Saturday, December 6, 2014

Kyllinga brevifolia shortleaf spikesedge

Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Family: Cyperaceae
  • Common name: shortleaf spikesedge
  • Chinese: 短叶水蜈蚣
  • French: Scirpe de Rome, Scirpe mucroné, Scirpe à écailles mucronées
  • Indonesian: Jukut pendul
  • Korean: 파대가리
  • Malay  names:  katob  perenggan,  katup  perenggan,  rumput tuki, sekepet burit
Description: Perennial, 5-35 cm. Rhizome horizontal, long-creeping, c. 2mm diam., aerial stems arising from every second node. Stem 0.5-1.5 mm diam., sharply trigonous, smooth, green. Leaves much shorter than stem; sheaths 10 - 65 mm, grey or brown, sometimes with reddish tint, scarious; blades up to 10 cm, 1.5-3 mm wide, flat, slightly keeled, sometimes folded, margins smooth, apex flat, short, acute, scabrous along margins and midrib below. Inflorescence a single, round cluster of c. 100 spikes, 5-7 mm; 2-3 bracts foliose, spreading, to 80 mm. Spike c. 2.5 x 1 mm, compressed, pedicel 0.2 mm, glume-like bract scarious, glume-like prophyll scarious; glumes 2, opposite, c. 2.5 mm, keeled, folded, mid-nerve green, smooth or scabrous, acuminate, sides scarious, with 2-3 prominent nerves, white or yellowish and often with brown dots. Stamens 3. Nut c. 1 mm, compressed, obovoid, yellowish, surface papillose.

For diarrhea, eat the leaves with betel. Poulticing rhizomes for sore legs. Rootstock juice taken for jaundice. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
Leaf: digestive . Dried rhizome: sedative, antispasmodic, diuretic, Dried root: for liver disease [ Medicinal flora of Argentina]
Diuretic, antiinflammation; alleviates pain, cough, throat infection, flu, headache; antiviral, abdominal pain, appendix, alleviates stress; a sedative agent. [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants]

38 Published articles of Kyllinga brevifolia

1.    水蜈蚣总黄酮固体分散体的制备及其性质研究
Paparation of solid dispersion of Kyllinga brevifolia total flavonols and its properties
孙彩霞; 尹蓉莉; 赵俊霞; et al.
Sun Caixia; Yin Rongli; Zhao Junxia; et al.
中草药  Volume: 45   Issue: 14   Pages: 2018-2021   Article Number: 0253-2670(2014)45:14<2018:swgzht>2.0.TX;2-L   Published: 2014
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs  Volume: 45   Issue: 14   Pages: 2018-2021   Article Number: 0253-2670(2014)45:14<2018:swgzht>2.0.TX;2-L   Published: 2014

2.    Postnatal fluid used for inhibiting growth of bacteria and killing bacteria, comprises ophicalcite, Lycium barbarum, Gardenia, Viola, Caesalpinia sappan, Asarum, black bean and Kyllinga brevifolia
Patent Number: CN103768318-A
Patent Assignee: LI L
Inventor(s): LI L.

3.    Laying hen feed comprises Typha latifolia, Kyllinga brevifolia, Petasites japonicus, corn, spinach, mountain ramie root, Coptis chinensis, Euphorbia thymifolia, Chinese fevervine, Centella asiatica, and Polygonum chinense
Patent Number: CN102885223-A; CN102885223-B
Inventor(s): HUANG P.

4.    不同镉处理对两种生态型水蜈蚣镉富集特性的影响
Effect of Cadmium on Accumulation Characteristics of Cadmium in the Two Ecotypes of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb
郝小青; 李廷轩; 张锡洲; et al.
Hao Xiaoqing; Li Tingxuan; Zhang Xizhou; et al.
农业环境科学学报  Volume: 32   Issue: 12   Pages: 2352-2359   Article Number: 1672-2043(2013)32:12<2352:btgcld>2.0.TX;2-I   Published: 2013
Journal of Agro-Environment Science  Volume: 32   Issue: 12   Pages: 2352-2359   Article Number: 1672-2043(2013)32:12<2352:btgcld>2.0.TX;2-I   Published: 2013

5.    Technology of extracting total alkaloids from Kyllinga brevifolia.
Xian JingChun; Guo XiangYun; Liu YuMing
Acta Agriculturae Shanghai  Volume: 29   Issue: 1   Pages: 95-97   Published: 2013

6.    Anxiolytic-like and sedative effects of Kyllinga brevifolia in mice
del Carmen Hellion-Ibarrola, Maria; Montalbetti, Yenny; Heinichen, Olga Y.; et al.

7.    Traditional Chinese medicine composition for treating bone fracture comprises pyrite, rhizome drynariae, achyranthes, frankincense, myrrh, draconis sanguis, schefflera arboricola, woodlouse, Kyllinga brevifolia, saffron and Acacia catechu
Patent Number: CN102499963-A; CN102499963-B
Patent Assignee: XU C; LI W
Inventor(s): YU Z; WAN G.

8.    Flushing fluid useful for treating postpartum, prepared using traditional Chinese medicines including ophicalcite, cortex lycii, Gardenia, Viola inconspicua, Caesalpinia sappan, Kyllinga brevifolia and Commelina communis
Patent Number: CN102552615-A; CN102552615-B
Patent Assignee: ZHOU H
Inventor(s): ZHOU H.

9.    Leaf Essential Oil Composition of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. from Nepal
Paudel, Prajwal; Satyal, Prabodh; Khadka, Ganesh; et al.
JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS  Volume: 15   Issue: 5   Pages: 854-857   Published: 2012

10.    Traditional Chinese medicine tincture used for treating rheumatoid arthritis comprises radix saposhnikoviae, radix polygoni multiflori, folium perillae frutescentis, Kyllinga brevifolia and borneolum syntheticum
Patent Number: CN102670905-A
Patent Assignee: LIU Z
Inventor(s): LIU Z.

11.    Traditional Chinese medicine useful e.g. for treating cancer e.g. leukemia and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, comprises e.g. Kyllinga brevifolia, Asparagus fern, Ganoderma lucidum, sweet basil, Pteris multifida and Coptis chinensis
Patent Number: CN102579781-A
Patent Assignee: ZHOU W
Inventor(s): ZHOU W.

12.    Anxiolytic-like and sedative effects of Kyllinga brevifolia in mice.
Hellion-Ibarrola, M. del C.; Montalbetti, Y.; Heinichen, O. Y.; et al.
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia  Volume: 22   Issue: 6   Pages: 1323-1329   Published: 2012

13.    Additive for producing tobacco cigarette comprises Kyllinga brevifolia, Lysimachia foenum-graecum and Murraya kwangsiensis as main raw materials
Patent Number: CN101810367-A
Inventor(s): ZHOU J; HUANG T; ZOU K; et al.

14.    Additive for producing tobacco shred, cut stem or thin sheet comprises shortleaf spikesedge herb (Kyllinga brevifolia) as main material
Patent Number: CN101810368-A
Inventor(s): ZHOU J; CHEN Y; HUANG T; et al.

Prasad, V. P.
Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany  Volume: 34   Issue: 3   Pages: 586-587   Published: 2010

16.    Extracting water-soluble volatile ingredient from Kyllinga brevifolia for tobacco flavoring, involves salting out distillate by adding sodium or potassium chloride in distillate, and extracting distillate with organic solvent
Patent Number: CN101457177-A
Inventor(s): CHEN Z; HUANG T; LIU Z; et al.

17.    Effects of mowing height of Paspalum vaginatum on control of Kyllinga brevifolia using herbicide Caopingning No. 71.
Pan KeXin; Xue Guang; Zhou WeiRong; et al.
Pratacultural Science  Volume: 26   Issue: 7   Pages: 177-180   Published: 2009

18.    Traditional Chinese medicine composition for treating periodontal and gingival pain comprises Kyllinga brevifolia, green bristlegrass and Chinese brake herb
Patent Number: CN101496878-A
Patent Assignee: LIU J
Inventor(s): LIU J.

19.    External traditional Chinese medicament for treating scald and burn, comprises herba hyperici sampsonii, aalii, Kyllinga brevifolia, buntal, Pteris multifida, giant knotweed, Dicranopteris dichotoma and Angelica
Patent Number: CN101422577-A; CN101422577-B
Patent Assignee: RUAN R
Inventor(s): RUAN R.

20.    Volatiles from Aerial Parts and Rhizomes of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Growing in Amazon
Guilhon, Giselle M. S. R.; Vilhena, Karyme do S. S.; Zoghbi, Maria das G. B.; et al.
JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH  Volume: 20   Issue: 6   Pages: 545-548   Published: NOV-DEC 2008

21.    Control of green and false-green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia and Kyllinga gracillima) in golf course fairways and roughs
McElroy, JS; Yelverton, FH; Warren, LS
WEED TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 19   Issue: 4   Pages: 824-829   Published: OCT-DEC 2005

22.    Absorption, translocation and metabolism of halosulfuron and trifloxysulfuron in green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia) and false-green kyllinga (K-gracillima)
McElroy, JS; Yelverton, FH; Burke, IC; et al.
WEED SCIENCE  Volume: 52   Issue: 5   Pages: 704-710   Published: SEP-OCT 2004

23.    Foliar vs. soil exposure of green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia) and false-green kyllinga (Kyllinga gracillima) to postemergence treatments of CGA-362622, halosulfuron, imazaquin, and MSMA
McElroy, JS; Yelverton, FH; Gannon, TW; et al.
WEED TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 18   Issue: 1   Pages: 145-151   Published: JAN-MAR 2004

24.    Effects of turf-cutting regimes and gap size on the growth of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. var. leiolepis (Franch. et Savat.) Hara.
Goto, S.; Ito, M.
Journal of Weed Science and Technology  Volume: 49   Issue: 2   Pages: 98-106   Published: 2004

25.    Mowing and nitrogen influence green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia) infestation in Tifway bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon x C-transvaalensis) turf
Lowe, DB; Whitwell, T; McCarty, LB; et al.
WEED TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 14   Issue: 3   Pages: 471-475   Published: JUL-SEP 2000

26.    Responses of green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia) to abiotic factors: An investigation on seed germination and effective chemical control
Hsu L. M.; Chiang M. Y.
Plant Protection Bulletin (Taichung)  Volume: 42   Issue: 2   Pages: 107-114   Published: June, 2000

27.    Kyllinga brevifolia, K. squamulata, and K-pumila seed germination as influenced by temperature, light, and nitrate
Lowe, DB; Whitwell, T; McCarty, LB; et al.
WEED SCIENCE  Volume: 47   Issue: 6   Pages: 657-661   Published: NOV-DEC 1999

28.    Temperature influences Kyllinga brevifolia and K-squamulata growth
Lowe, DB; McCarty, LB; Whitwell, T; et al.
WEED SCIENCE  Volume: 47   Issue: 6   Pages: 662-666   Published: NOV-DEC 1999

29.    Acute toxicity and general pharmacological effect on central nervous system of the crude rhizome extract of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Hellion-Ibarrola, MC; Ibarrola, DA; Montalbetti, Y; et al.
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY  Volume: 66   Issue: 3   Pages: 271-276   Published: SEP 1999

30.    Kyllinga brevifolia (Cyperaceae), naturalized in Spain
Sanchez Gullon, Enrique
Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid  Volume: 57   Issue: 1   Pages: 176   Published: Julio, 1999

31.    Green kyllinga (Kyllinga brevifolia): germination and herbicidal control
Molin, WT; Khan, RA; Barinbaum, RB; et al.
WEED SCIENCE  Volume: 45   Issue: 4   Pages: 546-550   Published: JUL-AUG 1997

32.    Propagation characteristics of seed and rhizome of green kyllinga ( Kyllinga brevifolia var. leiolepsis H.).
Kim, J. S.; Kwak, H. H.; Jung, S. Y.; et al.
Korean Journal of Weed Science  Volume: 16   Issue: 4   Pages: 301-308   Published: 1996

33.    Herbicidal response and germination characteristics of green kyllinga ( Kyllinga brevifolia var. leiolepsis H.) propagules.
Kim, J. S.; Park, E. Y.; Choi, J. S.; et al.
Korean Journal of Weed Science  Volume: 16   Issue: 4   Pages: 309-316   Published: 1996

WEED TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 8   Issue: 1   Pages: 83-86   Published: JAN-MAR 1994

35.    Chemical constituents of Kyllinga brevifolia
Shin, Dongin; Kim, Jinwoong
Yakhak Hoeji  Volume: 38   Issue: 6   Pages: 770-774   Published: 1994

36.    Seasonal changes and variation in seed germination of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Yamakawa, S.; Ueyama, Y.
Weed Research (Tokyo)  Volume: 36   Issue: 3   Pages: 236-242   Published: 1991

37.    Distribution and variation of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. in the turf of golf courses.
Yamakawa, S.; Ueyama, Y.
Weed Research (Tokyo)  Volume: 36   Issue: 3   Pages: 243-250   Published: 1991

BOTANICAL GAZETTE  Volume: 132   Issue: 3   Pages: 172-&   Published: 1971

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prostratus Dolichandrone spathacea Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Elytraria acaulis Embelia ribes Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica 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antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hymenodictyon orixense Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens bracteata Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koelreuteria paniculata Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus 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cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Papaver somniferum Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum cirrhifolium Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia heynei Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia miltiorrhiza Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Silybum marianum Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Sonchus oleraceus Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stellera chamaejasme Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia calophylla Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana
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