Sunday, November 23, 2014

Pyrostegia venusta, Flame vine, Tulitrumpetti, Liane aurore

Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers
Family: Bignoniaceae

Synonyms: Bignonia ignea Vell., Bignonia tecomiflora Rusby, Bignonia tubulosa Klotzsch, Bignonia venusta Ker Gawl., Jacaranda echinata Spreng., Pyrostegia amabilis Miers , Pyrostegia dichotoma Miers ex K.Schum., Pyrostegia ignea (Vell.) C.Presl, Pyrostegia ornata Miers , Pyrostegia pallida Miers , Pyrostegia parvifolia Miers , Pyrostegia puberula Miers , Pyrostegia reticulata Miers , Pyrostegia tecomiflora (Rusby) K.Schum. ex Urb., Pyrostegia tubulosa (Klotzsch) Bureau & K.Schum., Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa Hassl., Tecoma venusta (Ker Gawl.) Lem., Tynanthus igneus (Vell.) Barb.Rodr.,

Common name: Flame vine, Flaming trumpet, Golden shower trumpet, Orange Bignonia
Chinese: 炮仗花
Finnish: Tulitrumpetti
French: Liane aurore, Liane de feu
Hawaiian: huapala
Paraguay: Yvyrati
Swedish: Flamranka
Tamil: தந்கா பூ Tanga pu
Thai: พวงแสด
Tongan: Talupite ulo

Description: Liana that climbs by tendrils, 5-7 m in length. Stems angular to subcylindrical, striate, puberulent or lepidote, interpetiolar zone not glandular; cross section of the mature stem with peripheral phloem tissue not forming a cross. Leaves opposite, 2- or 3-foliolate, sometimes with a trifid, deciduous tendril; leaflets 4-6 × 2.5-4 cm, ovate, chartaceous, lepidote or puberulent, with numerous resinous dots on both surfaces, the apex acute, the base rounded, the margins undulate, revolute; upper surface dark, slightly shiny, with the venation slightly prominent; lower surface light green, dull, with a prominent midvein, without domatia; petioles and petiolules glabrous or puberulous, the petioles 1.5-2.5 cm long, angular, the petiolules 1-1.5 cm long, sulcate on the upper surface; pseudostipules inconspicuous. Flowers numerous in terminal panicles; pedicels 0.6-15 cm long. Calyx green, broadly campanulate, 4-4.5 mm long, subtruncate or 5-denticulate and ciliate at the apex; corolla redorange, tubular, 5.5-6.5 cm long, the tube glabrous externally, puberulent inside, the limb 2.9-4 cm in diameter, with 5 lobes, 1-1.5 cm long; stamens exserted, yellow; ovary oblong, ca. 4 mm long, glabrous or lepidote. Capsule linear, compressed, coriaceous, light brown, 25-30 cm long, with the midvein slightly prominent; seeds numerous, 1.2-1.4 cm long, the wings brown with the margins hyaline.

Stem + leaf: tonic, for treating diarrhea and dysentery COS, MIS. Leaf: antioxidant activity. Root. Allantoin, β-sitosterol, hesperidine, 3β-0-β-D-glupyranosylsitosterol  Leaf: flavonoids, phenolics. Flower. β-sitosterol, n-hentriacontan, 7-0-β-D-glycopyranosilacacetin, mesoinositol [ Medicinal flora of Argentina]

54 Published articles of Pyrostegia venusta

1.    Distribution and structural aspects of extrafloral nectaries in leaves of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae)
Coimbra, Mairon Cesar; Fonseca Castro, Ana Hortencia
Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences  Volume: 36   Issue: 3   Pages: 321-326   Published: JUL-SEP 2014

2.    EVALUATION OF PHYTOTOXIC AND CYTOTOXIC POTENTIAL OF Pyrostegia venusta (KER-GAWL.) MIERS (Bignoniaceae)
Daneluzzi, Gabriel Silva; Marinho dos Santos, Valter Henrique; Silva, Luciana Pereira; et al.
BIOSCIENCE JOURNAL  Volume: 30   Issue: 4   Pages: 1231-1240   Published: JUL-AUG 2014

3.    Pyrostegia venusta heptane extract containing saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons induces apoptosis on B16F10-Nex2 melanoma cells and displays antitumor activity in vivo
Figueiredo, Carlos R.; Matsuo, Alisson L.; Pereira, Felipe V.; et al.
PHARMACOGNOSY MAGAZINE  Volume: 10   Issue: 38   Supplement: S   Pages: 363-376   Published: MAY 2014

4.    Pyrostegia venusta heptane extract containing saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons induces apoptosis on B16F10-Nex2 melanoma cells and displays antitumor activity in vivo.
Figueiredo, Carlos R; Matsuo, Alisson L; Pereira, Felipe V; et al.
Pharmacognosy magazine  Volume: 10   Issue: Suppl 2   Pages: S363-76   Published: 2014-Apr

5.    Hydroethanolic extract of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers flowers improves inflammatory and metabolic dysfunction induced by high-refined carbohydrate diet
Veloso, Clarice de Carvalho; de Oliveira, Marina Chaves; Oliveira, Cristina da Costa; et al.
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 151   Issue: 1   Pages: 722-728   Published: JAN 10 2014

6.    Hydroethanolic extract of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers flowers improves inflammatory and metabolic dysfunction induced by high-refined carbohydrate diet.
Veloso, Clarice de Carvalho; de Oliveira, Marina Chaves; Oliveira, Cristina da Costa; et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology  Volume: 151   Issue: 1   Pages: 722-8   Published: 2014 (Epub 2013 Dec 03)

7.    Hydroethanolic extract of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers flowers improves inflammatory and metabolic dysfunction induced by high-refined carbohydrate diet.
Veloso, C. de C.; Oliveira, M. C. de; Oliveira, C. da C.; et al.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology  Volume: 151   Issue: 1   Pages: 722-728   Published: 2014

8.    Establishment of callus from Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers and effect of abiotic stress on flavonoids and sterols accumulation
Elena Loredo-Carrillo, Silvia; de Lourdes Santos-Diaz, Ma.; Leyva, Elisa; et al.
JOURNAL OF PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 22   Issue: 3   Pages: 312-318   Published: JUL 2013

9.    Phytochemistry and pharmacology of Pyrostegia venusta: a plant of family Bianoniaceae.
Avnish Kumar; Monika Asthana; Purbi Roy; et al.
International Journal of Phytomedicine  Volume: 5   Issue: 3   Pages: 257-261   Published: 2013

10.    Hyperpigmentant activity of leaves and flowers extracts of Pyrostegia venusta on murine B16F10 melanoma
Moreira, Camila G.; Horinouchi, Cintia D. S.; Souza-Filho, Claudio S.; et al.
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 141   Issue: 3   Pages: 1005-1011   Published: JUN 14 2012

11.    In vivo antioxidative property, antimicrobial and wound healing activity of flower extracts of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl) Miers
Roy, Purabi; Amdekar, Sarika; Kumar, Avnish; et al.
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 140   Issue: 1   Pages: 186-192   Published: MAR 6 2012

12.    Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the hydroethanolic extract of the flowers of Pyrostegia venusta in mice
Veloso, Clarice C.; Cabral, Layla D. M.; Bitencourt, Andressa D.; et al.
REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY  Volume: 22   Issue: 1   Pages: 162-168   Published: JAN-FEB 2012

13.    Producing compounds derived from Pyrostegia venusta for use in pharmaceutical composition for treating fungal diseases caused by Candida, involves macerating leaves of Pyrostegia venusta with cold ethanol-water solution
Patent Number: WO2012155226-A1; WO2012155226-A8; EP2742946-A1
Patent Assignee: BIOTEC-BIO TECNOLOGIA LTDA; ASSOC ENSINO RIBEIRAO PRETO
Inventor(s): BERTONI B W; CONTINI S H T; HERNANDES C; et al.

14.    Anthelmintic activity of Pyrostegia venusta using Pheretima posthuma.
Nisha, P. V.; Shruti, N.; Swamy, K. S.; et al.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research  Volume: 4   Issue: 3   Pages: 205-208   Published: 2012

15.    Antitumor and cytotoxic activity of Kielmeyera coriacea mart. Zucc. and Pyrostegia venusta (ker-gawl.) Miers extracts.
Silva, R. M. G.; Rodrigues, D. T. M.; Augustos, F. S.; et al.
Journal of Medicinal Plants Research  Volume: 6   Issue: 24   Pages: 4142-4148   Published: 2012

16.    Preliminary study of the antioxidant properties of flowers and roots of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl) Miers
Roy, Purabi; Amdekar, Sarika; Kumar, Avnish; et al.
BMC COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE  Volume: 11     Article Number: 69   Published: AUG 23 2011

17.    Establishment of in vitro cultures of Pyrostegia venusta and analysis of secondary metabolites
Loredo, Silvia E.; Santos-Diaz, Socorro; Leyva, Elisa
Conference: 241st National Meeting and Exposition of the American-Chemical-Society (ACS) Location: Anaheim, CA Date: MAR 27-31, 2011
Sponsor(s): Amer Chem Soc
ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY  Volume: 241   Meeting Abstract: 313-MEDI   Published: MAR 27 2011

18.    Preliminary study of the antioxidant properties of flowers and roots of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl) Miers.
Purabi Roy; Sarika Amdekar; Avnish Kumar; et al.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine  Volume: 11   Issue: 69   Pages: (23 August 2011)   Published: 2011

19.    Comportamento fenologico da liana Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers (Bignoniaceae) em area de cerradao na Estacao Ecologica de Assis, SP, Brasil.
Phenology of the vine Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers ( Bignoniaceae) in a cerradao area at the Estacao Ecologica de Assis, SP, Brazil.
Rossatto, D. R.; Kolb, R. M.
Revista Brasileira de Biociencias  Volume: 9   Issue: 3   Pages: 289-296   Published: 2011

20.    Avaliacao do potencial alelopatico, atividade antimicrobiana e antioxidante dos extratos organicos das folhas de Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers (Bignoniaceae).
Evaluation of allelopathic potential, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers (Bignoniaceae) leaf organic extracts.
Silva, P. B.; Medeiros, A. C. M.; Duarte, M. C. T.; et al.
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais  Volume: 13   Issue: 4   Pages: 447-455   Published: 2011

21.    Pyrostegia venusta attenuate the sickness behavior induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice
Veloso, Clarice C.; Bitencourt, Andressa D.; Cabral, Layla D. M.; et al.
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 132   Issue: 1   Pages: 355-358   Published: OCT 28 2010

22.    The Evaluation of the genotoxic potency of the Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers, Bignoneaceae, crude extract on bone marrow of mice
Magalhaes, Eduardo A.; Silva Junior, Gabriel J.; de Campos, Thiago Augusto; et al.
REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY  Volume: 20   Issue: 1   Pages: 65-69   Published: JAN-MAR 2010

23.    Germinacao de Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae), viabilidade de sementes e desenvolvimento pos-seminal
Germination of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae), seed viability and post-seminal development
Rossatto, Davi Rodrigo; Kolb, Rosana Marta
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 33   Issue: 1   Pages: 51-60   Published: JAN-MAR 2010

24.    Impact of environmental changes on the reproductive biology in Pyrostegia venusta Presl
Singh, Sweety; Rana, Anita; Chauhan, S. V. S.
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY  Volume: 30   Issue: 2   Pages: 271-273   Published: MAR 2009

25.    Evaluation of the Impact on Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) Flowers Due to Nectar Robbery by Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae)
Carbonari, Vladson; Polatto, Leandro Pereira; Aives-Junior, Valter Vieira
SOCIOBIOLOGY  Volume: 54   Issue: 2   Pages: 373-382   Published: 2009

26.    Tratamentos pre-germinativos e temperaturas de incubacao na germinacao de cipo-de-Sao-Joao [Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers] - Bignoniaceae
Pregerminative treatments and incubation temperatures on the germination of "cipo-de-Sao-Joao" [Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers] - Bignoniaceae
Scalon, S. P. Q.; Vieira, M. C.; Lima, A. A.; et al.
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais  Volume: 10   Issue: 4   Pages: 37-42   Published: NOV 2008

27.    ESTUDO DAS INTERACOES ENTRE INSETOS E PYROSTEGIA VENUSTA (KER GAWL.) MIERS (BIGNONIACEAE) EM UM REMANESCENTE DE FLORESTA ESTACIONAL SEMIDECIDUAL, NO CAMPUS DA PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA DO PARANA, TOLEDO, BRASIL.
Study of the interactions between insects and Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers (Bignoniaceae) in a remnant of seasonal semidecidual forest in the Campus of the Pontifical Catholic University of Parana, Toledo, Brazil.
da Silva, Marizete Goncalves; Hefler, Sonia Marisa; de Paula, Maria Cristina Zborowski; et al.
Estudos de Biologia (Curitiba)  Volume: 30   Issue: 70-72   Pages: 71-76   Published: Janeiro-Dezembro 2008

28.    Morpho-anatomical diagnosis of the leaf and stem of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker gawl.) miers, bignoniaceae
Duarte, Marcia do Rocio; Jurgensen, Ingrid
LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY  Volume: 26   Issue: 1   Pages: 70-75   Published: JAN-FEB 2007

29.    Chemical constituents of Argyreia argentea, Millingtonia hortensis and Pyrostegia venusta
Dinda, B; De, UC; Bhattacharya, A; et al.
JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY  Volume: 79   Issue: 3   Pages: 291-293   Published: MAR 2002

30.    Chemical constituents from roots of Pyrostegia venusta and considerations about its medicinal importance.
Ferreira, DT; Alvares, PSM; Houghton, PJ; et al.
QUIMICA NOVA  Volume: 23   Issue: 1   Pages: 42-46   Published: JAN-FEB 2000

31.    A quantitative analysis of foliar flavonoids and total phenolics of Pyrostegia venusta Miers. from both the forest and cerrado
Dos Santos, Marcia Debora; Blatt, Cecilia Terumi Teradaira
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 21   Issue: 2   Pages: 135-140   Published: Aug., 1998

32.    Differences in floral morphology, floral nectar constituents, carotenoids, and flavonoids in petals of orange and yellow Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) flowers
Gusman, AB; Gottsberger, G
PHYTON-ANNALES REI BOTANICAE  Volume: 36   Issue: 2   Pages: 161-171   Published: 1996

33.    Floral morphology and reproductive biology of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) in the urban region of Curitiba, Parana
Sampaio, Elvira Souza De; Almeida, Armando Antunes De
Acta Biologica Paranaense  Volume: 24   Issue: 1-4   Pages: 25-38   Published: 1995

34.    Morfologia floral e biologia reprodutiva de Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) na regiao urbana de Curitiba, Parana.
Floral morphology and reproductive biology of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) in the urban region of Curitiba, Parana.
Souza de Sampaio, Elvira; Antunes de Almeida, Armando
Acta Biologica Paranaense  Volume: 24   Issue: 1-4   Pages: 25-38   Published: Janeiro-Dezembro 1995

35.    Mature seed anatomy of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker.) Miers - Bignoniaceae
Gabrielli, Antonio Carlos; Castro, Marilia De Moraes
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 18   Issue: 2   Pages: 227-234   Published: 1995

36.    Natural abortion of buds, flowers and fruits of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) in the urban in the region of Curitiba, Parana, Brazil
Sampaio, Elvira Souza De; Almeida, Armando Antunes De
Acta Biologica Paranaense  Volume: 24   Issue: 1-4   Pages: 39-48   Published: 1995

37.    CHARACTERISTICS OF SECRETION OF NECTAR IN PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA (KER-GAWL) MIERS (BIGNONIACEAE)
GALETTO, L; BERNARDELLO, LM; JULIANI, HR
NEW PHYTOLOGIST  Volume: 127   Issue: 3   Pages: 465-471   Published: JUL 1994

38.    Influence of temperature and light in the flowering of Pyrostegia venusta (Bignoniaceae) in the urban region of Curitiba, Parana
Sampaio, Elvira Souza De; Almeida, Armando Antunes De
Acta Biologica Paranaense  Volume: 23   Issue: 1-4   Pages: 79-88   Published: 1994

39.    Abnormalities in ovule development of three climbers of Bignoniaceae
Ashwath, C.; Gowda, J. V. N.; Joshi, S. S.
Crop Research (Hisar)  Volume: 6   Issue: 1   Pages: 179-182   Published: 1993

40.    Caulinar secondary structure of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker.) Miers-Bignoniaceae
Gabrielli, Antonio Carlos
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 16   Issue: 2   Pages: 167-173   Published: 1993

41.    FLORAL BIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTION OF PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA KER.-GAWL MIERS BIGNONIACEAE
GOBATTO-RODRIGUES A A; STORT M N S
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 15   Issue: 1   Pages: 37-41   Published: 1992

42.    Contribution to the study of root anatomy of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker) Miers-Bignoniaceae
Gabrielli, Antonio Carlos
Revista Brasileira de Botanica  Volume: 15   Issue: 2   Pages: 95-104   Published: 1992

43.    HISTOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON ANTHER AND OVULE DEVELOPMENT IN PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA LINDL
ASWATH C; GOWDA J V N; JOSHI S
Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences  Volume: 23   Issue: 4   Pages: 497-500   Published: 1989

44.    Single node vs. double node cuttings for the propagation of Pyrostegia venusta, Hardenbergia violacea 'Happy Wanderer' and Clytostoma callistegioides.
Larkman, B.
Combined Proceedings - International Plant Propagators' Society  Volume: 38   Pages: 106-109   Published: 1988

45.    Study of carbohydrate and nitrogen fractions in semi-hardwood cuttings of Pyrostegia venusta at root emergence.
Singh, S. P.
Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences  Volume: 14   Issue: 3/4   Pages: 199-203   Published: 1985

46.    DEVELOPMENT OF THE FLOWER OF PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA BIGNONIACEAE
JAIN D K; SINGH V
Journal of the University of Kuwait (Science)  Volume: 9   Issue: 1   Pages: 129-140   Published: 1982

47.    SUGAR COMPOSITION OF NECTAR IN PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA
GOWDA, DC; ANJANEYALU, YV
CURRENT SCIENCE  Volume: 48   Issue: 9   Pages: 398-399   Published: 1979

48.    CHEMICAL COMPONENTS OF PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA FLOWERS
DUBEY, RC; MISRA, K
JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY  Volume: 53   Issue: 4   Pages: 378-381   Published: 1976

49.    PROPAGATION OF PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA BY SHORT PIECE STEM CUTTING UNDER AUTO HUMID CHAMBER
MAITI R G
MOTIAL, V. S. (ED.). SEMINAR ON RECENT ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCES. ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS. 135P. ASSOCIATION FOR ADVANCEMENT OF PLANT SCIENCES: KALYANI, INDIA  Pages: 132-133   Published: 1975

50.    Improvement in the rooting of cuttings of Pyrostegia venusta with some growth regulators.
Kale, P. N.; Bhujbal, B. G.
Research Journal of Mahatma Phule Agricultural University  Volume: 3   Issue: 2   Pages: 142-143   Published: 1972

51. ENDOTHECIUM IN PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA
By: NANDA, K; GUPTA, SC
CURRENT SCIENCE  Volume: 40   Issue: 17   Pages: 470-&   Published: 1971
   
52. OBSERVATIONS ON THE IRRITABILITY OF THE STIGMA OF PYROSTEGIA-VENUSTA-D
By: ARENS K; CESAR O
Revista de Agricultura (Piracicaba)  Volume: 45   Issue: 2-3   Pages: 67-72   Published: 1970

53. Pyrostegia venusta Miers, de cor amarela.
A yellow-coloured Pyrostegia venusta.
By: ARENS, K.; CESAR, O.
Revue Agricole  Volume: 44   Pages: 119-21   Published: 1969

54. Pyrostegia venusta (Ker-Gawl)
By: DANSEREAU, P. M.
MIERS REV HORT [PARIS]  Volume: 111   Issue: (17)   Pages: 432-433, 443   Published: 1939

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Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Clerodendrum wallichii Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Crotalaria prostrata Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cupressus torulosa Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Hippophae rhamnoides Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana