Sunday, September 9, 2018

Dichrocephala integrifolia

Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) KuntzeFamily: Asteraceae

Synonyms: Absinthium spathulatum Noronha, Centipeda capensis Less., Centipeda latifolia Cass., Centipeda latifolia Cass. ex Less., Cotula bicolor Roth, Cotula latifolia Pers. [Illegitimate], Cotula latifolia var. javanica Blume, Cotula latifolia var. latifolia, Cotula sonchifolia M.Bieb., Dichrocephala bicolor f. bicolor, Dichrocephala capensis (Less.) DC., Dichrocephala erecta L'Hér., Dichrocephala erecta L'Hér. ex DC., Dichrocephala integrifolia var. integrifolia, Dichrocephala integrifolia subsp. integrifolia, Dichrocephala integrifolia var. sonchifolia (M.Bieb.) Kuntze, Dichrocephala latifolia (Lam.) L'Hér. ex DC., Dichrocephala latifolia f. appendiculata Zoll., Dichrocephala latifolia var. barbareifolia Miq., Dichrocephala latifolia f. dentata Zoll. & Mor., Dichrocephala latifolia f. javanica (Blume) Asch., Dichrocephala latifolia var. javanica (Blume) DC., Dichrocephala latifolia f. latifolia, Dichrocephala latifolia var. latifolia, Dichrocephala latifolia var. sonchifolia (M.Bieb.) Asch., Dichrocephala nilagirensis Sch.Bip. ex Hook.f., Dichrocephala sonchifolia (M.Bieb.) DC., Ethulia glomerata Spreng. ex DC., Ethulia integrifolia D.Don, Ethulia paniculata Schkuhr, Ethulia paniculata Houtt., Ethulia sinapifolia Steud., Grangea bicolor (Roth) Willd. ex Loudon, Grangea dissecta DC., Grangea latifolia Lam. ex Poir., Grangea sonchifolia (M.Bieb.) Loudon, Hippia bicolor (Roth) Sm., Hippia integrifolia L.f., Myriogyne latifolia Hassk.

Common name: Bicolor Buttonweed
Nepali: हाछ्युं झार Haachhyun Jhaar, गोरस पान GorasPaan, हचितु Hachitu
French: Dichrocéphale à feuilles entières

Description: Diffuse herbs, hispid. Leaves alternate, 3-4 x 2-3 cm, ovate, apex obtuse, irregularly lobed. Heads 3-4 mm across, globose, in terminal panicles; bracts 1-seriate, lanceolate, acute, ciliate. Flowers two types. Female flowers in several outer rows; corolla tubular, 2-4-toothed at apex, glabrous. Bisexual flowers few, central; corolla 4-lobed at apex, white; anthers 4, connate, included. Achenes 1 mm long, obovate, compressed, 4-ribbed, glabrous; pappus 4 deciduous bristles.

Used for malaria, eye diseases, cataract, dermatosis, skin eruption,  headache,  sore  throat,  filariasis,  ringworm,  psychosis,  snakebite,  sprain,  sinusitis,  prolapse  of  the  rectum. Veterinary medicine, for East Coast fever, itch, dermatosis. Magic, ritual, ceremonial, against the spirits. Tender shoot paste applied as a poultice over insect stings, the  paste  also  taken  orally  in  menorrhagia.  Heated  leaves applied to boils. Seeds rubbed onto pimples on face. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Aerial parts used in filariasis, blennorrhea, leukorrhea, insect bites, diuretic, swellings, ulcers. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition]

Promotes circulation; for irregular menses, sprains; antiinflammatory, antiswelling. [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]

Used in Eye infections. [Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants]
Published articles of Dichrocephala integrifolia

1.    Kouemou, N.E., et al., Nootropic and Neuroprotective Effects of Dichrocephala integrifolia on Scopolamine Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2017. 8.
2.    Wanda, G.J.M.K., et al., Anxiolytic and sedative activities of aqueous leaf extract of Dichrocephala integrifolia (Asteraceae) in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2015. 176: p. 494-498.
3.    Qin, F., et al., Chemical Constituents of Dichrocephala integrifolia. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 2015. 51(5): p. 951-953.
4.    Lee, C.-L., et al., Anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic components from Dichrocephala integrifolia. Phytochemistry Letters, 2015. 12: p. 237-242.
5.    Ketcha Wanda, G.J.M., et al., Anxiolytic and sedative activities of aqueous leaf extract of Dichrocephala integrifolia (Asteraceae) in mice. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015. 176: p. 494-8.
6.    Qin, F., et al., A New Eudesmane Sesquiterpene from Dichrocephala integrifolia. Natural Product Communications, 2014. 9(2): p. 149-150.
7.    Wabo, P.J., et al., In vitro anthelminthic efficacy of Dichrocephala integrifolia (Asteraceae) extracts on the gastro-intestinal nematode parasite of mice: Heligmosomoides bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae). Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, 2013. 3(2): p. 100-4.
8.    Pone, W.J., et al., In vitro anthelminthic efficacy of Dichrocephala integrifolia (Asteraceae) extracts on the gastro-intestinal nematode parasite of mice: Heligmosomoides bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2013. 3(2): p. 100-104.
9.    Zhu, S.-H., et al., Study on the chemical constituents of Dichrocephala integrifolia. Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials, 2010. 33(1): p. 53-5.
10.    Morikawa, T., et al., Pseudoguaiane-type sesquiterpenes and inhibitors on nitric oxide production from Dichrocephala integrifolia. Tetrahedron, 2006. 62(26): p. 6435-6442.
11.    Kuiate, J.R., et al., Composition of the essential oil from leaves and flowers of Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.) O. Kuntze Chev. from Cameroon. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 1999. 14(6): p. 419-420.
12.    Haridas, P. and K.S. Venkataramani, 7. Dichrocephala integrifolia (D. latifolia) and Vernonia anthelmintica (V. cinerea). Planter's Chronicle, 1973. 68(1): p. 3-4.
13.    Zhao, M., Medicinal preparation used for treating irregular menstruation, comprises Dichrocephala integrifolia, Japanese Ardisia tea, Crotalaria flower, needlegrass, peach kernel, Chinese Angelica, cowherb seed, Angelica dahurica, Ilex and safflower. Nanjing Zhengliang Pharm Technology Co.
14.    Qin, W., Feed useful for e.g. improving disease-resistance ability of broiler chicken, prepared using e.g. kudzuvine root vine powder, mulberry bark powder, rice wine distillers grains, Dichrocephala integrifolia, soybean meal and rice bran. Hechi Jinchengjiang Sci & Technology Inf.
15.    Liang, Y., et al., Disinfecting liquid useful for sterilization purposes, contains ash bark, herba scutellariae barbatae, Dichrocephala integrifolia, Saururus chinensis, Gentiana macrophylla, Chinese honeylocust spine, and Maclura cochinchinensis. Sun Y; Li Y.
16.    Jiang, H. and Y. Duan, Traditional Chinese medicine used for treating tuberculosis pleurisy includes radix bupleuri, radix paeoniae alba, large-headed Atractylodes, fructus forsythiae, fructus schisandrae, medlar, Acorus gramineus and Dichrocephala integrifolia. Jiang H.
17.    Fang, J., Y. Liu, and G. Zhao, Traditional Chinese medicine used for treating endometritis, comprises Cynanchum amplexicaule, Dichrocephala integrifolia, rice vine, Salvia, Chinese Angelica, myrtle, Limonium, Inula, rhubarb, Bulbophyllum, Panax pseudoginseng and Rhododen. Liu Y.
18.    Chen, Z., et al., Medicinal composition of expelling toothpaste useful for e.g. freshening oral smell comprises Bletilla striata, white ox gall, pepper grass, small green bletilla, Dichrocephala integrifolia, dandelion, radix astragali, Lycopodium. Yunnan Yiyao Biotechnology Co Ltd.
19.    Bian, Y., Pharmaceutical composition useful as antipyretic agent and for treating bronchitis, comprises Bothrocaryum controversum, Dichrocephala integrifolia, motherwort and fructus xanthii. Nanjing Zhengliang Pharm Technology Co.

1 comment:

Unknown said...

Can be Dichrocephala intergrifoliya used in tooth loosening ,anesthesia and extraction in India ?
Useing in Cameroon.


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tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cuminum cyminum Cupressus torulosa Curculigo orchioides Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Derris trifoliata Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dichrocephala integrifolia Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea pentaphylla Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros kaki Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichandrone spathacea Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Elytraria acaulis Embelia ribes Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica 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antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hymenodictyon orixense Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens bracteata Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koelreuteria paniculata Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Lycium ferocissimum Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Marchantia polymorpha Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica 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indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum 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Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia miltiorrhiza Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Silybum marianum Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stellera chamaejasme Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana
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