-BETA-ACETOXYTROPANES BY DATURA-STRAMONIUM TRANSFORMED ROOT CULTURES INVOLVES 2 ACETYL-COA-DEPENDENT ACYLTRANSFERASES Robins, R.J., et al., Febs Letters, 1991. 292(1-2): p. 293-297.
109.    FLAVANOIDS IN THE LEAVES OF DATURA STRAMONIUM LINN Lakshmi, S. and T.V. Krishnamoorthy, Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1991. 53(3): p. 94-95.
110.    ANTICHOLINERGIC SYNDROME DUE TO DATURA-STRAMONIUM POISONING Jimenezmejias, M.E., et al., Medicina Clinica, 1991. 97(6): p. 237-237.
111.    COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ALKALOID CAPACITY OF THORN APPLE DATURA-STRAMONIUM L. GROWN IN VIETNAM AND IN THE USSR Chan Van, T. and V.I. Pogorelov, Farmatsiya (Moscow), 1991. 40(3): p. 9-12.
112.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM TWO CASES OF ACCIDENTAL POISONING Bianchi, S., E. Borghi, and A. Carnicelli, Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche, 1991. 150(5): p. 223-225.
113.    SHARP INTOXICATION FROM DATURA-STRAMONIUM Nogue, S., P. Sanz, and M. Montero, Revista Espanola de Drogodependencias, 1990. 15(2): p. 119-122.
114.    TROPINONE REDUCTASE IN ROOT CULTURES OF HYOSCYAMUS-NIGER ATROPA-BELLADONNA AND DATURA-STRAMONIUM Draeger, B., Planta Medica, 1990. 56(6): p. 499-499.
115.    INFLUENCE OF THE INTERIONIC BALANCE OF THE GROWTH MEDIUM ON THE PRODUCTION OF HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE AND OF THEIR AMINO ACID PRECURSOR PHENYLALANINE IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM-VAR-TATULA Demeyer, K. and R. Dejaegere, Meeting of the Belgian Association of Plant Physiology, Gembloux, Belgium, June 1, 1990. Arch Int Physiol Biochim, 1990: p. PP34-PP34.
116.    THE EFFECTS OF LOW-LEVELS OF DIETARY TOXIC WEED SEEDS (JIMSON WEED, D.-S.A.S., CASSIA-OBTUSIFOLIA) ON THE RELATIVE SIZE OF RAT-LIVER AND LEVELS AND FUNCTION OF CYTOCHROME-P-450 Crawford, L. and M. Friedman, Toxicology Letters, 1990. 54(2-3): p. 175-181.
117.    ACCUMULATION OF TROPANE ALKALOIDS BY HAIRY ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Burbidge, A., et al., Journal of Experimental Botany, 1990. 41(SUPPL): p. P5-13.
118.    NOTE ON THE STATUS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L. IN EUROPE Amigues, S., Naturalia Monspeliensia, 1990(55): p. 21-26.
119.    CHANGES IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION OF HYOSCYAMUS-MUTICUS AND DATURA-STRAMONIUM IN RESPONSE TO SALINIZATION Ahmed, A.M. and R.M. Ali, Phyton-Annales Rei Botanicae, 1990. 30(2): p. 273-281.
120.    EFFECTS OF VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON GROWTH NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND EFFECTIVE COMPOUNDS IN CHINESE MEDICINAL HERB DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Wei, G. and H. Wang, Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1989. 22(5): p. 56-61.
121.    INFLUENCE OF DEFLORATION AND STAGE OF HARVESTING ON THE HERB YIELD AND ALKALOID CONTENT IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Shetty, S., A.A. Farooqi, and T.K. Subbaiah, Herba Hungarica, 1989. 28(3): p. 39-42.
122.    TROPANE ALKALOIDS AND POLYAMINES IN PHOTOMIXOTROPHIC HAIRY ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Maldonado, I., et al., Plant Physiology (Rockville), 1989. 89(4 SUPPL): p. 11-11.
123.    EFFECT OF SOME GROWTH REGULATORS ON THE GROWTH AND ALKALOID PRODUCTION OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L. CULTURED IN-VITRO El-Bahr, M.K., M.S. Hussein, and H.A. Moursy, Egyptian Journal of Botany, 1989. 32(1-2): p. 53-62.
124.    TOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF JIMSON WEED (DATURA, S.S.D., G. M., M.R. Gumbmann, and M. Friedman, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 1989. 27(8): p. 501-510.
125.    INFLUENCE OF IAA AND DMAA ON HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM Demeyer, K., H. Van De Velde, and R. Dejaegere, Planta Medica, 1989. 55(7): p. 693-693.
126.    INFLUENCE OF IAA AND DMAA ON HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Demeyer, K., H. Van De Velde, and R. Dejaegere, Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Universiteit Gent, 1989. 54(4A): p. 1313-1316.
127.    INFLUENCE OF THE MINERAL NUTRITION ON YIELD AND ALKALOID CONTENT IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM Demeyer, K. and R. Dejaegere, Planta Medica, 1989. 55(2): p. 232-233.
128.    INFLUENCE OF THE MINERAL NUTRITION ON YIELD AND ALKALOID CONTENT IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM-VAR-TATULA Demeyer, K. and R. Dejaegere, Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Universiteit Gent, 1989. 53(4 PART A): p. 1723-1726.
129.    INFLUENCE OF THE ION-BALANCE IN THE GROWTH-MEDIUM ON THE YIELD AND ALKALOID CONTENT OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Demeyer, K. and R. Dejaegere, Plant and Soil, 1989. 114(2): p. 289-294.
130.    HAIRY ROOTS INDUCED BY AGROBACTERIUM RHIZOGENES IN AILANTHUS-VILMORINIANA (SIMAROUBACEAE), D.-S.S.A.H.-F.A.B., L., et al., Bulletin De La Societe Royale De Botanique De Belgique, 1989. 122(1): p. 98-102.
131.    INFLUENCE OF IAA AND DMAA ON HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE PRODUCTION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM-VAR-TATULA Van De Velde, H., K. Demeyer, and R. Dejaegere, Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 1988. 37(1-2): p. 55-64.
132.    ISOLATION AND STRUCTURE OF A PSEUDOPEPTIDE GAMMA-L-GLUTAMYL-L-ASPARTIC ACID FROM DATURA-STRAMONIUM THAT IMPAIRS LEARNING-RETENTION IN MICE Schmitzbourgeois, M., et al., Biochimie, 1988. 70(9): p. 1179-1184.
133.    EFFECT OF SOME ALKALOID PRECURSORS ON THE GROWTH AND ALKALOID PRODUCTION OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L. CULTURED IN-VITRO Moursy, H.A., M.S. Hussein, and M.K. El-Bahr, Egyptian Journal of Botany, 1988. 31(1-3): p. 153-166.
134.    TROPINE ALKALOIDS PRODUCTION BY HAIRY ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM AND HYOSCYAMUS-NIGER Jaziri, M., et al., Phytochemistry, 1988. 27(2): p. 419-420.
135.    PRODUCTION OF HYOSCYAMINE BY HAIRY ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Payne, J., et al., Planta Medica, 1987(5): p. 474-478.
136.    LECTIN AFFINITY HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY - INTERACTIONS OF N-GLYCANASE-RELEASED OLIGOSACCHARIDES WITH LEUKOAGGLUTINATING PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININ, C.-A., DATURA-STRAMONIUM AGGLUTININ, AND VICIA-VILLOSA AGGLUTININ Green, E. D., R.M. Brodbeck, and J.U. Baenziger, Analytical Biochemistry, 1987. 167(1): p. 62-75.
137.    POLAROGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF ACTIVE COMPONENTS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Regerhotta, A. and N.R. Bannerrjee, Journal of the Indian Chemical Society, 1986. 63(4): p. 397-399.
138.    DYNAMICS OF ALKALOID ACCUMULATION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM Mirzamatov, R.T. and K.L. Lutfullin, Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, 1986(3): p. 381-381.
139.    PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF NIGERIAN DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Ghani, A., Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1986. 2(1): p. 46-50.
140.    PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES ON DATURA-STRAMONIUM Uma, N., et al., Indian Drugs, 1985. 23(1): p. 18-20.
141.    THE JAMAICAN THORN-APPLE DATURA-STRAMONIUM AS A LOCAL SOURCE OF TROPANE ALKALOIDS Singh, P.D.A. and N.C. Singh, Caribbean Journal of Science, 1985. 21(3-4): p. 111-116.
142.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM - A FLOURISHING OLD HALLUCINOGENIC AGENT Baselga, J.M., C. Pigrau, and J.M. Martinezvazquez, Medicina Clinica, 1985. 84(17): p. 715-715.
143.    THE BIOLOGY OF CANADIAN WEEDS .64. DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Weaver, S.E. and S.I. Warwick, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 1984. 64(4): p. 979-991.
144.    Secondary infection with Clostridium perfringens in some cases of poisoning in cattle. Lead and Datura stramonium Praisler, P. and I. Lapusneanu, Revista de Cresterea Animalelor, 1984. 34(3): p. 46-49.
145.    CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF OIL FROM DATURA-STRAMONIUM Gul, P., S. Kahn, and F.W. Khan, Pakistan Journal of Forestry, 1984. 34(3): p. 167-170.
146.    GENETICS OF FOUR MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM Bhagat, N.R. and S.P. Mital, Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 1984. 44(3): p. 528-532.
147.    Mass poisoning of cattle with Datura stramonium Ofukany, L., E. Frantova, and J. Turon, Veterinarstvi, 1983. 33(7): p. 316-317.
148.    Datura stramonium abuse Gapany, M., S. Almog, and M. Tirosh, Harefuah, 1983. 104(1): p. 25-6.
149.    Problems of poisoning of farm animals with toxic plants (Conium maculatum, V.a., Datura stramonium, Amaranthus retroflexus) Frantova, E., L. Ofukany, and M. Halasa, Veterinarstvi, 1983. 33(2): p. 71-73.
150.    PARTIAL-PURIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF TROPINE DEHYDROGENASE FROM ROOT CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Koelen, K.J. and G.G. Gross, Planta Medica, 1982. 44(4): p. 227-230.
151.    NON-LETHAL POISONING OF AN ELEPHANT Folwell, D., Veterinary Record, 1982. 110(13): p. 313-313.
152.    ONTOGENETIC VARIATIONS OF BIOGENIC AMINES AND ALKALOIDS PRESENT IN THE GENUS DATURA SECTION STRAMONIUM De Pasquale, R.C., et al., Giornale Botanico Italiano, 1982. 116(SUPPL. 1): p. 194-194.
153.    MORPHOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE GENUS DATURA SECTION STRAMONIUM Circosta, C., et al., Giornale Botanico Italiano, 1982. 116(SUPPL. 1): p. 193-193.
154.    CHROMOSOMAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCURRENCE OF MAIN ALKALOIDS IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM AND DATURA-WRIGHTII Spurna, V., et al., Planta Medica, 1981. 41(4): p. 366-373.
155.    ALKALOID CONTENT IN TRISOMIC MUTANTS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Mechler, E. and N. Haun, Planta Medica, 1981. 42(2): p. 102-103.
156.    TOXICITY OF DATURA STRAMONIUM TO SHEEP AND GOATS Eldirdiri, N.I., et al., Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 1981. 23(4): p. 241-246.
157.    CHANGES OF STEROLS AND RELATED COMPOUNDS IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM SEEDS BY DIFFERENT PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS Diab, M.A., A.A. Abdel-Rahim, and A.A. Hamama, Ain Shams University Faculty of Agriculture Research Bulletin, 1981(1682): p. I-14.
158.    UNCOMMON CASE OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM POISONING Rodriguezcuartero, A., et al., Medicina Clinica, 1979. 72(9): p. 394-394.
159.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM POISONING Rissechpayret, M. and S. Garciatornel, Medicina Clinica, 1979. 73(9): p. 397-397.
160.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM LECTIN - AGGLUTINATING AND MITOGENIC ACTIVITIES OF A PURIFIED PREPARATION Kilpatrick, D.C., Plant Science Letters, 1979. 15(3): p. 279-284.
161.    BRONCHODILATOR EFFECTS OF ANTI-ASTHMATIC CIGARETTE-SMOKE (DATURA-STRAMONIUM) Charpin, D., J. Orehek, and J.M. Velardocchio, Thorax, 1979. 34(2): p. 259-261.
162.    FACTOR ISOLATED FROM DATURA-STRAMONIUM THAT AFFECTS LEARNING-RETENTION IN MICE Ungerer, A., F. Schuber, and R. Chauvin, Behavioral Biology, 1978. 24(3): p. 349-363.
163.    LECTIN FROM SEED EXTRACTS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Kilpatrick, D.C., M.M. Yeoman, and S.P. Kilpatrick, Plant Science Letters, 1978. 13(1): p. 35-40.
164.    STUDIES ON LECTINS .37. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LECTIN FROM JIMSON-WEED SEEDS (DATURA-STRAMONIUM L) Horejsi, V. and J. Kocourek, Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta, 1978. 532(1): p. 92-97.
165.    LIPID COMPOUNDS IN THE SEEDS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L VAR TATULA (L) TORR Gill, S. and A. Mrukluczkiewicz, Herba Polonica, 1978. 24(3): p. 115-120.
166.    ALKALOIDS OF HYOSCYAMUS-NIGER AND DATURA-STRAMONIUM Sharova, E.G., S.Y. Aripova, and O.A. Abdilalimov, Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, 1977. 1: p. 126-127.
167.    Letter: Reversal by physostigmine of delirium induced by ingestion of the flowers of the plant Datura stramonium Mendelson, G., Anesthesia and analgesia, 1976. 55(2): p. 260-260.
168.    ALKALOID CONTENT IN MUTANT FORMS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM AND DATURA-INNOXIA Botnarenko, P.M. and F.V. Babilev, Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Moldavskoi SSR Seriya Biologicheskikh i Khimicheskikh Nauk, 1976. 2: p. 23-25.
169.    OUTPUT AND COMPOSITION OF OIL FROM SEEDS AND TOTAL ALKALOID CONTENT IN LEAVES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-VAR-TATULA FROM OWN CULTIVATIONS Stecka, L., A. Mruk-Luczkiewicz, and S. Wilk, Herba Polonica, 1975. 21(1): p. 17-23.
170.    REVERSAL OF DATURA STRAMONIUM DELIRIUM WITH PHYSOSTIGMINE - REPORT OF 3 CASES Orr, R., Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1975. 54(1): p. 158-158.
171.    BIOASSAY DETECTION OF ATROPINE-LIKE ACTIVITY IN TISSUE-CULTURES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM Cooke, R.C., H.R. Rasmussen, and D.M. Pace, Pharmacologist, 1975. 17(2): p. 259-259.
172.    ALKALOIDS OF F1 HYBRID OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM S DATURA-DISCOLOR Alyahya, M. and W.C. Evans, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 1975. 27: p. P87-P87.
173.    EFFECT OF ACTINOMYCIN-D ON POTATO VIRUS X MULTIPLICATION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM LEAVES Reunova, G.D., A.V. Reunov, and V.G. Reifman, Virology, 1973. 52(2): p. 502-506.
174.    Effect of amino acids on the growth and formation of tropane alkaloids in the extirpated embryo of Datura stramonium L Pospisilova, Z. and M. Tothova, Ceskoslovenska farmacie, 1972. 21(6): p. 235-8.
175.    PROTEIN-ALKALOID RELATIONSHIP IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM VAR TATULA Gupta, M.P. and M.R. Gibson, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1972. 61(8): p. 1257-&.
176.    NEUTRON-ACTIVATION ANALYSIS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-TATULA SEEDS Gupta, M.P., R.H. Filby, and M.R. Gibson, Lloydia, 1972. 35(2): p. 189-&.
177.    A NEW RECORD OF CHARCOAL ROT DISEASE ON DATURA-STRAMONIUM Gangopadhyay, S. and S.C. Isswar, Indian Phytopathology, 1972. 25(1): p. 155-156.
178.    DATURA-STRAMONIUM AS NARCOTIC DRUG Dieckhoefer, K., T. Vogel, and J. Meyer-Lindenberg, Nervenarzt, 1971. 42(8): p. 431-437.
179.    EFFECT OF POTATO X VIRUS ON THE CONTENT OF FREE AMINO-ACIDS AND AMIDES IN THE LEAVES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Skofenko, A.O. and O.A. Kushnirenko, Mikrobiologicheskii Zhurnal (Kiev), 1970. 32(1): p. 78-82.
180.    HETEROPHILE AGGLUTININS WITH A BROAD-SPECTRUM SPECIFICITY .6. NATURE OF CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS FOR AGGLUTININS PRESENT IN SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS CAUDATUS, M.A., DATURA STRAMONIUM, VISCUM ALBUM, PHASEOLUS VULGARIS AND MOLUCCELLA LAEVIS Pardoe, G. I., et al., Zeitschrift Fur Immunitats-Forschung Allergie Und Klinische Immunologie, 1970. 140(4): p. 374-&.
181.    ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D LEAF CELLS INFECTED WITH TOMATO SPOTTED WILT VIRUS Francki, R.I.B., Phytopathology, 1970. 60(11): p. 1534-1534.
182.    EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS ON REPRODUCTION OF POTATO X VIRUS ON TISSUE CULTURE OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Didenko, L.F., I.P. Zhuk, and M.I. Horbarenko, Mikrobiologicheskii Zhurnal (Kiev), 1970. 32(4): p. 478-481.
183.    COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF PUROMYCIN AND DATURA STRAMONIUM ON TETENTION OF INSTRUMENTAL LEARNING IN MICE Ungerer, A., Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires Des Seances De L Academie Des Sciences Serie D, 1969. 269(9): p. 910-&.
184.    PRODUCTION OF SCOPOLAMINE AND HYOSCYAMINE BY DATURA STRAMONIUM L SUSPENSION CULTURES Stohs, S.J., Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1969. 58(6): p. 703-&.
185.    SEPARATION AND DETERMINATION OF TROPANE ALKALOIDS IN PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS CONTAINING EXTRACTS OF OFFICINAL SOLANACEAE-D INST THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY INST COLORIMETRY ATROPA-BELLADONNA-D HYOSCYAMUS-D DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Levorato, C., Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico, 1969. 107(9): p. 574-578.
186.    THE INCORPORATION OF CARBON-14 DI OXIDE IN THE ALKALOIDS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Cantoria, M., F.M. Orejana, and E.S. Mika, Philippines Nuclear Journal, 1969. 2(1): p. 117-121.
187.    EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIA ACID ON DWARF MUTANTS OF DATURA STRAMONIUM L VAR GODRONII DANERT . CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS .29 Steinegg.E and Spillman.P, Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae, 1968. 43(4): p. 244-&.
188.    EFFECT OF ESSENTIAL OILS AND SOME OTHER SUBSTANCES ON TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS PSORALEA-DRUPACEA-D PEROVSKIA-ABROTANOIDES-D GLYCYRRHIZA-ECHINATA-D NICOTIANA-GLUTINOSA-D DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Mishenkova, Y.L., Mikrobiologicheskii Zhurnal (Kiev), 1968. 30(4): p. 363-367.
189.    EFFECTS OF BETA-HYDROXYETHYLHYDRAZINE ON GROWTH AND ALKALOID FORMATION OF DATURA STRAMONIUM Sciuchet.La and G.K. Nielsen, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1967. 56(2): p. 244-&.
190.    INACTIVATION OF TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS BY EXTRACTS FROM SOME HIGHER PLANTS NICOTINIANA-GLUTINOSE-D DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D Mishenkova, E.L., Mikrobiologicheskii Zhurnal (Kiev), 1967. 29(6): p. 538-542.
191.    EFFECT OF ULTRASOUND ON THE GROWTH OF SEEDLINGS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D ABSTRACT DATURA-METEL-D Herman and Ionica, Lyon Pharmaceutique, 1967. 18(8): p. 341-341.
192.    CONTRIBUTION A LETUDE DE LACTION DES ULTRASONS SUR LA CROISSANCE DES PLANTULES DE DATURA STRAMONIUM Herman and Ionica, Annales Pharmaceutiques Francaises, 1967. 25(6): p. 506-&.
193.    DIESER SAMEN UND STUDIUM DES KETOSAURESTOFFWECHSELS WAHREND DES KEIMUNGSPROZESSES Papke, E., Z.K.D.K.V.D.S.L.V.S.V.Z.E.D.K.D.S.U.U.D.E.V.W.H.U.K.A.D.K. and Pohloude.R, Pharmazie, 1966. 21(5): p. 313-&.
194.    N-Methylornithinals Vorstufe des Pyrrolidinringes in Tropan-Alkaloiden. N-Methylornithine as preliminary step of the pyrrolidine ring in tropane alkaloids from Datura stramonium, D.m.N., D. and H.B. Schroter, Tetrahedron Lett, 1966. 12: p. 1273-1278.
195.    GROWTH DEVELOPMENT AND ALKALOID CONTENT OF DATURA METEL-D DATURA-STRAMONIUM-D AND DATURA-INNOXIA-D DAY LENGTH Cantoria, M., U P (University of the Philippines) Research Digest, 1966. 5(2): p. 42-43.
196.    Henbane (Hyoscyamus) and thornapple (Datura stramonium) poisoning in children Vorokhobov, L.A. and V.M. Karetnyi, Sovet Med, 1965. 28((2)): p. 127-131.
197.    EINIGER, Z.K.D.K.V.D.S.L.V.S.B.U.D.E.V.G.-U.A.A.D.K.B.Z.C.U.P. and Pohloude.R, Pharmazie, 1965. 20(11): p. 737-&.
198.    Biogenesis of tropic acid from Datura stramonium via a novel carbon monoxide insertion monoxide insertion reaction Ghosal, S., Sci Cult, 1965. 31((7)): p. 370-371.
199.    The identification of samples of stramonium (Datura stramoninum L.) showing an anatomical anomaly Engl. summ. Akbue, G., Rev Fac Farm Bioquim Univ Sao Paulo, 1965. 2((2)): p. 147-151.
200.    INCORPORATION OF ORNITHINE-2-C14 INTO SCOPOLAMINE Turner, F.A. and J.E. Gearien, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1964. 53(11): p. 1309-&.
201.    Biosynthesis of scopolamine Datura stramonium Turner, F.A., Dissert Absts, 1964. 24((12 Pt. 1)): p. 4974-4974.
202.    INCORPORATION OF PROLINE-C14 INTO PRINCIPAL ALKALOIDS OF DATURA STRAMONIUM VAR TATULA + DATURA INNOXIA Sullivan, G. and M.R. Gibson, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1964. 53(9): p. 1058-&.
203.    EFFECT OF VARIOUS CONCENTRATIONS + FREQUENCY OF APPLICATION OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON GROWTH + FORMATION OF METABOLIC PRODUCTS OF DATURA STRAMONIUM Sciuchetti, L.A., Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1964. 53(1): p. 61-&.
204.    content, C.a.p.o.c.m.I.a.T.k.-a.m.o.D.s.v.s.I.I.o.t.d.v.o.t.k.-a. and R. Pohloudek-Fabini, Pharmazie, 1964. 19((9)): p. 610-614.
205.    UND PHYSIOLOGIE EINIGER STOFFWECHSEL-CHEMISCH WICHTIGER SAUREN Papke, E., Z.K.D.K.V.D.S.L.V.S.U.D.W.E.S.A.D.K.V.D.S.L.V.S.B.Z.C. and Pohloude.R, Pharmazie, 1964. 19(11): p. 718-&.
206.    COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON DATURA STRAMONIUM AND ITS SYMBIOTIC MICRO-ORGANISM Kordos, J., Acta biologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1964. 14: p. 285-92.
207.    COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON DATURA STRAMONIUM + ITS SYMBIOTIC MICRO-ORGANISM Kardos, J., Acta Biologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1964. 14(4): p. 285-&.
208.    EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON GROWTH + ALKALOID SYNTHESIS IN DATURA STRAMONIUM VAR. TATULA Gibson, M.R. and D.I. French, Lloydia, 1964. 27(1): p. 47-&.
209.    APPLICATION OF ULTRASOUND FOR INCREASING ALKALOID YIELD FROM DATURA STRAMONIUM Demaggio, A.E. and J.A. Lott, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1964. 53(8): p. 945-&.
210.    EFFECT OF PROLINE ON GROWTH AND ALKALOID SYNTHESIS IN DATURA STRAMONIUM VAR. TATULA Gibson, M.R. and E.R. Abbott, Lloydia, 1963. 26(3): p. 125-&.
211.    EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIN AND OTHER TREATMENTS ON GERMINATION AND SUBSEQUENT BIOGENESIS OF ALKALOIDS IN DATURA STRAMONIUM LINNE Caldwell, E.L. and L.A. Sciuchetti, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1963. 52(11): p. 1062-&.
212.    BIOSYNTHESIS OF HYOSCYAMINE AND SCOPOLAMINE IN DATURA STRAMONIUM Underhill, E.W. and H.W. Youngken, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1962. 51(2): p. 121-&.
213.    The stability of the active components of medicinal plants in ensiling. II. Datura stramonium L Krogerus, V.E., Arch Soc Zool Bot Fenn Vanamo, 1962. 17((1)): p. 19-22.
214.    Tolerance of pigs to Datura stramonium seeds Behrens, H. and M. Horn, Praktische Tierarzt, 1962(2): p. 43-44.
215.    DIE VERERBUNGSVERHALTNISSE DER MUTANTE R1705 VON DATURA STRAMONIUM L VAR GODRONII DANERT .26. ZUCHTUNGSVERSUCHE AN ARZNEIPFLANZEN Steinegg.E and F. Zbinden, Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae, 1961. 36(1-23): p. 74-&.
216.    EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON SECOND GENERATION OF DATURA STRAMONIUM LINNE Ragan, N.L. and L.A. Sciuchetti, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1961. 50(1): p. 87-&.
217.    Substitution of belladonna (Atropa belladonna) and stramonium (Datura stramonium) leaves by Datura ferox leaves Olaechea, V.P. and E.G. Arraras, Rev Fac Cienc Quim Univ Nac La Plata, 1961. 33: p. 37-43.
218.    Toxicity trials in laying hens and chicks with Datura stramonium seeds, a.c.c.o.s.F., R. and H. Vogt, Arch. Geflugelk., 1961. 25: p. 167-171.
219.    Datura stramonium L. Thorn-apple in N. Ireland Lynn, M.J., Irish Nat Jour, 1960. 13((5)): p. 107-111.
220.    EFFECTS OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON THE GROWTH AND ALKALOIDAL CONTENT OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM-L Fish, F., Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 1960. 12(7): p. 428-436.
221.    CHANGES INDUCED BY GIBBERELLIC ACID ON GROWTH AND ALKALOID PATTERNS IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM LINNE AND IN ATROPA-BELLADONNA LINNE Brummett, R.E. and L.A. Sciuchetti, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1960. 49(5): p. 274-277.
222.    Modern research on an ancient and classical drug: Datura stramonium L Beccuti, E., Minerva medica, 1960. 51: p. 1998-2003.
223.    THE INFLUENCE OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON THE GROWTH AND ALKALOID BIOGENESIS IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM LINNE AND IN ATROPA-BELLADONNA LINNE Smith, G.M. and L.A. Sciuchetti, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1959. 48(1): p. 63-68.
224.    Localization of tropine alkaloids in Datura stramonium during development Kolodziejski, J. and A. Kuleszyna, Acta Polon Pharm, 1959. 16: p. 287-292.
225.    THE EFFECT OF ADIPIC ACID AND METHYLAMINE ON ALKALOID BIOSYNTHESIS IN CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SOLANACEAE .1. DATURA-STRAMONIUM LINNE Brooks, M.S., L.A. Sciuchetti, and D.P.N. Tsao, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1959. 48(2): p. 109-110.
226.    A STUDY OF THE ANATOMICAL EFFECTS PRODUCED IN THE LEAVES OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L BY THE ACTION OF 2, -.D.A.W., C. and F.J. Goodrich, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1956. 45(7): p. 495-497.
227.    Effect of potassium ferrocyanide on Datura stramonium L. leaves and on alkaloids and other compounds Reifer, I., A. Ruminska, and J. Kaczkowski, Acta biochimica Polonica, 1956. 3(2): p. 209-24.
228.    The influence of the removal of the tips and flowers on the alkaloid content of Datura stramonium var. inermis van Os, F.H.L., E. Drijfhout, and F.H. Klompsma, Pharmaceut Weekblad, 1955. 90((7)): p. 209-215.
229.    Experience in eyes with Datura stramonium Paez Allende, F., Revista de la Asociacion Medica Argentina, 1955. 69(803-804): p. 320-1.
230.    STRUCTURE OF THE ROOTS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L AND DATURA-TATULA L Jackson, B.P. and T.E. Wallis, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 1955. 7(6): p. 384-405.
231.    Pharmacognosy of seven varieties of D. stramonium Go, L.S. and R. Hegnauer, Pharmaceut Weekblad, 1955. 90((15)): p. 513-519.
232.    A new form of Datura stramonium with higher productive output Eisenhuth, F., Pharmazie, 1953. 8((8)): p. 682-687.
233.    THE STRUCTURE OF THE FLOWERS OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM L AND D-TATULA L Wallis, T.E. and S. Rohatgi, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 1952. 4(4): p. 243-258.
234.    The translocation and accumulation of alkaloids in D. stramonium Hegnauer, R., Pharmaceut Weekblad, 1951. 86((51/52)): p. 935-942.
235.    COMPARATIVE METHODS OF DRYING AND ASSAY OF DATURA-STRAMONIUM LINNE Rubin, M. and L.E. Harris, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association-Scientific Edition, 1950. 39(8): p. 477-478.
236.    CERTAIN CHEMICAL PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS AND ALKALOID FORMATION IN DATURA-STRAMONIUM L Tsao, D.P.N. and H.W. Youngken, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association-Scientific Edition, 1949. 38(2): p. 112-116.
237.    Versuche zur Gewinnung hochwertiger Arzneipflanzen 1. Uber Datura stramonium und Datura tatula Hegnauer, R. and H. Fluck, Pharmaceut Acta Helvetiae, 1949. 24((1)): p. 1-16.
238.    THE GROWTH EFFECTS PRODUCED BY 2, -.D.A.A.T.S.O.D.-S.L.Y., H. W., Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association-Scientific Edition, 1948. 37(5): p. 196-201.
239.    Datura stramonium, c.t.-a.H., E. F. and W. Poethke, Pharmazie, 1948. 3((5)): p. 226-235.
240.    Datura stramonium - Per Stechapfel Kreitmair, H., Pharmazie, 1947. 2((9)): p. 422-422.
241.    COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF NORMAL AND TETRAPLOID DATURA-STRAMONIUM AND DATURA-TATULA Miller, O.H. and L. Fischer, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association-Scientific Edition, 1946. 35(1): p. 23-27.
242.    Poisoning of livestock of Datura stramonium L Kehar, N.D. and K. Govinda Rau, Indian Jour Vet Sci and Animal Husbandry, 1944. 14((2)): p. 112-114.
243.    Studies on the synthesis of hyoseyarnine in Atropa belladonna l. And Datura stamonium I Cromwell, B.T., Biochemical Journal, 1943. 37: p. 717-722.
244.    El Chamico (Datura tatula L. long dash Datura stramonium B tatula D.C.) Paredes C, A., Bol Inst Bot Univ Central, 1942. 1((2)): p. 218-231.
245.    Ueber die Ursachen der Schwankungen in Alkaloidegehalt bei Datura stramonium Sandfort, E., Angewandte Bot, 1940. 22((1)): p. 1-54.
246.    A study of Datura stramonium Eby, F.H., F.M. Scholl, and D.J. Phillips, Jour Amer Pharm Assoc, 1938. 27((6)): p. 474-476.
247.    by, D.s.T.A.P., Veterinary Record, 1934. 14: p. 1108-1104.
248.    Notes on epidemic poisoning by Datura stramonium Beyers, J.M., Jour Med Assoc S Africa, 1930. 4((4)): p. 102-102.
249.    Poisoning by Datura stramonium L. (Stink-blaar: thornapple.) Watt, J.M. and M.G. Brand-Wijk, Jour Med Assoc So Africa, 1927. 1((21)): p. 562-563.
250.    The alkaloidal content of Datura stramonium Ploski, W., Bull Internat Acad Polonaise Sci Et Lettr Cl Sci Math Et Nat Ser B, 1927. 1927((4/5)): p. 397-401.
251.    The akaloid of Datura seed grown in Bohemia Vagr, E.M., Roz Pravy Akad Ceske Ved a Umeni, 1926. 35((38)): p. 1-10.
252.    Alkaloid content of an unusually large Datura Kuntz, J., Heil Und Gewiirz Pfianzen, 1926. 9((2)): p. 51-52.
253.    The alkaloidal content of British Columbian Datura stramonium and Conium maculatum Clark, R.H. and H.R. Offord, Proc & Trans Roy Soc Canada, 1926. 20((Sect. III)): p. 153-155.

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Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana